Thomas Kuhn

Thomas Nickles. Contemporary Philosophy in Focus Contemporary Philosophy in Focus will offer a series of introductory volumes to many of the dominant philosophical thinkers of the current age . Each volume will consist of newly ...

Author: Thomas Nickles

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521796482

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 320

View: 394

DOWNLOAD →

Publisher Description

New Directions in Third Wave Human Computer Interaction Volume 1 Technologies

San Jose, pp 1–18 Nersessian NJ (2002) Kuhn, conceptual change, and cognitive science. In: Thomas Kuhn (Contemporary philosophy in focus). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. Amazon Kindle edition Nickles T (2002) Introduction.

Author: Michael Filimowicz

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319733562

Category: Computers

Page: 284

View: 167

DOWNLOAD →

As the first extensive exploration of contemporary third wave HCI, this handbook covers key developments at the leading edge of human-computer interactions. Now in its second decade as a major current of HCI research, the third wave integrates insights from the humanities and social sciences to emphasize human dimensions beyond workplace efficiency or cognitive capacities. The earliest HCI work was strongly based on the concept of human-machine coupling, which expanded to workplace collaboration as computers came into mainstream professional use. Today HCI can connect to almost any human experience because there are new applications for every aspect of daily life. Volume 1 - Technologies covers technical application areas related to artificial intelligence, metacreation, machine learning, perceptual computing, 3D printing, critical making, physical computing, the internet of things, accessibility, sonification, natural language processing, multimodal display, and virtual reality.

Cognitive Structures in Scientific Inquiry

Kuhn, Historical Philosophy of Science, and Case-Based Reasoning. Configurations 6 (special issue on Thomas Kuhn), 51-85. ... Thomas Kuhn. Contemporary Philosophers in Focus series. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Author:

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789401201339

Category: Science

Page: 520

View: 206

DOWNLOAD →

This book is the second of two volumes devoted to the work of Theo Kuipers, a leading Dutch philosopher of science. Philosophers and scientists from all over the world, thirty seven in all, comment on Kuipers’ philosophy, and each of their commentaries is followed by a reply from Kuipers. The present volume is devoted to Kuipers’ neo-classical philosophy of science, as laid down in his Structures in Science (Kluwer, 2001). Kuipers defends a dialectical interaction between science and philosophy in that he views philosophy of science as a meta-science which formulates cognitive structures that provide heuristic patterns for actual scientific research, including design research. In addition, Kuipers pays considerable attention to the computational approaches to philosophy of science as well as to the ethics of doing research. Thomas Nickles, David Atkinson, Jean-Paul van Bendegem, Maarten Franssen, Anne Ruth Mackor, Arno Wouters, Erik Weber & Helena de Preester, Eric Scerri, Adam Grobler & Andrzej Wisniewski, Alexander van den Bosch, Gerard Vreeswijk, Jaap Kamps, Paul Thagard, Emma Ruttkamp, Robert Causey, Henk Zandvoort comment on these ideas of Kuipers, and many present their own account. The present book also contains a synopsis of Structures in Science. It can be read independently of the first volume of Essays in Debate with Theo Kuipers, which is devoted to Kuipers’ From Instrumentalism to Constructive Realism (2000).

How the Social Sciences Think about the World s Social

Yet, in Kuhn's own view paradigm decisions need to be irrational." Nickels, T. (2003) Introduction, "Thomas Kuhn, Contemporary Philosophy in Focus", Cambridge University Press, p 2 133 Hacking I., ...

Author: Michael Kuhn

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9783838268927

Category: Social Science

Page: 260

View: 520

DOWNLOAD →

At the beginning of the new millennium, the social sciences took an epochal 'turn' that revolutionized their theory-building. As a response to what they called the globalization of the social, they found the need to globalize their theorizing as well. It is curious that only after two centuries of colonialism and imperialism, after two world wars and several economic world crises, did they discover that there is a world beyond the national socials; it is even more strange that the social sciences globalize their theorizing by comparing theories about nationally confined socials and by creating all sorts of 'local' theories, as if any national social was a secluded social biotope. Trying to globalize the social sciences, they argue that globalizing social science theorizing means finding a way of theorizing that must, above all, be liberated from 'scientism' in order to allow a 'provincialization' of thinking. Not surprisingly, the globalizing social sciences have also rediscovered mythological and moral thinking as a means for a true scientific universalism. Michael Kuhn argues that the oddities of the globalizing social sciences are not accidents, but a consequence of the nature of how the social sciences theorize about the social.

Raising the Alarm

An Examination of Innovation and Philosophical Denial Robert Andrew Este ... Ottawa, ON: Council of Canadian Academies Nickles, Thomas (ed) (2002) Thomas Kuhn (Contemporary Philosophy in Focus). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press ...

Author: Robert Andrew Este

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789462092846

Category: Education

Page: 146

View: 309

DOWNLOAD →

As the foundation of our modern world, innovation has generated a seemingly endless ocean of new products, new processes, new thoughts, and new ways of doing things. Every day, we enhance our innovation and its effects – and we advance, accomplish and constantly seek even more! Generally, we tend to live well based on our innovation outputs. This suggests that we think we know what we are doing, and that we know where we are headed. We do know what we’re doing, don’t we? Most would say: yes, we do; indeed, we are inclined to be certain of it. But: can we be certain about what we know about innovation? To address this question, we search for evidence of any useful outputs of the work of philosophy. Such outputs should help us better understand if we can, indeed, be certain about what we do, and where we are going. Is there any evidence of this? Alas! – philosophy is nowhere to be found! As a tool of rigorous reflection and understanding, even where some of the most exciting and forward-looking innovation enterprise in science, engineering and organizational structuring takes place, philosophy seems to have vanished – if it was ever there in the first place. Today, this seems somehow normal, and quite all right. But is it? Of course, we are aware that our history of philosophy illuminates the earlier pathways we once followed to achieve our modernity, and that is fine; but, where is philosophy and its work today? Where has philosophy gone? In this book we explore these questions, and more: why is philosophy vanishing, or even entirely absent from our world today? What has happened? If, at one time, philosophy was so very important, why would it no longer be much in evidence, if it is there at all? Where is the work of philosophy today as we push forward with innovation in our astonishing, leading-edge realms? Do we really understand what we are doing? Do we have any idea where we are going? And, most chillingly, regardless of the answers – does it matter? The claim is made in this book that the disappearance of philosophy does matter, and alarm bells ought to be ringing. Why? Because the work of philosophy, work we seem to have forgotten, is essential for us to know where we are going. If we are truly serious about surviving and thriving, especially by being so innovative in so many spectacular and challenging ways, we cannot afford to have philosophy and its works disappear and then be forgotten. Said plainly, we cannot deny and then lose the maps and compass of philosophy applied to the challenges of today and tomorrow. If we do, we lose any reason for any journey, anywhere. And, more broadly, we are in danger of losing reason generally. To continue denying philosophy – and then, in the end, to deny that very denial – is a move with no hope of benefit. But, the lack of evidence for the work of philosophy indicates that move is underway. We are destroying any useful link between innovation and philosophy. In so doing, we are seriously reducing the value of innovation (no matter how wonderful we think it might be) while blindly forgetting the critical importance of philosophy and its work. This move will guarantee that the path to our future will be fraught with unnecessary hardship and difficulty, and then, if it is permanent, will deal a fatal blow. If we truly wish to thrive and persevere, we are compelled to avoid the fatal error of philosophical denial. To do so, we must rediscover, revitalize and apply anew the rigorous work of philosophy to innovation in our modern era.

Matter and Method in the Long Chemical Revolution

nicholson, William, A Dictionary of Chemistry (London: g. g. and J. robinson, 1795). nickles, thomas (ed.), Thomas Kuhn. [Contemporary Philosophy in Focus] (Cambridge: Cambridge university Press, 2003). Nordmann, Alfred, “Lavoisier's ...

Author: Victor D. Boantza

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317099345

Category: History

Page: 282

View: 790

DOWNLOAD →

The seventeenth-century scientific revolution and the eighteenth-century chemical revolution are rarely considered together, either in general histories of science or in more specific surveys of early modern science or chemistry. This tendency arises from the long-held view that the rise of modern physics and the emergence of modern chemistry comprise two distinct and unconnected episodes in the history of science. Although chemistry was deeply transformed during and between both revolutions, the scientific revolution is traditionally associated with the physical and mathematical sciences whereas modern chemistry is seen as the exclusive product of the chemical revolution. This historiographical tension, between similarity in ’form’ and disparity in historical ’content’ of the two events, has tainted the way we understand the rise of modern chemistry as an integral part of the advent of modern science. Against this background, Matter and Method in the Long Chemical Revolution examines the role of and effects on chemistry of both revolutions in parallel, using chemistry during the chemical revolution to illuminate chemistry during the scientific revolution, and vice versa. Focusing on the crises and conflicts of early modern chemistry (and their retrospectively labeled ’losing’ parties), the author traces patterns of continuity in matter theory and experimental method from Boyle to Lavoisier, and reevaluates the disciplinary relationships between chemists, mechanists, and Newtonians in France, England, and Scotland. Adopting a unique approach to the study of the scientific and chemical revolutions, and to early modern chemical thought and practice in particular, the author challenges the standard revolution-centered history of early modern science, and reinterprets the rise of chemistry as an independent discipline in the long eighteenth century.

Crossroads

In Thomas Kuhn: Contemporary Philosophy in Focus, edited by Thomas Nickles, 1-18. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2003. Niemandt, Cornelius J.P. “Five Years of Missional Church: Reflections on Missional Ecclesiology.

Author: Robert J. A. Doornenbal

Publisher: Eburon Uitgeverij B.V.

ISBN: 9789059726239

Category: Christian education

Page: 442

View: 828

DOWNLOAD →

Daniel Dennett

Contemporary Philosophy in Focus Contemporary Philosophy in Focus will offer a series of introductory volumes to many ... edited by Arthur Ripstein Jerry Fodor edited by Tim Crane Thomas Kuhn edited by Thomas Nickles Alasdair MacIntyre ...

Author: Andrew Brook

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521008646

Category: Philosophy

Page: 302

View: 365

DOWNLOAD →

Contemporary Philosophy in Focus will offer a series of introductory volumes of newly commissioned essays to many of the dominant philosophical thinkers of the current age.Author of books such as Consciousness Explained and Darwin's Dangerous Idea, Daniel C. Dennett has reached a huge general and professional audience that extends beyond philosophy to the study of consciousness , the development of the child's mind, cognitive ethnology, explanation in the social sciences, artificial intelligence, and evolutionary theory. This volume is the only truly introductory collection that explores the implications of Dennett's work.

Ernst Cassirer and the Critical Science of Germany 1899 1919

In this regard, Cassirer writes, in place of a “harmonization of interests,” Leibniz's philosophy demands “a critical ... 2010), 180ff. and “Kuhn and Logical Empiricism,” in Thomas Kuhn (Contemporary Philosophy in Focus), ed.

Author: Gregory B. Moynahan

Publisher: Anthem Press

ISBN: 9781783083435

Category: Philosophy

Page: 278

View: 247

DOWNLOAD →

Recovering a lost world of the politics of science in Imperial Germany, Gregory B. Moynahan approaches the life and work of the philosopher and historian Ernst Cassirer (1874–1945) from a revisionist perspective, using this framework to redefine the origins of twentieth-century critical historicism and critical theory. The only text in English to focus on the first half of the polymath Cassirer’s career and his role in the Marburg School, this volume illuminates one of the most important – and in English, least-studied – reform movements in Imperial Germany.

NOAA s Education Program

In T. Nickles (Ed.), Thomas Kuhn (contemporary philosophy in focus). Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press. Loucks-Horsley, S., Hewson, P.W., Love, N. and Stiles, K.E. (1998). Designing professional de- velopment for teachers of ...

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309151238

Category: Science

Page: 198

View: 960

DOWNLOAD →

There is a national need to educate the public about the ocean, coastal resources, atmosphere and climate. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the agency responsible for understanding and predicting changes in the Earth's environment and conserving and managing coastal and marine resources to meet the nation's economic, social and environmental needs, has a broad mandate to engage and coordinate education initiatives on these topics. Since its creation in 1970, the NOAA has supported a variety of education projects that cover a range of topics related to the agency's scientific and stewardship mission. NOAA uses formal and informal learning environments to enhance understanding of science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) and to advance environmental education. The work of this agency overlaps and compliments the missions of other federal agencies, institutions of higher education, private and nonprofit organizations. Coordination among these agencies and organizations has been challenging. Limited education resources and the inherently global nature of NOAA's mission make strategic partnerships critical in order for the agency to accomplish its goals. Additionally, clear education goals, planning, and strategic use of resources are critical aspects for effective partnerships. NOAA's Education Program: Review and Critique provides a summary of the national education context for NOAA's role in education which is twofold: first is to advance the environmental literacy of the nation, and second is to promote a diverse workforce in ocean, coastal, Great Lakes, atmospheric and climate sciences. The book also describes the strengths and weaknesses of the education strategic plan, the education evaluation approach of the agency and strategies for improving the evaluation process.