The Long Bitter Trail

... Alabama, Mississippi, and Florida, where Indians still occupied most of the agricultural land. The earliest efforts to formulate a federal Indian policy were The Long, Bitter Trail: 2 The Conflict over Federal Indian Policy.

Author: Anthony Wallace

Publisher: Hill and Wang

ISBN: 1429934271

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 143

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An account of Andrew Jackson's Indian Removal Act of 1830, which relocated Eastern Indians to the Okalahoma Territory over the Trail of Tears, and the Bureau of Indian Affairs which was given control over their lives.

American Indians and the Rhetoric of Removal and Allotment

Wallace, The Long, Bitter Trail, 38. 46. The Northwest Ordinance of 1787 was considered one of the most significant achievements of the early Republic, as it allowed for the opening of land in exchange for goods with Natives.

Author: Jason Edward Black

Publisher: Univ. Press of Mississippi

ISBN: 9781626744851

Category: History

Page: 228

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Jason Edward Black examines the ways the US government’s rhetoric and American Indian responses contributed to the policies of Native-US relations throughout the nineteenth century’s removal and allotment eras. Black shows how these discourses together constructed the perception of the US government and of American Indian communities. Such interactions—though certainly not equal—illustrated the hybrid nature of Native-US rhetoric in the nineteenth century. Both governmental, colonizing discourse and indigenous, decolonizing discourse shaped arguments, constructions of identity, and rhetoric in the colonial relationship. American Indians and the Rhetoric of Removal and Allotment demonstrates how American Indians decolonized dominant rhetoric through impeding removal and allotment policies. By turning around the US government’s narrative and inventing their own tactics, American Indian communities helped restyle their own identities as well as the government’s. During the first third of the twentieth century, American Indians lobbied for the successful passage of the Indian Citizenship Act of 1924 and the Indian New Deal of 1934, changing the relationship once again. In the end, Native communities were granted increased rhetorical power through decolonization, though the US government retained an undeniable colonial influence through its territorial management of Natives. The Indian Citizenship Act and the Indian New Deal—as the conclusion of this book indicates—are emblematic of the prevalence of the duality of US citizenship that fused American Indians to the nation, yet segregated them on reservations. This duality of inclusion and exclusion grew incrementally and persists now, as a lasting effect of nineteenth-century Native-US rhetorical relations.

The Rise and Fall of the American System

A. F. C. Wallace, The Long Bitter Trail: Andrew Jackson and the Indians (New York: Hill and Wang, 1993), p. 4. D. Williams, Georgia Gold Rush: Twenty-Niners, Cherokees and Gold Fever (Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press, ...

Author: Songho Ha

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317313755

Category: History

Page: 208

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The American System was implemented by the US government after the American-British War of 1812 to develop a national domestic market. This study explores the rise and fall of the system between its inception in 1790 and the Panic of 1837.

The Colfax Massacre

Marks, In a Barren Land, 91–96; Anthony F. C. Wallace, The Long Bitter Trail: Andrew Jackson and the Indians (New York: Hill and Wang, 1993), 80–86, 94; Francis Paul Prucha, The Great Father: The United States Government and the ...

Author: LeeAnna Keith

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195393088

Category: History

Page: 219

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Drawing on a large body of documents, including eyewitness accounts and evidence from the site itself, Keith explores the racial tensions that led to the Colfax massacre - during which surrendering blacks were mercilessly slaughtered - and the reverberations this message of terror sent throughout the South.

Jesus and Pocahontas

... History of the Indians, 89; Wallace, Long, Bitter Trail, 26–27, 32. 6 see dippie, Vanishing American. 7. Warrior, “canaanites, cowboys, and 187 the Long, Bitter trail.

Author: Howard A Snyder

Publisher: ISD LLC

ISBN: 9780718844455

Category: Religion

Page: 284

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Most Americans know the story of Pocahontas, but not the fact that she was a Christian, and the reasons for her dramatic conversion. Pocahontas had a history-altering encounter with Jesus Christ. A key figure was Alexander Whitaker, pioneer Anglicanmissionary in Virginia, who taught Pocahontas the Christian faith - but is almost totally unknown today. This story of Pocahontas has never fully been told. Or it has been ridiculed. Yet it is true, as this book now documents. In these pages the real Pocahontas comes alive as a flesh-and-blood person with her own thoughts and decisions. This book shows the beauty, the romance, and the tragedy of Pocahontas's short life. It also traces the way the Pocahontas story has been used and misused over the past 400 years, opening the door to the larger issue of the suppression of native peoples in US history. The real story of Pocahontas presents a timely case study both in the history of missions and the history of America - an investigation of the interplay between gospel, culture, and national mythology.

Cases Materials and Problems in Property 2010

WILLIAM G. McLoUGHLIN, AFTER THE TRAIL OF TEARs: THE CHEROKEES STRUGGLE FOR SovEREIGNTY, 1839-1880 (1993); ANTHONY F.C. WALLACE, THE LoNG, BITTER TRAIL: ANDREW JACKSON AND THE INDIANS (1993); ALVIN M. J05EPHY, JR., THE INDIAN HERITAGE ...

Author: Richard H. Chused

Publisher: LexisNexis

ISBN: 9781579118990

Category: Law

Page: 1572

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This casebook raises interesting and challenging problems concerning the development of property law. Property concepts are introduced through cutting edge issues, such as intellectual property, rights of publicity, and ownership rights in the human body. Historical dimensions are presented through discussions of laws which formerly excluded certain individuals from most forms of ownership and property control, such as Native Americans, African Americans, and women. The text covers traditional topics: estates in land, landlord and tenant laws, transfers of property, private land use controls, and constitutional limitations on public land use controls. Most chapters are preceded by a concise summary of legal doctrines or common themes covered in the chapter. Explanatory Notes provide extensive explanations of cases and rules; they clarify complicated opinions with background information regarding the circumstances giving rise to the proceedings. Problems and Problem Notes take students beyond the realm of settled rules to generate analysis of the purpose behind the rules. This book also points students to relevant secondary sources for a broader understanding of property law. This eBook features links to Lexis Advance for further legal research options.

What Hath God Wrought

Conditions in the unsanitary detention camps and the harsh weather along the notorious “Trail of Tears” westward in the fall and winter of 1838–39 led to a tragically high death rate; the usual estimate is that four thousand people died ...

Author: Daniel Walker Howe

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199743797

Category: History

Page: 928

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The Oxford History of the United States is by far the most respected multi-volume history of our nation. In this Pulitzer prize-winning, critically acclaimed addition to the series, historian Daniel Walker Howe illuminates the period from the battle of New Orleans to the end of the Mexican-American War, an era when the United States expanded to the Pacific and won control over the richest part of the North American continent. A panoramic narrative, What Hath God Wrought portrays revolutionary improvements in transportation and communications that accelerated the extension of the American empire. Railroads, canals, newspapers, and the telegraph dramatically lowered travel times and spurred the spread of information. These innovations prompted the emergence of mass political parties and stimulated America's economic development from an overwhelmingly rural country to a diversified economy in which commerce and industry took their place alongside agriculture. In his story, the author weaves together political and military events with social, economic, and cultural history. Howe examines the rise of Andrew Jackson and his Democratic party, but contends that John Quincy Adams and other Whigs--advocates of public education and economic integration, defenders of the rights of Indians, women, and African-Americans--were the true prophets of America's future. In addition, Howe reveals the power of religion to shape many aspects of American life during this period, including slavery and antislavery, women's rights and other reform movements, politics, education, and literature. Howe's story of American expansion culminates in the bitterly controversial but brilliantly executed war waged against Mexico to gain California and Texas for the United States. Winner of the New-York Historical Society American History Book Prize Finalist, 2007 National Book Critics Circle Award for Nonfiction The Oxford History of the United States The Oxford History of the United States is the most respected multi-volume history of our nation. The series includes three Pulitzer Prize winners, a New York Times bestseller, and winners of the Bancroft and Parkman Prizes. The Atlantic Monthly has praised it as "the most distinguished series in American historical scholarship," a series that "synthesizes a generation's worth of historical inquiry and knowledge into one literally state-of-the-art book." Conceived under the general editorship of C. Vann Woodward and Richard Hofstadter, and now under the editorship of David M. Kennedy, this renowned series blends social, political, economic, cultural, diplomatic, and military history into coherent and vividly written narrative.

Almost All Aliens

Perdue and Mi ael D. Green, eds., The Cherokee Removal (Boston: Bedford/St. Martin's, 1995); Anthony F. C. Wallace, The Long, Bitter Trail: Andrew Jackson and the Indians (New York: Hill and Wang, 1993); Mary Sto well, The Other Trail ...

Author: Paul Spickard

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781317702061

Category: History

Page: 944

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Almost All Aliens offers a unique reinterpretation of immigration in the history of the United States. Setting aside the European migrant-centered melting-pot model of immigrant assimilation, Paul Spickard, Francisco Beltrán, and Laura Hooton put forward a fresh and provocative reconceptualization that embraces the multicultural, racialized, and colonially inflected reality of immigration that has always existed in the United States. Their astute study illustrates the complex relationship between ethnic identity and race, slavery, and colonial expansion. Examining the lives of those who crossed the Atlantic, as well as those who crossed the Pacific, the Caribbean, and the North American Borderlands, Almost All Aliens provides a distinct, inclusive, and critical analysis of immigration, race, and identity in the United States from 1600 until the present. The second edition updates Almost All Aliens through the first two decades of the twenty-first century, recounting and analyzing the massive changes in immigration policy, the reception of immigrants, and immigrant experiences that whipsawed back and forth throughout the era. It includes a new final chapter that brings the story up to the present day. This book will appeal to students and researchers alike studying the history of immigration, race, and colonialism in the United States, as well as those interested in American identity, especially in the context of the early twenty-first century.

Farewell My Nation

... Trail of Tears by Daniel Blake Smith (New York, 2011); Andrew Jackson and His Indian Wars by Robert V. Remini (New York, 2002); The Cherokee Nation and the Trail of Tears by Theda Perdue (New York, 2007); and The Long, Bitter Trail: ...

Author: Philip Weeks

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118976807

Category: History

Page: 368

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The fully updated third edition of “Farewell, My Nation” considers the complex and often tragic relationships between American Indians, white Americans, and the U.S. government during the nineteenth century, as the government tried to find ways to deal with social and political questions about how to treat America’s indigenous population. Updated to include new scholarship that has appeared since the publication of the second edition as well as additional primary source material Examines the cultural and material impact of Western expansion on the indigenous peoples of the United States, guiding the reader through the significant changes in Indian-U.S. policy over the course of the nineteenth century Outlines the efficacy and outcomes of the three principal policies toward American Indians undertaken in varying degrees by the U.S. government – Separation, Concentration, and Americanization – and interrogates their repercussions Provides detailed descriptions, chronology and analysis of the Plains Wars supported by supplementary maps and illustrations