Space and Time in Languages and Cultures

This is an interdisciplinary volume that focuses on the central topic of the representation of events, namely cross-cultural differences in representing time and space, as well as various aspects of the conceptualisation of space and time.

Author: Luna Filipovi?

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027223913

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 361

View: 405


This is an interdisciplinary volume that focuses on the central topic of the representation of events, namely cross-cultural differences in representing time and space, as well as various aspects of the conceptualisation of space and time. It brings together research on space and time from a variety of angles, both theoretical and methodological. Crossing boundaries between and among disciplines such as linguistics, psychology, philosophy, or anthropology forms a creative platform in a bold attempt to reveal the complex interaction of language, culture, and cognition in the context of human communication and interaction. The authors address the nature of spatial and temporal constructs from a number of perspectives, such as cultural specificity in determining time intervals in an Amazonian culture, distinct temporalities in a specific Mongolian hunter community, Russian-specific conceptualisation of temporal relations, Seri and Yucatec frames of spatial reference, memory of events in space and time, and metaphorical meaning stemming from perception and spatial artefacts, to name but a few themes. The topic of space and time in language and culture is also represented, from a different albeit related point of view, in the sister volume Space and Time in Languages and Cultures: Linguistic Diversity (HCP 36) which focuses on the language-specific vis-à-vis universal aspects of linguistic representation of spatial and temporal reference.

Space and Time in Languages and Cultures

This volume offers novel insights into linguistic diversity in the domains of spatial and temporal reference, searching for uniformity amongst diversity.

Author: Luna Filipovi?

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027223906

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 492

View: 879


This volume offers novel insights into linguistic diversity in the domains of spatial and temporal reference, searching for uniformity amongst diversity. A number of authors discuss expression of dynamic spatial relations cross-linguistically in a vast range of typologically different languages such as Bezhta, French, Hinuq, Italian, Japanese, Polish, Serbian, and Spanish, among others. The contributions on linguistic expression of time all shed new light on pertinent questions regarding this cognitive domain, such as the hotly debated relationship between cross-linguistic differences in talking about time and universal principles of utterance interpretation, modelling temporal inference through aspectual interactions, as well as the complexity of the acquisition of tense-aspect relations in a second language. The topic of space and time in language and culture is also represented, from a different point of view, in the sister volume Space and Time in Languages and Cultures: Language, Culture, and Cognition (HCP 37) which discusses spatial and temporal constructs in human language, cognition, and culture in order to come closer to a better understanding of the interaction between shared and individual characteristics of language and culture that shape the way people interact with each other and exchange information about the spatio-temporal constructs that underlie their cognitive, social, and linguistic foundations.

Time Language and Ontology

The series Oxford Studies of Time in Language and Thought identifies and promotes pioneering research on the human concept of time and its representation in natural language. Representing time in language is one of the most debated ...

Author: M. Joshua Mozersky

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191028007

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 288

View: 455


This book brings together, in a novel way, an account of the structure of time with an account of our language and thought about time. Joshua Mozersky argues that it is possible to reconcile the human experience of time, which is centred on the present, with the objective conception of time, according to which all moments are intrinsically alike. He defends a temporally centreless ontology along with a tenseless semantics that is compatible with - and indeed helps to explain the need for - tensed language and thought. This theory of time also, it is argued, helps to elucidate the nature of change and temporal passage, neither of which need be denied nor relegated to the realm of subjective experience only. The book addresses a variety of topics including whether the past and future are real; whether temporal passage is a genuine phenomenon or merely a subjective illusion; how the asymmetry of time is to be understood; the nature of representation; how something can change its properties yet retain its identity; and whether objects are three-dimensional or four-dimensional. It is a wide-ranging examination of recent issues in metaphysics, philosophy of language and the philosophy of science and presents a compelling picture of the relationship of human beings to the spatiotemporal world.

Introduction to the Theory of Computation

Earlier we showed that A G TIl\/IE(n2), but now we have a better bound— namely, A G TIME(n log This result cannot be further improved on singletape Turing machines. In fact, any language that can be decided in 0(n log n) time on a ...

Author: Michael Sipser

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 9781285401065

Category: Computers

Page: 504

View: 754


Now you can clearly present even the most complex computational theory topics to your students with Sipser's distinct, market-leading INTRODUCTION TO THE THEORY OF COMPUTATION, 3E. The number one choice for today's computational theory course, this highly anticipated revision retains the unmatched clarity and thorough coverage that make it a leading text for upper-level undergraduate and introductory graduate students. This edition continues author Michael Sipser's well-known, approachable style with timely revisions, additional exercises, and more memorable examples in key areas. A new first-of-its-kind theoretical treatment of deterministic context-free languages is ideal for a better understanding of parsing and LR(k) grammars. This edition's refined presentation ensures a trusted accuracy and clarity that make the challenging study of computational theory accessible and intuitive to students while maintaining the subject's rigor and formalism. Readers gain a solid understanding of the fundamental mathematical properties of computer hardware, software, and applications with a blend of practical and philosophical coverage and mathematical treatments, including advanced theorems and proofs. INTRODUCTION TO THE THEORY OF COMPUTATION, 3E's comprehensive coverage makes this an ideal ongoing reference tool for those studying theoretical computing. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Language and Bilingual Cognition

musical 'time' were applied to clock 'time', we would have precisely the type of flexible 'hours' mentioned above. It may be hard for us in the twenty-first century to imagine thinking of clock 'time' like musical 'time', ...

Author: Reader in Applied Linguistics Vivian Cook

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781136866401

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 608

View: 412


This volume provides a state-of-the-art overview of the relationship between language and cognition with a focus on bilinguals, bringing together contributions from international leading figures in various disciplines . It is essential reading for researchers and postgraduate students with an interest in language and cognition, or in bilingualism and second languages.

Primary Languages Effective Learning and Teaching

The Key Stage 2 Framework is based on schools teaching Primary Languages for an hour a week within curriculum time. This is the area, about which teachers and head teachers have most concerns – how to fit Primary Languages into the busy ...

Author: Cynthia Martin

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781844455379

Category: Education

Page: 192

View: 431


Primary languages are to be an entitlement for all pupils in KS2 from 2010. There is therefore a need to ensure that trainee primary teachers are equipped with the required skills, knowledge and understanding to contribute to this process. This book supports specialists, and also non-specialist trainees with an interest in MFL, who may need to deliver languages across the curriculum, providing them with a clear understanding of the methodology and helping them to develop linguistic competence and confidence.

The 5 Love Languages 5 Love Languages for Men 5 Love Languages of Teenagers 5 Love Languages of Children

They will appreciate the fact that you value your time with them so much that you are willing to say no to other ... WHEN YOUR CHILD'S PRIMARY LOVE LANGUAGE IS QUALITY TIME If quality time is your child's primary love language, ...

Author: Gary Chapman

Publisher: Moody Publishers

ISBN: 9780802496669

Category: Religion

Page: 880

View: 431


This set includes The 5 Love Languages, The 5 Love Languages for Men, The 5 Love Languages of Teenagers, and The 5 Love Languages of Children. In The 5 Love Languages, #1 New York Times bestselling author Dr. Gary Chapman guides couples in identifying, understanding, and speaking their spouse’s primary love language—quality time, words of affirmation, gifts, acts of service, or physical touch. By learning the five love languages, you and your spouse will discover your unique love languages and learn practical steps in truly loving each other. Chapters are categorized by love language for easy reference, and each one ends with simple steps to express a specific language to your spouse and guide your marriage in the right direction. A newly designed love languages assessment will help you understand and strengthen your relationship. You can build a lasting, loving marriage together. In The 5 Love Languages for Men, Dr. Chapman guides husbands in identifying, understanding, and speaking their wife’s love language. Husbands are commanded to love their wives, but do you know what really makes your wife feel loved? Are you tired of missed cues and confusing signals? Everyone has a primary love language—quality time, words of affirmation, gifts, acts of service, or physical touch. Each chapter concludes with ten simple and practical ideas for expressing that love language to your wife. You’ll both enjoy taking the new love languages assessment and building a lasting, loving marriage. Includes a promotional code to gain exclusive online access to the new comprehensive love languages assessment. In The 5 Love Languages of Children, the author examines the different languages your children speak. Sometimes they wager for your attention, and other times they ignore you completely. Sometimes they are filled with gratitude and affection, and other times they seem totally indifferent. Attitude. Behavior. Development. Everything depends on the love relationship between you and your child. When children feel loved, they do their best. But how can you make sure your child feels loved? Since 1992, Dr. Gary Chapman's best-selling book The Five Love Languages has helped more than 300,000 couples develop stronger, more fulfilling relationships by teaching them to speak each others love language. Each child, too, expresses and receives love through one of five different communication styles. And your love language may be totally different from that of your child. While you are doing all you can to show your child love, he may be hearing it as something completely opposite.Discover your child's primary language and learn what you can do to effectively convey unconditional feelings of respect, affection, and commitment that will resonate in your child's emotions and behavior. In The 5 Love Languages of Teenagers, Dr. Gary Chapman explores the world in which teenagers live; explains the developmental changes; and give tools to help you identify and appropriately communicate in your teens love language. Socially, mentally, and spiritually teenagers face a variety of pressures and stresses each day. Despite these peer pressures; it is still parents who can influence teens the most. Are you equipped to love your teenager effectively? Get practical tips on loving your teen effectively and explore key issues in your teen’s life including anger and independence. Finally learn how to set boundaries that are enforced with discipline and consequences, and discover useful ways for the difficult task of loving when your teen fails. Get ready to discover how the principles of the five love languages can really work in the lives of your teens and family. Over 400,000 copies sold!

Programming Languages Concepts and Implementation

Exercise 1.3 There are many times in the study of programming languages. For example, variables are bound to types in C at compile time, which means that they remain fixed to their type for the lifetime of the program.

Author: Saverio Perugini

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning

ISBN: 9781284222722

Category: Computers

Page: 840

View: 709


Programming Languages: Concepts and Implementation teaches language concepts from two complementary perspectives: implementation and paradigms. It covers the implementation of concepts through the incremental construction of a progressive series of interpreters in Python, and Racket Scheme, for purposes of its combined simplicity and power, and assessing the differences in the resulting languages. 1. Hands-on, implementation-oriented approach. 2. Numerous conceptual and programming exercises. 3. Interpreter-based projects in Python and Racket Scheme. 4. All interpreter code (and solutions) in Python (and Racket) are provided as a Git repository in BitBucket. 5. New concurrency models (Communicating Sequential Processes (CSP), and Actor Model of Concurrency).

Studies on the Teaching of Asian Languages in the 21st Century

A second common argument in favor of this incitation is that Chinese and Japanese languages seem to be closely related and it is often taken for granted that learning them simultaneously or learning one shortly after the other is time ...

Author: Hüseyin İçen

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 9781443858670

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 176

View: 104


In recent years, there has been an increasing demand for, and rapid development in, the learning and teaching of Asian languages as a foreign language throughout the world. Many governments recognize that Asian languages are of strategic economic importance, and thus they are now offered as a foreign language by a great number of schools and higher education institutions. This book contains chapters written by different authors from several countries on key issues and problems in the teaching of the Chinese, Russian, Farsi, Japanese and Malaysian languages, and some comparative studies. The contributors here explore future directions in the teaching of Asian languages in the 21st century. The ten chapters of the book have been prepared by the authors using the scholarly papers they presented at the Second International Symposium on Asian Languages and Literatures (ADES), which was held on 3–4 May 2012 at Erciyes University, Kayseri, Turkey, under the title of “Teaching of Asian Languages in the 21st Century”.

Figurative Language

The first is: Are there languages which do not metaphorically construe time as motion, but in some other way? After all, primary scenes are universal, but particularly in cases like this one (where there are multiple primary ...

Author: Barbara Dancygier

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107782778

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines


View: 584


This lively introduction to figurative language explains a broad range of concepts, including metaphor, metonymy, simile, and blending, and develops new tools for analyzing them. It coherently grounds the linguistic understanding of these concepts in basic cognitive mechanisms such as categorization, frames, mental spaces, and viewpoint; and it fits them into a consistent framework which is applied to cross-linguistic data and also to figurative structures in gesture and the visual arts. Comprehensive and practical, the book includes analyses of figurative uses of both word meanings and linguistic constructions. • Provides definitions of major concepts • Offers in-depth analyses of examples, exploring multiple levels of complexity • Surveys figurative structures in different discourse genres • Helps students to connect figurative usage with the conceptual underpinnings of language • Goes beyond English to explore cross-linguistic and cross-modal data