What Kinship Is And Is Not

In this pithy two-part essay, Marshall Sahlins reinvigorates the debates on what constitutes kinship, building on some of the best scholarship in the field to produce an original outlook on the deepest bond humans can have.

Author: Marshall Sahlins

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226925134

Category: Social Science

Page: 128

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In this pithy two-part essay, Marshall Sahlins reinvigorates the debates on what constitutes kinship, building on some of the best scholarship in the field to produce an original outlook on the deepest bond humans can have. Covering thinkers from Aristotle and Lévy- Bruhl to Émile Durkheim and David Schneider, and communities from the Maori and the English to the Korowai of New Guinea, he draws on a breadth of theory and a range of ethnographic examples to form an acute definition of kinship, what he calls the “mutuality of being.” Kinfolk are persons who are parts of one another to the extent that what happens to one is felt by the other. Meaningfully and emotionally, relatives live each other’s lives and die each other’s deaths. In the second part of his essay, Sahlins shows that mutuality of being is a symbolic notion of belonging, not a biological connection by “blood.” Quite apart from relations of birth, people may become kin in ways ranging from sharing the same name or the same food to helping each other survive the perils of the high seas. In a groundbreaking argument, he demonstrates that even where kinship is reckoned from births, it is because the wider kindred or the clan ancestors are already involved in procreation, so that the notion of birth is meaningfully dependent on kinship rather than kinship on birth. By formulating this reversal, Sahlins identifies what kinship truly is: not nature, but culture.

European Kinship in the Age of Biotechnology

Although husband and wife are considered to be a family, the relationship is not seen as a kinship tie. Commenting on what kinship is, the majority of ...

Author: Jeanette Edwards

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 9781845458928

Category: Social Science

Page: 232

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Interest in the study of kinship, a key area of anthropological enquiry, has recently reemerged. Dubbed 'the new kinship', this interest was stimulated by the 'new genetics' and revived interest in kinship and family patterns. This volume investigates the impact of biotechnology on contemporary understandings of kinship, of family and 'belonging' in a variety of European settings and reveals similarities and differences in how kinship is conceived. What constitutes kinship for different publics? How significant are biogenetic links? What does family resemblance tell us? Why is genetically modified food an issue? Are 'genes' and 'blood' interchangeable? It has been argued that the recent prominence of genetic science and genetic technologies has resulted in a 'geneticization' of social life; the ethnographic examples presented here do show shifts occurring in notions of 'nature' and of what is 'natural'. But, they also illustrate the complexity of contemporary kinship thinking in Europe and the continued interconnectedness of biological and sociological understandings of relatedness and the relationship between nature and nurture.

Kinship in Ancient Athens

The work is arranged into two volumes, both utilizing the same anthropological approach to ancient sources.

Author: S. C. Humphreys

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780191092404

Category: History

Page: 1504

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The concept of kinship is at the heart of understanding not only the structure and development of a society, but also the day-to-day interactions of its citizens. Kinship in Ancient Athens aims to illuminate both of these issues by providing a comprehensive account of the structures and perceptions of kinship in Athenian society, covering the archaic and classical periods from Drakon and Solon up to Menander. Drawing on decades of research into a wide range of epigraphic, literary, and archaeological sources, and on S. C. Humphreys' expertise in the intersections between ancient history and anthropology, it not only puts a wealth of data at readers' fingertips, but subjects it to rigorous analysis. By utilizing an anthropological approach to reconstruct patterns of behaviour it is able to offer us an ethnographic 'thick description' of ancient Athenians' interaction with their kin that offers insights into a range of social contexts, from family life, rituals, and economic interactions, to legal matters, politics, warfare, and more. The work is arranged into two volumes, both utilizing the same anthropological approach to ancient sources. Volume I explores interactions and conflicts shaped by legal and economic constraints (adoption, guardianship, marriage, inheritance, property), as well as more optional relationships in the field of ritual (naming, rites de passage, funerals and commemoration, dedications, cultic associations) and political relationships, both formal (Assembly, Council) and informal (hetaireiai). Among several important and novel topics discussed are the sociological analysis of names and nicknames, the features of kin structure that advantaged or disadvantaged women in legal disputes, and the economic relations of dependence and independence between fathers and sons. Volume II deals with corporate groups recruited by patrifiliation and explores the role of kinship in these subdivisions of the citizen body: tribes and trittyes (both pre-Kleisthenic and Kleisthenic), phratries, genê, and demes. The section on the demes stresses variety rather than common features, and provides comprehensive information on location and prosopography in a tribally organized catalogue.

American Kinship

For this Phoenix edition, Schneider has written a substantial new chapter, responding to his critics and recounting the charges in his thought since the book was first published in 1968.

Author: David M. Schneider

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226739309

Category: Social Science

Page: 137

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American Kinship is the first attempt to deal systematically with kinship as a system of symbols and meanings, and not simply as a network of functionally interrelated familial roles. Schneider argues that the study of a highly differentiated society such as our own may be more revealing of the nature of kinship than the study of anthropologically more familiar, but less differentiated societies. He goes to the heart of the ideology of relations among relatives in America by locating the underlying features of the definition of kinship—nature vs. law, substance vs. code. One of the most significant features of American Kinship, then, is the explicit development of a theory of culture on which the analysis is based, a theory that has since proved valuable in the analysis of other cultures. For this Phoenix edition, Schneider has written a substantial new chapter, responding to his critics and recounting the charges in his thought since the book was first published in 1968.

Rethinking Kinship and Marriage

I am not denying , therefore , that the word ' kinship ' is useful ; and still less should I wish to try to reform our professional vocabulary by narrowing ...

Author: Rodney Needham

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0415330130

Category: Social Science

Page: 276

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Contains an introduction by Needham and an article by D. McKnight on Aborigines annotated separately.

Kinship and Collective Action

This volume explores the dynamic relationship between structures of kinship and the (material) conditions under which collective action emerges from a literary and cultural studies perspective.

Author: Gero Bauer

Publisher: Narr Francke Attempto Verlag

ISBN: 9783823393504

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 291

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"Make kin, not babies!", Donna Haraway demands in an attempt to offer new and creative ways of thinking what kinship might mean in an age of ecological devastation. At the same time, the emergence of a seemingly new culture of public protest and political opinion have provoked scholars such as Judith Butler to address the contexts and dynamics of public collective action. This volume explores the dynamic relationship between structures of kinship and the (material) conditions under which collective action emerges from a literary and cultural studies perspective. How are kinship and collective action negotiated in literature, the arts, or in specific historical moments, and how does this affect the role of representation? How have conceptualizations of both concepts developed over time, and what can we infer from this for questions of kinship and collective action today?

Kinship and Family in Ancient Egypt

However, new kinship studies do not aim to produce a new definition of kinship because the stress is not placed on what kinship is but on what it does and ...

Author: Leire Olabarria

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108498777

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 285

View: 284

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Uses primary evidence to ask anthropological questions about kinship and families in ancient Egyptian society.

The Cultural Analysis of Kinship

This volume provides a critical assessment of Schneider's ideas, focusing particularly on his contributions to kinship studies and the implications of his work for cultural relativism.

Author: Richard Feinberg

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 025202673X

Category: Social Science

Page: 235

View: 474

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In the mid-1970s, David M. Schneider rocked the anthropological world with his announcement that kinship did not exist in any culture known to humankind. This volume provides a critical assessment of Schneider's ideas, focusing particularly on his contributions to kinship studies and the implications of his work for cultural relativism. Schneider's deconstruction of kinship as a cultural system sounded the death knell for a certain kind of kinship study. At the same time, it laid the groundwork for the re-emergence of kinship studies as a centerpiece of anthropological theory and practice. Now a mainstay of cultural studies, Schneider's conception of cultural relativism revolutionized thinking about kinship, family, gender, and culture. For feminist anthropologists, his ideas freed kinship from the limitations of biology, providing a context for establishing gender as a cultural construct. Today, his work bears on high-profile issues such as gay and lesbian partners and parents, surrogate motherhood, and new reproductive technologies. Contributors to The Cultural Analysis of Kinship appraise Schneider's contributions and his place in anthropological history, particularly in the development of anthropological theory. Situating Schneider's work and influence in relation to major controversies in the history of anthropology and of kinship studies, they examine his important insights and their limitations, consider where his approach might lead, and offer alternative paradigms. Inspiring many with his keenly critical mind and willingness to flout convention, discomfiting others with his mercurial temperament, David Schneider left an ineradicable mark on his field. These frank observations on the man and his ideas offer a revealing glimpse of one of modern anthropology's most complex and paradoxical figures.

Making Kin Not Population

Making Kin Not Population ends the silence on these issues with essays from leading anti-racist, ecologically-concerned, feminist scholars.

Author: Adele Clark

Publisher:

ISBN: 0996635564

Category:

Page: 120

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As the planet's human numbers grow and environmental concerns proliferate, natural scientists, economists, and policy-makers are increasingly turning to new and old questions about families and kinship as matters of concern. From government programs designed to fight declining birth rates in Europe and East Asia, to controversial policies seeking to curb population growth in countries where birth rates remain high, to increasing income inequality transnationally, issues of reproduction introduce new and complicated moral and political quandaries. Making Kin Not Population ends the silence on these issues with essays from leading anti-racist, ecologically-concerned, feminist scholars. Though not always in accord, these contributors provide bold analyses of complex issues of intimacy and kinship, from reproductive justice to environmental justice, and from human and nonhuman genocides to new practices for making families and kin. This timely work offers vital proposals for forging innovative personal and public connections in the contemporary world.

Words and Processes in Mambila Kinship

Kinship is not a lifeless and pre- given force which in some mysterious way determines the form of people's relations with each other.

Author: David Zeitlyn

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 0739108018

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 243

View: 186

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Words and Processes in Mambila Kinship presents a set of studies of the way that Mambila speakers in Cameroon talk about themselves and their kin. Author David Zeitlyn employs conversational analytic methods to further the study of kinship terminologies. This book takes an important step toward a new synthesis between the practice of ethnography and the study of language while presenting African natural language data (still rare in mainstream linguistics) in an accessible format.

Queer Kinship

However, the expansion of marriage to include samesex partners has not resulted in a perceived expansion of the legal recognition of kinship outside of the ...

Author: Tracy Morison

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429582196

Category: Social Science

Page: 210

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What makes kinship queer? This collection from leading and emerging thinkers in gender and sexualities interrogates the politics of belonging, shining a light on the outcasts, rebels, and pioneers. Queer Kinship brings together an array of thought-provoking perspectives on what it means to love and be loved, to ‘do family’ and to belong in the South African context. The collection includes a number of different topic areas, disciplinary approaches, and theoretical lenses on familial relations, reproduction, and citizenship. The text amplifies the voices of those who are bending, breaking, and remaking the rules of being and belonging. Photo-essays and artworks offer moving glimpses into the new life worlds being created in and among the ‘normal’ and the mundane. Taken as a whole, this text offers a critical and intersectional perspective that addresses some important gaps in the scholarship on kinship and families. Queer Kinship makes an innovative contribution to international studies in kinship, gender, and sexualities. It will be a valuable resource to scholars, students, and activists working in these areas.

Kinship and Demographic Behavior in the Past

At least in theory, kinship should have been an important determinant of individual outcomes in China. Chinese kin groups are well known not only to ...

Author: Tommy Bengtsson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 140206733X

Category: Social Science

Page: 284

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Intergenerational research is crucial in understanding long term demographic trends. This book examines the ways kinship affects demographic behavior, including mortality patterns to determine the influence of fertility patterns, the contribution of parents’ longevity, and the affects of a family history of disease. It emphasizes the importance of studies that include and compare other factors related to social organization with information on multi-generational families.

Umbundu Kinship and Character

Even to-day the educated people among the Bantu do not seem to be under any ... Dr. Gutmann's suggestions for retaining the kinship principle in school life ...

Author: Gladwyn Murray Childs

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351022729

Category: Social Science

Page: 284

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Originally published in 1949, this book discusses Umbundu social structure and education, with particular reference to how both of these adapted as Angola's contact with Western influences increased in the first half of the twentieth century. Using materials gathered in the field, this volume charts the rapid pace of change which caused social disintegration among the Ovimumbundu, a significant Bantu-speaking group in the Benguela Highland of Angola. Differing approaches to education including assimiliation and adaptation are examined and their merits discussed.

Kinship in Bengali culture

not distinguished by sex . It is only when the criterion of sex or gender is combined with the pure kinship criteria that each of the four pairs is ...

Author: Ronald B. Inden

Publisher: Orient Blackswan

ISBN: 8180280187

Category: Bengal (India)

Page: 158

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The Book Analyzes The Kinship System Of A Major Human Society That Possesses An Ancient, Literate Civilization And A Tradition Of Analytical Thought.

Fictive Kinship

Despite the highly personal nature of his experience with genetic testing, Owusu's struggle to retain his role of father of all four of his sons, not just ...

Author: Catherine Lee

Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation

ISBN: 9781610448123

Category: Social Science

Page: 200

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Today, roughly 70 percent of all visas for legal immigration are reserved for family members of permanent residents or American citizens. Family reunification—policies that seek to preserve family unity during or following migration—is a central pillar of current immigration law, but it has existed in some form in American statutes since at least the mid-nineteenth century. In Fictive Kinship, sociologist Catherine Lee delves into the fascinating history of family reunification to examine how and why our conceptions of family have shaped immigration, the meaning of race, and the way we see ourselves as a country. Drawing from a rich set of archival sources, Fictive Kinship shows that even the most draconian anti-immigrant laws, such as the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882, contained provisions for family unity, albeit for a limited class of immigrants. Arguments for uniting families separated by World War II and the Korean War also shaped immigration debates and the policies that led to the landmark 1965 Immigration Act. Lee argues that debating the contours of family offers a ready set of symbols and meanings to frame national identity and to define who counts as “one of us.” Talk about family, however, does not inevitably lead to more liberal immigration policies. Welfare reform in the 1990s, for example, placed limits on benefits for immigrant families, and recent debates over the children of undocumented immigrants fanned petitions to rescind birthright citizenship. Fictive Kinship shows that the centrality of family unity in the immigration discourse often limits the discussion about the goals, functions and roles of immigration and prevents a broader definition of American identity. Too often, studies of immigration policy focus on individuals or particular ethnic or racial groups. With its original and wide-ranging inquiry, Fictive Kinship shifts the analysis in immigration studies toward the family, a largely unrecognized but critical component in the regulation of immigrants’ experience in America.

Kinship But No Relationship

If you don't this book holds ten POWERFUL chapters that are going to guide you to building that relationship with God that no man can come in and tear it down because it something that was built in the Spirit and not in the flesh.

Author: Antonio Stinson

Publisher: CreateSpace

ISBN: 1508839174

Category:

Page: 156

View: 867

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Kinship... But No Relationship!!! Defining who you are. Do you ever wonder where your relationship with God is? Do you ever find yourself being complacent? Do you know what is it to truly walk in the Spirit? Can you thoroughly define Kinship and Relationship? Can you tell the difference? All these questions are answered through theory and practical all in one in this book. Often times we struggle in our lives with our relationship with God due to the fact that we don't know where we stand. We let the pressures of life, work, family, marriage, and all sorts of things stress us to the point that we lose who we are, that dedication that we once had and we spend all of our time trying to chase that back but we don't know what has blocked us from achieving that goal. Well I've found the answer "KINSHIP." Kinship is a form of relation that doesn't add the fulfillment of a real relationship. Kinship keeps you at a distance it seems strong until the kinship is tried for relationship in which in the end you see it fail because of the lack of stability. Relationship on the other hand fulfills the purpose of God, reveals His intimate love, shows us His very grace. When we are in relationship we know because of the feeling (not just physical) that comes with this fruit. Relationship has remains it leaves the residue of great character and that's what God leaves in us through the relationship that we have when we are walking in that light. So again I ask you do you know where you stand in relationship? If you don't this book holds ten POWERFUL chapters that are going to guide you to building that relationship with God that no man can come in and tear it down because it something that was built in the Spirit and not in the flesh. So I thank you for taking this journey with me and I know this book will bless you like it has blessed me. We love you and bless you in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ!!

Caste Kinship in Central India

I must stress that the ritual kin tie is quite distinct from the real kin tie for the membership of a descent group ; thus , ritual kin are not allowed to ...

Author: Adrian C. Mayer

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN:

Category:

Page:

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