The Written Language Bias in Linguistics

In this book, this point is argued with rich and convincing evidence from virtually all fields of linguistics.

Author: Per Linell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134270514

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 264

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Linguists routinely emphasise the primacy of speech over writing. Yet, most linguists have analysed spoken language, as well as language in general, applying theories and methods that are best suited for written language. Accordingly, there is an extensive 'written language bias' in traditional and present day linguistics and other language sciences. In this book, this point is argued with rich and convincing evidence from virtually all fields of linguistics.

The Written Language Bias in Linguistics

4.1 Introduction: a paradox in modern linguistics In Linell (1982) and later, I have argued that there is a 'written language bias' (WLB) which has governed thinking within linguistics from its inception almost up to the present day.

Author: Per Linell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134270521

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 264

View: 274

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Linguists routinely emphasise the primacy of speech over writing. Yet, most linguists have analysed spoken language, as well as language in general, applying theories and methods that are best suited for written language. Accordingly, there is an extensive 'written language bias' in traditional and present day linguistics and other language sciences. In this book, this point is argued with rich and convincing evidence from virtually all fields of linguistics.

Sociolinguistics and Social Theory

Despite some possible objections to the theory, one cannot but maintain that there has been a 'written language bias' in linguistics, a bias that has persisted in spite of the fact that linguists have now for a long time dubbed spoken ...

Author: Nikolas Coupland

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317881452

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 416

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The empirical and descriptive strengths of sociolinguistics, developed over more than 40 years of research, have not been matched by an active engagement with theory. Yet, over this time, social theorising has taken important new turns, linked in many ways to linguistic and discursive concerns. Sociolinguistics and Social Theory is the first book to explore the interface between sociolinguistic analysis and modern social theory. The book sets out to reunite sociolinguistics with the concepts and perspectives of several of the most influential modern theorists of society and social action, including Bakhtin, Foucault, Habermas, Sacks, Goffman, Bourdieu and Giddens. In eleven newly commissioned chapters, leading sociolinguists reappraise the theoretical framing of their research, reaching out beyond conventional limits. The authors propose significant new orientations to key sociolinguistic themes, including- - social motivations for language variation and change - language, power and authority - language and ageing - language, race and class - language planning In substantial introductory and concluding chapters, the editors and invited discussants reassess the boundaries of sociolinguistic theory and the priorities of sociolinguistic methods. Sociolinguistics and Social Theory encourages students and researchers of sociolinguistics to be more reflexively aware and critical of the social bases of their analyses and invites a reasessment of the place sociolinguistics occupies in the social sciences generally.

Thought Based Linguistics

Years ago the Swedish linguist Per Linell published a book titled The Written Language Bias in Linguistics (Linell 1982), and it is worth recalling his insistence on the extent to which linguistics has from the beginning relied on ...

Author: Wallace Chafe

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108421171

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 202

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Argues for the central role of thoughts in the design of language.

A Bibliography on Writing and Written Language

... Eleanor B. (1958) Early instruction in letter names and sounds as related to success in beginning reading. In: Journal of Education (Boston) 2, 44-48. ALPH EDUC READ Linell, Per (1982) The written language bias in linguistics.

Author: Konrad Ehlich

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110889352

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 2895

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The bibliography offers information on research about writing and written language over the past 50 years. No comprehensive bibliography on this subject has been published since Sattler's (1935) handbook. With a selection of some 27,500 titles it covers the most important literature in all scientific fields relating to writing. Emphasis has been placed on the interdisciplinary organization of the bibliography, creating many points of common interest for literacy experts, educationalists, psychologists, sociologists, linguists, cultural anthropologists, and historians. The bibliography is organized in such a way as to provide the specialist as well as the researcher in neighboring disciplines with access to the relevant literature on writing in a given field. While necessarily selective, it also offers information on more specialized bibliographies. In addition, an overview of norms and standards concerning 'script and writing' will prove very useful for non-professional readers. It is, therefore, also of interest to the generally interested public as a reference work for the humanities.

Errors and Disfluencies in Spoken Corpora

Errors and disfluencies in the era of corpus linguistics The “corpus revolution” (Rundell & Stock 1992) has had a ... 3.1 Beyond the written language bias Up until recently, there has been a strong tendency among linguists to focus on ...

Author: Gaëtanelle Gilquin

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027271792

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 172

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The papers brought together in this volume illustrate how spoken corpora (be they native or learner corpora) can provide insights into various aspects of errors and disfluencies such as pauses and discourse markers. They show, among others, that such phenomena can be influenced by factors like gender, age or genre, and that they can correlate with, e.g., informativeness and syntactic complexity. Crucially, they also demonstrate that items which are often dismissed as mere disfluencies can fulfil important functions and thus play an essential role in the management of spoken discourse. The book should appeal to linguists who are interested in spoken language in general and in errors and disfluencies in speech in particular, as well as to specialists in second language acquisition and language testing who want to know more about the nature of fluency and accuracy. Originally published in International Journal of Corpus Linguistics 16:2 (2011)

Rethinking Language Mind and World Dialogically

Per Linell took his degree in linguistics and is currently professor of language and culture, with a specialisation on communication and spoken interaction, at the University of Linköping, Sweden.

Author: Per Linell

Publisher: IAP

ISBN: 9781607521983

Category: Education

Page: 515

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Per Linell took his degree in linguistics and is currently professor of language and culture, with a specialisation on communication and spoken interaction, at the University of Linköping, Sweden. He has been instrumental in building up an internationally renowned interdisciplinary graduate school in communication studies in Linköping. He has worked for many years on developing a dialogical alternative to mainstream theories in linguistics, psychology and social sciences. His production comprises more than 100 articles on dialogue, talk-in-interaction and institutional discourse. His more recent books include Approaching Dialogue (1998), The Written Language Bias in Linguistics (2005) and Dialogue in Focus Groups (2007, with I. Marková, M. Grossen and A. Salazar Orvig).

Literacy in Theory and Practice

In The Written Language Bias in Linguistics ( 1982 ) he lays out for fellow linguists the detailed ways in which that bias has , he believes , affected their theory . He writes : ' It seems to me that a great number of our explicit or ...

Author: Brian V. Street

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521289610

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 243

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Offers a detailed examination of theories about literacy developed by different academic disciplines and proposes an "ideological" model of literacy. Looks at contemporary literacy practices in the third world and Britain and, in particular, the literacy campaigns conducted by UNESCO.

The Practice of Language

SVEN OHMAN EXPRESSION AND CONTENT IN LINGUISTIC THEORY1 Human speech, in the sense of the use of vocal expression in linguistic communication, has long been considered to be primary in relation to written language, ...

Author: M. Gustafsson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401734394

Category: Philosophy

Page: 273

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This book shows that philosophers and linguists of quite different brands have tended to give undue priority to their own favorite theoretical framework, and have presupposed that the descriptive scheme invoked by that framework constitutes a pattern to which any linguistic practice somehow has to conform. United by a critical attitude towards such essentialist aspirations, the authors collectively manage to cast doubt on the very attempt to fit the whole of linguistic practice into a general theoretical mould.

The Oxford Handbook of the History of Linguistics

Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics, 2nd edn, vol. 2. ... Proceedings of the Speech and Language Processing Workshop (Philadelphia), 173-88. ... The Written Language Bias in Linguistics: Its Nature, Origins and Transformations.

Author: Keith Allan

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191643439

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 946

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In this outstanding book leading scholars from around the world examine the history of linguistics from ancient origins to the present. They consider every aspect of the field from language origins to neurolinguistics, explore linguistic traditions in east and west, chronicle centuries of explanations for language structures, meanings, and usage, and look at how it has been practically applied. The book is organized in six parts. The first looks at the origins of language, the invention of writing, the nature of gesture, and sign languages. Part II examines the history of the analysis and description of sound systems. Part III considers the history of linguistics in China, Korea, Japan, India, and the Middle East, as well as the history of the study of Semitic and Afro-Asiatic. Part IV examines the history of grammar and morphology in the west from the classical world to the present. Part V surveys the history of lexicography semantics, pragmatics, and text and discourse studies. Part VI looks at the history the application of linguistics in fields that include the language classification; social and cultural theory; psychology and the brain sciences; education and translation; computational science; and the development of linguistic corpora. The book ends with a history of the philosophy of linguistics. The Oxford Handbook of the History of Linguistics makes a significant contribution to the historiography of linguistics. It will also be a valuable reference for scholars and students in linguists and related fields, including philosophy and cognitive science.

In Search of Basic Units of Spoken Language

It should afford some consolation to know that it tooklinguistic scholarship a good many hundreds of years to make just the same ... In the preface to a book titled The Written Language Bias in Linguistics, Linell (2005) states ...

Author: Shlomo Izre'el

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

ISBN: 9789027261533

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 440

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What is the best way to analyze spontaneous spoken language? In their search for the basic units of spoken language the authors of this volume opt for a corpus-driven approach. They share a strong conviction that prosodic structure is essential for the study of spoken discourse and each bring their own theoretical and practical experience to the table. In the first part of the book they segment spoken material from a range of different languages (Russian, Hebrew, Central Pomo (an indigenous language from California), French, Japanese, Italian, and Brazilian Portuguese). In the second part of the book each author analyzes the same two spoken English samples, but looking at them from different perspectives, using different methods of analysis as reflected in their respective analyses in Part I. This approach allows for common tendencies of segmentation to emerge, both prosodic and segmental.

Normativity in Language and Linguistics

This grave contradiction is also a demonstration of the difficulties that can face those who wish to deny the existence of langue.16 4.6 On “written language bias” Voloshinov's account of the history of linguistics is convincing enough ...

Author: Aleksi Mäkilähde

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

ISBN: 9789027262165

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 272

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This volume sets out to discuss the role of norms and normativity in both language and linguistics from a multiplicity of perspectives. These concepts are centrally important to the philosophy and methodology of linguistics, and their role and nature need to be investigated in detail. The chapters address a range of issues from general questions about ontology, epistemology and methodology to aspects of particular subfields (such as semantics and historical linguistics) or phenomena (such as construal and code-switching). The volume aims to further our understanding of language and linguistics as well as to encourage further discussion on the metatheory of linguistics. Due to the fundamental nature of the issues under discussion, this volume will be of interest to all linguists regardless of their background or fields of expertise and to philosophers concerned with language or other normative domains.

Bakhtinian Perspectives on Language and Culture

Meaning in Language, Art and New Media F. Bostad, C. Brandist, L. Evensen, H. Faber. Bourdieu, P. 2000. ... The written language bias in linguistics: its nature, origin and transformations. Ms. Linköping: Department of Communication ...

Author: F. Bostad

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9780230005679

Category: Philosophy

Page: 246

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In this multi-disciplinary volume, comprising the work of several established scholars from different countries, central concepts associated with the work of the Bakhtin Circle are interrogated in relation to intellectual history, language theory and an understanding of new media. The book will prove an important resource for those interested in the ideas of the Bakhtin Circle, but also for those attempting to develop a coherent theoretical approach to language in use and problems of meaning production in new media.

French Applied Linguistics

Critical perspectives on the ideological construction of linguistics have recognized the overt and covert normativity ( Taylor 1990 ) that the written SL exerts on our notions of what constitutes a language . This written language bias ...

Author: Dalila Ayoun

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027219729

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 560

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Focuses on French applied linguistics

The Written World

The schoolingand educational systemsinthe Western world have always involved a great dealof linguistic cultivation ... be regarded aspopular and simplistic versions of written languagebiased concepts stemming from linguistics; ...

Author: Roger Säljö

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642728778

Category: Psychology

Page: 214

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The written word has taught a way of being. Since the written version of language is visible and permanent, many of our attitudes to and normative assumptions about language - and human communication in general - derive from our experiences of written language. In recent years, scholars from such disciplines as history, anthropology, education and linguistics have joined forces to readdress issues surrounding the problems of the relationship between oral and written language. The lessons to be learnt are fascinating and imply that many of the assumptions we hold concerning language and the human condition are neither "natural" nor universal; rather, they build on highly specific norms and attitudes introduced through a certain literate tradition. Furthermore, these norms have come to dominate many modern social institutions such as schools, the legal system and bureaucracies of various kinds that influence and determine our lives. The present volume analyzes in detail the impact of written language on a broad range of issues that relate to human development in both an ontogenetic and a phylogenetic perspective, together with the relationship of written language to oral and literate practices. The articles cover empirical studies as well as theoretical analyses of literate practices in diverse settings.

Biology of Cognition and Linguistic Analysis

The Written Language Bias - The understanding of language as a code has been so deeply ingrained in the metalanguage of linguistics that the ubiquitous code model has become part and parcel of any theoretical construal pertaining to ...

Author: Alexander Kravchenko

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 3631566476

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 304

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This book is an attempt to re-evaluate some basic assumptions about language, communication, and cognition in the light of the new epistemology of autopoiesis as the theory of the living. Starting with a critique of common myths about language and communication, the author goes on to argue for a new understanding of language and cognition as functional adaptive activities in a consensual domain of interactions. He shows that such understanding is, in fact, what marks a variety of theoretical and empirical frameworks in contemporary non-Cartesian cognitive science; thus, cognitive science is in the process of working out new epistemological foundations for the study of language and cognition. In Part Two, the traditional concept of grammar is reassessed from the vantage point of autopoietic epistemology, and an analysis of specific grammatical phenomena in English and Russian is undertaken, revealing common cognitive mechanisms at work in linguistic categories.

The Functional Perspective on Language and Discourse

“How to Do Things with Junk: Exaptation in Language Evolution.”Journal of Linguistics 26: 79–102. DOI: 10.1017/S0022226700014432 Linell, Per. 1982. The Written Language Bias in Linguistics. Linköping: University of Linköping.

Author: María de los Ángeles Gómez González

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

ISBN: 9789027270207

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 292

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Over the last forty years, the functionalist approach to linguistic description and explanation has given rise to several major schools of thought that share two crucial assumptions: (i) form is not independent of meaning/function or language use; and (ii) linguistic description and explanation need to take into account the communicative function of language. This volume offers readers interested in functional linguistics a selected sample of studies that jointly prove the efficacy of the analytical tools and procedures broadly accepted within the functionalist tradition in order to investigate language and discourse, with special focus on key pragmatic/discourse notions such as contextualization, grammaticalisation, reference, politeness, (in-)directness, discourse markers, speech acts, subjective evaluation and sentiment analysis in texts, among others. In addition, this volume offers specific corpus-based techniques for the objective contextualisation of linguistic data, which is crucial given the central role allotted to context in both functional linguistics and pragmatics/discourse analysis.

Introduction to Scholarship in Modern Languages and Literatures

A diagnostic feature that unites and distinguishes most linguistic theories, both formalist and functionalist, ... written or, as argued in Per Linell's The Written Language Bias in Linguistics, unconsciously dependent on written texts.

Author: David G. Nicholls

Publisher: Modern Language Association

ISBN: 9781603292399

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page:

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The third edition of the MLA's widely used Introduction to Scholarship in Modern Languages and Literatures features sixteen new essays by leading scholars. Designed to highlight relations among languages and forms of discourse, the volume is organized into three sections. "Understanding Language" provides an overview of the field of linguistics, with special attention to language acquisition and the social life of languages. "Forming Texts" offers tools for understanding how speakers and writers shape language; it examines scholarship in the distinct but interrelated fields of rhetoric, composition, and poetics. "Reading Literature and Culture" continues the work of the first two sections by introducing major areas of critical study. The nine essays in this section cover textual and historical scholarship; interpretation; comparative, cultural, and translation studies; and the interdisciplinary topics of gender, sexuality, race, and migrations (among others). As in previous volumes, an epilogue examines the role of the scholar in contemporary society. Each essay discusses the significance, underlying assumptions, and limits of an important field of inquiry; traces the historical development of its subject; introduces key terms; outlines modes of research now being pursued; postulates future developments; and provides a list of suggestions for further reading. This book will interest any member of the academic community seeking a review of recent scholarship, while it provides an indispensable resource for undergraduate and graduate students of modern languages and literatures.

The Cambridge Introduction to Applied Linguistics

The ubiquity of the technology of writing in literate societies and its visible, material permanence has led to what has been described as a written language bias in linguistics (Linell, 2005). It is also relevant to note that dictates ...

Author: Susan Conrad

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108578844

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page:

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Written by a global team, this up-to-date introduction to applied linguistics helps students learn what it's like to do applied linguistics, and not just read about theoretical concepts. First, it provides frameworks for understanding both the shared characteristics of work in applied linguistics and the diversity of topics and analyses. Each chapter then highlights a topic area, covering key concepts, a specific project undertaken by the authors, and their personal reflections on entering the field. Hands-on analysis and other application activities also encourage students to test different skills related to each chapter. Finally, students are introduced to the tools they need to continue in applied linguistics: how to read and write empirical research, how to evaluate primary literature, and starting points for expanding their interest in specific subject areas. The authors provide examples from different geographical regions and languages to engage an international audience. At the same time, multilingualism, interdisciplinarity, and technology are integrated as themes within the text to reflect how these areas are now interwoven throughout applied linguistics.