The Diffusion of Medical Innovations

We have mentioned the limitations of exclusive reliance on classical theories of innovation diffusion that focus on the individual as both the target of the innovation and the controlling force in the adoption decision. In the medical ...

Author: Mary L. Fennell

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781468454369

Category: Medical

Page: 300

View: 888

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This book has several objectives. Most basically it presents an approach to assessing interorganizational innovation diffusion. To do this we have tried to link contempo rary organizational theory with more person-centered diffusion theory. We have also combined contingency theory with the resource dependence perspective to explain why organizations might choose to initially consider an innovation, re define it to suit their particular environmental context, and then implement it. Another objective has been to examine how environmental constraints can limit the ways in which diffusion channels form, and can determine when diffusion can be truly organizational and when it will depend upon individuals. In doing so, we have tried to indicate how organizational structures emerge to manage re sources in ways that are consistent with those environmental constraints. We have borrowed the notion of boundary management from resource dependence, and we have used it to examine how organizations use various boundary management strategies to preserve their autonomy in exchange relationships with other organi zations. We have done this both at the network level and at the level of individual organizations.

The Diffusion of Medical Innovations

This book has several objectives.

Author: Mary L. Fennell

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1468454382

Category: Medical

Page: 300

View: 607

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This book has several objectives. Most basically it presents an approach to assessing interorganizational innovation diffusion. To do this we have tried to link contempo rary organizational theory with more person-centered diffusion theory. We have also combined contingency theory with the resource dependence perspective to explain why organizations might choose to initially consider an innovation, re define it to suit their particular environmental context, and then implement it. Another objective has been to examine how environmental constraints can limit the ways in which diffusion channels form, and can determine when diffusion can be truly organizational and when it will depend upon individuals. In doing so, we have tried to indicate how organizational structures emerge to manage re sources in ways that are consistent with those environmental constraints. We have borrowed the notion of boundary management from resource dependence, and we have used it to examine how organizations use various boundary management strategies to preserve their autonomy in exchange relationships with other organi zations. We have done this both at the network level and at the level of individual organizations.

Social Structure and the Diffusion of Medical Innovations in the United States Great Britain Sweden and France

... centralization of the health delivery system , the level of professionalization of the health delivery system , and the level of development of the society's communication system ) -- and ( 2 ) the diffusion of medical innovations ...

Author: Joseph Rogers Hollingsworth

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015041368328

Category: Diffusion of innovations

Page: 41

View: 942

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Medical Innovation in the Changing Healthcare Marketplace

Conference Summary National Research Council, Institute of Medicine, Board on Health Care Services, ... policy levers that could foster the rapid diffusion of high-value medical innovation and limit the use of low-value technologies.

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309084161

Category: Medical

Page: 92

View: 437

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A wave of new health care innovation and growing demand for health care, coupled with uncertain productivity improvements, could severely challenge efforts to control future health care costs. A committee of the National Research Council and the Institute of Medicine organized a conference to examine key health care trends and their impact on medical innovation. The conference addressed the following question: In an environment of renewed concern about rising health care costs, where can public policy stimulate or remove disincentives to the development, adoption and diffusion of high-value innovation in diagnostics, therapeutics, and devices?

Technology in Hospitals

This book, part of Brookings' Studies in Social Economics series, examines medical innovations and technology developments in American hospitals.

Author: Louise Russell

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 0815720939

Category: Medical

Page: 204

View: 401

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This book, part of Brookings' Studies in Social Economics series, examines medical innovations and technology developments in American hospitals.

Diffusion of Innovations in Health Service Organisations

The results of the review are discussed in detail in separate chapters covering particular innovations and the relevant contexts. The book is intended as a resource for health care researchers and academics.

Author: Sir Trisha Greenhalgh

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470987278

Category: Medical

Page: 328

View: 216

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This is a systematic review on how innovations in health service practice and organisation can be disseminated and implemented. This is an academic text, originally commissioned by the Department of Health from University College London and University of Surrey, using a variety of research methods. The results of the review are discussed in detail in separate chapters covering particular innovations and the relevant contexts. The book is intended as a resource for health care researchers and academics.

Diffusion of Innovations 4th Edition

The school superintendent study reminds one of the investigation of the diffusion of a new drug among medical doctors, carried out in the public health tradition, and discussed in the following section. This case illustration is based ...

Author: Everett M. Rogers

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 9781451602470

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 518

View: 274

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Since the first edition of this landmark book was published in 1962, Everett Rogers's name has become "virtually synonymous with the study of diffusion of innovations," according to Choice. The second and third editions of Diffusion of Innovations became the standard textbook and reference on diffusion studies. Now, in the fourth edition, Rogers presents the culmination of more than thirty years of research that will set a new standard for analysis and inquiry. The fourth edition is (1) a revision of the theoretical framework and the research evidence supporting this model of diffusion, and (2) a new intellectual venture, in that new concepts and new theoretical viewpoints are introduced. This edition differs from its predecessors in that it takes a much more critical stance in its review and synthesis of 5,000 diffusion publications. During the past thirty years or so, diffusion research has grown to be widely recognized, applied and admired, but it has also been subjected to both constructive and destructive criticism. This criticism is due in large part to the stereotyped and limited ways in which many diffusion scholars have defined the scope and method of their field of study. Rogers analyzes the limitations of previous diffusion studies, showing, for example, that the convergence model, by which participants create and share information to reach a mutual understanding, more accurately describes diffusion in most cases than the linear model. Rogers provides an entirely new set of case examples, from the Balinese Water Temple to Nintendo videogames, that beautifully illustrate his expansive research, as well as a completely revised bibliography covering all relevant diffusion scholarship in the past decade. Most important, he discusses recent research and current topics, including social marketing, forecasting the rate of adoption, technology transfer, and more. This all-inclusive work will be essential reading for scholars and students in the fields of communications, marketing, geography, economic development, political science, sociology, and other related fields for generations to come.

Innovations in Health and Medicine

This volume brings together cutting edge research by historians from Britain, Germany, France, the US, Japan and New Zealand.

Author: Jenny Stanton

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134543656

Category: History

Page: 295

View: 268

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This volume brings together cutting edge research by historians from Britain, Germany, France, the US, Japan and New Zealand. Innovative in its approach to innovation, it focuses on diffusion and resistance, and organization as well as technology. The collection features issues such as control and compliance, professional power and economic constraint, cultural divides, 'configured users' and ingenuity. The introductory essay relates the collection to history and sociology of innovation and technology, asking 'what is distinctive about medicine and health?' Explorations of recent cases, along with deeper probing of the past century, call into question how the past relates to the future. Health policy makers and analysts, practitioners, users and historians will find the editor's claims for the uses of history provocative. With its emphasis on clarity of writing, its mix of empirical details and analysis, and its rich bibliography, this volume offers rewards to academic and health service readers alike.

Medical Innovation

So much so that medical innovation enjoys a steady presence at conferences, often at dedicated special sessions, in scientific journals and is also the central theme of several doctoral and postdoctoral research projects.

Author: Davide Consoli

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317507215

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 186

View: 903

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This book brings together a collection of empirical case studies featuring a wide spectrum of medical innovation. While there is no unique pathway to successful medical innovation, recurring and distinctive features can be observed across different areas of clinical practice. This book examines why medical practice develops so unevenly across and within areas of disease, and how this relates to the underlying conditions of innovation across areas of practice. The contributions contained in this volume adopt a dynamic perspective on medical innovation based on the notion that scientific understanding, technology and clinical practice co-evolve along the co-ordinated search for solutions to medical problems. The chapters follow an historical approach to emphasise that the advancement of medical know-how is a contested, nuanced process, and that it involves a variety of knowledge bases whose evolutionary paths are rooted in the contexts in which they emerge. This book will be of interest to researchers and practitioners concerned with medical innovation, management studies and the economics of innovation. Chapter 5 of this book is freely available as a downloadable Open Access PDF at www.tandfebooks.com/openaccess. It has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 3.0 license.