The Theology of Arithmetic

Attributed to Iamblichus (4th cent. AD), The Theology of Arithmetic is about the mystical, mathmatical and cosmological symbolism of the first ten numbers.

Author: Iamblichus

Publisher: Red Wheel/Weiser

ISBN: 0933999720

Category: Philosophy

Page: 140

View: 960


Attributed to Iamblichus (4th cent. AD), The Theology of Arithmetic is about the mystical, mathmatical and cosmological symbolism of the first ten numbers. Its is the longest work on number symbolism to survive from the ancient world, and Robin Waterfield's careful translation contains helpful footnotes, an extensive glossary, bibliography, and foreword by Keith Critchlow. Never before translated from ancient Greek, this important sourcework is indispensable for anyone intereted in Pythagorean though, Neoplatonism, or the symbolism of Numbers.

The Theology of Arithmetic

The Theology of Arithmetic explores the rich variety of number symbolism used by gnosticizing groups and their orthodox critics, and shows how earlier neo-Pythagorean and Platonist thought influenced this theology.

Author: Joel Kalvesmaki

Publisher: Harvard Univ Center for Hellenic

ISBN: 0674073304

Category: Mathematics

Page: 231

View: 469


In the second century, some Gnostic Christians used numerical structures to describe God, interpret the Bible, and frame the universe. The Theology of Arithmetic explores the rich variety of number symbolism used by gnosticizing groups and their orthodox critics, and shows how earlier neo-Pythagorean and Platonist thought influenced this theology.

Hellenism Early Judaism and Early Christianity

The role of the limit (πέρας) and indefiniteness (ἀπειρία), very similar to the monad and dyad in “The Theology of Arithmetic” respectively, was already known to Plato in his Philebus.48 According to Aristotle's account, the Platonic ...

Author: Radka Fialová

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110796407

Category: Religion

Page: 298

View: 999


Papers collected in this volume try to illuminate various aspects of philosophical theology dealt with by different Jewish and early Christian authors and texts (e.g. the Acts of the Apostles, Philo, Origen, Gregory of Nazianzus), rooted in and influenced by the Hellenistic religious, cultural, and philosophical context, and they also focus on the literary and cultural traditions of Hellenized Judaism and its reception (e.g. Sibylline Oracles, Prayer of Manasseh), including material culture ("Elephant Mosaic Panel" from Huqoq synagogue). By studying the Hellenistic influences on early Christianity, both in response to and in reaction against early Hellenized Judaism, the volume intends not only to better understand Christianity, as a religious and historical phenomenon with a profound impact on the development of European civilization, but also to better comprehend Hellenism and its consequences which have often been relegated to the realm of political history.

The Pythagorean Sourcebook and Library

FROM THE THEOLOGY OF NUMBERS BY IAMBLICHUS TRANSLATED BY DAVID R. FIDELER PLUTARCH AND PLOTINUS inform us that the Pythagoreans called the One Apollo because of its lack of ... Such, then, was the Greek style of “theological arithmetic.

Author: Kenneth Sylvan Guthrie

Publisher: Red Wheel/Weiser

ISBN: 9781609253943

Category: Philosophy

Page: 362

View: 185


This anthology, the largest collection of Pythagorean writings ever to appear in English, contains the four ancient biographies of Pythagoras and over 25 Pythagorean and Neopythagorean writings from the Classical and Hellenistic periods. The material of this book is indispensable for anyone who wishes to understand the real spiritual roots of Western civilization.

Material Mystery

Kalvesmaki, Theology of Arithmetic, 52, citing Irenaeus, Against Heresies 1.29.1–4. 86. Kalvesmaki, Theology of Arithmetic, 52. As he notes, “Systems where the second principle envelops the first appear frequently in Pythagorean texts ...

Author: Karmen MacKendrick

Publisher: Fordham University Press

ISBN: 9780823294565

Category: Religion

Page: 224

View: 850


Material Mystery considers three apparently anthropocentric myths that are central to Abrahamic religions—those of the primal human, the incarnated and possibly divine redeemer, and the resurrected body. At first glance, these stories reinforce a human-centered theology and point to a very anthropomorphic God. Taking them seriously seems to ignore the material turn in the humanities entirely, with the same sort of willful ignorance that some of our politicians show in declaring that their myths count as facts, or that the point of the rest of the world is to further human consumption. But it is possible, Karmen MacKendrick shows, to read these figures through a particular tradition that emerges from the Hebrew Bible, the tradition of Wisdom as a creative force. Wisdom texts are common across the ancient Near East. As the idea of creative Wisdom develops from antiquity into the middle ages, it gathers philosophical influences from a range of philosophical traditions. This exuberantly promiscuous impurity—intellectual, artistic, and theological—generates new interpretive possibilities. In these interpretations, each human-like figure opens up onto the world's matter, as an interdependent part of it, and matter is thoroughly mixed with divinity. Such mythic readings complement our factual, scientific understanding of the material world, to engage wider kinds of knowing and affective attention—particularly Wisdom's combination of care and delight.

Iamblichus On the General Science of Mathematics

Nicomachus is credited also with a Pythagoreanizing Theology of Arithmetic (Theologoumena arithmeticae), summarized by Photius in the ninth century, and perhaps excerpted in an anonymous tract of the same title.

Author: John Dillon

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781350127678

Category: Mathematics

Page: 176

View: 917


On the General Science of Mathematics is the third of four surviving works out of ten by Iamblichus (c. 245 CE–early 320s) on the Pythagoreans. He thought the Pythagoreans had treated mathematics as essential for drawing the human soul upwards to higher realms described by Plato, and downwards to understand the physical cosmos, the products of arts and crafts and the order required for an ethical life. His Pythagorean treatises use edited quotation to re-tell the history of philosophy, presenting Plato and Aristotle as passing on the ideas invented by Pythagoras and his early followers. Although his quotations tend to come instead from Plato and later Pythagoreanising Platonists, this re-interpretation had a huge impact on the Neoplatonist commentators in Athens. Iamblichus' cleverness, if not to the same extent his re-interpretation, was appreciated by the commentators in Alexandria.

Universal Salvation in Late Antiquity

266 The Theology of Arithmetic is dependent upon the works of people like Anatolius and Nicomachus, and it gives a theological analysis of the first ten numbers. The section called On the Triad obviously attracts our attention.

Author: Archbishop Michael Bland Simmons

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190202408

Category: History

Page: 496

View: 503


This study offers an in-depth examination of Porphyrian soteriology, or the concept of the salvation of the soul, in the thought of Porphyry of Tyre, whose significance for late antique thought is immense. Porphyry's concept of salvation is important for an understanding of those cataclysmic forces, not always theological, that helped convert the Roman Empire from paganism to Christianity. Porphyry, a disciple of Plotinus, was the last and greatest anti-Christian writer to vehemently attack the Church before the Constantinian revolution. His contribution to the pagan-Christian debate on universalism can thus shed light on the failure of paganism and the triumph of Christianity in late antiquity. In a broader historical and cultural context this study will address some of the issues central to the debate on universalism, in which Porphyry was passionately involved and which was becoming increasingly significant during the unprecedented series of economic, cultural, political, and military crises of the third century. As the author will argue, Porphyry may have failed to find one way of salvation for all humanity, he nonetheless arrived a hierarchical soteriology, something natural for a Neoplatonist, which resulted in an integrative religious and philosophical system. His system is examined in the context of other developing ideologies of universalism, during a period of unprecedented imperial crises, which were used by the emperors as an agent of political and religious unification. Christianity finally triumphed over its competitors owing to its being perceived to be the only universal salvation cult that was capable of bringing about this unification. In short, it won due to its unique universalist soteriology. By examining a rival to Christianity's concept of universal salvation, this book will be valuable to students and scholars of ancient philosophy, patristics, church history, and late antiquity.

Pythagoras and the Pythagoreans

Nicomachus' Introduction to Arithmetic had as its sequel a Greater Arithmetic or Arithmetical Theology, which is partially preserved in a text entitled “Theology of Arithmetic” (Theologoumena arithmeticae) attributed to Iamblichus.

Author: Charles H. Kahn

Publisher: Hackett Publishing

ISBN: 9781603846820

Category: Philosophy

Page: 206

View: 931


A fascinating portrait of the Pythagorean tradition, including a substantial account of the Neo-Pythagorean revival, and ending with Johannes Kepler on the threshold of modernism.

On the Creation of the Cosmos According to Moses

... Nicomachus of Gerasa , cited by Ps . - Iamblichus * Theology of Arithmetic 56-71 ; Theon of Smyrna * , Exposition 103-104 ; Clement of Alexandria , Stromateis 6.139-145 ; Censorinus , On the Birthday 7 , 11–14 ; Anatolius * , On the ...

Author: Philo (of Alexandria.)

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004121692

Category: Religion

Page: 478

View: 190


This study is the first volume in the new Philo of Alexandria Commentary Series. It contains a new English translation of Philo's famous treatise "On the creation of the cosmos" (the first for seventy years), and the first ever commentary in English. In this work the Jewish exegete and philosopher gives a selective exegesis of the Mosaic creation account and the events in Paradise as recorded in Genesis 1-3. It is the first preserved example of Hexaemeral literature, and had a profound influence on early Christian thought. The commentary aims to make Philo's thought accessible to readers such as graduate students who are just beginning to read him, but also contains much material that will be of interest to specialists in Hellenistic Judaism, ancient philosophy and patristic literature.

Christ Child

“Formation of the Early Christian Theology of Arithmetic: Number Symbolism in the Late Second and Early Third Century.” Ph.D. dissertation, Catholic University of America, 2006. ———. “The Theology of Arithmetic.

Author: Stephen J. Davis

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300149456

Category: Religion

Page: 429

View: 169


Little is known about the early childhood of Jesus Christ. But in the decades after his death, stories began circulating about his origins. One collection of such tales was the so-called Infancy Gospel of Thomas, known in antiquity as the Paidika or “Childhood Deeds” of Jesus. In it, Jesus not only performs miracles while at play (such as turning clay birds into live sparrows) but also gets enmeshed in a series of interpersonal conflicts and curses to death children and teachers who rub him the wrong way. How would early readers have made sense of this young Jesus? In this highly innovative book, Stephen Davis draws on current theories about how human communities construe the past to answer this question. He explores how ancient readers would have used texts, images, places, and other key reference points from their own social world to understand the Christ child’s curious actions. He then shows how the figure of a young Jesus was later picked up and exploited in the context of medieval Jewish-Christian and Christian-Muslim encounters. Challenging many scholarly assumptions, Davis adds a crucial dimension to the story of how Christian history was created.