The Unity of the Proposition

False propositions exist at the level of reference as much as do true ones: false as well as true propositions form the ... Hence, as we in effect saw in §10, the equivalence between the proposition that is the referent of a declarative ...

Author: Richard Gaskin

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191553622

Category: Philosophy

Page: 472

View: 260


Richard Gaskin presents a work in the philosophy of language. He analyses what is distinctive about sentences and the propositions they express—what marks them off from mere lists of words and mere aggregates of word-meanings respectively. Since he identifies the world with all the true and false propositions, his account of the unity of the proposition has significant implications for our understanding of the nature of reality. He argues that the unity of the proposition is constituted by a certain infinitistic structure known in the tradition as 'Bradley's regress'. Usually, Bradley's regress has been regarded as vicious, but Gaskin argues that it is the metaphysical ground of the propositional unity, and gives us an important insight into the fundamental make-up of the world.

Space Time and the Proposition

It is, then, in the sense that the subject or thing is already a proposition or situation that the category identity could be said to embody all other categories. But even so, even if we could work out or expound a set of propositions ...

Author: John Anderson

Publisher: Sydney University Press

ISBN: 9781743321577

Category: Philosophy

Page: 272

View: 739


Space, Time and the Proposition includes the full transcript of Anderson's lectures given in 1944 on Samuel Alexander's book Space Time and Deity. This lecture series is generally considered essential

Force Content and the Unity of the Proposition

Frege is right that the meaning of these sentences is not to be understood as Thoughts, but I do not think he was right in claiming that these meanings are on a par with Thoughts or propositions. They are rather on a par with the ...

Author: Gabriele M. Mras

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000517330

Category: Philosophy

Page: 266

View: 376


This volume advances discussion between critics and defenders of the force-content distinction and opens up new ways of thinking about force and speech acts in relation to the unity problem. The force-content dichotomy has shaped the philosophy of language and mind since the time of Frege and Russell. Isn’t it obvious that, for example, the clauses of a conditional are not asserted and must therefore be propositions and propositions the forceless contents of forceful acts? But, others have recently asked in response, how can a proposition be a truth value bearer if it is not unified through the forceful act of a subject that takes a position regarding how things are? Can we not instead think of propositions as being inherently forceful, but of force as being cancelled in certain contexts? And what do assertoric, but also directive and interrogative force indicators mean? Force, Content and the Unity of the Proposition will be of interest to researchers working in philosophy of language, philosophical logic, philosophy of mind and linguistics.

New Essays on the Nature of Propositions

What it contributes must be something, however, which enables the person who grasps the containing proposition to grasp the proposition it is about. It might be thought that CR can secure this in a particularly neat way.

Author: David Hunter

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317510284

Category: Philosophy

Page: 304

View: 678


These are exciting times for philosophical theorizing about propositions, with the last 15 years seeing the development of new approaches and the emergence of new theorists. Propositions have been invoked to explain thought and cognition, the nature and attribution of mental states, language and communication, and in philosophical treatments of truth, necessity and possibility. According to Frege and Russell, and their followers, propositions are structured mind- and language-independent abstract objects which have essential and intrinsic truth-conditions. Some recent theorizing doubts whether propositions really exist and, if they do, asks how we can grasp, entertain and know them? But most of the doubt concerns whether the abstract approach to propositions can really explain them. Are propositions really structured, and if so where does their structure come from? How does this structure form a unity, and does it need to? Are the representational and structural properties of propositions really independent of those of thinking and language? What does it mean to say that an object occurs in or is a constituent of a proposition? The volume takes up these and other questions, both as they apply to the abstract object approach and also to the more recently developed approaches. While the volume as a whole does not definitively and unequivocally reject the abstract objection approach, for the most part, the papers explore new critical and constructive directions. This book was originally published as a special issue of the Canadian Journal of Philosophy.

The Language of Propositions and Events

Thus, the assumption that events are a type of proposition runs into a difficulty concerning sentences (29)-(30). On the other hand, if events are not a type of proposition, then the fact that (29) is not synonymous with (30) is not a ...

Author: Alessandro Zucchi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401581615

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 286

View: 259


At a superficial examination, English has different types of nominals with similar meaning and distribution: (1)a. John's performance ofthe song b. J ohn' s performing of the song c. John's performing the song d. the fact that John performs the song These nominals are also perceived by English speakers to be related to the same sentential construction: (2) John performs the song A more accurate inspection reveals, however, that the nominals in (1) differ both in their distribution and in the range of interpretations they allow. An adequate theory of nominalization should explicate rigorously how nominals of the types in (1) are related to sentential construction (2), and should also account for their distributional differences and meaning differences. The task of this book is to develop such a theory. I defend two main theses. The first is that, in order to provide an adequate semantics for the nominals in (1), one needs to distinguish among three types of entities in the domain of discourse (in addition to the type of ordinary individuals): events, propositions, and states xiii XIV PREFACE of affairs. I argue that the nominals in (1) differ in their ability to denote entities of these types and that predicates differ in their ability to select for them.


utterance must lie in the proposition in (5). (4) The speaker of (3) watches Neighbours. (5) The speaker of (3) is admitting that she watches Neighbours." In contrast to non-institutional acts which are communicated, others are viewed ...



ISBN: UOM:39015061309525

Category: Electronic journals


View: 223


An Introduction to Epistemology Second Edition

The truth value of such propositions, whether necessary truths or necessary falsehoods, could not be otherwise. (In what follows, we will refer to both necessary truths and necessary falsehoods as “necessary propositions,” propositions ...

Author: Jack S. Crumley II

Publisher: Broadview Press

ISBN: 9781460401163

Category: Philosophy

Page: 320

View: 979


The second edition of Jack Crumley’s An Introduction to Epistemology strikes a balance between the many issues that engage contemporary epistemologists and the contributions of the major historical figures. He shows not only how philosophers such as Descartes, Hume, Locke, Berkeley, and Kant foreground the contemporary debates, but also why they deserve consideration on their own terms. A substantial revision of the first edition, the second edition is even more accessible to students. The new edition includes recent work on contextualism, evidentialism, externalism and internalism, and perceptual realism; as well, the chapter on coherence theory is substantially revised, reflecting recent developments in that area. New to this second edition is a chapter on feminist epistemology, which includes discussions of major positions and themes, such as feminist empiricism, feminist standpoint epistemology, postmodern epistemology, and feminist critiques of objectivity. It presents the important contributions of philosophers such as Sandra Harding, Helen Longino, Genevieve Lloyd, and others. Each chapter ends with a list of study questions and readings for further study.

House Bills introduced in The General Assembly

s- cancer or tumor, the county board shall adopt a resolution for the submission of the proposition at the next general election held in the county or at a special election duly called for such purpose. Upon the adoption of such ...

Author: Illinois


ISBN: UIUC:30112089413311

Category: Bills, Legislative


View: 533