Governing the Soul

Governing the Soul is now widely recognized as one of the founding texts in a new approach to analyzing the links between political power, expertise and the self.

Author: Nikolas S. Rose

Publisher: Free Assn Books

ISBN: UOM:39015056962452

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 320

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Governing the Soul is now widely recognized as one of the founding texts in a new approach to analyzing the links between political power, expertise and the self. This governmentality perspective has had important implications for a range of academic disciplines including criminology, political theory, sociology and psychology and has generated much theoretical innovation and empirical investigation. The second edition contains a new introduction, which sets out the methodological and conceptual bases of this approach. Also, a new final chapter has been added that considers some of the implications of recent developments in the government of subjectivity.

The Private Self

2 Private and Public Selves Each individual is an isolate , permanently non ... and the Facilitating Environment My concept of the private self is rooted in ...

Author: Arnold H. Modell

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674707524

Category: Psychology

Page: 250

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The concept of the self is the subject of intense debate in psychoanalysis - as it is in neuro-science, cognitive science, and philosophy. In The Private Self Arnold Modell, a leading thinker in American psychoanalysis, studies selfhood from the inside by examining variations on the theme of the self in Freud and in the work of object relations theorists, self psychologists, and neuro-scientists. His significant contribution is an interdisciplinary perspective in formulating a theory of the private self. Modell contends that the self is fundamentally paradoxical in that it is both dependent and autonomous - dependent upon social affirmation, but autonomous in generating itself from within: we create ourselves by selecting values that are endowed with private meanings. (Modell presents an extensive view of these self-generative and self-creative aspects.) The private self is an embodied self: the psychology of the self is rooted in biology. By thinking of the unconscious as a neurophysiological process and the self as the subject and object of its own experience, Modell is able to explain how identity can persist in the flux of consciousness. In arriving at his unique synthesis of psychoanalytic observations and neurobiological theory, Modell draws on the contributions of Donald Winnicott in psychoanalysis, William James in philosophy, and Gerald Edelman in neurobiology. The Private Self boldly explores the frontier between psychoanalysis and biology. In replacing the "instinct-driven" self and the "attachment-oriented" self with the "self-generating" self, the author offers an exciting and original perspective for our understanding of the mind and the brain.

Self Handicapping

Also, when self-handicaps tend to be given at earlier points in time ... This emphasis on the role of private self-esteem motives was buttressed by an ...

Author: Raymond L. Higgins

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781489908612

Category: Psychology

Page: 292

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The concept of self-handicapping can be legitimately anchored in a vari ety of intellectual contexts, some old and some newer. As this volume reminds us, Alfred Adler was perhaps the first to articulate the signifi cance of various self-defeating claims and gestures for protecting the self concept. Thus the apparent paradox of "defeat" in the interests of "pro tection. " More recently (but still more than 30 years ago), Heider's "naive psychology" added attributional rhetoric to the description of self-defeat ing strategies. While predominantly cognitive in its thrust, the attribu tional approach incorporated several motivational influences-especially those involving egocentric concerns. Heider hardly violated our common sense when he suggested that people are inclined to attribute their performances in a self-serving manner: the good things I caused; the bad things were forced upon me. The notion of self-handicapping strategies, proposed by Berglas and myself a little more than a decade ago, capitalized on these homely truths while adding a particular proactive twist. We not only make ex cuses for our blunders; we plan our engagements and our situational choices so that self-protective excuses are unnecessary. In doing so, we use our attributional understanding to arrange things so that flawed and failing performances will not be interpreted in ways that threaten our self-esteem.

The Public Realm and the Public Self

For Marx this world testifies to the gap that exists between the individual and society and between the private and the public self.

Author: Shiraz Dossa

Publisher: Wilfrid Laurier Univ. Press

ISBN: 9780889209671

Category: Political Science

Page: 154

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On pp. 28-36, "The Holocaust, " and pp. 125-141, "Eichmann, " discusses a reinterpretation of the controversy over Arendt's views on the origins of totalitarianism, the "guilt" of the Jews and the "evilness" of Eichmann. Suggests that one has to interpret Eichmann's behavior as that of a "private" man entering the public realm, aiming to achieve private self-interests. Contends that use of this terminology and way of thinking can explain Arendt's apparent inconsistencies in her views on the Holocaust.

Routledge International Handbook of Consumer Psychology

Actions inconsistent with the ideal social self-image may lead to social ... Private self-congruity vs. public self-congruity What is the relative efficacy ...

Author: Cathrine V. Jansson-Boyd

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781317539940

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 730

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This unique handbook maps the growing field of consumer psychology in its increasingly global context. With contributions from over 70 scholars across four continents, the book reflects the cross-cultural and multidisciplinary character of the field. Chapters relate the key consumer concepts to the progressive globalization of markets in which consumers act and consumption takes place. The book is divided into seven sections, offering a truly comprehensive reference work that covers: The historical foundations of the discipline and the rise of globalization The role of cognition and multisensory perception in consumers’ judgements The social self, identity and well-being, including their relation to advertising Social and cultural influences on consumption, including politics and religion Decision making, attitudes and behaviorally based research Sustainable consumption and the role of branding The particularities of online settings in framing and affecting behavior The Routledge International Handbook of Consumer Psychology will be essential reading for anyone interested in how the perceptions, feelings and values of consumers interact with the decisions they make in relation to products and services in a global context. It will also be key reading for students and researchers across psychology and marketing, as well as professionals interested in a deeper understanding of the field.

Expressing the Self

According to this line of thought, the concept of the self is further subdivided into two aspects: the public' self and the private self.

Author: Minyao Huang

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198786658

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 352

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This book addresses different linguistic and philosophical aspects of referring to the self in a wide range of languages from different language families, including Amharic, English, French, Japanese, Korean, Mandarin, Newari (Sino-Tibetan), Polish, Tariana (Arawak), and Thai. In the domain of speaking about oneself, languages use a myriad of expressions that cut across grammatical and semantic categories, as well as a wide variety of constructions. Languages of Southeast and East Asia famously employ a great number of terms for first person reference to signal honorification. The number and mixed properties of these terms make them debatable candidates for pronounhood, with many grammar-driven classifications opting to classify them with nouns. Some languages make use of egophors or logophors, and many exhibit an interaction between expressing the self and expressing evidentiality qua the epistemic status of information held from the ego perspective. The volume's focus on expressing the self, however, is not directly motivated by an interest in the grammar or lexicon, but instead stems from philosophical discussions on the special status of thoughts about oneself, known as de se thoughts. It is this interdisciplinary understanding of expressing the self that underlies this volume, comprising philosophy of mind at one end of the spectrum and cross-cultural pragmatics of self-expression at the other. This unprecedented juxtaposition results in a novel method of approaching de se and de se expressions, in which research methods from linguistics and philosophy inform each other. The importance of this interdisciplinary perspective on expressing the self cannot be overemphasized. Crucially, the volume also demonstrates that linguistic research on first-person reference makes a valuable contribution to research on the self tout court, by exploring the ways in which the self is expressed, and thereby adding to the insights gained through philosophy, psychology, and cognitive science.

Anxiety and Self Focused Attention

Self-Consciousness Analyses Subjects were divided into high and low private self-conscious groups on the basis of a median split using the private subscale ...

Author: Ralf Schwarzer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317380153

Category: Psychology

Page: 190

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First published in 1991, this book consists of 13 articles that were originally published in the journal Anxiety Research. They address the topic of anxiety and self-focused attention from a variety of perspectives, representing recent advances in social, clinical and personality psychology at the time. As a whole, the book poses a stimulating theoretical challenge to traditional anxiety research, which had been dominated by psychometric issues, clinical case studies and stable personality constructs. The contributors share the view that anxiety is an emotional state of distress dependent upon specific antecedent cognitive processes such as self-awareness, perceived role discrepancy or unfavourable expectancies.

Attention and Self Regulation

private” aspects of the self and “public” aspects of the self (see also Buss, 1980; Fenigstein et al., 1975). People differ in the degree to which these ...

Author: C. S. Carver

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461258872

Category: Psychology

Page: 403

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"Seek simplicity and distrust it. " Alfred North Whitehead "It will become all too clear that an ability to see patterns in behavior, an ability that some might feel proud of, can lead more easily to a wrong description than a right one. " William T. Powers The goal of the theorist-the scholar-is to take a collection of observations of the world, and perceive order in them. This process necessarily imposes an artificial simplicity upon those observations. That is, specific observations are weighed differently from each other whenever a theoretical account is abstracted from raw experiences. Some observed events are misunderstood or distorted, others are seen as representing random fluctuations and are ignored, and yet others are viewed as centrally important. This abstraction and oversimplification of reality is inevitable in theory construction. Moreover, the abstracted vision builds upon itself. That is, as a structure begins to emerge from continued observation, the structure itself guides the search for new information. The result is a construction that is more elaborate than what existed before, but it still is usually simpler than reality. It is important for scholars to believe in the value of their task, and in the general correctness of the vision that guides their work. This commitment, and the hope of progress that follows from it, make it possible to continue even when the work is difficult and slow.

The Origins of Self

work together, using the inputs of other people as fodder for our cognitively generated self-definitions. • The private self is the self we create to ...

Author: Martin P. J. Edwardes

Publisher: UCL Press

ISBN: 9781787356306

Category: Psychology

Page: 250

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The Origins of Self explores the role that selfhood plays in defining human society, and each human individual in that society. It considers the genetic and cultural origins of self, the role that self plays in socialisation and language, and the types of self we generate in our individual journeys to and through adulthood. Edwardes argues that other awareness is a relatively early evolutionary development, present throughout the primate clade and perhaps beyond, but self-awareness is a product of the sharing of social models, something only humans appear to do. The self of which we are aware is not something innate within us, it is a model of our self produced as a response to the models of us offered to us by other people. Edwardes proposes that human construction of selfhood involves seven different types of self. All but one of them are internally generated models, and the only non-model, the actual self, is completely hidden from conscious awareness. We rely on others to tell us about our self, and even to let us know we are a self.

Handbook of Self and Identity

The latter studies make the case that some manipulations make people selectively aware of private self-aspects, whereas other manipulations make people ...

Author: Mark R. Leary

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 9781462503056

Category: Psychology

Page: 754

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Widely regarded as the authoritative reference in the field, this volume comprehensively reviews theory and research on the self. Leading investigators address this essential construct at multiple levels of analysis, from neural pathways to complex social and cultural dynamics. Coverage includes how individuals gain self-awareness, agency, and a sense of identity; self-related motivation and emotion; the role of the self in interpersonal behavior; and self-development across evolutionary time and the lifespan. Connections between self-processes and psychological problems are also addressed. New to This Edition *Incorporates significant theoretical and empirical advances. *Nine entirely new chapters. *Coverage of the social and cognitive neuroscience of self-processes; self-regulation and health; self and emotion; and hypoegoic states, such as mindfulness.

Changing the Self

trast , the same behaviors had little or no apparent impact on the self - concept when they were performed in a private , anonymous context .

Author: Thomas M. Brinthaupt

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 0791418685

Category: Social Science

Page: 373

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This book examines the varieties of self-exchange and factors that can influence it. It takes a much-needed step toward linking the concerns of the academic self-researcher and the consumer of research pertaining to changing the self. Throughout the book, understanding and accounting for change in the self emerges as a vitally important concern across a wide range of human experience.

Human Rights and Personal Self Defense in International Law

Over-stimulate selfassertion, and for the arbitrament of the Courts you ... to keep domestic laws governing self-defense between private persons within ...

Author: Jan Arno Hessbruegge

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190655037

Category: Law

Page: 304

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While an abundance of literature covers the right of states to defend themselves against external aggression, this is the first book dedicated to the right to personal self-defense in international law. Drawing on his extensive experience as a human rights practitioner and scholar, Dr. Hessbruegge sets out in careful detail the strict requirements that human rights impose on defensive force by law enforcement authorities, especially police killings in self-defense. The book also discusses the exceptional application of the right to personal self-defense in military-led operations, notably to contain violent civilians who do not directly participate in hostilities. Human rights also establish parameters on how broad or narrow the laws can be drawn on self-defense between private persons. Setting out the prevailing international standards, the book critically examines the ongoing trend to excessively broaden self-defense laws. It also refutes the claim that there is a human right to possess firearms for self-defense purposes. In extraordinary circumstances, the right to personal self-defence sharpens human rights and allows people to defend themselves against the state. Here the author establishes that international law gives individuals the right to forcibly resist human rights violations that pose a serious risk of significant and irreparable harm. At the same time, he calls into question prevailing state practice, which fails to recognize any collective right to organized armed resistance even when it constitutes the last resort to defend against genocide or other mass atrocities.

Self and Deception

In the Chinese tradition, by contrast, any severe distinction between public and private selves is entirely suspect. One reason why the whole phenomenon of ...

Author: Roger T. Ames

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 0791430316

Category: Philosophy

Page: 373

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Distinguished scholars discuss the problem of self-deception, or rather, self and deception.

Sculpture s Private Self

CALIFUR * , * ) เว้ 33 มิ ร า - 3 TRY OFT Rosso's work ingeniously confounded genres of public and private sculpture +1 CALI.

Author: Sharon Hecker

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:C3444377

Category: Sculpture, European

Page: 412

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The Protean Self

The source offictions is the private self and they are to be given sanctioned publicity in recognised forms. She does not confuse an essentially private ...

Author: Alan Kennedy

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 9781349022175

Category: English fiction

Page: 304

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Religion Neuroscience and the Self

Thus, the private realm is the source of nothingness, tragedy, ... To be real is to be self-sustaining and resistant to change for at least some finite ...

Author: Patrick McNamara

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429671432

Category: Religion

Page:

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The purpose of this book is to use neuroscience discoveries concerning religious experiences, the Self and personhood to deepen, enhance and interrogate the theological and philosophical set of ideas known as Personalism. McNamara proposes a new eschatological form of personalism that is consistent with current neuroscience models of relevant brain functions concerning the self and personhood and that can meet the catastrophic challenges of the 21st century. Eschatological Personalism, rooted in the philosophical tradition of "Boston Personalism", takes as its starting point the personalist claim that the significance of a self and personality is not fully revealed until it has reached its endpoint, but theologically that end point can only occur within the eschatological realm. That realm is explored in the book along with implications for personalist theory and ethics. Topics covered include the agent intellect, dreams and the imagination, future-orientation and eschatology, phenomenology of Time, social ethics, Love, the challenge of AI, privacy and solitude and the individual ethic of autarchy. This book is an innovative combination of the neuroscientific and theological insights provided by a Personalist viewpoint. As such, it will be of great interest to scholars of Cognitive Science, Theology, Religious Studies and the philosophy of the mind.

The Psychology of the Social Self

The idea of personal identity refers to the self largely based on representations of the ... a unique personality, is that the private self, the true self, ...

Author: Tom R. Tyler

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781317778288

Category: Psychology

Page: 288

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Leading theoreticians and researchers present current thinking about the role played by group memberships in people's sense of who they are and what they are worth. The chapters build on the assumption, developed out of social identity theory, that people create a social self that both defines them and shapes their attitudes and behaviors. The authors address new developments in the theoretical frameworks through which we understand the social self, recent research on the nature of the social self, and recent findings about the influence of social context upon the development and maintenance of the social self.

Rewriting the Self

... with the socio-historical response to the problem of 'selfhood'. ... writes of the 'essential relationship between private property and private selves', ...

Author: Roy Porter

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134764921

Category: History

Page: 296

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Rewriting the Self is an exploration of ideas of the self in the western cultural tradition from the Renaissance to the Present. The contributors analyse differing religious, philosophical, psychological, political, psychoanalytical and literary models of personal identity. They examine these models from a number of viewpoints, including the history of ideas, contemporary gender politics, and post-modernist literary theory. Rewriting the Self offers a challenge to the received version of the 'ascent of western man'. Lively and controversial, the book broaches big questions in an accessible way. Rewriting the Self arises from a seminar series held at the Institute of Contemporary Arts in London. The contributors include prominent academics from a range of disciplines.

The Self

These individuals are said to be low in private self-consciousness. Table 6.2 presents the scale Scheier and Carver used to measure these differences.

Author: Jonathon Brown

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781136872006

Category: Philosophy

Page: 368

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Although social psychology has been traditionally focused on interpersonal relationships, the cognitive revolution in psychology has had the effect of refocusing some social psychology on intra-psychic processes. This area of psychology has become very popular in recent years, yet there is currently no other textbook available for the study of the self. Republished in its original form by Psychology Press in 2007, this book carefully documents the changing conceptions and the value accorded the self in psychology over time. It further outlines the many alternative conceptions of this increasingly central domain in social psychology. New research and conceptions are juxtaposed with the classic and traditional, providing the reader with a comprehensive introduction to the study of the self.