Visual Pollution

in Sao Paulo, to end the problem of visual pollution as a whole. In December 2006, the City Councillors of Sao Paulo approved a new commercial signage control designed and proposed by the local planning authority.

Author: Adriana Portella

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317001188

Category: Political Science

Page: 346

View: 690


In recent years, there has been considerable interest in the problems that public spaces face because of the design of commercial signs. The negative consequences that commercial signs can have on the visual quality of urban areas and further more, on people's quality of life, has been studied from both architectural, planning and psychological perspectives. While the issue of visual pollution, as this phenomenon is commonly described, has been widely debated, there is as yet no clear conclusion as to how best to control commercial signage and whether different urban contexts and people from different backgrounds and cultures have universal or distinct preferences. Several different commenrcial signage approaches are currently applied to different historic cities, but these initiatives are not based on principles derived from the perception and evaluation of users. Drawing on a range of comparative and contrasting empirical studies of historic city centres in the UK and Brazil, this book examines questions of commercial signage control management, the preservation of historic heritage and user preference and satisfaction. The author takes an environment behaviour approach to this research, involving theories, concepts and methodologies related to environmental psychology, architecture, planning and urban design. In doing so, it argues that there are in fact visual preferences common to the majority of people, independent of their urban context and that these common views can be useful to the development of a general theory of how to control commercial signage. In conclusion, the book suggests that the best way of controlling signage is not only to recommend general guidelines related to the operation of commercial signage, but also to recommend design principles that can create commercial streetscapes evaluated positively by different users.


Visual pollution is the term given to unattractive and man-made visual elements of a vista, a landscape, or any other thing that a person does not feel comfortable to look at. Visual pollution is an aesthetic issue, referring to the ...


Publisher: PediaPress




View: 597


Ecotourism in Appalachia

Visual Pollution Sprawl eats up valuable farmland and contributes to visual pollution through its sheer ugliness . However , visual pollution can also be caused by a single structure in the wrong place that blocks an otherwise ...

Author: Al Fritsch, Kristin Johannsen

Publisher: University Press of Kentucky

ISBN: 0813128897

Category: Literary Criticism


View: 273


" With New Line Cinema's production of The Lord of the Rings film trilogy, the popularity of the works of J.R.R. Tolkien is unparalleled. TolkienÕs books continue to be bestsellers decades after their original publication. An epic in league with those of Spenser and Malory, The Lord of the Rings trilogy, begun during HitlerÕs rise to power, celebrates the insignificant individual as hero in the modern world. Jane ChanceÕs critical appraisal of TolkienÕs heroic masterwork is the first to explore its Òmythology of powerÓÐthat is, how power, politics, and language interact. Chance looks beyond the fantastic, self-contained world of Middle-earth to the twentieth-century parallels presented in the trilogy.

The Need for a National Materials Policy

In some cases , a concept of visual pollution is considered a major part of the solid waste problem . Simply viewing garbage and junk is highly offensive to many people and , therefore , these would be visual pollutants .

Author: United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Public Works. Panel on Materials Policy


ISBN: LOC:00158852032

Category: Environmental policy


View: 729


Reauthorization of the Post interstate Surface Transportation Programs

Warren Burger - William O. Douglas VISUAL POLLUTION IS AN EN- grows up in its place . The indlecriminate Today , thousands of billboards can be VIRONMENTAL ISSUE - John Muir destruction of trees and use of herbicides found next to homes ...

Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Public Works and Transportation. Subcommittee on Surface Transportation


ISBN: UOM:39015024881768

Category: Federal aid to transportation

Page: 3484

View: 128


Encyclopedia of Transportation

Visual and noise pollution created by such infrastructure can contribute to the isolation of some neighborhoods. Pedestrians walk through heavy smog seen at street level in. Little research has been done on the positive or negative ...

Author: Mark Garrett

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 9781483346519

Category: Social Science

Page: 2048

View: 432


Viewing transportation through the lens of current social, economic, and policy aspects, this four-volume reference work explores the topic of transportation across multiple disciplines within the social sciences and related areas, including geography, public policy, business, and economics. The book’s articles, all written by experts in the field, seek to answer such questions as: What has been the legacy, not just economically but politically and socially as well, of President Eisenhower’s modern interstate highway system in America? With that system and the infrastructure that supports it now in a state of decline and decay, what’s the best path for the future at a time of enormous fiscal constraints? Should California politicians plunge ahead with plans for a high-speed rail that every expert says—despite the allure—will go largely unused and will never pay back the massive investment while at this very moment potholes go unfilled all across the state? What path is best for emerging countries to keep pace with dramatic economic growth for their part? What are the social and financial costs of gridlock in our cities? Features: Approximately 675 signed articles authored by prominent scholars are arranged in A-to-Z fashion and conclude with Further Readings and cross references. A Chronology helps readers put individual events into historical context; a Reader’s Guide organizes entries by broad topical or thematic areas; a detailed index helps users quickly locate entries of most immediate interest; and a Resource Guide provides a list of journals, books, and associations and their websites. While articles were written to avoid jargon as much as possible, a Glossary provides quick definitions of technical terms. To ensure full, well-rounded coverage of the field, the General Editor with expertise in urban planning, public policy, and the environment worked alongside a Consulting Editor with a background in Civil Engineering. The index, Reader’s Guide, and cross references combine for thorough search-and-browse capabilities in the electronic edition. Available in both print and electronic formats, Encyclopedia of Transportation is an ideal reference for libraries and those who want to explore the issues that surround transportation in the United States and around the world.

Parliamentary Papers

Another issue is visual pollution. It is possible that the busway' s clearance above natural ground level could be up to 7 metres, with a bus on top this would mean an above ground height of around 9.5 metres (transcript: 1 1).

Author: Queensland. Parliament. Legislative Assembly


ISBN: STANFORD:36105011854994

Category: Queensland


View: 862


Architect s Guide to Feng Shui

'Pollution' is not limited to the following. Visual pollution Visual pollution includes the homogenized built environment where structures do not evolve from places or sites but are set down whole on site-planned parcels.

Author: Cate Bramble

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780750656061

Category: Architecture

Page: 206

View: 445


Cate Bramble has devoted her career to highlighting the differences between 'feng shui-lite' as a fashionable pursuit in contrast to the original intentions of the Chinese masters. Here she presents the authentic principles in a technical, no-nonsense pocket book specifically for architects. As clients become more demanding and the competition for projects heats up, the architect is well advised to have many strings to their bow. This practical guide includes line illustrations that present the principles of feng shui, the Chinese art or practice in which a structure or site is chosen or configured so as to harmonize with the spiritual forces that inhabit it, and their application in architecture through planning principles, services, building elements and materials, in an accessible, easy reference format. The feng shui-savvy architect can also benefit from feng shui's ability to match structures and land, and the peculiar capacity of authentic feng shui to forecast development-related concerns including cost overruns, quality issues - even worker injuries and trade disputes! The author explains feng shui from archaeological sources and evidence of practice in the east, contrasting it with what passes for feng shui in the west. She analyses the practice in terms of such concepts as western systems theory, viewshed, space syntax and the 'pattern landscape' theory of urban planning. For the first time, the Sustainable implications of feng shui design are explained with reference to the latest developments in behavioural and cognitve sciences, evolutionary biology and other western viewpoints. * The first 'how to' guide on feng shui specifically written for architects * Contains numerous technical illustrations to define and analyse the genuine design elements of feng shui, for quick and easy reference * Supplies knowledge of the scientific, ethical and ecological principles of the original Chinese system, to impress your clients

Houston Intercontinental Airport Runway Extension

a combination leasehold damage and personal growth of the airport and its support facilities been developed along the guidelines of a master plan , and visual pollution has never become a problem . Additionally , in 1968 , Bishop ...



ISBN: NWU:35556030101166



View: 338


Pictured Glossary in Biology

Visual pollution disturbs the visual areas of people by creating negative changes in the natural environment. Vitamins A diverse group of organic molecules that are.

Author: Prof. Amal Attia El-Morsy Ibrahim

Publisher: Scientific Research Publishing, Inc. USA

ISBN: 9781618963680

Category: Science

Page: 3204

View: 573


The glossary continues to be a valuable guidance tool for biological students those studying biology either in High Schools or Science Colleges as well as scientific researchers. Everything you need for learning biological terminology is right in your hands. The language of biology is rigorous. It is among the great tools of the mind for a better understanding and more accurate network between all biologists of the life sciences.The lists of prefixes, suffixes and terms arranged alphabetically, which lets students look terms up even if they are not sure about their exact spellings. It provides comprehensive coverage of biology, and biochemistry entries on key scientists.This glossary will contain 8000 scientific words expressing all biology branches (Zoology, Botany & Microbiology). The number of the glossary in this book is more than that found in Oxford Dictionary.