Al Ghazali s Philosophical Theology

Al-Ghazali, Mishkat al-anwar, 67-68 / 154. 59. Al-Tabari, Jami' al-bayan (ed. Cairo), 11:480-83; Fakhr al-Din al-Razi, al-Tafsir al-kabir, 13:47; al-Ghazali, Faysal al-tafriqa, igo.i8-paenult. / 54.9-13. The information about Abraham's ...

Author: Frank Griffel

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199724725

Category: Religion

Page: 424

View: 977


The Muslim thinker al-Ghazali (d. 1111) was one of the most influential theologians and philosophers of Islam and has been considered an authority in both Western and Islamic philosophical traditions. Born in northeastern Iran, he held the most prestigious academic post in Islamic theology in Baghdad, only to renounce the position and teach at small schools in the provinces for no money. His contributions to Islamic scholarship range from responding to the challenges of Aristotelian philosophy to creating a new type of Islamic mysticism and integrating both these traditions-falsafa and Sufism-into the Sunni mainstream. This book offers a comprehensive study of al-Ghazali's life and his understanding of cosmology-how God creates things and events in the world, how human acts relate to God's power, and how the universe is structured. Frank Griffel presents a serious revision of traditional views on al-Ghazali, showing that his most important achievement was the creation of a new rationalist theology in which he transformed the Aristotelian views of thinkers such as Avicenna to accord with intellectual currents that were well-established within Muslim theological discourse. Using the most authoritative sources, including reports from al-Ghazali's students, his contemporaries, and his own letters, Griffel reconstructs every stage in a turbulent career. The al-Ghazali that emerges offers many surprises, particularly on his motives for leaving Baghdad and the nature of his "seclusion" afterwards. Griffel demonstrates that al-Ghazali intended to create a new cosmology that moved away from concerns held earlier by Muslim theologians and Arab philosophers. This new theology aimed to provide a framework for the pursuit of the natural sciences and a basis for Islamic science and philosophy to flourish beyond the 12th century. Al-Ghazali's Philosophical Theology is the most thorough examination to date of this important thinker.

Paradise and Hell in Islamic Traditions

In consequence, it has been proposed that jabarut, for al-Ghazalı, is an experiential, or epistemological, ... 154 E.g., in his mystical work, The Niche of Lights (Mishkat al-anwar), al-Ghazalı states that God is “the True Light” ...

Author: Christian Lange

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521506373

Category: History

Page: 228

View: 188


The Muslim afterworld, with its imagery rich in sensual promises, has shaped Western perceptions of Islam for centuries. However, to date, no single study has done justice to the full spectrum of traditions of thinking about the topic in Islamic history. The Muslim hell, in particular, remains a little studied subject. This book, which is based on a wide array of carefully selected Arabic and Persian texts, covers not only the theological and exegetical but also the philosophical, mystical, topographical, architectural and ritual aspects of the Muslim belief in paradise and hell, in both the Sunni and the Shiʿi world. By examining a broad range of sources related to the afterlife, Christian Lange shows that Muslim religious literature, against transcendentalist assumptions to the contrary, often pictures the boundary between this world and the otherworld as being remarkably thin, or even permeable.

The Mishkat Al Anwar of Al Ghazali

The first half of this book contains an extensive scholarly analysis of Al-Ghazali, his life, writings and ideas on a variety of pertinent topics.

Author: Al-Ghazali


ISBN: 1789872235

Category: Religion

Page: 88

View: 530


Al-Ghazali's classic commentary upon the Quranic verse of lights is translated with authentic excellence by William Henry Temple Gairdner. A revered Islamic philosopher, theologian and astronomer of the 11th century, Al-Ghazali's commentaries upon religious topics are celebrated along with his more scientific works. The mystical nature of the Verse of Light fascinated scholars of Islam, its passages are considered many-faceted in meaning, its beauty and evocative imagery an example of the rich literary prowess present in the Holy Qur'an. The first half of this book contains an extensive scholarly analysis of Al-Ghazali, his life, writings and ideas on a variety of pertinent topics. Through these informed essays we are immersed in the culture of Medieval-era Islamic society, and prepared for the translation of the Mishkat which follows. Gairdner's guidance is poignant and well-written, allowing the curious reader to appreciate the symbolism that underpins the philosophy of Islamic thinkers. Scholars of the era considered the Qur'an as a guiding light upon matters of science and learning as well as religious observance, and such concepts are voiced in studies like the Mishkat.

On the contrary, God employs the language that He does in order to clarify the actual nature of reality. An understanding of the structure of the cosmos and of the human soul depends upon how accurately one perceives that reality.

Author: Ghazzālī

Publisher: Brigham Young University - Isl

ISBN: UOM:39015047119014

Category: Philosophy

Page: 80

View: 177


On the contrary, God employs the language that He does in order to clarify the actual nature of reality. An understanding of the structure of the cosmos and of the human soul depends upon how accurately one perceives that reality.

Islam and Rationality

broader question: how do Maimonides and al-Ghazāli resolve their apparently paradoxical conception of God as simultaneously knowable and unknowable? I will not argue here that the veils section of al-Ghazali's Mishkāt al-Anwār was a ...


Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004290952

Category: History

Page: 478

View: 434


Islam and Rationality offers an account of Abū Ḥāmid al-Ghazālī as a rational theologian who created a symbiosis of philosophy and theology and infused rationality into Sufism, and how his work was received by later Muslim, Christian and Jewish scholars.

The Qur an A Philosophical Guide

Damascus: Maktab al-'Arabi. al-Ghazali, M. (1940), The Book of Knowledge, W. McCall (trans.), http:// al-Ghazali, M. (1964a), Mishkat al-anwar, A. 'Affifi (ed ...

Author: Oliver Leaman

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781474216203

Category: Philosophy

Page: 304

View: 801


Assuming no prior knowledge, The Qur'an: A Philosophical Guide is an introduction to the Qur'an from a philosophical point of view. Oliver Leaman's guide begins by familiarizing the readers with the core theories and controversies surrounding the text. Covering key theoretical approaches and focusing on its style and language, Leaman introduces the Qur'an as an aesthetic object and as an organization. The book discusses the influence of the Qur'an on culture and covers its numerous interpreters from the modernizers and popularizers to the radicals. He presents a close reading of the Qur'an, carefully and clearly presenting a variety of philosophical interpretation verse-by-verse. Explaining what the philosopher is arguing, relating the argument to a particular verse, and providing the reader with the means to be part of the discussion, this section includes: - Translated extracts from the text - A range of national backgrounds and different cultural and historic contexts spanning the classical and modern period, the Middle East, Europe and North America - Philosophical interpretations ranging from the most Islamophobe to the extreme apologist - A variety of schools of thought and philosophers such as Peripatetic, Illuminationist, and Sufi. Written with clarity and authority and showing the distinct ways a variety of thinkers have sought to understand the text, The Qur'an: A Philosophical Guide introduces readers to the value of interpreting the Qur'an philosophically.

Sufi Commentaries on the Qur an in Classical Islam

... but Ibn Taymiyya declares this merely confusion, the result of the logical absurdities of the mystic's thinking.32 In the Mishkat al-anwar, al-Ghazali anticipates this criticism, expressing his concern that what he has said will be ...

Author: Kristin Sands

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134211449

Category: Religion

Page: 8

View: 874


Meeting the ever increasing interest in Islam and Sufism, this book is the first comprehensive study of Sufi Qur’anic commentaries and includes translations of many writings previously unavailable in English. It examines the shared hermeneutical assumptions of Sufi writers and the diversity in style of Sufi commentaries. Some of the assumptions analyzed are: * the Qur’an is a multi-layered and ambiguous text open to endless interpretation * the knowledge of deeper meanings of the Qur’an is attainable by means other than transmitted interpretations and rational thought * the self is dynamic, moving through states and stations which result in different interpretations at different times. The styles of Sufi commentaries are explored, which range from philosophical musings to popular preaching to literary narrative and poetry. Other commentaries from the classical period are also investigated to provide context in understanding Sufi approaches and exegetical styles.

Skepticism in Classical Islam

1427; and Frank Griffel, “Al-Ghazali's Cosmology in the Veil Section of his Mishkat al-Anwar,” in Y. Tzvi Langermann, ed., Avicenna and his Legacy: A Golden Age of Science and Philosophy (Turnhout, Belgium: Brepols 2009), pp. 27459.

Author: Paul L. Heck

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134591176

Category: Religion

Page: 232

View: 739


The first major treatment of skepticism in Islam, this book explores the critical role of skeptical thinking in the development of theology in Islam. It examines the way key thinkers in classical Islam faced perplexing questions about the nature of God and his relation to the world, all the while walking a fine line between belief in God’s message as revealed in the Qur’an, and the power of the mind to discover truths on its own. Skepticism in Classical Islam reveals how doubt was actually an integral part of scholarly life at this time. Skepticism is by no means synonymous with atheism. It is, rather, the admission that one cannot convincingly demonstrate a truth claim with certainty, and Islam’s scholars, like their counterparts elsewhere, acknowledged such impasses, only to be inspired to find new ways to resolve the conundrums they faced. Whilst their conundrums were unique, their admission of the limits of knowledge shares much with other scholarly traditions. Seeking to put Islam on the map of the broader study of the history of scepticism, this book will be of interest to scholars and students of Religion, History and Philosophy.