The Manila Acapulco Galleons The Treasure Ships of the Pacific

This informative book is the first of its kind to cover such an expansive history of the Pacific galleons which up to this point had remained largely untold.

Author: Shirley Fish

Publisher: AuthorHouse

ISBN: 9781456775438

Category: History

Page: 552

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During the sixteenth to the nineteenth centuries, the transpacific treasure galleons sailed annually from Manila to Acapulco. In Manila, the vessel was loaded with the scented spices of the East, luxurious silks from China, exquisite hand crafted lacquerware from Japan and a multitude of Oriental goods that the Spaniards of New Spain longed to own. The returning galleon from Acapulco to Manila, carried as much as 2.5 million silver pesos in payment of the goods sent to the New Spain in the previous year, as well as a yearly silver subsidy of 250,000 reales for the maintenance of the colonial government in the Philippines. But while the galleons mainly sailed alone and unaccompanied from Manila to Acapulco and vice versa, they were vulnerable to a host of calamities and misfortunes. A fire on board the vessel or a terrifying storm could end the voyage and the lives of every one on the ship even before the galleon was able to reach land. Additionally, the commanders of the galleons were always threatened by lurking pirates and privateers who preyed on the vessels and coveted the treasures they carried. The book describes in detail how the galleons were attacked at sea and how they fought against enemy vessels, as well as how many of the ships sank or were shipwrecked over the years. It also covers their management, construction, manning, weaponry, navigation, daily life on the ship, provisions, cargoes and voyages. The book contains an annotated list of the galleons sailing between the Philippines and Mexico from 1565 to 1815. This informative book is the first of its kind to cover such an expansive history of the Pacific galleons which up to this point had remained largely untold.

The Age of Trade

This groundbreaking book presents the first full history of the Manila galleons, which marked the true beginning of a global economy.

Author: Arturo Giraldez

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9781442243521

Category: History

Page: 270

View: 356

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This groundbreaking book presents the first full history of the Manila galleons, which marked the true beginning of a global economy. Arturo Giraldez, the world’s leading scholar of the galleons, traces the rise of the maritime route, which began with the founding of the city of Manila in 1571 and ended in 1815 when the last galleon left the port of Acapulco in New Spain (Mexico) for the Philippines, establishing a permanent connection between the Spanish empire in America with Asian countries, most importantly China, the main supplier of commodities during that era. Throughout the two-and-a-half-century history of the Manila galleons, the strategic commodity fuelling global networks was always silver. Giraldez shows how this most important of precious metals shaped world history, with influences that stretch to the present.

The Manila Galleon

Manila Galleon was the most important yearly event in Manila. Great celebrations took place upon the vessels safe return carrying its treasure of silver coin. Spain and the church financed the ships. Built from exotic hardwoods, ...

Author: Bernard W. Rees

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 1462825230

Category: Fiction

Page:

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Portuguese Merchants in the Manila Galleon System

1 The island of Guam (named Ladrones) had been claimed by Castile since 1565, and used as a stopover of the Manila Galleon, but was occupied only in the seventeenth century. See José Eugenio Borao, “The Arrival of the Spanish Galleons ...

Author: Cuauhtémoc Villamar

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000293494

Category: History

Page: 208

View: 762

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Villamar examines the role of Portuguese merchants in the formation of the Manila Galleon as a system of trade founded at the end of the sixteenth century. The rise of Manila as a crucial transshipment port was not a spontaneous incident. Instead, it came about through a complex combination of circumstances and interconnections that nurtured the establishment of the Manila Galleon system, a trading mechanism that lasted two and half centuries from 1565 until 1815. Villamar analyses the establishment of the regulatory framework of the trade across the Pacific Ocean as a whole setting that provided legality to the transactions, predictability to the transportation and security to the stakeholders. He looks both at the Spanish crown strategy in Asia, and the emergence of a network of Portuguese merchants located in Manila and active in the long-distance trade. This informal community of merchants participated from the inception of the trading system across the Pacific, with connections between Europe, ports in Asia under the control of Portugal, the Spanish colonies in America, and the city of Manila. From its inception, the newly-founded capital of the Philippines became a hub of connections, attracting part of the trade that already existed in Asia. Surveying the Portuguese commercial networks from the ‘Estado da Índia’ across the ‘Spanish lake,’ this book sheds light on the early modern globalization from a truly comprehensive Iberian perspective. This is a valuable resource for scholars of Pacific and Iberian trade history and the maritime history of Asia.

The Atlantic World and the Manila Galleons

In The Atlantic World and the Manila Galleons, José L. Gasch-Tomás offers an account of the trade of Asian goods between colonial Spanish America and East Asia, and the distribution and consumption of those goods in the Spanish Empire, ...

Author: José Luis Gasch-Tomás

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004383616

Category: History

Page: 276

View: 293

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In The Atlantic World and the Manila Galleons, José L. Gasch-Tomás offers an account of the trade of Asian goods between colonial Spanish America and East Asia, and the distribution and consumption of those goods in the Spanish Empire, during the late sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.

Archaeology of Manila Galleon Seaports and Early Maritime Globalization

11.3 The Demise of the Manila Galleon Trade By 1813, uprisings in Acapulco caused Spain to lose control of Mexico, which affected the movement of the Manila galleons. Alternate routes and private ships were used to transport mail and ...

Author: Chunming Wu

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9789813292482

Category: Social Science

Page: 268

View: 241

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This book focuses on the archaeological and historical research on the seaport heritage of galleon navigation in Asia-Pacific region. It reconstructs the Manila Galleons’ era of early maritime globalization, established and operated by Spanish navigators from the 16th to 19th centuries. The galleons sailed across the Pacific via the hub seaports and trade centers of Manila in the Philippines and Acapulco in Mexico, forming a prosperous sea route connecting eastern Asia and New Spain on the American continent for more than 250 years. This pioneering navigation of the pan-Pacific regions promoted early global maritime trade along the new Maritime Silk Road between the East and the West. Written by archaeologists and cultural historians from America, Mexico, Japan, the Philippines, Mainland China, Hong Kong and Taiwan, it presents the latest investigations and research on the galleon-affiliated seaports, including Acapulco and San Blas in Mexico, Guam, Manila in Philippines, Yuegang (Crescent Harbor), Xiamen (Amoy), Keelung and Macao in China, Nagasaki in Japan. This joint research sheds new light on the history of navigation and maritime trade between galleon-affiliated harbors; the origin, production, transport and trade of the galleon cargo; social cultural exchange along the new Maritime Silk Road in the pan-Pacific region; and the history of maritime globalization in last 500 years. It offers a new perspective on maritime archaeology and traces the different stages of the galleon trade and affiliated maritime history, including "Yuegang Outbound", "Manila Entrepotting" and "Bound for Acapulco", presenting a panoramagram of Spanish pan-Pacific trade and early maritime globalization.

The Archaeology of Manila Galleons in the American Continent

What could possibly go wrong... small craft in search of a Manila galleon. Paper presented at the society for historical archaeology annual conference on historical and underwater archaeology, Fort Worth, Texas.

Author: Scott S. Williams

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030715243

Category: Social Science

Page: 100

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This is the first book devoted to the topic of Manila galleon shipwrecks in North America; previous research on Manila galleons either has focused on the economics of the Manila galleon trade or has been limited to reports of the galleon wreck sites in the western Pacific salvaged for their cargoes. All three North American shipwrecks are protected under the historic preservation laws of the United States or Mexico, and each shipwreck site has been investigated by professional archaeologists seeking to answer research questions posed in peer-reviewed research designs. The majority of Manila galleon wrecks are found in the western Pacific and were salvaged by treasure hunters rather than recovered by archaeologists. The three North American shipwrecks represent the most protected Manila galleon archaeological sites, so their potential for future archaeological research is higher than for many of the extant shipwrecks of the western Pacific.

Manila Men in the New World

This book attempts to answer the question often asked: What happened to those Filipinos who started the diaspora? The answers are important because they fill a gap in the long history of this adventurous race."--BOOK JACKET.

Author: Floro L. Mercene

Publisher: UP Press

ISBN: 9715425291

Category: History

Page: 161

View: 872

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"The Filipino diaspora is at least 400 years old. Since the sixteenth century, Filipinos have been going to foreign lands to find their place in the sun. In the beginning they were known as the Manila Men. It was only in the nineteenth century that they assumed their present identity as Filipinos." "For two-and-a-half centuries, Filipinos by the hundreds traveled yearly to Mexico and the Americas, with many electing to stay and find a new life. The chief means for migration was the Manila galleon, also known as nao de China, that sailed between the Philippines and Mexico to carry on a lively trade in Asian goods in exchange for silver from the Americas and the trappings of civilization from the West." "The end of the galleon trade in 1815 did not stop the exodus of Filipinos to foreign lands as they began to discover the lure of other exotic ports in Asia and Europe. This book attempts to answer the question often asked: What happened to those Filipinos who started the diaspora? The answers are important because they fill a gap in the long history of this adventurous race."--BOOK JACKET.

The Manila Galleon

The Manila galleon was the annual treasure ship sailing between Acapulco and Manila for 250 years. THE MANILA GALLEON is dovetailing adventures: one set in 1704, the other today.

Author: Jason Schoonover

Publisher: Lulu.com

ISBN: 1411675886

Category: Fiction

Page: 300

View: 328

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The Manila galleon was the annual treasure ship sailing between Acapulco and Manila for 250 years. THE MANILA GALLEON is dovetailing adventures: one set in 1704, the other today. Protagonists in each--one a privateer from the frontier town of New York, the other an adventurer from modern Manhattan--try to claim the prize. Each tries to understand the purpose of a mysterious statue aboard. In the past, it is possessed by a Jesuit with earth-shaking ambitions. The stakes are equally high on the modern side--a fortune in treasure. If al-Queda linked Asian terrorists seize it, the Religious World War will explode to unimaginable levels. Past and present coverge in a multi-layered climax, restoring a legend to his rightful place in history. A MAJOR WRITER OF THE SOUTHEAST ASIAN SCENE--Bangkok POST. JASON SCHOONOVER IS AMONG A SMALL HANDFUL OF AUTHORS WHO INSPIRED ME TO BECOME A WRITER--Jack DuBrul, bestselling author of PANDORA'S CURSE and DEEP FIRE RISING. Website: jasonschoonover.co