The Private Self

terpretation , Goffman viewed the self as " a modern - day myth that people are forced to enact rather than a subjective entity that people privately possess . " 80 He evidently did not believe in the existence of a private self that ...

Author: Arnold H. Modell

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674707524

Category: Psychology

Page: 250

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The concept of the self is the subject of intense debate in psychoanalysis - as it is in neuro-science, cognitive science, and philosophy. In The Private Self Arnold Modell, a leading thinker in American psychoanalysis, studies selfhood from the inside by examining variations on the theme of the self in Freud and in the work of object relations theorists, self psychologists, and neuro-scientists. His significant contribution is an interdisciplinary perspective in formulating a theory of the private self. Modell contends that the self is fundamentally paradoxical in that it is both dependent and autonomous - dependent upon social affirmation, but autonomous in generating itself from within: we create ourselves by selecting values that are endowed with private meanings. (Modell presents an extensive view of these self-generative and self-creative aspects.) The private self is an embodied self: the psychology of the self is rooted in biology. By thinking of the unconscious as a neurophysiological process and the self as the subject and object of its own experience, Modell is able to explain how identity can persist in the flux of consciousness. In arriving at his unique synthesis of psychoanalytic observations and neurobiological theory, Modell draws on the contributions of Donald Winnicott in psychoanalysis, William James in philosophy, and Gerald Edelman in neurobiology. The Private Self boldly explores the frontier between psychoanalysis and biology. In replacing the "instinct-driven" self and the "attachment-oriented" self with the "self-generating" self, the author offers an exciting and original perspective for our understanding of the mind and the brain.

Self Handicapping

present subsection, it should be noted that such incorporated self-handicaps begin to weaken clear causal linkages at a ... This emphasis on the role of private self-esteem motives was buttressed by an experimental manipulation of a ...

Author: Raymond L. Higgins

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781489908612

Category: Psychology

Page: 292

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The concept of self-handicapping can be legitimately anchored in a vari ety of intellectual contexts, some old and some newer. As this volume reminds us, Alfred Adler was perhaps the first to articulate the signifi cance of various self-defeating claims and gestures for protecting the self concept. Thus the apparent paradox of "defeat" in the interests of "pro tection. " More recently (but still more than 30 years ago), Heider's "naive psychology" added attributional rhetoric to the description of self-defeat ing strategies. While predominantly cognitive in its thrust, the attribu tional approach incorporated several motivational influences-especially those involving egocentric concerns. Heider hardly violated our common sense when he suggested that people are inclined to attribute their performances in a self-serving manner: the good things I caused; the bad things were forced upon me. The notion of self-handicapping strategies, proposed by Berglas and myself a little more than a decade ago, capitalized on these homely truths while adding a particular proactive twist. We not only make ex cuses for our blunders; we plan our engagements and our situational choices so that self-protective excuses are unnecessary. In doing so, we use our attributional understanding to arrange things so that flawed and failing performances will not be interpreted in ways that threaten our self-esteem.

Routledge International Handbook of Consumer Psychology

Relative predictiveness of self-congruity effects In this section we will discuss the relative efficacy of self-congruity effects by first making a distinction between private and public forms of self-congruity and then focusing on the ...

Author: Cathrine V. Jansson-Boyd

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781317539940

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 730

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This unique handbook maps the growing field of consumer psychology in its increasingly global context. With contributions from over 70 scholars across four continents, the book reflects the cross-cultural and multidisciplinary character of the field. Chapters relate the key consumer concepts to the progressive globalization of markets in which consumers act and consumption takes place. The book is divided into seven sections, offering a truly comprehensive reference work that covers: The historical foundations of the discipline and the rise of globalization The role of cognition and multisensory perception in consumers’ judgements The social self, identity and well-being, including their relation to advertising Social and cultural influences on consumption, including politics and religion Decision making, attitudes and behaviorally based research Sustainable consumption and the role of branding The particularities of online settings in framing and affecting behavior The Routledge International Handbook of Consumer Psychology will be essential reading for anyone interested in how the perceptions, feelings and values of consumers interact with the decisions they make in relation to products and services in a global context. It will also be key reading for students and researchers across psychology and marketing, as well as professionals interested in a deeper understanding of the field.

Expressing the Self

However, the distinction between the public and the private is not confined to the idea of self but stretches across language in general, as a distinction between private and public linguistic expressions.

Author: Minyao Huang

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198786658

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 352

View: 657

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This book addresses different linguistic and philosophical aspects of referring to the self in a wide range of languages from different language families, including Amharic, English, French, Japanese, Korean, Mandarin, Newari (Sino-Tibetan), Polish, Tariana (Arawak), and Thai. In the domain of speaking about oneself, languages use a myriad of expressions that cut across grammatical and semantic categories, as well as a wide variety of constructions. Languages of Southeast and East Asia famously employ a great number of terms for first person reference to signal honorification. The number and mixed properties of these terms make them debatable candidates for pronounhood, with many grammar-driven classifications opting to classify them with nouns. Some languages make use of egophors or logophors, and many exhibit an interaction between expressing the self and expressing evidentiality qua the epistemic status of information held from the ego perspective. The volume's focus on expressing the self, however, is not directly motivated by an interest in the grammar or lexicon, but instead stems from philosophical discussions on the special status of thoughts about oneself, known as de se thoughts. It is this interdisciplinary understanding of expressing the self that underlies this volume, comprising philosophy of mind at one end of the spectrum and cross-cultural pragmatics of self-expression at the other. This unprecedented juxtaposition results in a novel method of approaching de se and de se expressions, in which research methods from linguistics and philosophy inform each other. The importance of this interdisciplinary perspective on expressing the self cannot be overemphasized. Crucially, the volume also demonstrates that linguistic research on first-person reference makes a valuable contribution to research on the self tout court, by exploring the ways in which the self is expressed, and thereby adding to the insights gained through philosophy, psychology, and cognitive science.

Anxiety and Self Focused Attention

The result is a consensually defined discrepancy score that parallels the self-defined discrepancy score. Self-Consciousness Analyses Subjects were divided into high and low private self-conscious groups on the basis of a median split ...

Author: Ralf Schwarzer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317380153

Category: Psychology

Page: 190

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First published in 1991, this book consists of 13 articles that were originally published in the journal Anxiety Research. They address the topic of anxiety and self-focused attention from a variety of perspectives, representing recent advances in social, clinical and personality psychology at the time. As a whole, the book poses a stimulating theoretical challenge to traditional anxiety research, which had been dominated by psychometric issues, clinical case studies and stable personality constructs. The contributors share the view that anxiety is an emotional state of distress dependent upon specific antecedent cognitive processes such as self-awareness, perceived role discrepancy or unfavourable expectancies.

The Self Explained

The second mistake was thinking that self- presentation ultimately serves the private, inner goal of constructing your ideal self. What is the guiding purpose behind asserting a self that will meet with immediate disapproval?

Author: Roy F. Baumeister

Publisher: Guilford Publications

ISBN: 9781462549306

Category: Psychology

Page: 420

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The idea of the self is immediately familiar to everyone, yet elusive to define and understand. From pioneering researcher Roy F. Baumeister, this volume synthesizes a vast body of knowledge to provide a panoramic view of the human self--how it develops and functions, why it exists, and what problems it encounters on the journey through life. What are the benefits of self-knowledge, and how attainable is it? Do we have one self, or many? What is the relationship of self and society? In 28 concise chapters, Baumeister explains complex concepts with clarity and insight. He reveals the central role played by the self in enabling both individuals and cultures to thrive.

The Self in the Cell

The strategy is a tacit acknowledgement of the function of autobiography: to use narrative to explore and make sense of the discontinuities of the private self. But it also demonstrates that the prison deliberately produces guilt so ...

Author: Sean C. Grass

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135384913

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 313

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Michel Foucault's writing about the Panopticon in Discipline and Punish has dominated discussions of the prison and the novel, and recent literary criticism draws heavily from Foucauldian ideas about surveillance to analyze metaphorical forms of confinement: policing, detection, and public scrutiny and censure. But real Victorian prisons and the novels that portray them have few similarities to the Panopticon. Sean Grass provides a necessary alternative to Foucault by tracing the cultural history of the Victorian prison, and pointing to the tangible relations between Victorian confinement and the narrative production of the self. The Self in the Cell examines the ways in which separate confinement prisons, with their demand for autobiographical production, helped to provide an impetus and a model that guided novelists' explorations of the private self in Victorian fiction.

Self care

private and public spheres, was a major concern for the critics of narcissism, for a number of reasons: 1. Democracy was seen to rest on the ability of citizens to rise above self–interest in order to act for the public good, ...

Author: Christopher Ziguras

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134419685

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

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This book examines the widespread cultural and political consequences of the proliferation of popular health advice. It provides a key theoretical contribution to the sociological study of health and embodiment by illuminating the processes of social change that have transformed how individuals care for themselves and the ways in which power and desire now shape health behaviour. Self-Care will be of essential interest to students and academics working within the fields of sociology, health and social welfare.

Exploring the Self Subjectivity and Character across Japanese and Translation Texts

Jibun is chosen when the self as a narrator takes the inner and inward perspective. ... Hirose(1996,2000,2014)discusses jibunandotherself-referencingformsfrom the perspective of private and public self.The private self refers to the ...

Author: Senko K. Maynard

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004505865

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 306

View: 702

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This study investigates our multiple selves as manifested in how we use language. Applying philosophical contrastive pragmatics to original and translation of Japanese and English works, the concept of empty yet populated self in Japanese is explored.