Tocqueville s Revenge

This is the central meaning of the title Tocqueville's Revenge . The reference to Tocqueville derives from the contrast between France's postwar institutional context and Tocqueville's ideal , as seen in the United States of the 1830s .

Author: Jonah D. Levy

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674894324

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 386

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Jonah D. Levy examines the transformation of French economic policymaking and state-society relations during the last quarter of the 20th century. He argues that France needs an active, empowering state to engage with civil society.

From State to Market

86Le Bolloc'h - Puges , Politique industrielle - cited in Levy , “ Tocqueville's Revenge , ” 87Levy , “ Tocqueville's Revenge , ” p . 65 ; and Cohen , État brancardier , pp . 230–231 . P. 64 . 90For a discussion of the successes of the ...

Author: Vivien A. Schmidt

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521555531

Category: Political Science

Page: 476

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The Mitterrand years saw the transformation of business and its relationship to government. From State to Market, first published in 1996, details the governmental policies toward business that went from nationalization to privatization, deregulation, and ever-increasing European integration, bringing with them the move from a dirigiste, or state-directed, economy to a more market-oriented one. Professor Schmidt profiles the players, the interpenetrating elite of top business and government officials who share common state educational history and career track and who, as the beneficiaries of the all-pervasive culture of the state, have managed not only to maintain their hold in the ministries but also to colonize industry. This book, which spans the fields of public policy and political economy, contains both empirical information - the results of over forty interviews with top business and government officials - and a theoretical framework that sets French state-society relations in comparative perspective.

Recasting Welfare Capitalism

Levy, Tocqueville's Revenge, 46. 30. The value of the franc fell from 5.35 to the dollar in April 1981 to 8.60 in 1984: Hall, Governing the Economy, 199. 31. Levy, Tocqueville's Revenge, 46. 32. Loriaux, After Hegemony, 218. 33.

Author: Mark Vail

Publisher: Temple University Press

ISBN: 9781592139682

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 428

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In Recasting Welfare Capitalism, Mark Vail employs a sophisticated and original theoretical approach to compare welfare states and political-economic adjustment in Germany and France. He examines how and why institutional change takes place and what factors characterize economic evolution when moving from times of prosperity to more austere periods and back again. Covering the 1970s to the present, Vail analyzes social and economic reforms, including labor policy, social-insurance, and anti-poverty programs. He focuses on the tactics and actions of key political players, and demolishes the stagnation argument that suggests that France and Germany have largely frozen political economies, incapable of reform. Vail finds that these respective evolutions involve interrelated changes in social and economic policies and are characterized by political relationships that are continuously renegotiated—often in unpredictable ways. In the process, he presents a compelling reconceptualization of change in both the welfare state and the broader political economy during an age of globalization.

The Origins of Europe s New Stock Markets

Zysman, Governments, 144; Jonah D. Levy, Tocqueville's Revenge: State, Society, and Economy in Contemporary France (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1999). 45. Robert Boyer, The “Regulation” School: A Critical Introduction ...

Author: Elliot Posner

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674268906

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 264

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Between 1995 and 2007, financial elites in more than a dozen western European countries engaged in a cross-border battle to create some twenty new stock markets, many of which were explicitly modeled on the American Nasdaq. The resulting high-risk, high-reward markets facilitated wealth creation, rewarded venture capitalists, and drew major U.S. financial players to Europe. But they also chipped away at the European social compacts between national governments and citizens, opening the door of smaller company finance to the broad trend of marketization and its bounties, and further subjecting European households and family businesses to the rhythms of global capital. Elliot Posner explores the causes of Europe’s emergence as a global financial power, addressing classic and new questions about the origins of markets and their relationship to politics and bureaucracy. In doing so, he attributes the surprising large-scale transformation of Europe’s capital markets to the rise of the European Union as a global political force. The effect of Europe’s financial ascendance will have major ramifications around the world, and Posner’s analysis will push market participants, policymakers, and academics to rethink the sources of financial change in Europe and beyond.

European Integration 1950 2003

Levy , Tocqueville's Revenge , 48–9 ; Vivien A. Schmidt , From State to Market : The Transformation of French Business and Government ( Cambridge , U.K. , 1996 ) , 139–46 . 56. Levy , Tocqueville's Revenge , 58-69 . 57.

Author: John Gillingham

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521012627

Category: History

Page: 588

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Integration is the most significant European historical development in the past fifty years, eclipsing in importance even the collapse of the USSR. Yet, until now, no satisfactory explanation is to be found in any single book as to why integration is significant, how it originated, how it has changed Europe, and where it is headed. Professor Gillingham s work corrects the inadequacies of the existing literature by cutting through the genuine confusion that surrounds the activities of the European Union, and by looking at his subject from a truly historical perspective. The late-twentieth century has been an era of great, though insufficiently appreciated, accomplishment that intellectually and morally is still emerging from the shadow of an earlier one of depression, and modern despotism. This is a work, then, that captures the historical distinctiveness of Europe in a way that transcends current party political debate.

Liberalism in Illiberal States

Levy, Tocqueville's Revenge, 32. Kuisel, Capitalism and the State, 224. Christian Sautter, “France,” in The European Economy: Growth and Crisis, ed. Andrea Boltho (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1982), 450,461.

Author: Mark I. Vail

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190683986

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 269

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Liberalism in illiberal States acknowledges the dominance of economic liberalism, but argues that its implementation in specific countries is always unique and dependent upon powerful historical factors. This book focuses on France, Germany, and Italy - countries that many scholars do not view as "liberal" at all - and contends they have in fact developed distinct forms of national liberalism, of which their postwar models of capitalism were merely one manifestation.

Encyclopedia of World Geography

... E. France (in series Western European Economic and Social Studies) (Paul Chapman, London, 1989) Levy, J.D. Tocqueville's Revenge: State, Society, and Economy in Contemporary F rance (Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Mass, ...

Author: Peter Haggett

Publisher: Cavendish Square

ISBN: PSU:000049907803

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 3456

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Presents profiles of countries from around the world, with information on such topics as historical events, the environment, physical geography, habitats, animal and plant life, agriculture, the economy, culture, governments, and industries.

Capital Rules

Jonah D. Levy, Tocqueville's Revenge: State, Society, and Economy in Contemporary France (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1999), p. 29. 15. Helleiner, States and the Reemergence of Global Finance, pp. 140–143. 16.

Author: Rawi Abdelal

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674034556

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 760

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"The rise of global financial markets in the last decades of the twentieth century was premised on one fundamental idea: that capital ought to flow across country borders with minimal restriction and regulation. Freedom for capital movements became the new orthodoxy. In an intellectual, legal, and political history of financial globalization, Rawi Abdelal shows that this was not always the case. Transactions routinely executed by bankers, managers, and investors during the 1990s—trading foreign stocks and bonds, borrowing in foreign currencies—had been illegal in many countries only decades, and sometimes just a year or two, earlier. How and why did the world shift from an orthodoxy of free capital movements in 1914 to an orthodoxy of capital controls in 1944 and then back again by 1994? How have such standards of appropriate behavior been codified and transmitted internationally? Contrary to conventional accounts, Abdelal argues that neither the U.S. Treasury nor Wall Street bankers have preferred or promoted multilateral, liberal rules for global finance. Instead, European policy makers conceived and promoted the liberal rules that compose the international financial architecture. Whereas U.S. policy makers have tended to embrace unilateral, ad hoc globalization, French and European policy makers have promoted a rule-based, “managed” globalization. This contest over the character of globalization continues today."

Fragmented France

... in late twentieth-century France, the attempts to reduce state intervention have misfired because civil society is unable to fill the space liberated has been provided by Jonah Levy's appropriately entitled Tocqueville's Revenge.

Author: Jack Hayward

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199216314

Category: History

Page: 381

View: 893

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Hayward explores the way in which the French define their identity by opposition to the 'Anglo-Saxons': first England, now America. The prologue explores France's self-image by contrast with the Anglo-American counter-identity.

The True Wealth of Nations

NOTES 1. Max Weber, The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism. 2. David Martin, Tongues of Fire. 3. Emile Durkheim, The Division of Labor in Society, 204. 4. Ibid., 211. 5. Jonah Levy, Tocqueville's Revenge; J. L. Benoit and E.

Author: Daniel Finn

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199890057

Category: Religion

Page: 408

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The True Wealth of Nations arises from the conviction that implementing a morally adequate vision of the economy will generate sustainable prosperity for all. It sets forth the beginnings of an architecture of analysis for relating economic life and Christian faith-intellectually and experientially-and helps social scientists, theologians, and all persons of faith to appreciate the true wealth of any nation.