The Fish Lands

German trade with Iceland, Shetland and the Faroe Islands in the late 15th and 16th Century Bart Holterman ... the 1560s, see Wolf R. Baumann, The Merchants Adventurers and the Continental Cloth-Trade (1560s1620s) (Berlin and Boston, ...

Author: Bart Holterman

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110651829

Category: History

Page: 655

View: 972


The late medieval German trade with the North Atlantic islands, in the margins of the Hanseatic trade network, has received only limited scholarly attention. Merchants from predominantly Hamburg and Bremen established direct trade relations with these islands in the late 15th century, and managed to control the international trade with Iceland, the Faroes and Shetland for much of the 16th century. However, the Hanseatic commercial infrastructure was absent in the North Atlantic, which forced these merchants to develop new trade strategies. Besides a critical re-evaluation of the economic and political conditions, this volume offers a comprehensive study of the organisation of the trade and the methods used to establish and maintain networks between islanders and German merchants. Moreover, it analyses the role and socio-economic position of the communities of merchants with the North Atlantic in their home towns. The book shows that the North Atlantic trade was anything but insignificant. It was a dynamic and integral part of the trade network of the northern German cities, and its study is highly relevant for the economic history of Northern Europe.

The Rise of Commercial Empires

It is true that the Adventurers ' case failed to generate a comparable pamphleteering war , but their activities gave rise ... The Merchants Adventurers and the Continental Cloth Trade , 1560s - 1620s , Berlin , 1990 , and E. K. Newman ...

Author: David Ormrod

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521819261

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 400

View: 325


A work of major importance for the economic history of both Europe and North America.

The Forgotten Majority

German Merchants in London, Naturalization, and Global Trade 1660-1815 Margrit Schulte Beerbühl. 174. 175. 176. ... See Wolf-Rüdiger Baumann, Merchant Adventurers and the Continental Cloth-Trade (1560s1620s), Berlin, 1990, esp. 191ff.

Author: Margrit Schulte Beerbühl

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 9781782384489

Category: History

Page: 326

View: 911


The “forgotten majority” of German merchants in London between the end of the Hanseatic League and the end of the Napoleonic Wars became the largest mercantile Christian immigrant group in the eighteenth century. Using previously neglected and little used evidence, this book assesses the causes of their migration, the establishment of their businesses in the capital, and the global reach of the enterprises. As the acquisition of British nationality was the admission ticket to Britain’s commercial empire, it investigates the commercial function of British naturalization policy in the early modern period, while also considering the risks of failure and chance for a new beginning in a foreign environment. As more German merchants integrated into British commercial society, they contributed to London becoming the leading place of exchange between the European continent, Russia, and the New World.

Fellowship and Freedom

The Merchant Adventurers and the Restructuring of English Commerce, 1582-1700 Thomas Leng ... Baumann, W.-R., The Merchants Adventurers and the Continental Cloth-Trade (1560s1620s) (Berlin, 1990). Beerbühl, Margrit Shulte ...

Author: Thomas Leng

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198794479

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 368

View: 195


This is the first modern study of the Fellowship of Merchant Adventurers - England's most important trading company of the sixteenth century - in its final century of existence as a privileged organisation. Over this period, the Company's main trade, the export of cloth to northwest Europe, was overshadowed by rising traffic with the wider world, whilst its privileges were continually criticised in an era of political revolution. But the Company and its membership were not passive victims of these changes; rather, they were active participants in the commercial and political dramas of the century. Using thousands of neglected private merchant papers, Fellowship and Freedom views the Company from the perspective of its members, in the process bringing to life the complex social worlds of early modern merchants. For members, 'freedom' meant not just the right to access a privileged market, but also to trade independently, which could conflict with the 'fellowship' of corporate affiliation, and the responsibilities to the collective that it entailed. The study's major theme is the challenge of maintaining corporate unity in the face of this and other pressures that the Company faced. It restores the centrality of the Merchant Adventurers within three important historical narratives: England's transition from the margins to the centre of the European, and later global, economy; the rise and fall of the merchant corporation as a major form of commercial government in premodern Europe; and the political history of the corporation in an era of state formation and revolution.

Across the German Sea

32 publications on the activity of the company of Merchant adventurers in northwest germany include Wolf-rüdiger baumann, The Merchant Adventurers and the Continental Cloth-trade (1560s1620s) (berlin/new York 1990); richard ehrenberg, ...

Author: Kathrin Zickermann

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004249585

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 726


In Across the German Sea: Early Modern Scottish Connections with the Wider Elbe-Weser Region Zickermann analyses the commercial, maritime and military relations between Scotland and cities located alongside the lower parts of the rivers Elbe and Weser.

The English Woollen Industry c 1200 c 1560

Baumann, The Merchant Adventurers and the continental cloth-trade (1560s1620s) (Berlin and New York, 1990), 38–9. Oldland, 'Clothmaking', 167–8. H. Van der Wee, The growth of the Antwerp market and the European economy ...

Author: John Oldland

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429602818

Category: History

Page: 358

View: 683


This is the first book to describe the early English woollens’ industry and its dominance of the trade in quality cloth across Europe by the mid-sixteenth century, as English trade was transformed from dependence on wool to value-added woollen cloth. It compares English and continental draperies, weighs the advantages of urban and rural production, and examines both quality and coarse cloths. Rural clothiers who made broadcloth to a consistent high quality at relatively low cost, Merchant Adventurers who enjoyed a trade monopoly with the Low Countries, and Antwerp’s artisans who finished cloth to customers’ needs all eventually combined to make English woollens unbeatable on the continent.

Migrating Words Migrating Merchants Migrating Law

8 Cf. Wolf-Rüdiger Baumann, The Merchants Adventurers and the Continental Cloth Trade (1560s1620s) (Berlin: De Gruyter, 1990). 9 Lambert F. Peters, Der Handel Nürnbergs am Anfang des Dreißigjährigen Krieges.


Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004416642

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 371


Migrating Words, Migrating Merchants, Migrating Law, edited by S. Gialdroni, A. Cordes, S. Dauchy, D. De ruysscher and H. Pihlajamäki, offers a transdisciplinary account of the connections between merchants’ journeys, the languages they used and the development of commercial law.

Faith and Fraternity

194 Playing at dice, a past time so favoured by merchants, was deemed devilish. It was thought that such games led to poverty, strife, ... 197 Wolf-Rudiger Baumann, The Merchant Adventurers and the Continental Cloth Trade 1560s1620s ...

Author: Laura Branch

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004330702

Category: History

Page: 388

View: 592


In Faith and Fraternity Laura Branch provides the first sustained comparative analysis of London’s livery companies during the Reformation, and demonstrates how they retained a vibrant religious culture despite their confessionally mixed membership.