The Storm god in the Ancient Near East

Green traces these motifs through the Mesopotamian, Anatolian, Syrian, and Levantine regions; he argues that, in the end, Yahweh of the Bible can be identified as a storm-god, though certain unique characteristics came to be associated with ...

Author: Alberto Ravinell Whitney Green

Publisher: Eisenbrauns

ISBN: 9781575060699

Category: Religion

Page: 363

View: 550


Green traces these motifs through the Mesopotamian, Anatolian, Syrian, and Levantine regions; he argues that, in the end, Yahweh of the Bible can be identified as a storm-god, though certain unique characteristics came to be associated with him: he was the creator of all that is created and the self-existing god who needs no other."--BOOK JACKET.

A New Luwian Stele and the Cult of the Storm god at Til Barsib Masuwari

87-93; M. POPKO, "Zum Wettergoti von Halab," Ahorientalische Forschnngen, 25 (1998), pp. 119-125; Schwemer, Wettergottgesralten, pp. 108-111. 489-502, 620-621; A. R. W. GREEN, The Storm-God in the Ancient Near East, ...

Author: Guy Bunnens

Publisher: Peeters Publishers

ISBN: 9789042918177

Category: History

Page: 174

View: 217


The present publication aims to make public a stele, carved with both a relief of the Storm-God and a Luwian inscription, that was discovered in the Euphrates river in 1999 between the modern village of Qubbah and the archaeological site of Tell Ahmar in northern Syria.

Geography Religion Gods and Saints in the Eastern Mediterranean

8 Schwemer, “The Storm-Gods of the Ancient Near East Part One,” 121, 125, 158–159. 9 Alberto R. W. Green, The Storm-god in the Ancient Near East [Biblical and Judaic Studies from the University of California San Diego, edited by William ...

Author: Erica Ferg

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429594496

Category: History

Page: 280

View: 310


Geography, Religion, Gods, and Saints in the Eastern Mediterranean explores the influence of geography on religion and highlights a largely unknown story of religious history in the Eastern Mediterranean. In the Levant, agricultural communities of Jews, Christians, and Muslims jointly venerated and largely shared three important saints or holy figures: Jewish Elijah, Christian St. George, and Muslim al-Khiḍr. These figures share ‘peculiar’ characteristics, such as associations with rain, greenness, fertility, and storms. Only in the Eastern Mediterranean are Elijah, St. George, and al-Khiḍr shared between religious communities, or characterized by these same agricultural attributes – attributes that also were shared by regional religious figures from earlier time periods, such as the ancient Near Eastern Storm-god Baal-Hadad, and Levantine Zeus. This book tells the story of how that came to be, and suggests that the figures share specific characteristics, over a very long period of time, because these motifs were shaped by the geography of the region. Ultimately, this book suggests that regional geography has influenced regional religion; that Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are not, historically or textually speaking, separate religious traditions (even if Jews, Christians, and Muslims are members of distinct religious communities); and that shared religious practices between members of these and other local religious communities are not unusual. Instead, shared practices arose out of a common geographical environment and an interconnected religious heritage, and are a natural historical feature of religion in the Eastern Mediterranean. This volume will be of interest to students of ancient Near Eastern religions, Judaism, Christianity, Islam, sainthood, agricultural communities in the ancient Near East, Middle Eastern religious and cultural history, and the relationships between geography and religion.

Ancient Near Eastern Thought and the Old Testament

He is described as having seniority among the gods, but some scholars have considered him to be impotent and no longer of any real consequence in the biblical period. Baal/Hadad The best-known god of the ancient Near East by readers of ...

Author: John H. Walton

Publisher: Baker Academic

ISBN: 9781493414369

Category: Religion

Page: 384

View: 892


Leading evangelical scholar John Walton surveys the cultural context of the ancient Near East, bringing insight to the interpretation of specific Old Testament passages. This new edition of a top-selling textbook has been thoroughly updated and revised throughout to reflect the refined thinking of a mature scholar. It includes over 30 illustrations. Students and pastors who want to deepen their understanding of the Old Testament will find this a helpful and instructive study.

A Handbook of Gods and Goddesses of the Ancient Near East

Three Thousand Deities of Anatolia, Syria, Israel, Sumer, Babylonia, Assyria, and Elam Douglas R. Frayne, Johanna H. Stuckey. am¤li. Written ud-aÍ-Ía-kam. May mean “He Is the One of Perfect Light.” Explained as “of the experts.

Author: Douglas R. Frayne

Publisher: Penn State Press

ISBN: 9781646021291

Category: Religion

Page: 448

View: 957


From the tragic young Adonis to Zašhapuna, first among goddesses, this handbook provides the most complete information available on deities from the cultures and religions of the ancient Near East, including Anatolia, Syria, Israel, Sumer, Babylonia, Assyria, and Elam. The result of nearly fifteen years of research, this handbook is more expansive and covers a wider range of sources and civilizations than any previous reference works on the topic. Arranged alphabetically, the entries range from multiple pages of information to a single line—sometimes all that we know about a given deity. Where possible, each record discusses the deity’s symbolism and imagery, connecting it to the myths, rituals, and festivals described in ancient sources. Many of the entries are accompanied by illustrations that aid in understanding the iconography, and they all include references to texts in which the god or goddess is mentioned. Appropriate for both trained scholars and nonacademic readers, this book collects centuries of Near Eastern mythology into one volume. It will be an especially valuable resource for anyone interested in Assyriology, ancient religion, and the ancient Near East.

The Bible and the Ancient Near East

In Ugaritic mythology it is Baal, the storm god, who battles the sea and defeats the forces of chaos. This motif is widespread in the ancient Near East, but the protagonist always has the features of a storm god whether his name be ...

Author: Jimmy Jack McBee Roberts

Publisher: Eisenbrauns

ISBN: 9781575060668

Category: Religion

Page: 434

View: 711


Presented in this volume is a collection of the shorter writings of one of the more innovative scholars working on the relationship between the writings of the Hebrew Bible and its ancient Near East context. Topics include: ANE environment, literature of the ANE, myth versus history, Nebuchadnezzar I's Elamite crisis, Job and the Israelite religious tradition, motif of the weeping God in Jeremiah, lament tradition in ANE, the hand of Yahweh, and whether God lies.

The Storm God and the Sea

The Origin, Versions, and Diffusion of a Myth throughout the Ancient Near East Noga Ayali-Darshan ... The primary factor, however, appears to be the semantic quality of the story of the Storm-god's combat with Sea and the messages it ...

Author: Noga Ayali-Darshan

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161559549

Category: Religion

Page: 303

View: 753


The Metaphor of the Divine as Planter of the People

Alberto Green, who has also contributed significantly to the emerging picture of storm-gods in the ancient Near East, noticed that in the early Neolithic period, “the overwhelmingnumberof prehistoricfigurines,frescoes,andother ...

Author: Jennifer Metten Pantoja

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004341708

Category: Religion

Page: 240

View: 541


In The Metaphor of the Divine as Planter of the People Pantoja traces the emergence of the conceptual metaphor YHWH IS THE PLANTER OF THE PEOPLE in ancient Hebrew poetry and follows its development throughout biblical history and Second Temple literature.

Most prominently in the Levant and Egypt arose the storm god named Reseth, also known as Mekel, Reshef, Resef, Reshep, ... The Symbolism of the Biblical World: Ancient Near Eastern Iconography and the Book of Psalms, Eisenbrauns, 1997, ...


Publisher: Apkallu Press



Page: 475

View: 228


The Apocalypse of Enoch and Bhuśunda The Apocalypse of Enoch and Bhuśunda challenges the underlying assumptions of the classical roots of civilization by restoring the original context of creation mythology. In this second volume of A Chronology of the Primeval Gods and the Western Sunrise, ancient myths from multiple geographies are correlated to spikes in cosmic rays over the past 120,000 years – as documented in ice core data. The chronology and content of these myths tell us that the primary forces behind these cataclysms were the most ancient gods - hyper-nova at the Galactic Center associated with Sgr A*(The Dragon), Sgr West (The Beast) and Sgr East (Hiranyâksha and Hiranyakas'ipu), with secondary supernova seen as the birth of new, destructive gods. Ancient myth has documented the cataclysmic destruction of the world on at least twenty occasions with four major geo-polar migrations, which has resulted in a shift of the earth’s equator on at least one occasion. Multiple myths are shown to represent a view of the sky that can only be seen from the Antarctic region. Multiple versions of the myths of Orion are analyzed, showing clear linkages between the Vedic myth of Trisanku, the Book of Genesis, Senmut's Tomb, and the myths of Prajāpati Daksa representing the oldest version of the Orion myth – older than Trishanku and Genesis by 20,000 years! The stunning conclusion explains how the “Watchers” of Enoch were the Vedic descendants of Ila and Iksvaku. These descendants of the seventh Manu had been observing and recording the stars as a source of cataclysm for at least 15,000 years prior to Enoch, thus allowing Enoch to prophesize a ‘new heaven.’ That prophecy became the foundation for St John’s Book of Revelations, which is shown to be a description of a series of cataclysms attributed to Sgr West. The book offers a new theory for explaining geo-polar migration. That theory suggests small shifts in the location of the earth’s center of gravity underlie each migration, but that there are multiple causes for the shifts.

Animal Sacrifice and the Origins of Islam

169 See the references in Green, The Storm-God in the Ancient Near East, 162. 170 See E. Larouche, “Le Dieu Anatloien Sarruma,” Syria 40 (1963): 277–302, esp. 282–383; Robert L. Alexander, “The Storm-God at Yazlhkaya: Sources and ...

Author: Brannon Wheeler

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781009063128

Category: Religion


View: 208


Islam is the only biblical religion that still practices animal sacrifice. Indeed, every year more than a million animals are shipped to Mecca from all over the world to be slaughtered during the Muslim Hajj. This multi-disciplinary volume is the first to examine the physical foundations of this practice and the significance of the ritual. Brannon Wheeler uses both textual analysis and various types of material evidence to gain insight into the role of animal sacrifice in Islam. He provides a 'thick description' of the elaborate camel sacrifice performed by Muhammad, which serves as the model for future Hajj sacrifices. Wheeler integrates biblical and classical Arabic sources with evidence from zooarchaeology and the rock art of ancient Arabia to gain insight into an event that reportedly occurred 1400 years ago. His book encourages a more nuanced and expansive conception of “sacrifice” in the history of religion.