Toward the Image of Tammuz and Other Essays on Mesopotamian History and Culture

Ancient Mesopotamian history generally suffers under scarcity of sources to a point where its very character of ... of past political and cultural development, but also that this account meet certain stringent tests of credibility; ...

Author: Thorkild Jacobsen

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 9781556359521

Category: Religion

Page: 520

View: 889


In this volume, William L. Moran has collected seventeen of Jacobsen's widely scattered essays. Dealing with religion, history, culture, government, economics, and grammar, these pieces are representative of all aspects of Jacobsen's work, but stress his studies in history and religion, the fields in which he made his most important contributions to our knowledge of Mesopotamian culture and the origins of Western civilization. Moran has also included a bibliography of and a lexical index to Jacobsen's writings.

Biblical Ideas of Nationality

The Assumed Conflict Between the Sumerians and Semites in Early Mesopotamian History, pp. 187–92 in Toward the Image of Tammuz and Other Essays in Mesopotamian History and Culture (Cambridge: Harvard University Press). ______ .

Author: Steven Elliott Grosby

Publisher: Eisenbrauns

ISBN: 9781575060651

Category: Religion

Page: 269

View: 837


Annotation In this collection of essays, drawn from more than a decade of study and publication, Steven Grosby investigates ancient texts (biblical and other) from the perspective of philosophical anthropology. His work is pioneering and provocative and points the way to further research on the idea of nationality in ancient times.

The Storm God in the Ancient Near East

132–56 in Toward the Image of Tammuz and Other Essays on Mesopotamian History and Culture, ed. W. Moran. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1970. ______. “The Inscriptions.” Pp. 289–98 in Pre-Sargonid Temples in the Diyala Region, ed.

Author: Alberto R. W. Green

Publisher: Penn State Press

ISBN: 9781575065373

Category: History

Page: 382

View: 924


In this comprehensive study of a common deity found in the ancient Near East as well as many other cultures, Green brings together evidence from the worlds of myth, iconography, and literature in an attempt to arrive at a new synthesis regarding the place of the Storm-god. He finds that the Storm-god was the force primarily responsible for three major areas of human concern: (1) religious power because he was the ever-dominant environmental force upon which peoples depended for their very lives; (2) centralized political power; and (3) continuously evolving sociocultural processes, which typically were projected through the Storm-god’s attendants. Green traces these motifs through the Mesopotamian, Anatolian, Syrian, and Levantine regions; with regard to the latter, he argues that Yahweh of the Bible can be identified as a storm-god, though certain unique characteristics came to be associated with him: he was the Creator of all that is created and the self-existing god who needs no other.

Mesopotamia and the Legends of Gilgamesh

Jacobsen, Thorkild (2008a) [1970], "Sumerian Mythology: A Review Article", in Moran, William L. (ed.), Toward the Image of Tammuz and Other Essays on Mesopotamian History and Culture, Dove Studies in Bible, Language, and History.

Author: Faruq Zamani



Category: History

Page: 96

View: 210


Mankind lived in Paradise for a long time, , God said to unnamed colleagues: "Is it possible that he may also take from the Tree of Life and live forever?" Having eaten the Fruit of Knowledge, but forbidden from reaching for the Fruit of the Tree of Life. Following Adam's eating of the Fruit of Knowledge.. Since then, man has sought Immortality withheld by God. Yet throughout the millennia, it has gone unnoticed that while concerning Yahweh's Tree of Knowing: Adam became a part of us after eating it, no such statement has been made regarding "From the fruit of the Tree of Life, we can live forever.. Was it because the promise of "Immortality," made to Mankind as a distinctive attribute of the gods, was nothing more than a grand illusion? A king of Uruk, Gilgamesh, son of Ninsun and Lugalbanda, was the first to try and find out. While the tales of Enmerkar and Lugalbanda are enchanting and intriguing, the post-Diluvial Luga has to be one of the most compelling! Gilgamesh was the demigod who ruled Uruk from 2750 to 2600 BCE and had the longest and most detailed records. Throughout Gilgamesh's long Epic, he searches for Immortality, believing that since two-thirds of him are gods and one-third are humans, he should not "peer over the wall" as a mortal. Genealogically, he was more than just a demigod, more than a fifty-fifty god. King Lugalbanda, son of Lnanna and High Priest of Uruk, possessed the "divine" determinative. Gilgamesh was described as having the "essence of Ninurta" (Enlil's foremost son) because of his mother, Nin. Sun ('Lady Who Irrigates') was the daughter of Ninurta and his spouse, Batu. Anu's youngest daughter Bau was of a noble family.

The Early History of God

History of Religions 1 ( 1961 ) : 189213 = Toward the Image of Tammuz and Other Essays on Mesopotamian History and Culture , ed . other deities identified in biblical sources , devotion appears to 182 XXXV.

Author: Mark S. Smith

Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing

ISBN: 080283972X

Category: Religion

Page: 243

View: 261


There is still much disagreement over the origins and development of Israelite religion. Mark Smith sets himself the task of reconstructing the cult of Yahweh, the most important deity in Israel's early religion, and tracing the transformation of that deity into the sole god - the development of monotheism.


In Of Pots and Plans: Papers on the Archaeology and History of Mesopotamia and Syria presented to David Oates in ... In Toward the Image of Tammuz and Other Essays on Mesopotamian History and Culture, edited by William L. Moran, pp.

Author: Louise M. Pryke

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781317506652

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 190


Ishtar is the first book dedicated to providing an accessible analysis of the mythology and image of this complex goddess. The polarity of her nature is reflected in her role as goddess of sexual love and war, and has made her difficult to characterise in modern scholarship. By exploring this complexity, Ishtar offers insight into Mesopotamian culture and thought, and elucidates a goddess who transcended the limits of gender, divinity and nature. It gives an accessible introduction to the Near Eastern pantheon, while also opening a pathway for comparison with the later Near Eastern and Mediterranean deities who followed her.


Sheffield, 1992 504-Primitive Democracy in Ancient Mesopotamia. Toward the Image of Tammuz and Other Essays on Mesopotamian History and Culture. Moran, W.L., ed. Harvard University Press. Cambridge. Mass. 1970 505-Early Political ...

Author: Maximillien De Lafayette


ISBN: 9781312229747

Category: Education

Page: 189

View: 747


Volume XVIII "W-Z" (W- Zwono). COMPARATIVE ENCYCLOPEDIC DICTIONARY OF MESOPOTAMIAN VOCABULARY, DEAD AND ANCIENT LANGUAGES. Lexicon and Thesaurus of 15 Languages and Dialects of the Ancient. From a set of 18 volumes Akkadian. Arabic. Aramaic. Assyrian. Babylonian . Canaanite. Chaldean. Farsi (Persian). Hebrew. Phoenician. Sumerian. Syriac. Turkish. Ugaritic. Urdu. Published by Times Square Press, New York and Berlin. Written by the world's most prolific linguist, who authored 14 dictionaries of dead languages & ancient languages known to mankind.

The Secret History of Democracy

Primitive Democracy in Ancient Mesopotamia. In W. L. Moran (ed.), Toward the Image of Tammuz and Other Essays on Mesopotamian History and Culture (pp. 157–170). Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. Jacobsen, T. (1970 [1957]).

Author: Benjamin Isakhan

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9780230299467

Category: Political Science

Page: 252

View: 440


This book explores the intriguing idea that there is much more democracy in human history than is generally acknowledged. It establishes that democracy was developing across greater Asia before classical Athens, clung on during the 'Dark Ages', often formed part of indigenous governance and is developing today in unexpected ways.

History and Historical Writing in Ancient Israel

Hoffner , H.A. , “ Some Contributions of Hittitology to Old Testament Study ” , Tyndale Bulletin 20 ( 1969 ) , pp . ... Toward the Image of Tammuz and Other Essays on Mesopotamian History and Culture ( HSS 21 ) , Cambridge , Mass .

Author: Tomoo Ishida

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004114440

Category: History

Page: 219

View: 754


In how far do the traditions in historical writing reflect "history in the Hebrew Bible"? This momentarily hot-debated question is the central issue of the current volume, in which the author takes a firm stand against the sceptical approach to the unity and historicity of biblical traditions. Part One of the book opens with a systematic examination of twenty-seven lists of the original inhabitants of the Promised Land who were doomed to be dispossessed by the Israelites. Two essays are devoted to a historical investigation into the political leaders sopet and nagid. In the following special attention is given to formulae denoting dynastic change, royal succession and to the expression 'people of the land and house of Ahab'. Part Two deals with the historical interpretation of the narrative of Solomon's succession to David's throne. The author concludes the work with two comparative studies on biblical historiography and inscriptions from Y'dy-Sam'al and Assyria.