The Scioto Hopewell and Their Neighbors

Bioarchaeological Documentation and Cultural Understanding This book presents, for the first time, a detailed, holistic synthesis of the lifeways, culture, history, and material record of the ceremonially and socially rich Hopewell peoples ...

Author: Daniel Troy Case

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387773872

Category: Social Science

Page: 774

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Bioarchaeological Documentation and Cultural Understanding

Being Scioto Hopewell

In The Scioto Hopewell and Their Neighbors: Bioarchaeological Documentation and Cultural Understanding, by D. T. Case and C. Carr, Chapter 4, pp. 151–287. Springer, New York, NY. Carr, Christopher (2008c). Coming to Know Ohio Hopewell ...

Author: Christopher Carr

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030449179

Category: Archaeology

Page: 1564

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This book, in two volumes, breathes fresh air empirically, methodologically, and theoretically into understanding the rich ceremonial lives, the philosophical-religious knowledge, and the impressive material feats and labor organization that distinguish Hopewell Indians of central Ohio and neighboring regions during the first centuries CE. The first volume defines cross-culturally, for the first time, the "ritual drama" as a genre of social performance. It reconstructs and compares parts of 14 such dramas that Hopewellian and other Woodland-period peoples performed in their ceremonial centers to help the soul-like essences of their deceased make the journey to an afterlife. The second volume builds and critiques ten formal cross-cultural models of "personhood" and the "self" and infers the nature of Scioto Hopewell peoples ontology. Two facets of their ontology are found to have been instrumental in their creating the intercommunity alliances and cooperation and gathering the labor required to construct their huge, multicommunity ceremonial centers: a relational, collective concept of the self defined by the ethical quality of the relationships one has with other beings, and a concept of multiple soul-like essences that compose a human being and can be harnessed strategically to create familial-like ethical bonds of cooperation among individuals and communities. The archaeological reconstructions of Hopewellian ritual dramas and concepts of personhood and the self, and of Hopewell peoples strategic uses of these, are informed by three large surveys of historic Woodland and Plains Indians narratives, ideas, and rites about journeys to afterlives, the creatures who inhabit the cosmos, and the nature and functions of soul-like essences, coupled with rich contextual archaeological and bioarchaeological-taphonomic analyses. The bioarchaeological-taphonomic method of lanthropologie de terrain, new to North American archaeology, is introduced and applied. In all, the research in this book vitalizes a vision of an anthropology committed to native logic and motivation and skeptical of the imposition of Western world views and categories onto native peoples.

Sacred Games Death and Renewal in the Ancient Eastern Woodlands

Coming to Know Ohio Hopewell Peoples Better. In The Scioto Hopewell and their Neighbors: Bioarchaeological Documentation and Cultural Understanding, edited by D. Troy Case and Christopher Carr, pp. 603—90. Springer, New York.

Author: A. Martin Byers

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 075912034X

Category: Social Science

Page: 558

View: 841

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A. Martin Byers challenges the traditional views of the Ohio Hopewell embankment earthworks, providing an interpretation of them as sites of sacred games and world renewal rituals built and used by complex alliances of cult sodalities.

Relational Engagements of the Indigenous Americas

In The Scioto Hopewell and Their Neighbors: Bioarchaeological Documentation and Cultural Understanding, 41–100. New York: Springer. ———. 2008b. “Social and Ritual Organization.” In The Scioto Hopewell and Their Neighbors: ...

Author: Melissa R. Baltus

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9781498555364

Category: Social Science

Page: 190

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Relational Engagements of the Indigenous Americas critically examines our current understanding of relational theory and the ontological turn in archaeological studies of the pre-contact Americas.

Prehistoric Copper Mining in Michigan

In The Scioto Hopewell and Their Neighbors: Bioarchaeological Documentation and Cultural Understanding, edited by D. Troy Case and Christopher Carr, pp. 603–690. Springer Science + Business Media, LLC, New York.

Author: John R. Halsey

Publisher: U OF M MUSEUM ANTHRO ARCHAEOLOGY

ISBN: 9780915703890

Category: Social Science

Page: 350

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Isle Royale and the counties that line the northwest coast of Michigan’s Upper Peninsula are called Copper Country because of the rich deposits of native copper there. In the nineteenth century, explorers and miners discovered evidence of prehistoric copper mining in this region. They used those “ancient diggings” as a guide to establishing their own, much larger mines, and in the process, destroyed the archaeological record left by the prehistoric miners. Using mining reports, newspaper accounts, personal letters, and other sources, this book reconstructs what these nineteenth-century discoverers found, how they interpreted the material remains of prehistoric activity, and what they did with the stone, wood, and copper tools they found at the prehistoric sites. “This volume represents an exhaustive compilation of the early written and published accounts of mines and mining in Michigan’s Upper Peninsula. It will prove a valuable resource to current and future scholars. Through these early historic accounts of prospectors and miners, Halsey provides a vivid picture of what once could be seen.” —John M. O’Shea, curator of Great Lakes Archaeology, University of Michigan Museum of Anthropological Archaeology

The Archaeology of Events

In Fiber-Tempered Pottery in Southeastern United States and Northern Columbia: Its Origins, Context, and Significance, ... In The Scioto Hopewell and Their Neighbors: Bioarchaeological Documentation and Cultural Understanding, ...

Author: Zackary I. Gilmore

Publisher: University of Alabama Press

ISBN: 9780817318505

Category: History

Page: 312

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The Archaeology of Events is the first work to apply an events-based approach to the analysis of pivotal developments in the pre-Columbian Southeast.

The Evolution of Social Institutions

Staging Ritual: Hopewell Ceremonialism at the Mound House Site, Greene County, Illinois. Kampsville, IL: Kampsville Studies in ... In The Scioto Hopewell and their Neighbors: Biological Documentation and Cultural Understanding, ed.

Author: Dmitri M. Bondarenko

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030514372

Category: Political Science

Page: 661

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This book presents a novel and innovative approach to the study of social evolution using case studies from the Old and the New World, from prehistory to the present. This approach is based on examining social evolution through the evolution of social institutions. Evolution is defined as the process of structural change. Within this framework the society, or culture, is seen as a system composed of a vast number of social institutions that are constantly interacting and changing. As a result, the structure of society as a whole is also evolving and changing. The authors posit that the combination of evolving social institutions explains the non-linear character of social evolution and that every society develops along its own pathway and pace. Within this framework, society should be seen as the result of the compound effect of the interactions of social institutions specific to it. Further, the transformation of social institutions and relations between them is taking place not only within individual societies but also globally, as institutions may be trans-societal, and even institutions that operate in one society can arise as a reaction to trans-societal trends and demands. The book argues that it may be more productive to look at institutions even within a given society as being parts of trans-societal systems of institutions since, despite their interconnectedness, societies still have boundaries, which their members usually know and respect. Accordingly, the book is a must-read for researchers and scholars in various disciplines who are interested in a better understanding of the origins, history, successes and failures of social institutions.

The Oxford Handbook of North American Archaeology

In Recreating Hopewell, edited by D. K. Charles and J. E. Buikstra, pp. 475–488. University Press of Florida, Gainesville. Case, D. T., and C. Carr. 2008. The Scioto Hopewell and Their Neighbors. Springer, New York.

Author: Timothy Pauketat

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190241094

Category: History

Page: 704

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This volume explores 15,000 years of indigenous human history on the North American continent, drawing on the latest archaeological theories, time-honored methodologies, and rich datasets. From the Arctic south to the Mexican border and east to the Atlantic Ocean, all of the major cultural developments are covered in 53 chapters, with certain periods, places, and historical problems receiving special focus by the volume's authors. Questions like who first peopled the continent, what did it mean to have been a hunter-gatherer in the Great Basin versus the California coast, how significant were cultural exchanges between Native North Americans and Mesoamericans, and why do major historical changes seem to correspond to shifts in religion, politics, demography, and economy are brought into focus. The practice of archaeology itself is discussed as contributors wrestle with modern-day concerns with the implications of doing archaeology and its relevance for understanding ourselves today. In the end, the chapters in this book show us that the principal questions answered about human history through the archaeology of North America are central to any larger understanding of the relationships between people, cultural identities, landscapes, and the living of everyday life.

Transformation by Fire

World View and the Dynamics of Change: The Beginning and the End of Scioto Hopewell Culture and Lifeways. In The Scioto Hopewell and Their Neighbors, edited by D. T. Case and C. Carr, 289–329. Springer, New York.

Author: Gabriel Cooney

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 9780816531141

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

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Transformation by Fire offers a current assessment of the archaeological research on the widespread social practice of cremation. Editors Ian Kuijt, Colin P. Quinn, and Gabriel Cooney chart a path for the development of interpretive archaeology surrounding this complex social process.

Hopewell Ceremonial Landscapes of Ohio

Case, D. T. and Carr, C. (2008) The Scioto Hopewell an Their Neighbors. Springer, New York. Chapman, J. and Keel, B. C. (1979) Candy Creek–Connestee components in eastern Tennessee and western North Carolina and their relationship with ...

Author: Mark Lynott

Publisher: Oxbow Books

ISBN: 9781782977551

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 985

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Nearly 2000 years ago, people living in the river valleys of southern Ohio built earthen monuments on a scale that is unmatched in the archaeological record for small-scale societies. The period from c. 200 BC to c. AD 500 (Early to Middle Woodland) witnessed the construction of mounds, earthen walls, ditches, borrow pits and other earthen and stone features covering dozen of hectares at many sites and hundreds of hectares at some. The development of the vast Hopewell Culture geometric earthwork complexes such as those at Mound City, Chilicothe; Hopewell; and the Newark earthworks was accompanied by the establishment of wide-ranging cultural contacts reflected in the movement of exotic and strikingly beautiful artefacts such as elaborate tobacco pipes, obsidian and chert arrowheads, copper axes and regalia, animal figurines and delicately carved sheets of mica. These phenomena, coupled with complex burial rituals, indicate the emergence of a political economy based on a powerful ideology of individual power and prestige, and the creation of a vast cultural landscape within which the monument complexes were central to a ritual cycle encompassing a substantial geographical area. The labour needed to build these vast cultural landscapes exceeds population estimates for the region, and suggests that people from near (and possibly far) travelled to the Scioto and other river valleys to help with construction of these monumental earthen complexes. Here, Mark Lynott draws on more than a decade of research and extensive new datasets to re-examine the spectacular and massive scale Ohio Hopewell landscapes and to explore the society that created them.