The Craft of Scientific Communication

In this remarkable guide, Joseph E. Harmon and Alan G. Gross have combined their many years of experience in the art of science writing to analyze published examples of how the best scientists communicate.

Author: Joseph E. Harmon

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226316637

Category: Science

Page: 192

View: 991


The ability to communicate in print and person is essential to the life of a successful scientist. But since writing is often secondary in scientific education and teaching, there remains a significant need for guides that teach scientists how best to convey their research to general and professional audiences. The Craft of Scientific Communication will teach science students and scientists alike how to improve the clarity, cogency, and communicative power of their words and images. In this remarkable guide, Joseph E. Harmon and Alan G. Gross have combined their many years of experience in the art of science writing to analyze published examples of how the best scientists communicate. Organized topically with information on the structural elements and the style of scientific communications, each chapter draws on models of past successes and failures to show students and practitioners how best to negotiate the world of print, online publication, and oral presentation.

The Craft of Research Third Edition

Communicating in Science: Writing a Scientific Paper and Speaking at Scientific
Meetings. 2nd ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993. 5. Gilpin,
Andrea A., and Patricia Patchet-Golubev. A Guide to Writing in the Sciences.
Toronto: ...

Author: Wayne C. Booth

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226062648

Category: Reference

Page: 336

View: 827


With more than 400,000 copies now in print, The Craft of Research is the unrivaled resource for researchers at every level, from first-year undergraduates to research reporters at corporations and government offices. Seasoned researchers and educators Gregory G. Colomb and Joseph M. Williams present an updated third edition of their classic handbook, whose first and second editions were written in collaboration with the late Wayne C. Booth. The Craft of Research explains how to build an argument that motivates readers to accept a claim; how to anticipate the reservations of readers and to respond to them appropriately; and how to create introductions and conclusions that answer that most demanding question, “So what?” The third edition includes an expanded discussion of the essential early stages of a research task: planning and drafting a paper. The authors have revised and fully updated their section on electronic research, emphasizing the need to distinguish between trustworthy sources (such as those found in libraries) and less reliable sources found with a quick Web search. A chapter on warrants has also been thoroughly reviewed to make this difficult subject easier for researchers Throughout, the authors have preserved the amiable tone, the reliable voice, and the sense of directness that have made this book indispensable for anyone undertaking a research project.

The Craft of Research 2nd edition

ISI Web of Science: Science Citation Index. Philadelphia: Institute for Scientific
Information. Also available online at 5. Booth,
Vernon. Communicating in Science: Writing a Scientific Paper and Speaking at
Scientific ...

Author: Wayne C. Booth

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226065694

Category: Science

Page: 344

View: 283


Since 1995, more than 150,000 students and researchers have turned to The Craft of Research for clear and helpful guidance on how to conduct research and report it effectively . Now, master teachers Wayne C. Booth, Gregory G. Colomb, and Joseph M. Williams present a completely revised and updated version of their classic handbook. Like its predecessor, this new edition reflects the way researchers actually work: in a complex circuit of thinking, writing, revising, and rethinking. It shows how each part of this process influences the others and how a successful research report is an orchestrated conversation between a researcher and a reader. Along with many other topics, The Craft of Research explains how to build an argument that motivates readers to accept a claim; how to anticipate the reservations of thoughtful yet critical readers and to respond to them appropriately; and how to create introductions and conclusions that answer that most demanding question, "So what?" Celebrated by reviewers for its logic and clarity, this popular book retains its five-part structure. Part 1 provides an orientation to the research process and begins the discussion of what motivates researchers and their readers. Part 2 focuses on finding a topic, planning the project, and locating appropriate sources. This section is brought up to date with new information on the role of the Internet in research, including how to find and evaluate sources, avoid their misuse, and test their reliability. Part 3 explains the art of making an argument and supporting it. The authors have extensively revised this section to present the structure of an argument in clearer and more accessible terms than in the first edition. New distinctions are made among reasons, evidence, and reports of evidence. The concepts of qualifications and rebuttals are recast as acknowledgment and response. Part 4 covers drafting and revising, and offers new information on the visual representation of data. Part 5 concludes the book with an updated discussion of the ethics of research, as well as an expanded bibliography that includes many electronic sources. The new edition retains the accessibility, insights, and directness that have made The Craft of Research an indispensable guide for anyone doing research, from students in high school through advanced graduate study to businesspeople and government employees. The authors demonstrate convincingly that researching and reporting skills can be learned and used by all who undertake research projects. New to this edition: Extensive coverage of how to do research on the internet, including how to evaluate and test the reliability of sources New information on the visual representation of data Expanded bibliography with many electronic sources

The Craft of Scientific Writing

Finally, the new edition does a better job of explaining how to make the process of writing more efficient. From a review of the first edition: "A refreshing addition to a genre dominated by English teacher-style textbooks.

Author: Michael Alley

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781441982889

Category: Science

Page: 298

View: 253


The Craft of Scientific Writing is designed to help scientists and engineers - both professionals already active in the disciplines as well as students preparing to enter the professions - write about their work clearly and effectively. Written for use as a text in courses on scientific writing, the book includes many useful suggestions about approaching a wide variety of writing tasks from journal papers to grant proposals and from emails to formal reports, as well as a concise guide to style and usage appropriate for scientific writing. Also useful for self-study, the book will be an important reference for all scientists and engineers who need to write about their work. With this new and updated fourth edition, while most technical writing texts have gotten larger over the years, this one has streamlined, to provide busy readers with the essence of what distinguishes the style of the best scientific documents. With this new edition, readers will learn not just how to organize information, but how to emphasize the key details of that information. Also, readers will not just learn how to cast their ideas into precise and clear sentences, but how to connect these sentences in an energetic fashion. In the section on language, the new edition goes into much depth about how to make connections between ideas: an important issue that few technical writing texts address. Moreover, the new edition integrates the discussion of illustrations with language because those two aspects of style are so intertwined. Finally, the new edition does a better job of explaining how to make the process of writing more efficient. From a review of the first edition: "A refreshing addition to a genre dominated by English teacher-style textbooks. Instead of listing rules that constrain writers, the book uses examples to lay out the path to successful communication ... Especially helpful (and entertaining) is the chapter on the writing process. Anyone who has spent more time avoiding a writing task than actually doing it will appreciate Alley's tips." –Dr. Ellen Ochoa, Deputy Director of Flight Crew Operations, Johnson Space Center

The Craft of Sociology

will help to bring the scientific community , subjected to the inertia of the
institutions it needs to have in order to exist , closer to the ideal city of scientists ,
in which , ideally , all the scientific communications required by science and the
progress ...

Author: Pierre Bourdieu

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110119404

Category: Philosophy

Page: 271

View: 806


The work of the French sociologist Pierre Bourdieu has emerged, over the last two decades, as one of the most substantial and innovative bodies of theory and research in contemporary social science. The Craft of Sociology, both a textbook and an original contribution to epistemology in social science, focuses on a basic problem of sociological research: the necessity of an epistemological break with the preconstructed objects social practice offers to the researcher. Pierre Bourdieu and his co-authors argue in the epistemological tradition of scholars like Bachelard, Canguilhem, Koyre, a tradition that identifies the construction of the object as being the fundamental scientific act. Their way of discussing the issue makes it accessible not only to academics and experts of epistemology, but also to advanced students of social science, using for illustration a wide range of texts from the various social sciences as well as from philosophy of science. The book includes an interview with Pierre Bourdieu and an introduction by the editor to his sociological methodology.

The Craft of Scientific Presentations

... is a communication expert at Penn State. Through our teaching, Melissa and I
have put the ideas of this book before diverse scientific audiences—from Tromsø,
Norway, to Santiago, Chile, from Seoul in the East to San Francisco in the West.

Author: Michael Alley

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441982797

Category: Science

Page: 286

View: 565


The Craft of Scientific Presentations, 2nd edition aims to strengthen you as a presenter of science and engineering. The book does so by identifying what makes excellent presenters such as Brian Cox, Jane Goodall, Richard Feynman, and Jill Bolte Taylor so strong. In addition, the book explains what causes so many scientific presentations to flounder. One of the most valuable contributions of this text is that it teaches the assertion-evidence approach to scientific presentations. Instead of building presentations, as most engineers and scientists do, on the weak foundation of topic phrases and bulleted lists, this assertion-evidence approach calls for building presentations on succinct message assertions supported by visual evidence. Unlike the commonly followed topic-subtopic approach that PowerPoint leads presenters to use, the assertion-evidence approach is solidly grounded in research. By showing the differences between strong and weak presentations, by identifying the errors that scientific presenters typically make, and by teaching a much more powerful approach for scientific presentations than what is commonly practiced, this book places you in a position to elevate your presentations to a high level. In essence, this book aims to have you not just succeed in your scientific presentations, but excel. About the Author Michael Alley has taught workshops on presentations to engineers and scientists on five continents, and has recently been invited to speak at the European Space Organization, Harvard Medical School, MIT, Sandia National Labs, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Simula Research Laboratory, and United Technologies. An Associate Professor of engineering communication at Pennsylvania State University, Alley is a leading researcher on the effectiveness of different designs for presentation slides.

Effective Scientific Communication

“Science exists because scientists are writers and speakers,” geologist and
science communication specialist Scott Montgomery memorably wrote. It doesn't
... Scientific writing is the craft of effective communication in scientific disciplines.

Author: Cristina Hanganu-Bresch

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190646837

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 509


Writing composition and the sciences are intricately linked. Without writing, science would not exist -- and could not be funded, communicated, replicated, enhanced, or applied. Further, writing helps scientists (and students) understand the science, explain the results of research in a greater context, and develop new ideas. Working from this philosophy, this book primarily addresses undergraduate STEM majors and minors who want or need to improve their scientific writing skills. Grounded in the basics of rhetorical research and scientific writing practices and guided by the authors' experiences in the classroom, this book makes the case that writing is an essential component of science regardless of the stage of the scientific process, and that it is in fact a component of thinking about science itself. Featuring student-centered stories that place each topic in context and suggestions for practice, Hanganu-Bresch and Flaherty arm STEM students with the skills to enhance critical thinking and cultivate good writing habits.

The Craft of Science Fiction

The Outer Edge Here is where science and science fiction meet - or almost meet
— and it is here that the great “ what ifs ... Dr . Forward ' s final topic , “ Futuristic
Possibilities in Information / Communication , ” which he discussed only briefly ...

Author: Reginald Bretnor

Publisher: Barnes & Noble

ISBN: UVA:X000596753

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 321

View: 799


How to Teach Scientific Communication

The third edition contains additional chapters on the necessary content of case -
control studies , cohort studies , laboratory research reports , and meta - analyses
, on writing English as a second language , and on writing or editing books .

Author: F. Peter Woodford


ISBN: STANFORD:36105110291510

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 199

View: 992


Building Communication Theories

A powerful symbol of how communication is conceptualized by Newtonian
scientists is the plaque on the Voyager II spacecraft (Sagan, 1979). The sounds
and scientific/mathematical etchings on the disc attached to the side of the craft
assume ...

Author: Fred L. Casmir

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136694899

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 336

View: 903


Concern with various matters related to humans as they communicate has led to an increase in both research and theorizing during the second half of the 20th century. As a matter of fact, so many scholars and so many disciplines have become involved in this process that it is virtually impossible to understand and appreciate all that has been accomplished so far. This book focuses on one important aspect of human sense-making -- theory building -- and strives to clarify the thesis that theories do not develop in some sort of social, intellectual, or cultural vacuum. They are necessarily the products of specific times, insights, and mindsets. Theories dealing with the process of communication, or communicating, are tied to socio-cultural value systems and historic factors that influence individuals in ways often inadequately understood by those who use them. The process-orientation of this book inevitably leads to an emphasis on the perceptions of human beings. Thus, the focus shifts from the subject or area called "communication" to the act of communicating. Finally, this volume offers insight into how the process of human sense-making has evolved in those academic fields commonly identified as communication, rhetoric, speech communication or speech, within specific socio-cultural settings.

Science from Sight to Insight

In Science from Sight to Insight, Alan G. Gross and Joseph E. Harmon present a short history of the scientific visual, and then formulate a theory about the interaction between the visual and textual.

Author: Alan G. Gross

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226068343

Category: Science

Page: 328

View: 519


John Dalton’s molecular structures. Scatter plots and geometric diagrams. Watson and Crick’s double helix. The way in which scientists understand the world—and the key concepts that explain it—is undeniably bound up in not only words, but images. Moreover, from PowerPoint presentations to articles in academic journals, scientific communication routinely relies on the relationship between words and pictures. In Science from Sight to Insight, Alan G. Gross and Joseph E. Harmon present a short history of the scientific visual, and then formulate a theory about the interaction between the visual and textual. With great insight and admirable rigor, the authors argue that scientific meaning itself comes from the complex interplay between the verbal and the visual in the form of graphs, diagrams, maps, drawings, and photographs. The authors use a variety of tools to probe the nature of scientific images, from Heidegger’s philosophy of science to Peirce’s semiotics of visual communication. Their synthesis of these elements offers readers an examination of scientific visuals at a much deeper and more meaningful level than ever before.

Scientific Communication in History

can call scientists ( the word itself was , in fact , not coined until 1840 , by William
Whewell ) . Communication in science during this period can then only be
described in terms of the general methods whereby knowledge and information
were ...

Author: Brian Campbell Vickery


ISBN: UOM:39015050189235

Category: Science

Page: 255

View: 914


Scientific Communication in History attempts to illuminate the various ways that science has developed and interacted with communication tools and mechanisms throughout the history of human thought. Drawing on a wide range of human history, Vickery presents a compelling and coherent background and probes into questions of science as a discipline, communication between scientists, its relationship to technology and to other academic and professional disciplines, and knowledge in general. The history of communication in science is set against a briefly sketched background of human history, particularly as it relates to the development of Western civilization, including Greece, Rome, the Near East, and Europe. The book is divided into seven major eras. Within each era, Vickery details the modes of written and oral communication and their significant effects, and creates a broad picture of the antecedents of contemporary research and communication methods in science. The eras include the earliest organized civilizations and the development of alphabets and writing; classical cultures and the first libraries and research institutions; the medieval period and the rise of universities; the Renaissance and the early age of science societies and printing; the eighteenth century with specialized journals and bibliographies; the nineteenth century and the Industrial Revolution, along with the beginnings of the strict specification of information through patents and technical institutions; and the twentieth century with industrial research, vast data collections, computer networks, and online communication. Special attention is paid to key issues such as impact of printing and computers on communication, the standardization of biological and chemical nomenclature, and modern studies of communication science and technology, among many others. The book includes 14 illustrations, maps, graphs, and diagrams to further elucidate the historical change of communication in science, and a bibliography of 300 choice item

The Craft of Public Administration

Although he continued to remain more open to advice on the scientific and
technical level , even here he became somewhat more ... Churchill ' s
communications policy reflected his leadership policy and both reflected the man
himself .

Author: George E. Berkley

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Humanities, Social Sciences & World Languages

ISBN: 069708468X

Category: Public administration

Page: 413

View: 663


The Ohio Journal of Science

An economic geologist , Dr. Bates was internationally known through his
research and teaching in the vitally important ... and the profession at large in the
craft of scientific communication through his monthly featured article , “ The
Geologic ...



ISBN: UOM:39015078449355

Category: Natural history


View: 537


Includes book reviews and abstracts.

Advanced Teaching Methods for the Technology Classroom

The sequence can be entered into at any of the stages mentioned and each of
them brings to bear upon the problem a variety of scientific, mathematical,
aesthetic, social and communication disciplines. Artifacts of the past and their
production ...

Author: Petrina, Stephen

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781599043395

Category: Education

Page: 412

View: 944


"This book provides a comprehensive, critical approach to meeting the new challenges of technology in the classroom. It gathers together research on technology methods, principles, and content, acting as a reference source for proven and innovative methods. It presents an introduction to teaching educational technology, design, and engineering and contains strategies for innovation in technology education"--Provided by publisher.

Essays in Cell Metabolism

He meted out to his own papers the same treatment as he did to others and was
in fact 'his most severe critic'. On looking back one realizes that here was a
Master teaching his apprentice the craft of scientific communication and I shall
always ...

Author: Walter Bartley

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: MINN:31951P00709560J

Category: Cell metabolism

Page: 290

View: 862


The Psychology Research Handbook

Yet another good source is The Craft of Research by Booth, Colomb, and
Williams (1995). Swan and Gopen (1990) ... The Matthew effect in science: The
reward and communication systems of science are considered. Science, 159, 56

Author: Frederick T. L. Leong

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761930228

Category: Psychology

Page: 516

View: 237


A comprehensive, easy-to-understand guide to the entire research process, this book quickly and efficiently equips advanced students and research assistants to conduct a full-scale investigation. The book is organized around the idea of a 'research script' that is, it follows the standard mode of research planning and design, data collection and analysis, and results writing. The volume contains 35 chapters, some co-authored by advanced graduate students who give their fellow students a touch of the 'real world' adding to the clarity and practicality of many chapters.


New to This Edition · Includes new developments in qualitative interviewing: New materials cover narrative, discursive, and conversational analyses. · Presents interviewing as a social practice: Knowledge produced by interviewing is ...

Author: Steinar Kvale

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761925422

Category: Social Science

Page: 354

View: 868


The First Edition of InterViews has provided students and professionals in a wide variety of disciplines with the “whys” and “hows” of research interviewing, preparing students for learning interviewing by doing interviews and by studying examples of best practice. The thoroughly revised Second Edition retains its original seven-stage structure, continuing to focus on the practical, epistemological, and ethical issues involved with interviewing. Authors Steinar Kvale and Svend Brinkmann also include coverage of newer developments in qualitative interviewing, discussion of interviewing as a craft, and a new chapter on linguistic modes of interview analysis. Practical and conceptual assignments, as well as new “tool boxes,” provide students with the means to dig deeper into the material presented and achieve a more meaningful level of understanding. New to This Edition · Includes new developments in qualitative interviewing: New materials cover narrative, discursive, and conversational analyses. · Presents interviewing as a social practice: Knowledge produced by interviewing is discussed as linguistic, conversational, narrative, relational, situated, and pragmatic. · Addresses a variety of interviews forms: In addition to harmonious, empathetic interviews, the authors also cover confrontational interviews. Intended Audience This text is ideal for both novice and experienced interview researchers as well as graduate students taking courses in qualitative and research methods in the social sciences and health sciences, particularly departments of Education, Nursing, Sociology, Psychology, and Communication. Praise for the previous edition: “I think this is one of the most in-depth treatments of the interview process that I have seen. The frank and realistic approach that the authors take to this topic is rather unique and will be very reassuring to researchers who are undertaking an interview study for the first time.” —Lisa M. Diamond, University of Utah

The SAGE Handbook of Interview Research

The Complexity of the Craft Jaber F. Gubrium, James A. Holstein, Amir B.
Marvasti, Karyn D. McKinney ... But as straightforward a process as it data posed
complex challenges for those practicing the craft for research purposes. may
seem, interviewing and ... portray the condition of their homes and their families
by personal observation of the places, and direct communication with the
individuals” (p. iii).

Author: Jaber F. Gubrium

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781412981644

Category: Psychology

Page: 613

View: 994


The new edition of this landmark volume emphasizes the dynamic, interactional, and reflexive dimensions of the research interview. Contributors highlight the myriad dimensions of complexity that are emerging as researchers increasingly frame the interview as a communicative opportunity as much as a data-gathering format. The book begins with the history and conceptual transformations of the interview, which is followed by chapters that discuss the main components of interview practice. Taken together, the contributions to The SAGE Handbook of Interview Research: The Complexity of the Craft encourage readers simultaneously to learn the frameworks and technologies of interviewing and to reflect on the epistemological foundations of the interview craft.