Plant Cell Walls

This work is a comprehensive collection of articles that cover aspects of cell wall research in the genomic era.

Author: Nicholas C. Carpita

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789401006682

Category: Science

Page: 342

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This work is a comprehensive collection of articles that cover aspects of cell wall research in the genomic era. Some 2500 genes are involved in some way in wall biogenesis and turnover, from generation of substrates, to polysaccharide and lignin synthesis, assembly, and rearrangement in the wall. Although a great number of genes and gene families remain to be characterized, this issue provides a census of the genes that have been discovered so far. The articles comprising this issue not only illustrate the enormous progress made in identifying the wealth of wall-related genes but they also show the future directions and how far we have to go. As cell walls are an enormously important source of raw material, we anticipate that cell-wall-related genes are of significant economic importance. Examples include the modification of pectin-cross-linking or cell-cell adhesion to increase shelf life of fruits and vegetables, the enhancement of dietary fiber contents of cereals, the improvement of yield and quality of fibers, and the relative allocation of carbon to wall biomass for use as biofuels. The book is intended for academic and professional scientists working in the area of plant biology as well as material chemists and engineers, and food scientists who define new ways to use cell walls.

Plant Cell Walls

Plant cell walls are complex, dynamic cellular structures essential for plant growth, development, physiology and adaptation.

Author: Peter Albersheim

Publisher: Garland Science

ISBN: 9781136843587

Category: Science

Page: 430

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Plant cell walls are complex, dynamic cellular structures essential for plant growth, development, physiology and adaptation. Plant Cell Walls provides an in depth and diverse view of the microanatomy, biosynthesis and molecular physiology of these cellular structures, both in the life of the plant and in their use for bioproducts and biofuels. Plant Cell Walls is a textbook for upper-level undergraduates and graduate students, as well as a professional-level reference book. Over 400 drawings, micrographs, and photographs provide visual insight into the latest research, as well as the uses of plant cell walls in everyday life, and their applications in biotechnology. Illustrated panels concisely review research methods and tools; a list of key terms is given at the end of each chapter; and extensive references organized by concept headings provide readers with guidance for entry into plant cell wall literature. Cell wall material is of considerable importance to the biofuel, food, timber, and pulp and paper industries as well as being a major focus of research in plant growth and sustainability that are of central interest in present day agriculture and biotechnology. The production and use of plants for biofuel and bioproducts in a time of need for responsible global carbon use requires a deep understanding of the fundamental biology of plants and their cell walls. Such an understanding will lead to improved plant processes and materials, and help provide a sustainable resource for meeting the future bioenergy and bioproduct needs of humankind.

Annual Plant Reviews The Plant Cell Wall

This is a book for academic and industrial researchers in plant cell biology, biochemistry, developmental biology, genetics and molecular biology.

Author: Jocelyn K. C. Rose

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9781405147736

Category: Science

Page: 400

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Annual Plant Reviews, Volume 8 In the last few years, the new analytical tools associated with molecular biology, biochemistry, spectroscopy, microscopy, immunology, genomics and proteomics have been employed to investigate plant cell wall structure and function, providing a degree of resolution that was, until recently, unattainable. This has resulted in a growing awareness of the critical role of plant cell walls in a broad range of developmental events, adding strength and diversity to cell wall-related scientific research. This volume provides an overview of our current understanding of plant cell walls, drawing on the recent advances of plant molecular biology. It incorporates the identification of a rapidly growing number of genes and the proteins responsible for plant wall synthesis, restructuring, degradation and wall-associated signal transduction. The book bridges the biochemistry-oriented cell wall literature and the new technology-driven approaches. This is a book for academic and industrial researchers in plant cell biology, biochemistry, developmental biology, genetics and molecular biology.

The Plant Cell Wall

The book delves into a range of techniques involving plant tissue culture, which can be applied to investigating cell wall structure and metabolism, methods directed towards structural analysis and occurrence of carbohydrates, the ...

Author: Zoë Popper

Publisher: Humana Press

ISBN: 1617790079

Category: Science

Page: 310

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The cell wall and its constituent polysaccharides and proteins control nearly all plant-based biological and biophysical processes. Understanding the cell wall is, therefore, not only fundamental to the plant sciences but is also pertinent to aspects of human and animal nutrition and health as well as plant-microbe and plant-animal interactions. In The Plant Cell Wall: Methods and Protocols, experts in the field describe detailed methods which are currently being applied to investigate the many aspects of the plant cell wall including its structure, biochemical composition, and metabolism. The book delves into a range of techniques involving plant tissue culture, which can be applied to investigating cell wall structure and metabolism, methods directed towards structural analysis and occurrence of carbohydrates, the development and use of microscopy-based tools and techniques, procedures which measure the physical properties of the wall, and methods based on the application of molecular genetic approaches. Written in the successful Methods in Molecular BiologyTM series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible protocols, and notes on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and easily accessible, The Plant Cell Wall: Methods and Protocols seeks to serve both professionals and novices with its well-honed methodologies in an effort to further our knowledge of this essential cellular feature.

Plant Cell Wall Patterning and Cell Shape

Plant Cell Wall Patterning and Cell Shape looks at the diverse function of cell walls in plant development, intercellular communication, and defining cell shape. Plant Cell Wall Patterning and Cell Shape is divided into three sections.

Author: Hiroo Fukuda

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118647394

Category: Science

Page: 432

View: 891

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Cell walls are defining feature of plant life. The unique andmulti-faceted role they play in plant growth and development haslong been of interest to students and researchers. emstyle="font-family: Arial; font-size: 13px;"Plant Cell WallPatterning and Cell Shape /emlooks at the diverse functionof cell walls in plant development, intercellular communication,and defining cell shape. Plant Cell WallPatterning and Cell Shape is divided into three sections.The first section looks at role cell walls play in defining cellshape. The second section looks more broadly at plant development.While the third and final section looks at new insights into cellwall patterning.

The Physical Biology of Plant Cell Walls

Intra-atomic and intramolecular bonding and molecular models.

Author: Reginald Dawson Preston

Publisher: Chapman & Hall

ISBN: UCAL:B2867792

Category: Biophysics

Page: 491

View: 569

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Intra-atomic and intramolecular bonding and molecular models. The chemical components. Structure determination - optical microscopy. X-ray diffraction. Eletron microscopy. General principles of wall architecture. Detailed structure - cellulosic algae. Non-cellulosic algae. Flowering plants; secondary walls. Viscoelastic properties of secondary cell walls. Wall extension and cell growth. Wall biosynthesis.

Biophysical Control of Microfibril Orientation in Plant Cell Walls

Within the extreme diversity of aquatic and terrestrial plant genera, each has characteristic cell wall forms.

Author: J.D. Boyd

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: MINN:319510003538039

Category: Nature

Page: 200

View: 840

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Within the extreme diversity of aquatic and terrestrial plant genera, each has characteristic cell wall forms. A number of hypotheses have been advanced to explain differences in microfibril arrangements across anyone such wall. Of those, only the 'multinet' theory, which involves the postulation of reorientation of microfibrils caused by cell extension, now has a substantial number of ad herents. However, many scientists are sceptical of its validity; obviously it is incompatible with various observed microfibril arrangements. The tenet of this study is that any such hypothesis can be valid only if it is applicable to all plant forms and wall types. Initially, reanalyses are made of data claimed to confirm justification for multi net postulations. The results show that previous deductions from those data, in support of multinet, are subject to serious challenge. Similarly, a re-examination of the observations, which inspired the multinet theory, shows they have a more logical explanation. Herein, it is concluded that cell wall development involves biophysical factors, which neces sarily prevent multinet's postulated large reorientations of microfibrils, after their formation. Unfortunately the previously most recent published theory, which is based on the absence of reorientation during extension, fails to answer the fundamental question of how alternating orientations between lamellae are controlled, or explain variations in thickness of wall layers. Extensive published data are used to identify forces involved in cell wall development.

Physiology and Biochemistry of Plant Cell Walls

We have sought in this book to present a series of portraits of the plant cell wall as it participates in various different aspects of the life of the plant cell.

Author: C. T. Brett

Publisher: Allen & Unwin Australia

ISBN: 0045810354

Category: Biochemistry

Page: 194

View: 153

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'In this clearly written and well illustrated book, Brett and Waldron show how research over the past 20 years has revolutionized our view of the plant cell wall the authors' [have an] admirably eclectic approach, which touches on areas as diverse as pollen dating, dry rot and mechanical engineering Brett and Waldron have provided a readily accessible introduction to all these topics for any plant scientist.' Times Higher Education Supplement 'a reference for the molecular biologist catching up on the structural fundamentals of the cell walls of flowering plants.' Trends in Plant Science