The Labour of Leisure

Twelve per cent of household income was spent on leisure and recreation in 2006 compared with 9% in 1971. A further 12% was spent on leisure-recreation related activities (restaurants and hotels), compared with 10% in 1971.

Author: Chris Rojek

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781849204392

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 216

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Leisure has always been associated with freedom, choice and flexibility. The week-end and vacations were celebrated as 'time off'. In his compelling new book, Chris Rojek turns this shibboleth on its head to demonstrate how leisure has become a form of labour. Modern men and women are required to be competent, relevant and credible, not only in the work place but with their mates, children, parents and communities. The requisite empathy for others, socially acceptable values and correct forms of self-presentation demand work. Much of this work is concentrated in non-work activity, compromising traditional connections between leisure and freedom. Ranging widely from an analysis of the inflated aspirations of the leisure society thesis to the culture of deception that permeates leisure choice, Rojek shows how leisure is inextricably linked to emotional labour and intelligence. It is now a school for life. In challenging the orthodox understandings of freedom and free time, The Labour of Leisure sets out an indispensable new approach to the meaning of leisure. Chris Rojek is Professor of Sociology and Culture at Brunel University. In 2003 he was awarded the Allen V. Sapora Award for outstanding achievement in the field of leisure studies.

Digital Leisure the Internet and Popular Culture

This paper explores the relationship between labour and leisure, and the ways in which the Net is allowing new forms of cultural production that challenge the monopoly on commodities owned by the media and cultural industries.

Author: Karl Spracklen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137405883

Category: Social Science

Page: 228

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Spracklen explores the impact of the internet on leisure and leisure studies, examining the ways in which digital leisure spaces and activities have become part of everyday leisure. Covering a range of issues from social media and file-sharing to romance on the Internet, this book presents new theoretical directions for digital leisure.

The Serious Leisure Perspective

Leisure and learning: An investigation of older adults and self-directed learning. Leisure/Loisir, 29, 203–238. ... Civil labour, leisure and post work society. ... Maintaining the trail: Collective action in a seriousleisure community.

Author: Sam Elkington

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317810407

Category: Social Science

Page: 268

View: 695

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The "Serious Leisure Perspective" (SLP) is a theoretical framework that can help us understand the complexities of modern leisure as both an activity and an experience. Bringing together the study of serious leisure, casual leisure and project-based leisure, it is an essential component of the Leisure Studies curriculum and an invaluable tool for exploring the significance of leisure in contemporary society. This book is the first of offer a comprehensive introduction to the Serious Leisure Perspective, from fundamental principles and key concepts to in-depth and wide-ranging case studies of serious leisure pursuits. The book introduces the history of the SLP and its position alongside other social theories that attempt to explain the nature and function of leisure. It explores important themes such as consumption, gender relations, social capital and quality of life, and delves deeply into the leisure of amateurs, hobbyists, career volunteers and occupational devotees. Every chapter includes a range of useful pedagogical features, such as review questions and group exercises, to help the student to grasp the importance of understanding leisure as a way of understanding contemporary social life and society. Combining cutting-edge theory and method with an engaging and practical interface, this is an essential text for all Leisure Studies courses and illuminating reading for any student working in Tourism, Events, Sport, Recreation, Sociology or Cultural Studies.

Constructing Leisure

Rojek, C. (2002) 'Civil Labour, Leisure and Post Work Society', Society and Leisure, 25, 21–35. Rojek, C. (2005) Leisure Theory: Principles and Practice (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan). Rojek, C. (2010) The Labour of Leisure (London: ...

Author: K. Spracklen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9780230348721

Category: History

Page: 232

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This book looks back at the meaning and purpose of leisure in the past. But this is not a simple social history of leisure. It is not enough to write a history of leisure on its own in fact, it is impossible without engaging in the debate about what counts as leisure (in the present and in the past). Writing a history of leisure, then, entails writing a philosophy of leisure: and any history needs to be a philosophical history as well. That is the purpose of this book. It provides an account of leisure through historical time, how leisure was constructed and understood by historical actors, how communicative reason and free will interacted with instrumentality at different times, how historians have reconstructed past leisure through historiography, and finally, how writers have perceived the meaning and purpose of leisure in alternative histories. Providing a sweeping overview of the field, Karl Spracklen charts how the concept of leisure was understood in Ancient history, through to modern times, and looks at leisure in different societies and cultures including Byzantium and Asian civilizations, as well as looking at leisure and Islam. Spracklen concludes with a chapter on future histories of leisure.

Labor Economics

1 THE NEOCLASSICAL THEORY OF LABOR SUPPLY The theory of labor supply is based on the model of a consumer making a choice between consuming more goods and consuming more leisure . With it , we can elucidate the properties of labor supply ...

Author: Pierre Cahuc

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 026203316X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 896

View: 594

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A comprehensive graduate-level text and professional reference covering all aspects of labor economics.

Theories of the Labour Market and Employment

Juliet B. Schor, The Overworked American: The Unexpected Decline in Leisure, Basic Books; Neville Francis and Valerie A. Ramey, "A Century of Work and Leisure," Meeting Papers 250, Society for Economic Dynamics, 2005; J. T. Haworth and ...

Author: Lewis F Abbott

Publisher: Industrial Systems Research

ISBN: 9780906321683

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 243

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This book reviews theory, research, and methods of analyzing the labour market and employment. Free and flexible labour markets can automatically end both labour surpluses (unemployment) and labour shortages (over-employment). However, in practice various things may impede wage flexibility, freedom of contract, and labour mobility and thus the balancing of supply and demand. Protectionist minimum wage tariff barriers and other obstacles to labour market entry and competition are one major general cause of unemployment. Technological and other business-economic development is a second major general cause while contraction or recession in economies is a third. The book argues that broadly dividing unemployment into obstructional, developmental, and contractional types is more accurate and useful than distinguishing between frictional, structural, and cyclical forms (the conventional economic classification). It also argues that is inadequate to analyze labour markets or explain employment and unemployment in purely economic terms. Even in the most developed, differentiated and autonomous market capitalist economies, external socio-cultural, personality, and physical-organic environmental factors still impinge on labour markets and employment. A general theme of the book is the importance of bringing in empirical data from the real world to support or disprove theories. Contents: 1. THEORIES OF THE LABOUR MARKET & EMPLOYMENT: AN OVERVIEW 2. THE LABOUR MARKET & EMPLOYMENT IN MODERN SOCIETY 3. THE NATURE & CAUSES OF UNEMPLOYMENT 4. THE POLITICAL & LEGAL ENVIRONMENT 5. TRADE UNIONS & WAGE DETERMINATION 6. EDUCATIONAL, FAMILY, & LEISURE INFLUENCES 7. EMPLOYMENT ATTITUDES, MOTIVES, & BEHAVIOUR

The Economics of Gender Equality in the Labour Market

However, the point that should not be forgotten is that with increasing wages, leisure time becomes a more expensive commodity (Case and Fair, 2006). It is especially important how an individual member of the labor market will make a ...

Author: Meltem İnce Yenilmez

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000351460

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 264

View: 654

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This book evaluates the global labour market in the context of gender equality, and the associated policies and regulations, particularly in developing markets, to recommend measures for encouraging gender equality. It exposes the barriers that women employees encounter as well as some of the societal and workplace policies they, specifically, are subject to. Important themes within this topic include participation rates, the looming gap in hourly pay, availability of part-time and full-time positions, value, and social status associated with jobs held by men and women. The book examines how global gender policy objectives, such as gender equality in careers, gender balance in decision-making, and gender dimensions in research, can be incorporated into policy frameworks. The book analyzes the gendered nature of assumptions, processes and theories. The juxtaposition between family and work, tradition and modernity, and dependency and autonomy, clearly still seems to be misunderstood. Therefore, the book asks whether work improves women’s positions in society and/or changes their roles in their families. The authors explore and uncover the connections among employment, entrepreneurship, migration economies, and gender global labour markets and provide helpful solutions to the perceptions surrounding women’s status, risks, and inequality that limit their economic participation. This insightful read provides comprehensive details on a variety of themes and encourages further research on policies that are key to promoting gender equality. The book will appeal to postgraduate students and researchers of labour and feminist economics, the economics of gender, women’s studies and sociology.

Modelling the Efficiency of Family and Hired Labour

For the optimal family labour supply not to involve any market work (i.e. when M = 0), the equilibrium condition ... or “shadow wage rate” of family labour that applies to the subjective equilibrium of the labour-leisure choice faced by ...

Author: Prem Jung Thapa

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351766944

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 238

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This title was first published in 2003.The principal economic units in most developing countries are family based farm households. Empirical models that recognize the dual role of the farm household as producer and consumer in a theoretically consistent manner are essential tools for policy analyses. This book provides an important extension of the conventional farm household model by developing an analytical framework that allows for efficiency differences between family and hired labour as inputs in farm production. The model is estimated with survey data from the southern lowland region of Nepal. The estimation strategy is a two-step process. The first step estimates a farm-level production function in which is embedded a test for heterogeneity between family and hired labour. The labour heterogeneity detected in the production function estimation is incorporated, at the second step, in the labour supply estimation in a theoretically consistent manner. The methodological novelty is to relate the shadow wage rate for family labour to the observed market wage rate for hired labour, adjusted for the differential productivity of family and hired labour detected in the production function estimation.

Labour Law Reforms in India

In the author's words: By assuming that both skilled and unskilled workers are otherwise homogeneous or that their labour-leisure choices are identical, we know that if a wage of w is fixed, the supply of skilled labour is ts(w) and the ...

Author: Anamitra Roychowdhury

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781351058858

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

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Labour market flexibility is one of the most closely debated public policy issues in India. This book provides a theoretical framework to understand the subject, and empirically examines to what extent India’s ‘jobless growth’ may be attributed to labour laws. There is a pervasive view that the country’s low manufacturing base and inability to generate jobs is primarily due to rigid labour laws. Therefore, job creation is sought to be boosted by reforming labour laws. However, the book argues that if labour laws are made flexible, then there are adverse consequences for workers: dismantled job security weakens workers’ bargaining power, incapacitates trade union movement, skews class distribution of output, dilutes workers’ rights, and renders them vulnerable. The book: identifies and critically examines the theory underlying the labour market flexibility (LMF) argument employs innovative empirical methods to test the LMF argument offers an overview of the organised labour market in India comprehensively discusses the proposed/instituted labour law reforms in the country contextualises the LMF argument in a macroeconomic setting discusses the political economy of labour law reforms in India. This book will interest scholars and researchers in economics, development studies, and public policy as well as economists, policymakers, and teachers of human resource management.

Employer Strategy and the Labour Market

This focused primarily on household strategies, the domestic division of labour, leisure activities, sociability, the use of welfare provision, and attitudes to the welfare state. The survey was conducted in each of the localities, ...

Author: Jill Rubery

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780198279273

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 406

View: 215

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They make significant progress on three fronts: first, they suggest that the determinants of employer policy are both complex and strongly related to product market conditions; secondly, they find that employee attitudes and perceptions are critical to the implementation and effectiveness of employer policy; and, thirdly, they explore the interdependency between internal employment policies and external labour market conditions and begin to develop an integrated approach to internal and external labour markets.