Translational Dynamics and Magnetic Resonance

This book teaches the basic physics behind the method, imparting deeper understanding to the practitioner, whether in academia, industry, or medical science.

Author: Paul T. Callaghan

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0198700822

Category: Science

Page: 568

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The ubiquitous tool of magnetic resonance can be used to measure how molecules diffuse and flow, thus revealing information about their interactions with the surrounding environment. This book teaches the basic physics behind the method, imparting deeper understanding to the practitioner, whether in academia, industry, or medical science.

Translational Dynamics and Magnetic Resonance

Translational. dynamics. and. quantum. coherence. In all that we have encountered so far, the evolution of spin phase under the effect of magnetic field gradients has been considered to arise from single-quantum coherence, ...

Author: Paul T. Callaghan

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191621048

Category: Science

Page: 568

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Taking the reader through the underlying principles of molecular translational dynamics, this book outlines the ways in which magnetic resonance, through the use of magnetic field gradients, can reveal those dynamics. The measurement of diffusion and flow, over different length and time scales, provides unique insight regarding fluid interactions with porous materials, as well as molecular organisation in soft matter and complex fluids. The book covers both time and frequency domain methodologies, as well as advances in scattering and diffraction methods, multidimensional exchange and correlation experiments and orientational correlation methods ideal for studying anisotropic environments. At the heart of these new methods resides the ubiquitous spin echo, a phenomenon whose discovery underpins nearly every major development in magnetic resonance methodology. Measuring molecular translational motion does not require high spectral resolution and so finds application in new NMR technologies concerned with 'outside the laboratory' applications, in geophysics and petroleum physics, in horticulture, in food technology, in security screening, and in environmental monitoring.

Magnetic Resonance In Studying Natural And Synthetic Materials

The book also covers applications of one and two dimensional NMR techniques. This book is a useful reference for readers learning different NMR techniques and their applications in civil engineering and biochemistry.

Author: Victor V. Rodin

Publisher: Bentham Science Publishers

ISBN: 9781681086293

Category: Science

Page: 244

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This book describes nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) methods which are used to study translational dynamics of molecules in different complex systems including systems made of synthetic and natural polymers, tissues and the porous heterogeneous systems of different types, such as cement and wood. The results of proton spin-lattice and spin-spin relaxation, cross-relaxation, pulse field gradient (PFG) NMR in studying diffusion properties and dynamics of molecules in polymer systems of different complexity are reported. In addition to these methods, reports on the use of the double-quantum-filtered (DQF) NMR technique in a study of slow molecular dynamics and properties of systems with anisotropic properties, such as water in hardening cement pastes, are presented. The book also covers applications of one and two dimensional NMR techniques. This book is a useful reference for readers learning different NMR techniques and their applications in civil engineering and biochemistry.

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance of Liquid Crystals

Nuclear magnetic resonance is one of the important mechanisms for determining their structures tures and properties. This book covers NMR techniques used in studying liquid crystals and present up to date results from such studies.

Author: Ronald Y. Dong

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781468402087

Category: Science

Page: 260

View: 772

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Liquid crystals have become ubiquitous in the displays for electronic devices, ranging from wrist watches to laptop computers. Nuclear magnetic resonance is one of the important mechanisms for determining their structures tures and properties. This book covers NMR techniques used in studying liquid crystals and present up to date results from such studies. Ronald Dong has worked on NMR in liquid crystals for much of his professional career. Topics covered include: Nuclear spin dynamics, orientational order, molecular field theories of liquid-crystal molecules, nuclear spin relaxation, spin relaxation, rotational and translational dynamics, internal dynamics of liquid-crystal molecules, NMR in liquid crystals; an appendix covers rotations, Euler angles and Wigner rotation matrices.

NMR Studies of Translational Motion

Describing the physical basis of measurement techniques, with particular emphasis on diffusion, balancing theory with experimental observations and assuming little mathematical knowledge, this is a strong, yet accessible, introduction to ...

Author: William S. Price

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139476102

Category: Science

Page:

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Translational motion in solution, either diffusion or fluid flow, is at the heart of chemical and biochemical reactivity. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) provides a powerful non-invasive technique for studying the phenomena using magnetic field gradient methods. Describing the physical basis of measurement techniques, with particular emphasis on diffusion, balancing theory with experimental observations and assuming little mathematical knowledge, this is a strong, yet accessible, introduction to the field. A detailed discussion of magnetic field gradient methods applied to Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is included, alongside extensive referencing throughout, providing a timely, definitive book to the subject, ideal for researchers in the fields of physics, chemistry and biology.

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance

6 M. H. Levitt, Spin Dynamics: Basics of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Wiley, 2nd edn., 2007. ... 16 P. T. Callaghan, Translational Dynamics & Magnetic Resonance: Principles of Pulsed Gradient Spin Echo NMR, Oxford University Press, ...

Author: Vasudevan Ramesh

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 9781782624103

Category: Science

Page: 326

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Application of nuclear magnetic resonance span a wide range of scientific disciplines and for the first time this volume will focus on a rapidly advancing and important theme – NMR applications in industry. Providing a comprehensive yet critical review of the current literature from various industrial sectors including materials, food science, paints and coatings, polymer science, nuclear chemistry, drug discovery and process control, this volume will be an invaluable source of current methods and applications. Essential reading for those wanting to become rapidly acquainted with NMR and for the seasoned practitioner keeping up to date with the literature.

Quantitative Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Translational dynamics and magnetic resonance. Principles of pulsed gradient spin echo NMR. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 2011. [13] Conturo TE, McKinstry RC, Aronovitz JA, Neil JJ. Diffusion MRI: precision, accuracy and flow effects ...

Author: Nicole Seiberlich

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780128170588

Category: Computers

Page: 1092

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Quantitative Magnetic Resonance Imaging is a ‘go-to’ reference for methods and applications of quantitative magnetic resonance imaging, with specific sections on Relaxometry, Perfusion, and Diffusion. Each section will start with an explanation of the basic techniques for mapping the tissue property in question, including a description of the challenges that arise when using these basic approaches. For properties which can be measured in multiple ways, each of these basic methods will be described in separate chapters. Following the basics, a chapter in each section presents more advanced and recently proposed techniques for quantitative tissue property mapping, with a concluding chapter on clinical applications. The reader will learn: The basic physics behind tissue property mapping How to implement basic pulse sequences for the quantitative measurement of tissue properties The strengths and limitations to the basic and more rapid methods for mapping the magnetic relaxation properties T1, T2, and T2* The pros and cons for different approaches to mapping perfusion The methods of Diffusion-weighted imaging and how this approach can be used to generate diffusion tensor maps and more complex representations of diffusion How flow, magneto-electric tissue property, fat fraction, exchange, elastography, and temperature mapping are performed How fast imaging approaches including parallel imaging, compressed sensing, and Magnetic Resonance Fingerprinting can be used to accelerate or improve tissue property mapping schemes How tissue property mapping is used clinically in different organs Structured to cater for MRI researchers and graduate students with a wide variety of backgrounds Explains basic methods for quantitatively measuring tissue properties with MRI - including T1, T2, perfusion, diffusion, fat and iron fraction, elastography, flow, susceptibility - enabling the implementation of pulse sequences to perform measurements Shows the limitations of the techniques and explains the challenges to the clinical adoption of these traditional methods, presenting the latest research in rapid quantitative imaging which has the possibility to tackle these challenges Each section contains a chapter explaining the basics of novel ideas for quantitative mapping, such as compressed sensing and Magnetic Resonance Fingerprinting-based approaches

Diffusion and Electrophoretic NMR

Translational Dynamics & Magnetic Resonance, Principles of Pulsed Gradient Spin Echo NMR. ... Hedjiedj, A., & Canet, D. Single-sided radiofrequency field gradient with two unsymmetrical loops: Applications to nuclear magnetic resonance.

Author: Peter Stilbs

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110551532

Category: Science

Page: 350

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Diffusion and Eletrophoretic NMR experiments resolve chemical compounds based on their molecular motion. This publication introduces the basics of these methods and explains how they can be used to measure the size of molecules and aggregates, to determine degree of polymerization and to solve other chemical problems. Supplied with many case studies, the book is a must-have for students and researchers who work with practical NMR measurements.

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance of Liquid Crystals

Nuclear magnetic resonance is one of the important mechanisms for determining their structures tures and properties. This book covers NMR techniques used in studying liquid crystals and present up to date results from such studies.

Author: Ronald Y. Dong

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1468402099

Category: Science

Page: 260

View: 174

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Liquid crystals have become ubiquitous in the displays for electronic devices, ranging from wrist watches to laptop computers. Nuclear magnetic resonance is one of the important mechanisms for determining their structures tures and properties. This book covers NMR techniques used in studying liquid crystals and present up to date results from such studies. Ronald Dong has worked on NMR in liquid crystals for much of his professional career. Topics covered include: Nuclear spin dynamics, orientational order, molecular field theories of liquid-crystal molecules, nuclear spin relaxation, spin relaxation, rotational and translational dynamics, internal dynamics of liquid-crystal molecules, NMR in liquid crystals; an appendix covers rotations, Euler angles and Wigner rotation matrices.

Magnetic Resonance and Its Applications

Top Appl Phys 73:93–151 Callaghan PT (2011) Translational dynamics and magnetic resonance: principles of pulsed gradient spin echo NMR. Oxford University Press, Oxford Duer MJ (ed) (2002) Solid state NMR spectroscopy: principles and ...

Author: Vladimir I. Chizhik

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783319052991

Category: Medical

Page: 782

View: 113

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The book is devoted to the description of the fundamentals in the area of magnetic resonance. The book covers two domains: radiospectroscopy and quantum radioelectronics. Radiospectroscopy comprises nuclear magnetic resonance , electron paramagnetic resonance, nuclear quadrupolar resonance, and some other phenomena. The radiospectroscopic methods are widely used for obtaining the information on internal (nano, micro and macro) structure of objects. Quantum radioelectronics, which was developed on the basis of radiospectroscopic methods, deals with processes in quantum amplifiers, generators and magnetometers. We do not know analogues of the book presented. The book implies a few levels of the general consideration of phenomena, that can be useful for different groups of readers (students, PhD students, scientists from other scientific branches: physics, chemistry, physical chemistry, biochemistry, biology and medicine).

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Probes of Molecular Dynamics

Because NMR measurements provide a unique window on molecular translational dynamics via the self - diffusion coefficient , this aspect of translational motion provides the central focus for this chapter . However the measurement of ...

Author: R. Tycko

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402014597

Category: Science

Page: 551

View: 567

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Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Probes of Molecular Dynamics describes the theoretical basis and experimental techniques that make modern NMR spectroscopy a powerful and flexible tool for probing molecular dynamics in chemical, physical, and biochemical systems. Individual chapters, written by leaders in the development and application of NMR from around the world, treat systems that range from synthetic polymers, liquid crystals, and catalysts to proteins and oligonucleotides and techniques that include deuterium NMR, magic angle spinning, multidimensional spectroscopy, and magnetic resonance imaging. A combination of elementary and advanced material makes the book a useful introduction to the field for students at the graduate level as well as an important reference for practising NMR spectroscopists.

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance

translational dynamics, internal dynamics of flexible mesogens and multiplequantum and two dimensional NMR are dealt with subsequently. Though the book provides an informative coverage of the above areas, it cannot be considered to have ...

Author: G A Webb

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 9781847553812

Category: Science

Page: 564

View: 842

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As a spectroscopic method, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) has seen spectacular growth over the past two decades, both as a technique and in its applications. Today the applications of NMR span a wide range of scientific disciplines, from physics to biology to medicine. Each volume of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance comprises a combination of annual and biennial reports which together provide comprehensive of the literature on this topic. This Specialist Periodical Report reflects the growing volume of published work involving NMR techniques and applications, in particular NMR of natural macromolecules which is covered in two reports: "NMR of Proteins and Acids" and "NMR of Carbohydrates, Lipids and Membranes". For those wanting to become rapidly acquainted with specific areas of NMR, this title provides unrivalled scope of coverage. Seasoned practitioners of NMR will find this an in valuable source of current methods and applications. Specialist Periodical Reports provide systematic and detailed review coverage in major areas of chemical research. Compiled by teams of leading authorities in the relevant subject areas, the series creates a unique service for the active research chemist, with regular, in-depth accounts of progress in particular fields of chemistry. Subject coverage within different volumes of a given title is similar and publication is on an annual or biennial basis.

Annual Reports on NMR Spectroscopy

Translational dynamics and magnetic resonance. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 2011. Levitt MH. Spin dynamics. 2nd ed. ... Dynamic behavior and some of the molecular properties of water molecules in pure water and in MgCl2 solutions.

Author: Graham A. Webb

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780124079052

Category: Science

Page: 360

View: 393

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NMR is an analytical tool used by chemists and physicists to study the structure and dynamics of molecules. In recent years, no other technique has gained such significance as NMR spectroscopy. It is used in all branches of science in which precise structural determination is required and in which the nature of interactions and reactions in solution is being studied. Annual Reports on NMR Spectroscopy has established itself as a premier means for the specialist and non-specialist alike to become familiar with new techniques and applications of NMR spectroscopy. Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) is an analytical tool used by chemists and physicists to study the structure and dynamics of molecules In recent years, no other technique has gained such significance as NMR spectroscopy. It is used in all branches of science in which precise structural determination is required and in which the nature of interactions and reactions in solution is being studied Annual Reports on NMR Spectroscopy has established itself as a premier means for the specialist and non-specialist alike to become familiar with new techniques and applications of NMR spectroscopy

Industrial Tomography

Principles of nuclear magnetic resonance microscopy. ... Translational dynamics and magnetic resonance. ... Magnetic resonance velocimetry: applications of magnetic resonance imaging in the measurement of fluid motion.

Author: Mi Wang

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9781782421238

Category: Computers

Page: 772

View: 487

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Industrial Tomography: Systems and Applications thoroughly explores the important tomographic techniques of industrial tomography, also discussing image reconstruction, systems, and applications. The text presents complex processes, including the way three-dimensional imaging is used to create multiple cross-sections, and how computer software helps monitor flows, filtering, mixing, drying processes, and chemical reactions inside vessels and pipelines. Readers will find a comprehensive discussion on the ways tomography systems can be used to optimize the performance of a wide variety of industrial processes. Provides a comprehensive discussion on the different formats of tomography Includes an excellent overview of image reconstruction using a wide range of applications Presents a comprehensive discussion of tomography systems and their application in a wide variety of industrial processes

Analytical Techniques in the Pharmaceutical Sciences

Magn Reson Med 57:1086–1098 Callaghan PT (1993) Principles of nuclear magnetic resonance microscopy. Oxford University Press, New York Callaghan PT (2011) Translational dynamics and magnetic resonance. Oxford University Press, Oxford ...

Author: Anette Müllertz

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781493940295

Category: Medical

Page: 838

View: 548

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The aim of this book is to present a range of analytical methods that can be used in formulation design and development and focus on how these systems can be applied to understand formulation components and the dosage form these build. To effectively design and exploit drug delivery systems, the underlying characteristic of a dosage form must be understood--from the characteristics of the individual formulation components, to how they act and interact within the formulation, and finally, to how this formulation responds in different biological environments. To achieve this, there is a wide range of analytical techniques that can be adopted to understand and elucidate the mechanics of drug delivery and drug formulation. Such methods include e.g. spectroscopic analysis, diffractometric analysis, thermal investigations, surface analytical techniques, particle size analysis, rheological techniques, methods to characterize drug stability and release, and biological analysis in appropriate cell and animal models. Whilst each of these methods can encompass a full research area in their own right, formulation scientists must be able to effectively apply these methods to the delivery system they are considering. The information in this book is designed to support researchers in their ability to fully characterize and analyze a range of delivery systems, using an appropriate selection of analytical techniques. Due to its consideration of regulatory approval, this book will also be suitable for industrial researchers both at early stage up to pre-clinical research.

Biological Physical and Technical Basics of Cell Engineering

Concepts in Magnetic Resonance, Part A, 42A(3), 72–88. 3. ... Translational dynamics and magnetic resonance (p. 547). ... Therapeutic modulation of calcium dynamics using ultrasound and other energy-based techniques.

Author: Gerhard M. Artmann

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789811079047

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 481

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This book presents and discusses recent scientific progress on Cell and Stem Cell Engineering. It predominantly focuses on Biological, Physical and Technical Basics, and features new trends of research reaching far into the 21st century.

Nuclear Spin Relaxation in Liquids

Callaghan, P. T., Translational Dynamics and Magnetic Resonance: Principles of Pulsed Gradient Spin Echo NMR. Oxford University Press: Oxford, 2014. 29. Johnson, C. S., Diffusion ordered nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy: ...

Author: Jozef Kowalewski

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781351264594

Category: Science

Page: 372

View: 180

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Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) is widely used across many fields of science because of the rich data it produces, and some of the most valuable data come from studies of nuclear spin relaxation in solution. The first edition of this book, published more than a decade ago, provided an accessible and cohesive treatment of the field. The present second edition is a significant update, covering important new developments in recent years. Collecting relaxation theory, experimental techniques, and illustrative applications into a single volume, this book clarifies the nature of the phenomenon, shows how to study it and explains why such studies are worthwhile. Coverage ranges from basic to rigorous theory and from simple to sophisticated experimental methods. Topics include cross-relaxation, multispin phenomena, relaxation studies of molecular dynamics and structure and special topics such as relaxation in systems with quadrupolar nuclei, in paramagnetic systems and in long-living spin states. Avoiding overly demanding mathematics, the authors explain spin relaxation in a manner that anyone with a familiarity with NMR can follow. The focus is on illustrating and explaining the physical nature of relaxation phenomena. Nuclear Spin Relaxation in Liquids: Theory, Experiments and Applications, 2nd edition, provides useful supplementary reading for graduate students and is a valuable reference for NMR spectroscopists, whether in chemistry, physics or biochemistry.

Compact NMR

3.2.3 Furtherreading Kimmich R. Principles of Soft-Matter Dynamics. Dordrecht: Springer; 2012. Callaghan PT. Translational Dynamics & Magnetic Resonance. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 2011. Casanova F, Perlo J, Blümich B, editors.

Author: Bernhard Blümich

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110266719

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 289

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The goal of this book is to provide an introduction to the practical use of mobile NMR at a level as basic as the operation of a smart phone. Each description follows the same didactic pattern: introduction, basic theory, pulse sequences and parameters, beginners-level measurements, advanced-level measurements, and data processing. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy is the most popular method for chemists to analyze molecular structures while Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is a non-invasive diagnostic tool for medical doctors that provides high-contrast images of biological tissue depicting the brain function and the beating heart. In both applications large super-conducting magnets are employed which magnetize atomic nuclei of an object positioned inside the magnet. Their circulating motion is interrogated by radio-frequency waves. Depending on the operating mode, the frequency spectrum provides the chemist with molecular information, the medical doctor with anatomic images, while the materials scientist is interested in NMR relaxation parameters, which scale with material properties and determine the contrast in magnetic resonance images. Recent advances in magnet technology led to a variety of small permanent magnets, by which NMR spectra, images, and relaxation parameters can be measured with mobile and low-cost instruments.

Diffusion in Nanoporous Materials

5 Price, W.S. (2009) NMR Studies of Translational Motion, University Press, Cambridge. 6 Callaghan, P.T. (2011) Translational Dynamics and Magnetic Resonance, Oxford University Press, Oxford. 7 Abragam, A. (1961) The Principles of ...

Author: Jörg Kärger

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9783527651290

Category: Science

Page: 902

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Atoms and molecules in all states of matter are subject to continuous irregular movement. This process, referred to as diffusion, is among the most general and basic phenomena in nature and determines the performance of many technological processes. This book provides an introduction to the fascinating world of diffusion in microporous solids. Jointly written by three well-known researchers in this field, it presents a coherent treatise, rather than a compilation of separate review articles, covering the theoretical fundamentals, molecular modeling, experimental observation and technical applications. Based on the book Diffusion in Zeolites and other Microporous Solids, originally published in 1992, it illustrates the remarkable speed with which this field has developed since that time. Specific topics include: new families of nanoporous materials, micro-imaging and single-particle tracking, direct monitoring of transient profiles by interference microscopy, single-file diffusion and new approaches to molecular modeling.