German Problems and Personalities

In this connection it is essential that we should clearly understand the fundamental differences between a foreign war and a civil war. A foreign war is a trial of strength between one nation in arms and another nation in ...

Author: Charles Sarolea

Publisher: DigiCat

ISBN: EAN:8596547011873

Category: Fiction

Page: 172

View: 291


This is a critical review of the German social and political situation several decades before WWI. The author attempts to analyze how the thoughts, views, and influence of great personalities such as Goethe, Nietsche, Princeton Buelov, and Frederich the Great.

In the Senate of the United States June 4 1872

That was a pretty square trial of strength . Q. State whether you do or do not know what the influence of the custom - house a upon the nomination of a governor upon that occasion ? -A . I think it nominated Jr Woodford for governor .

Author: United States. Congress. Senate



Category: Customs administration


View: 223


Recent Advancements in Civil Engineering

This can result in a substantial saving in terms of cement used as the trials used 50 kg/m3 lesser cement as ... Samples of 100% FA (Trial 1) exhibited a 28-day flexural strength of 5.83 N/mm2 and a split tensile strength of 3.78 N/mm2 ...

Author: Boeing Laishram

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9789811643965



View: 173


Learning and Memory

Table 7.4 Trial-by-Trial Learning of a Name–Person Connection with Delta Set at .1 Trial Number Increment on That Trial Strength at End of Trial 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 (1 − 0) ×.1=.10 (1 − .1) ×.1=.09 (1 − .19) ×.1=.081 (1 − .271) ...

Author: W. Scott Terry

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317224051

Category: Psychology

Page: 410

View: 855


This thoroughly updated edition provides a balanced review of the core methods and the latest research on animal learning and human memory. The relevance of basic principles is highlighted throughout via everyday examples to ignite student interest, along with more traditional examples from human and animal laboratory studies. Individual differences in age, gender, learning style, cultural background, or special abilities (such as the math gifted) are highlighted within each chapter to help students see how the principles may be generalized to other subject populations. The basic processes of learning – such as classical and instrumental conditioning and encoding and storage in long-term memory in addition to implicit memory, spatial learning, and remembering in the world outside the laboratory – are reviewed. The general rules of learning are described along with the exceptions, limitations, and best applications of these rules. The relationship between the fields of neuropsychology and learning and memory is stressed throughout. The relevance of this research to other disciplines is reflected in the tone of the writing and is demonstrated through a variety of examples from education, neuropsychology, rehabilitation, psychiatry, nursing and medicine, I/O and consumer psychology, and animal behavior. Each chapter begins with an outline and concludes with a detailed summary. A website for instructors and students accompanies the book. Updated throughout with new research findings and examples the new edition features: A streamlined presentation for today’s busy students. As in the past, the author supports each concept with a research example and real-life application, but the duplicate example or application now appears on the website so instructors can use the additional material to illustrate the concepts in class. Expanded coverage of neuroscience that reflects the current research of the field including aversive conditioning (Ch. 5) and animal working memory (Ch. 8). More examples of research on student learning that use the same variables discussed in the chapter, but applies them in a classroom or student’s study environment. This includes research that applies encoding techniques to student learning, for example: studying: recommendations from experts (Ch. 1); the benefits of testing (Ch. 9); and Joshua Foer’s Moonwalking with Einstein, on his quest to become a memory expert (Ch. 6). More coverage of unconscious learning and knowledge (Ch. 11). Increased coverage of reinforcement and addiction (Ch. 4), causal and language learning (Ch. 6), working memory (WM) and the effects of training on WM, and the comparative evolution of WM in different species (Ch. 8), and genetics and learning (Ch. 12).

The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Cognition

According to this model, changes in associative strength for cue X (VX) on Trial n are determined by two learning rate parameters representing cue (aX) and outcome (bO) associability, as well as the difference between the learning ...

Author: Thomas R. Zentall

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199930661

Category: Psychology

Page: 960

View: 522


In the past decade, the field of comparative cognition has grown and thrived. No less rigorous than purely behavioristic investigations, examinations of animal intelligence are useful for scientists and psychologists alike in their quest to understand the nature and mechanisms of intelligence. Extensive field research of various species has yielded exciting new areas of research, integrating findings from psychology, behavioral ecology, and ethology in a unique and wide-ranging synthesis of theory and research on animal cognition. The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Cognition contains sections on perception and illusion, attention and search, memory processes, spatial cognition, conceptualization and categorization, problem solving and behavioral flexibility, and social cognition processes including findings in primate tool usage, pattern learning, and counting. The authors have incorporated findings and theoretical approaches that reflect the current state of the field. This comprehensive volume will be a must-read for students and scientists who want to know about the state of the art of the modern science of comparative cognition.