Reading the Kyoto Protocol

Reading the Kyoto Protocol explores their qualms and objections to everything from Kyoto's controversial policies on emissions trading to the question of a "post-Kyoto era.

Author: Raoul Weiler

Publisher: Eburon Uitgeverij B.V.

ISBN: 9789059720640

Category: Philosophy

Page: 164

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The Kyoto Protocol became law in February 2005—eight years after its conception as a framework for reducing emissions and a full four years after the United States abandoned it. But while President George W. Bush embarrassed much of the scientific community by challenging the veracity of the greenhouse effect, and thus the impetus for Kyoto, officials elsewhere expressed far different concerns. Reading the Kyoto Protocol explores their qualms and objections to everything from Kyoto's controversial policies on emissions trading to the question of a "post-Kyoto era." Contributors include internationally known philosophers, researchers, and environmentalists.

The Kyoto Protocol

These important features make this book an indispensable working tool for policy makers, negotiators, academics and all those actively involved and interested in climate change issues in both the developed and developing world.

Author: Sebastian Oberthür

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783662039250

Category: Science

Page: 360

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The adoption of the Kyoto Protocol in December 1997 was a major achievement in the endeavour to tackle the problem of global climate change at the dawn of the 21st century. After many years of involvement in the negotiation process, the book's two internationally recognised authors now offer the international community a first hand and inside perspective of the debate on the Kyoto Protocol. The book provides a comprehensive scholarly analysis of the history and content of the Protocol itself as well as of the economic, political and legal implications of its implementation. It also presents a perspective for the further development of the climate regime. These important features make this book an indispensable working tool for policy makers, negotiators, academics and all those actively involved and interested in climate change issues in both the developed and developing world.

Russia and the Kyoto Protocol

The book provides an understanding of the interplay with developments in the energy sector and Russia's economic ambitions and capacity to comply with Kyoto requirements.

Author: Anna Korppoo

Publisher: Chatham House (Formerly Riia)

ISBN: STANFORD:36105114575553

Category: Political Science

Page: 174

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Russia's ratification of the Kyoto Protocol brought the pact into force and established an international market in greenhouse gases. As other participants seek to meet their Kyoto commitments to reduce harmful emissions, Russian climate politics is dominated by the supply of surplus emission allowances and credits that could provide other countries with cheaper compliance. Russia and the Kyoto Protocol assesses the prospects for international emissions trading and joint implementation with Russia in the light of economic, political, and institutional factors. The book provides an understanding of the interplay with developments in the energy sector and Russia's economic ambitions and capacity to comply with Kyoto requirements. Potential future political and administrative developments are also considered. This detailed insight into the dynamics of Russian Kyoto politics and implementation will be of value to policymakers, businesses, and analysts engaging with Russia through the Kyoto mechanisms, and those interested in developments in the international climate regime.

The Kyoto Protocol

A concise and authoritative guide to the evolution, terms and implications of the Kyoto Protocol, this book provides an economic and political account of key policy debates and their outcome.

Author: Michael Grubb

Publisher: Earthscan

ISBN: 1853835811

Category: Political Science

Page: 342

View: 193

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A concise and authoritative guide to the evolution, terms and implications of the Kyoto Protocol, this book provides an economic and political account of key policy debates and their outcome. It also explains the meaning of provisions on emissions trading and other flexibility mechanisms, and provides a quantitative analysis using the emissions trading model devised by the RIIA's Energy and Environmental Programme.

The Kyoto Protocol

Seminar paper from the year 2004 in the subject Environmental Sciences, grade: 1,7, University of Applied Sciences Constanze, course: Environmental Economics, 27 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: The Earth has a ...

Author: Claudia Körber

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 9783640111664

Category:

Page: 72

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Seminar paper from the year 2004 in the subject Environmental Sciences, grade: 1,7, University of Applied Sciences Constanze, course: Environmental Economics, 27 entries in the bibliography, language: English, comment: Mainly based on online resources, abstract: The Earth has a natural temperature control system. The greenhouse gases belong to this system. Following we can see the main greenhouse gases: Water vapor: It is a kind of gaseous water (individual water molecules) in the atmosphere. Carbon dioxide (CO2): This gas gets into the atmosphere when solid waste, fossil fuels (oil, natural gas, and coal), and wood or wood products are burned. Nitrous oxide (N2O): It is emitted during agricultural and industrial activities, as well as during combustion of solid waste and fossil fuels. The global climate consists of the atmosphere/earth/ocean/ice/land system. The result of a change in this system is climate change. One sign for climate change is the rise of the temperature. There are natural forces or human activities which can cause climate change. Following I will describe the human activities which are causing the climate change.

The Kyoto Protocol in the EU

The result of this is that under International Law the European Community and a part of the Member States (EU15) have agreed to jointly fulfil some of those obligations whereas under Community Law all Member States share a certain degree of ...

Author: Leonardo Massai

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9067045713

Category: Law

Page: 431

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The participation of the European Community and the Member States in the international climate change regimes is a complex issue. In the case of the Kyoto Protocol, this is rendered more complicated by the fact that, for the purposes of Article 4 of the Kyoto Protocol, the membership of the European Community and Member States is frozen at a particular point in time. The result of this is that, under international law, the European Community and a part of the Member States (EU15) have agreed to jointly fulfil some of those obligations, whereas under community law all Member States share a certain degree of responsibility to meet the obligations created by the Kyoto Protocol. This book analyses in great detail the Kyoto Protocol and the obligations established, such as monitoring and reporting obligations, eligibility criteria and reduction commitments.

Crucial Issues in Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol

This book provides the most comprehensive insight to the climate change discourse within Asia to date by drawing on the diverse disciplines and experience of legal practitioners, climate change consultants, government officials and ...

Author: Kheng Lian Koh

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789814277525

Category: Science

Page: 576

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Crucial Issues in Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol: Asia and the World focuses on responses to climate change in the world's most populous region. This book provides the most comprehensive insight to the climate change discourse within Asia to date by drawing on the diverse disciplines and experience of legal practitioners, climate change consultants, government officials and academics. Individual chapters address issues such as how the various Asian countries ? highly disparate in their cultures, socio-economic conditions and political systems ? are responding to climate change, the challenges of mitigating and adapting to climate change, and the effective implementation of the Kyoto Protocol in Asia.

The Kyoto Protocol

Concerning this event, the following questions arise: what does the Kyoto Protocol signify? What does it contain and how effective can it really be? The present work looks at these questions.

Author: Irina Hergenröder

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 9783638613743

Category: Nature

Page: 49

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Seminar paper from the year 2007 in the subject Environmental Sciences, grade: 1,7, University of Applied Sciences Constanze, course: Environmental Economics, language: English, abstract: The debate around the climate policy of the earth is absolutely one of most complicated and most important of our time, even if it owns no big public lobby of spectacular events. Some small island states in the South Pacific are worried by the forecast increase of the sea level above their living space. Again others see in the warming of the terrestrial atmosphere only one of the regularly returning climate variations and no reason for concern. Hence, it is even more astonishing that one has succeeded in spite of these opinion differences in bringing this discourse in Kyoto to a result and in negotiating a protocol, which supports the process. The result of the discussion was in 1997 the Kyoto Protocol, which is to be seen till the present as a milestone in international climate policy. For a long time it was uncertain, whether it one day will come into effect - however, it has: The Kyoto Protocol obliged from the 16th February, 2005 after many years tough negotiations, more than 30 industrial states under international law to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions. Concerning this event, the following questions arise: what does the Kyoto Protocol signify? What does it contain and how effective can it really be? The present work looks at these questions. Firstly, the natural and the anthropogenic greenhouse effect and the following predictions should be shown as bases to make clear the necessity of active climate protection policy. Afterwards the Kyoto Protocol is explained in its climate-political connections, contents and instruments and, in the end, benefits and critical points will be shown. In my opinion, criticism is necessary to allow a comprising assessment of the protocol. Finally, it must be emphasized that with the given time a complete representation of such a complicated subject area will not be possible. Therefore, I will explain the most important issues and give a general overview rather than go into details in order to treat the subject as the whole.

Negotiating the Kyoto Protocol

The aim of this book is not only to present an introduction to the historical, legal and political foundations of the Kyoto Protocol, but also to offer a thorough analysis of the negotiation process at the Kyoto Conference.

Author: Heike Schroder

Publisher: Lit Verlag

ISBN: STANFORD:36105029714040

Category: Political Science

Page: 193

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Climate change has become an important policy area, one which has been gaining momentum since the adoption of the Kyoto Protocol in December 1997. The Kyoto Protocol was adopted by 159 nations after a tenacious final marathon of negotiations, during which all unresolved issues were hammered out one by one. The commitments that were finally agreed upon exceeded the original expectations. Despite its shortcomings, the Kyoto Protocol is a constructive compromise worthy of commendation, and is therefore a remarkable diplomatic achievement. The aim of this book is not only to present an introduction to the historical, legal and political foundations of the Kyoto Protocol, but also to offer a thorough analysis of the negotiation process at the Kyoto Conference. It investigates the positions, interests and strategies of three crucial players, the EU, US and Japan, on the issue of climate change and examines how these influenced the outcome of the negotiations. Furthermore, it examines the impact of other factors on the final result. This book thus presents a unique case study of an international negotiation process, negotiation strategies and conference dynamics. It is an indispensable guide for political scientists, policy makers, negotiators and all those interested in negotiation processes and the politics of climate change.

The Kyoto Protocol and Beyond

I had the pleasure of participating at the two conferences which form the basis of this book: as a chairman at the 2007 The Hague Conference 'Tackling Climate Change - An appraisal of the Kyoto Protocol and options for the future' and as a ...

Author: Wybe Th. Douma

Publisher: T.M.C. Asser Press

ISBN: 9067049727

Category: Law

Page: 246

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I had the pleasure of participating at the two conferences which form the basis of this book: as a chairman at the 2007 The Hague Conference 'Tackling Climate Change - An appraisal of the Kyoto Protocol and options for the future' and as a speaker at the 2006 Siena Conference' The Kyoto Protocol and beyond: a legal perspective'. I would like to thank my colleagues Wybe Douma, Leonardo Massai and Massimiliano Montini for those opportunities, and although I was, unfortu nately, unable to contribute a paper to this book due to time constraints, I am glad to be able to say a few words on the issue by means of this foreword. The timing of the two conferences was well chosen: the period between the Siena Conference (June 2006) and The Hague Conference (March 2007) encapsu lated perfectly the period of the drafting, the presentation and the approval of the 'Integrated Energy and Climate Change Package', as presented by the European th Commission on the 10 of January 2007 and as approved by the Spring European th th Council of the 8 and 9 of March 2007. The importance of the Commission's package and the Council's conclusions must be strongly emphasized. They set, at the EU level, legally binding targets regarding the reduction of greenhouse gas of energy, and biofuels.

The Collapse of the Kyoto Protocol and the Struggle to Slow Global Warming

Individuals at all levels of environmental science, economics, public policy, and politics-from students to professionals--and anyone else hoping to participate in the debate over how to slow global warming will want to read this book.

Author: David G. Victor

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400824069

Category: Political Science

Page: 232

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Even as the evidence of global warming mounts, the international response to this serious threat is coming unraveled. The United States has formally withdrawn from the 1997 Kyoto Protocol; other key nations are facing difficulty in meeting their Kyoto commitments; and developing countries face no limit on their emissions of the gases that cause global warming. In this clear and cogent book-reissued in paperback with an afterword that comments on recent events--David Victor explains why the Kyoto Protocol was never likely to become an effective legal instrument. He explores how its collapse offers opportunities to establish a more realistic alternative. Global warming continues to dominate environmental news as legislatures worldwide grapple with the process of ratification of the December 1997 Kyoto Protocol. The collapse of the November 2000 conference at the Hague showed clearly how difficult it will be to bring the Kyoto treaty into force. Yet most politicians, policymakers, and analysts hailed it as a vital first step in slowing greenhouse warming. David Victor was not among them. Kyoto's fatal flaw, Victor argues, is that it can work only if emissions trading works. The Protocol requires industrialized nations to reduce their emissions of greenhouse gases to specific targets. Crucially, the Protocol also provides for so-called "emissions trading," whereby nations could offset the need for rapid cuts in their own emissions by buying emissions credits from other countries. But starting this trading system would require creating emission permits worth two trillion dollars--the largest single invention of assets by voluntary international treaty in world history. Even if it were politically possible to distribute such astronomical sums, the Protocol does not provide for adequate monitoring and enforcement of these new property rights. Nor does it offer an achievable plan for allocating new permits, which would be essential if the system were expanded to include developing countries. The collapse of the Kyoto Protocol--which Victor views as inevitable--will provide the political space to rethink strategy. Better alternatives would focus on policies that control emissions, such as emission taxes. Though economically sensible, however, a pure tax approach is impossible to monitor in practice. Thus, the author proposes a hybrid in which governments set targets for both emission quantities and tax levels. This offers the important advantages of both emission trading and taxes without the debilitating drawbacks of each. Individuals at all levels of environmental science, economics, public policy, and politics-from students to professionals--and anyone else hoping to participate in the debate over how to slow global warming will want to read this book.

The Kyoto Protocol

This book is devoted to the The Kyoto Protocol which is a significant protocol to the international Framework Convention on Climate Change with the objective of reducing greenhouse gases that cause climate change.

Author: Christophe P. Vasser

Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated

ISBN: 1604569832

Category: Science

Page: 282

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This book is devoted to the The Kyoto Protocol which is a significant protocol to the international Framework Convention on Climate Change with the objective of reducing greenhouse gases that cause climate change. It was adopted on 11 December 1997 by the 3rd Conference of the Parties, which was meeting in Kyoto, and it entered into force on 16 February 2005. As of June 2008, 182 parties have ratified the protocol. Of these, 36 developed cg countries (plus the EU as a party in its own right) are required to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to the levels specified for each of them in the treaty (representing over 61.6% of emissions from Annex I countries), with three more countries intending to participate. One hundred thirty-seven (137) developing countries have ratified the protocol, including Brazil, China and India, but have no obligation beyond monitoring and reporting emissions. "The Kyoto Protocol" separates countries into two groups. Annex I includes developed nations, while Non-Annex I refers to developing countries. Emission limitations are only placed on Annex I countries. Non-Annex I nations participate by investing in projects that lower emissions in their own countries. For these projects, they earn carbon credits. These credits can be traded or sold to Annex I countries, which allow them a higher level of maximum carbon emissions for that period.

Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol

This book brings together researchers from the disciplines of law, economics, political science and sociology to analyse the institutions and instruments which have been set up to control climate change.

Author: Michael G. Faure

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1843762455

Category: Political Science

Page: 361

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'It is always a pleasure to announce a good book. Given the Kyoto Protocol, the 15 essays collected in this book discuss how it can be translated into efficient policy. . . the book is well produced, has a thorough index, and should be on the shelf of every environmental regulator and those who teach environmental economics, politics and regulation.' - Jürgen Backhaus, European Journal of Law and Economics the Kyoto Protocol was a milestone event in the process of getting global climate change on to the political agenda and taking the first tentative steps towards internationally co-ordinated action. This book brings together researchers from the disciplines of law, economics, political science and sociology to analyse the instruments which have been set up to manage climate change and the institutional shifts that are required for the reduction of greenhouse gases (GHGs).

Carbon Politics and the Failure of the Kyoto Protocol

More than an updated history of the subject matter, this book provides a detailed study of the carbon targets which became the biggest influencing factor on the reaction of nations to Kyoto’s binding agreements.

Author: Gerald Kutney

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317914655

Category: Political Science

Page: 248

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Carbon Politics and the Failure of Kyoto charts the framework and political evolution of the Kyoto Protocol negotiations and examines the ensuing failure of the international community to adequately address climate change. The focus is not on the science or consequences of climate change but on the political gamesmanship of the major players throughout the UNFCCC negotiation process. More than an updated history of the subject matter, this book provides a detailed study of the carbon targets which became the biggest influencing factor on the reaction of nations to Kyoto’s binding agreements. The book provides an in-depth analysis of the leading nations’ motives, including the US, China and Germany, in entering the negotiations, in particular, their economic interests. Despite the effort to combat climate change in politics that the negotiations represent, the book concludes that an agreement which requires almost 200 very different nations to agree on a single protocol is doomed to failure. The book offers a novel contribution to our understanding of this failure and suggests alternative frameworks and policies to tackle what is arguably the most complex political issue of our time.

Beyond the Kyoto Protocol

In the last century, the world has experienced a drastic change in its climate.

Author: Harkiranpal Singh Karpal Singh

Publisher: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing

ISBN: 3838377869

Category: Climatic changes

Page: 88

View: 154

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In the last century, the world has experienced a drastic change in its climate. In order to prevent this situation from becoming worse, the international community has come up with the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in 1992. As a result of this, the Kyoto Protocol came about in 1998. Currently, the developed nations and the developing nations are in loggerheads over the level of commitment and obligation required and expected of them. Due to this disagreement, most of the developed nations have yet to start fulfilling their obligations in relation to achieving the reduction of the greenhouse gases in their atmosphere. According to the Protocol, the level of commitment and obligation required of a developed nation is far greater compared to than those of the developing nations which are next to nothing. Though, Malaysia being a developing country does not have much obligation, it could do more to help reduce climate change because this problem is a global one and Malaysia has started experiencing the adverse effect of climate change. Malaysia could take those measures which effects will not have an adverse effect on her economy.

National Climate Policies and the Kyoto Protocol

This book provides an overview of recent developments in OECD countries and a framework for policy making in the context of Kyoto targets.

Author: OECD

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9789264174450

Category:

Page: 88

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This book provides an overview of recent developments in OECD countries and a framework for policy making in the context of Kyoto targets.

A Climate Change Plan for the Purposes of the Kyoto Protocol Implementation Act

The Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), which entered into force in 2005, commits signatory countries to individual targets to limit or reduce their greenhouse gas emissions.

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: 0662464966

Category: Climatic changes

Page: 31

View: 905

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The Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), which entered into force in 2005, commits signatory countries to individual targets to limit or reduce their greenhouse gas emissions. Under the terms of the Kyoto Protocol, 38 developed countries, including Canada, made commitments that would cut their total emissions of greenhouse gases on average between 2008 and 2012 to levels 5% below 1990 levels. Canada's target is an average of 6% below 1990 levels over the 2008-2012 period. This document covers Canada's Kyoto Protocol targets and obligations, Canada's greenhouse gas emissions in 2007, actions the Government of Canada is taking to address climate change, and provincial and territorial collaboration on initiatives.--Includes text from document.

What Has the Kyoto Protocol Wrought

This volume investigates the potential performance of the Kyoto Protocol's international trading mechanisms in the presence of diverse types of domestic greenhouse policy instruments.

Author: Robert William Hahn

Publisher: American Enterprise Institute

ISBN: 084477135X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 39

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This volume investigates the potential performance of the Kyoto Protocol's international trading mechanisms in the presence of diverse types of domestic greenhouse policy instruments.

Building on the Kyoto Protocol

According to the contributors of this volume, a wide range of options in addition to the Kyoto Protocol need to be considered to promote long-term climate protection and bridge the growing divide among nations over how to take action.

Author: Kevin A. Baumert

Publisher: World Resources Inst

ISBN: UOM:39015056656187

Category: Political Science

Page: 252

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According to the contributors of this volume, a wide range of options in addition to the Kyoto Protocol need to be considered to promote long-term climate protection and bridge the growing divide among nations over how to take action. This compilation explores some of the best alternatives, with special attention to options that promote participation by both industrialized and developing countries.