The Significance of Consciousness

The question, then, is whether the analogy with water gives us any reason for thinking this. ... impossible that some water is not the analogy, we will accept an analogous H2O,” interpretation come out true. of 'conscious'—one according ...

Author: Charles Siewert

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400822726

Category: Psychology

Page: 392

View: 421


Charles Siewert presents a distinctive approach to consciousness that emphasizes our first-person knowledge of experience and argues that we should grant consciousness, understood in this way, a central place in our conception of mind and intentionality. Written in an engaging manner that makes its recently controversial topic accessible to the thoughtful general reader, this book challenges theories that equate consciousness with a functional role or with the mere availability of sensory information to cognitive capacities. Siewert argues that the notion of phenomenal consciousness, slighted in some recent theories, can be made evident by noting our reliance on first-person knowledge and by considering, from the subject's point of view, the difference between having and lacking certain kinds of experience. This contrast is clarified by careful attention to cases, both actual and hypothetical, indicated by research on brain-damaged patients' ability to discriminate visually without conscious visual experience--what has become known as "blindsight." In addition, Siewert convincingly defends such approaches against objections that they make an illegitimate appeal to "introspection." Experiences that are conscious in Siewert's sense differ from each other in ways that only what is conscious can--in phenomenal character--and having this character gives them intentionality. In Siewert's view, consciousness is involved not only in the intentionality of sense experience and imagery, but in that of nonimagistic ways of thinking as well. Consciousness is pervasively bound up with intelligent perception and conceptual thought: it is not mere sensation or "raw feel." Having thus understood consciousness, we can better recognize how, for many of us, it possesses such deep intrinsic value that life without it would be little or no better than death.

Brain Consciousness and God

The analogy depends on an argument about water molecules, which contemporary science knows but which human perception has never experienced as such; yet the liquidity in the analogy is the everyday experience of human perception.

Author: Daniel A. Helminiak

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9781438457161

Category: Religion

Page: 432

View: 434


A constructive critique of neuropsychological research on human consciousness and religious experience that applies the thought of Bernard Lonergan. Brain, Consciousness, and God is a constructive critique of neuroscientific research on human consciousness and religious experience. An adequate epistemology—a theory of knowledge—is needed to address this topic, but today there exists no consensus on what human knowing means, especially regarding nonmaterial realities. Daniel A. Helminiak turns to twentieth-century theologian and philosopher Bernard Lonergan’s breakthrough analysis of human consciousness and its implications for epistemology and philosophy of science. Lucidly summarizing Lonergan’s key ideas, Helminiak applies them to questions about science, psychology, and religion. Along with Lonergan, eminent theorists in consciousness studies and neuroscience get deserved detailed attention. Helminiak demonstrates the reality of the immaterial mind and, addressing the Cartesian “mind-body problem,” explains how body and mind could make up one being, a person. Human consciousness is presented not only as awareness of objects, but also as self-presence, the self-conscious experience of human subjectivity, a spiritual reality. Lonergan’s analyses allow us to say exactly what “spiritual” means, and it need have nothing to do with God. “This book makes a seminal contribution to the psychology of religion and is on the cutting edge of the growing interest in the spiritual dimensions of human beings. Daniel Helminiak writes knowledgeably about neurobiology, psychotherapy, philosophy, and even psychedelic experience. His chapter on the ‘God’ concept is a tour de force and worth the price of the entire book. Once I started this book, I could barely put it down.” — Stanley Krippner, Saybrook University “This is an amazing book. It is both lucid and brilliant. Deeply informed by Bernard Lonergan’s systematic treatment of human knowing as a composite of experience, understanding, and judgment, Daniel Helminiak masterfully places study of spirituality within the self-transcending dimension of the human mind and in so doing differentiates and interrelates neuroscience, psychology, spirituality, and theology.” — Ralph W. Hood, University of Tennessee at Chattanooga “In this book, magnificently and comprehensively Helminiak struggles toward an integrated perspective on the unfolding of the universe. Focused on humanity, his topic is actually the origins and dynamics of human yearning. As best he can, he meets contemporary theorists on their own ground and repeatedly nudges their thinking toward a more coherent position. The result cuts both ways. It challenges students of Lonergan who underappreciate natural and social processes, and it challenges natural and social scientists who seek a science of mind while subtly sidestepping their inquiring selves. Yet Helminiak presents only a seedling. Its full bloom would be Lonergan’s new, global, omnidisciplinary science, envisaged in Method. It does, indeed, qualify as Patricia Churchland’s sought ‘real humdinger of a solution.’” — Philip McShane, author of Randomness, Statistics and Emergence “Intense, yet lucidly clear, this work by Daniel Helminiak provides a sequel to Michael H. McCarthy’s The Crisis of Philosophy. Helminiak turns a laser on the crisis and not only exposes significant counterpositions, but also offers a solution using the intellectual epistemology of Bernard Lonergan. Worth a read by anyone seeking real explanation rather than mere description, this work invites readers to be weaned from picture-thinking to claim the reality of their intelligence, whatever their field.” — Carla Mae Streeter, Aquinas Institute of Theology

Kundalini Consciousness

I am using reason as an expression of the understanding that is underlying the consciousness, not as a thinking construct. And you are correct—it is dialogue that ... Prior to consciousness rising, the glass is full of clean water only.

Author: J. Robin E. Harger

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 9781499071863

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 358

View: 317


The Miracle of Consciousness

But the thing we still know only very little of, and what is likely one of the last great challenges for the science of the 21st century is Consciousness itself. Two young fish are swimming and they meet an elder fish. ”The water is ...

Author: Ervin Kery

Publisher: KeryBooks

ISBN: 9781499115451

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 156

View: 695


There is a mysterious human dimension, the recognition of which shatters all our ideas about who we are, where we come from and what our mission in this world is. This is the realm of Consciousness: The final scientific and spiritual mystery. This book is about the mysteries and miracles of Consciousness. About the living spirit in action which, dressed up in the machinery of your body, discovers itself and the wonders of the world.

The Nature of Consciousness

We can apply the distinction between consciousness , and consciousness , to expose a fallacy in the " reasoning to the effect that since a thirsty blindsighter doesn't reach for the glass of water in his blind field , we can reasonably ...

Author: Frank H. Tainter

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262522101

Category: Psychology

Page: 843

View: 967


This text is an introduction to consciousness which aims to impose structure on the relating philosophical literature. There are sections covering stream of consciousness, theoretical issues, function of consciousness, subjectivity and the explanatory gap, the knowledge argument and qualia.

Theories of Consciousness

It is just a fact that certain neural states 'result in' conscious experience.6 'Result in' is an odd choice of words ... We have discovered that water is H 2 O; something that 'behaved' just like water but was not made of hydrogen and ...

Author: William Seager

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134670369

Category: Philosophy

Page: 320

View: 152


The most remarkable fact about the universe is that certain parts of it are conscious. Somehow nature has managed to pull the rabbit of experience out of a hat made of mere matter. Making its own contribution to the current, lively debate about the nature of consciousness, Theories of Consciousness introduces variety of approaches to consciousness and explores to what extent scientific understanding of consciousness is possible. Including discussion of key figures, such as Descartes, Foder, Dennett and Chalmers, the book covers identity theories, representational theories, intentionality, externalism, and the new information-based theories.


ought to be able to rule out the possibility zombies if physicalism about consciousness is true. Think about an imaginary “water dualist,” someone who thinks there's more to water than just H2O molecules.

Author: Josh Weisberg

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780745686639

Category: Psychology

Page: 184

View: 249


Each of us, right now, is having a unique conscious experience. Nothing is more basic to our lives as thinking beings and nothing, it seems, is better known to us. But the ever-expanding reach of natural science suggests that everything in our world is ultimately physical. The challenge of fitting consciousness into our modern scientific worldview, of taking the subjective “feel” of conscious experience and showing that it is just neural activity in the brain, is among the most intriguing explanatory problems of our times. In this book, Josh Weisberg presents the range of contemporary responses to the philosophical problem of consciousness. The basic philosophical tools of the trade are introduced, including thought experiments featuring Mary the color-deprived super scientist and fearsome philosophical “zombies”. The book then systematically considers the space of philosophical theories of consciousness. Dualist and other “non-reductive” accounts of consciousness hold that we must expand our basic physical ontology to include the intrinsic features of consciousness. Functionalist and identity theories, by contrast, hold that with the right philosophical stage-setting, we can fit consciousness into the standard scientific picture. And “mysterians” hold that any solution to the problem is beyond such small-minded creatures as us. Throughout the book, the complexity of current debates on consciousness is handled in a clear and concise way, providing the reader with a fine introductory guide to the rich philosophical terrain. The work makes an excellent entry point to one of the most exciting areas of study in philosophy and science today.

Food Consciousness A Food Relationship Revolution

The connectedness of the four Sacred Bastions of Health in your daily life and in your cleanse will facilitate your spiritual well-being and your food consciousness. 1. Water (hydration): All life is dependent on water.

Author: Shannon McKeown

Publisher: Kima Global Publishers

ISBN: 9781920535285

Category: Cooking

Page: 272

View: 416


McKeown's weight loss program teaches readers that the answers to sustainable weight loss have always been with them once they discover their God-Self. She tackles the issue head on with a recipe of ingredients which use special healing techniques to prepare the reader's soul to desire naturally healthy foods provided by God, Mother Nature, and the Earth's soil.

Introduction to Aquarian Astrology

For example, the sign of Aries has the elemental structure Fire/Water, thus the dominance of the fire element is carried by ... A child listens, wonders and perceives, it is the opposite of the consciousness of Slave Girl (Capricorn).

Author: Ján Kaleta


ISBN: 9781445714790


Page: 238

View: 793


A modern integral astrology, which is found by the author, a contemporary Czech astrologer Ján Kaleta. Aquarian Astrology works with the basic structure of human being, which is defined by the esotericists, and proven by the experience of many researchers of human consciousness. Aquarian Astrology expresses the searching so called 'intention of soul' which is related to the present incarnation. Aquarian Astrology turns the attention of the adept on the long periodal influences of great cycles, especially the Preccesion Cycle of the Earth Axis. It is noticing the individual and transpersonal human experiences but also gives heed to the threshold of the sociocultural and individual experience with regard to rising number of people, who reach it. The author is confirming the empiric research by own astrological praxis through the last years. The work done is fruitful in understanding how the new astrology can work.

Phenomenology and the Physical Reality of Consciousness

The brain can no more take on throbbing (as it is taken on by consciousness) than a computer simulating a hurricane can take on wind or water. Consciousness that literally takes on (is moved with) bodily or ponderable characteristics ...

Author: Arthur Melnick

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027252203

Category: Psychology

Page: 262

View: 536


The predominant positive view among philosophers and scientists alike is that consciousness is something realized in brain activity. This view, however, largely fails to capture what consciousness is like according to how it shows itself to conscious beings. What this work proposes instead is that consciousness is a phenomenon that exists in and throughout the body. Apart from whether or not it involves intentionality and apart from whether or not it involves awareness of the self, consciousness is self-intimating, self-revealing, self-disclosing. Self-disclosure is the definitive phenomenological character of consciousness in all its forms. Taking this stance as a point of departure, the book presents a specific account of what bodily field phenomenon consciousness is. In this way, the current stalemate in philosophy over the question of the physical reality of consciousness is broken. Series A

Science Consciousness and Ultimate Reality

Here I will be concentrating on the former perspective when I talk about consciousness, and I adopt the view of Max Velmans in his book ... so immediate, that we cannot see it; as in the saying that the fish is unaware of the water.

Author: David Lorimer

Publisher: Andrews UK Limited

ISBN: 9781845408794

Category: Philosophy

Page: 259

View: 952


This interdisciplinary volume arises out of a series of university events arranged by the Scientific and Medical Network between November 2001 and July 2003. The Science, Consciousness and Ultimate Reality project was set up with the support of the John Templeton Foundation in order to examine critical issues at the interface between science, religion and the relatively new field of ‘consciousness studies’. The results give a variety of fascinating perspectives on this emerging area. David Lorimer has brought together an impressive list of contributors representing the diverse fields of physics, neuroscience, psychology, theology and moral philosophy: Denis Alexander, Bernard Carr, Chris Clarke, Guy Claxton, Peter Fenwick, David Fontana, John Habgood, Mary Midgley, Ravi Ravindra, Alan Torrance and Keith Ward.

Consciousness and Intentionality Models and Modalities of Attribution

This is odd: I can be conscious of the difference between NIwater] and C[water] but Swampman cannot. This would amount to a difference in states of consciousness however, and, as we have seen, there is no difference between my and ...

Author: D. Fisette

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401591935

Category: Philosophy

Page: 366

View: 545


Philosophy of mind has been one of the most active fields in philosophy for the past three decades. One of the most significant factors in the development of this discipline has been the emergence of cognitive science and the interest philosophers have taken in the empirical study of mind. Another equally important factor has been the "naturalistic tum" brought about by W. V. Quine. His proposal that normative epistemology be replaced by empirical psychology marked a radical departure from the Fregean "anti psychologism" and "apriorism" that had characterized much of the analytic tradition in philosophy. But while Quine's program of naturalization called the attention of philosophers to empirical psychology, his conception of psychology was inspired by an austere behaviorism which shunned the mentalism of intentional psychology in the Brentanian and phenomenological tradition. Thus, while agreeing with Brentano that the "intentional idiom" could not be reduced to that of the natural sciences, Quine argued that it is of a piece with the indeterminacy of translation. Most contributors of this col lection share the cognitivist stance and believe that the mind needs to be explained rather than eliminated. Three main questions are actually confronting current philosophers of mind, each addressed by one or another of the contributors to the present collection.

Quantum Information and Consciousness

While we rarely contemplate on the need to constantly drink and excrete water in order to stay alive and conscious, this basic physiologic activity poses serious questions: Why do the water molecules not produce conscious experiences in ...

Author: Danko D. Georgiev

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781351401784

Category: Science

Page: 344

View: 255


"I loved the book! This book is not just interesting, it is exciting. I have probably read every significant book in the field, and this is the strongest and most convincing one yet. It is also one of the most comprehensive in its explanations. I shall most certainly recommend the book to colleagues." –Richard G. Petty, MD "a very good introduction to the basic theory of quantum systems.... Dr. Georgiev’s book aptly prepares the reader to confront whatever might be in store later." –from the Foreword by Prof. James F. Glazebrook, Eastern Illinois University This book addresses the fascinating cross-disciplinary field of quantum information theory applied to the study of brain function. It offers a self-study guide to probe the problems of consciousness, including a concise but rigorous introduction to classical and quantum information theory, theoretical neuroscience, and philosophy of the mind. It aims to address long-standing problems related to consciousness within the framework of modern theoretical physics in a comprehensible manner that elucidates the nature of the mind-body relationship. The reader also gains an overview of methods for constructing and testing quantum informational theories of consciousness.

Consciousness and Qualia

Consider three of the most prominent advocates of the first - person perspective in the study of consciousness : Colin ... emergent property of H2O molecules when they are , roughly speaking , rolling around on each other ( water ) .

Author: Leopold Stubenberg

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 1556191855

Category: Philosophy

Page: 367

View: 687


Consciousness and Qualia is a philosophical study of qualitative consciousness, characteristic examples of which are pains, experienced colors, sounds, etc. This study strives for phenomenological adequacy and thus the first-person point of view dominates throughout.

Explaining Consciousness

That is, the problem itself depends on the spirit in which we approach an examination of consciousness. II Let us return to the example of water being wet. Consider the following exchange. A water-mysterian wonders why water has this ...

Author: Jonathan Shear

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 026269221X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 422

View: 805


Why doesn't all this cognitive processing go on "in the dark," without any consciousness at all? In this book philosophers, physicists, psychologists, neurophysiologists, computer scientists, and others address this central topic in the growing discipline of consciousness studies. At the 1994 landmark conference "Toward a Scientific Basis for Consciousness", philosopher David Chalmers distinguished between the "easy" problems and the "hard" problem of consciousness research. According to Chalmers, the easy problems are to explain cognitive functions such as discrimination, integration, and the control of behavior; the hard problem is to explain why these functions should be associated with phenomenal experience. Why doesnt all this cognitive processing go on "in the dark", without any consciousness at all? In this book, philosophers, physicists, psychologists, neurophysiologists, computer scientists, and others address this central topic in the growing discipline of consciousness studies. Some take issue with Chalmers' distinction, arguing that the hard problem is a non-problem, or that the explanatory gap is too wide to be bridged. Others offer alternative suggestions as to how the problem might be solved, whether through cognitive science, fundamental physics, empirical phenomenology, or with theories that take consciousness as irreducible. Contributors Bernard J. Baars, Douglas J. Bilodeau, David Chalmers, Patricia S. Churchland, Thomas Clark, C. J. S. Clarke, Francis Crick, Daniel C. Dennett, Stuart Hameroff, Valerie Hardcastle, David Hodgson, Piet Hut, Christof Koch, Benjamin Libet, E. J. Lowe, Bruce MacLennan, Colin McGinn, Eugene Mills, Kieron OHara, Roger Penrose, Mark C. Price, William S. Robinson, Gregg Rosenberg, Tom Scott, William Seager, Jonathan Shear, Roger N. Shepard, Henry Stapp, Francisco J. Varela, Max Velmans, Richard Warner

Consciousness of the Heart and Dimension of the Holy Spirit

These are in the increasing refinement order: Consciousness of the Mind Consciousness of the Heart (Baptism with water) Consciousness of the Soul (Baptism with spirit) Consciousness of the Spirit (Golden Rod) One with God The first two ...

Author: Joseph Sener

Publisher: Page Publishing Inc

ISBN: 9781682898703

Category: Religion


View: 378


Humans have developed visible and invisible aids, like, science and religion for survival on Earth and searched for gifts of knowledge which is Gods will and His wisdom. We wanted to know why we are on Earth. Why we remember the past but not the future, and who we really are? We search for truth and like to be reminded that the knowledge of the truth belongs to creator, God who dwells in higher dimensions.

Consciousness and Mental Life

However, though Descartes did, indeed, note how one might conceive of any number of conscious experiences without requiring the concurrent conception of a body, ... No one disputes the ultimate materiality of oak tables or of water.

Author: Daniel N. Robinson

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231141000

Category: Psychology

Page: 243

View: 977


Begins with Aristotle and the ancient Greeks and continues through to René Descartes, David Hume, William James, Daniel Dennett, John Searle, Richard Rorty, Hilary Putnam, and Derek Parfit. Approaching the issue from both a philosophical and a psychological perspective, Robinson identifies what makes the study of consciousness so problematic and asks whether cognitive neuroscience can truly reveal the origins of mental events, emotions, and preference, or if these occurrences are better understood by studying the whole person, not just the brain. He corrects many claims made about the success of brain science and provides a valuable historical context for the study of human consciousness. From publisher catalog.

The Cambridge Handbook of Consciousness

the property of appearing to be water, or being apparent water.33 For a certain quantity of stuff to be water, ... it is conceivable that P is instantiated but apparent consciousness is not; 2) For any pair of properties F and G, ...

Author: Philip David Zelazo

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139464062

Category: Psychology


View: 343


The Cambridge Handbook of Consciousness is the first of its kind in the field, and its appearance marks a unique time in the history of intellectual inquiry on the topic. After decades during which consciousness was considered beyond the scope of legitimate scientific investigation, consciousness re-emerged as a popular focus of research towards the end of the last century, and it has remained so for nearly 20 years. There are now so many different lines of investigation on consciousness that the time has come when the field may finally benefit from a book that pulls them together and, by juxtaposing them, provides a comprehensive survey of this exciting field. An authoritative desk reference, which will also be suitable as an advanced textbook.

Consciousness and Emotion in Cognitive Science

But all of that presupposes consciousness. 7. The unconscious bring any desire for water to consciousness. They engage in water-seeking behavior but they are unable “in princi ple” to become conscious of the desire for water.

Author: Josefa Toribio

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136794094

Category: Medical

Page: 328

View: 520


First published in 1998. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

The Physical Nature of Consciousness

Phase 2 would be the pre - conscious quantum phase isolated from environment by actin gelation ( see later section ) . ... quantum coherence , and / or insulate quantum states through gelation , ordered water or plasma phase screens .

Author: Philip R. Van Loocke

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027251495

Category: Psychology

Page: 319

View: 457


The Physical Nature of Consciousness contains twelve chapters that discuss recent and new perspectives on the relation between modern physics and consciousness. Stuart Hameroff opens with an extended and updated exposition of the Penrose/Hameroff Orch-OR model, and subsequently addresses recent criticisms of quantum approaches to the brain. Evan Walker presents his view on consciousness from the perspective of a new approach to the integration of quantum theory and relativity. Friedrich Beck elaborates on the Beck/Eccles quantum approach to consciousness. Karl Pribram puts the holographic view on consciousness in perspective of his life long work. Peter Marcer and Edgar Mitchell explain the relevance of quantum holography for consciousness. Gordon Globus discusses the relation between postmodern philosophical theories and quantum consciousness. Chris Clarke develops a theory in terms of a specific type of formal logic to reconcile the phenomenology of consciousness with the physical world. Ilya Prigogine summarizes his view on complexity, and on the future of quantum theory, which goes beyond the present formalism, and goes on to comment on the problem of consciousness. Matti Pitkanen identifies the place for consciousness in a unifying topological geometro-dynamics theory. Colin McGinn argues against classical materialism. Dick Bierman gives an overview of anomalous phenomena. He identifies a decline effect, and discusses different possible interpretations. Philip Van Loocke closes the volume with a discussion on how deep teleology in cellular systems may relate to consciousness. (Series A)