The Brain in Search of Itself

In Madrid, Cajal also began working on the hippocampus, the brain structure responsible for consolidating memories, named for its resemblance to a seahorse. What drew Cajal to the hippocampus was not its function but rather its beauty: ...

Author: Benjamin Ehrlich

Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux

ISBN: 9780374718770

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 464

View: 752


"Passionate and meticulous . . . [Ehrlich] delivers thought-provoking metaphors, unforgettable scenes and many beautifully worded phrases." —Benjamin Labatut, The New York Times Book Review The first major biography of the Nobel Prize–winning scientist who discovered neurons and transformed our understanding of the human mind—illustrated with his extraordinary anatomical drawings Unless you’re a neuroscientist, Santiago Ramón y Cajal is likely the most important figure in the history of biology you’ve never heard of. Along with Charles Darwin and Louis Pasteur, he ranks among the most brilliant and original biologists of the nineteenth century, and his discoveries have done for our understanding of the human brain what the work of Galileo and Sir Isaac Newton did for our conception of the physical universe. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1906 for his lifelong investigation of the structure of neurons: “The mysterious butterflies of the soul,” Cajal called them, “whose beating of wings may one day reveal to us the secrets of the mind.” And he produced a dazzling oeuvre of anatomical drawings, whose alien beauty grace the pages of medical textbooks and the walls of museums to this day. Benjamin Ehrlich’s The Brain in Search of Itself is the first major biography in English of this singular figure, whose scientific odyssey mirrored the rocky journey of his beloved homeland of Spain into the twentieth century. Born into relative poverty in a mountaintop hamlet, Cajal was an enterprising and unruly child whose ambitions were both nurtured and thwarted by his father, a country doctor with a flinty disposition. A portrait of a nation as well a biography, The Brain in Search of Itself follows Cajal from the hinterlands to Barcelona and Madrid, where he became an illustrious figure—resisting and ultimately transforming the rigid hierarchies and underdeveloped science that surrounded him. To momentous effect, Cajal devised a theory that was as controversial in his own time as it is universal in ours: that the nervous system is comprised of individual cells with distinctive roles, just like any other organ in the body. In one of the greatest scientific rivalries in history, he argued his case against Camillo Golgi and prevailed. In our age of neuro-imaging and investigations into the neural basis of the mind, Cajal is the artistic and scientific forefather we must get to know. The Brain in Search of Itself is at once the story of how the brain as we know it came into being and a finely wrought portrait of an individual as fantastical and complex as the subject to which he devoted his life.

The Brain That Changes Itself

An introduction to the science of neuroplasticity recounts the case stories of patients with mental limitations or brain damage whose seemingly unalterable conditions were improved through treatments that involved the thought re-alteration ...

Author: Norman Doidge

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 9780141038872

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 579

View: 816


An introduction to the science of neuroplasticity recounts the case stories of patients with mental limitations or brain damage whose seemingly unalterable conditions were improved through treatments that involved the thought re-alteration of brain structure.

Unlocking the Brain Volume 2 Consciousness

How, then, can we search for such qualitative and subjective features in the neuronal states of the brain? ... visible in the brain, implying that we cannot, for instance, see the chocolate itself as you taste it.

Author: Georg Northoff

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199383986

Category: Medical

Page: 736

View: 876


Neuroscience has made considerable progress in figuring out how the brain works. We know much about the molecular-genetic and biochemical underpinnings of sensory and motor functions. Recent neuroimaging work has opened the door to investigating the neural underpinnings of higher-order cognitive functions, such as memory, attention, and even free will. In these types of investigations, researchers apply specific stimuli to induce neural activity in the brain and look for the function in question. However, there may be more to the brain and its neuronal states than the changes in activity we induce by applying particular external stimuli. In Volume 2 of Unlocking the Brain, Georg Northoff addresses consciousness by hypothesizing about the relationship between particular neuronal mechanisms and the various phenomenal features of consciousness. Northoff puts consciousness in the context of the resting state of the brain thereby delivering a new point of view to the debate that permits very interesting insights into the nature of consciousness. Moreover, he describes and discusses detailed findings from different branches of neuroscience including single cell data, animal data, human imaging data, and psychiatric findings. This yields a unique and novel picture of the brain, and will have a major and lasting impact on neuroscientists working in neuroscience, psychiatry, and related fields.

How the Brain Talks to Itself

An instant later, he realized that his cousin's brain was splattered over the wall. For months on end, his detached mind lived in the moments leading up to the crime, in search of explanation. With detective help from friends and a ...

Author: Jay E Harris

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317760788

Category: Psychology

Page: 428

View: 420


How the Brain Talks to Itself synthesizes discoveries in cognitive neuroscience with a psychoanalytic understanding of human dynamics and a working model for clinical diagnosis. In studying how the brain talks to itself to solve survival problems, this text looks at two sets of situations. In the first, neural possibilities mesh adaptively. In the second, dysfunction clouds the picture--something has gone wrong with the brain, in the life, or in a combination that ends in clinical syndromes. Unlike other books in this area that have narrow focuses, How the Brain Talks to Itself gives you an extensive and thorough exploration of the human condition by examining the effect that impairment of the left hemisphere has on goals and ambitions, problemsolving, the formation of syndromes, the use of transitional object transference in stabilizing patient identity, and how the brain registers, organizes, assesses, reflects, and acts on data. You'll find this information gives you a comprehensive framework for diagnosing and treating your patients. Chapters will further enhance your knowledge and help you improve your skills by: amplifying what we can learn from the conventional mental status exam prioritizing and targeting therapeutic interventions providing a framework for fitting advances in psychopharmacology into psychotherapy reconciling disparate forms of psychotherapy in the context of a neural-systems informed “structural therapy” How the Brain Talks to Itself combines vast domains of data so that higher cortical functions consistently relate to their corresponding identity functions. You'll explore the mechanisms that link synaptic potentiation to the emotionally and cognitively organized memories that sustain development. These mechanisms process the cognitive, social, and emotional data that are needed for problemsolving. You'll also see how the ways in which synaptic potentiations are comprised by definable varieties of stress that lead to the spectrum of DSM-IV syndromes. Author Jay E. Harris, MD, derives functional and structural principles from all of the disciplines--psychoanalytic psychology, cognitive neuroscience, clinical psychiatry, neurology, and linguistics--relevant to the brain's development, information processing, problemsolving, and syndrome formation. He includes case histories, clinical vignettes, and diagnostic examples of mental status dialogues with patients to help you in your understanding of this complex topic. You'll find that How the Brain Talks to Itself answers many questions you have about the brain's role in identity formation and resultant clinical sydromes.

The Creation of Sensation and the Evolution of Consciousness

What is it that motivates the brain to search the world and itself as well? Is it from acquired experience and education? Is it instinctive wisdom handed down through DNA? Or is it mainly from the brain's circuit design?

Author: E T Mullin

Publisher: iUniverse

ISBN: 9780595468515

Category: Science

Page: 92

View: 922


Too many people have little regard for their lives, as though they consider it out of their hands and beyond control. Should we just absorb the slings and arrows, or should we look for truth and how to cope with it? There is nothing more crucial to the life of an organism than its nervous system. It is the source of all sensation, action, and motivation. In short, it is the mechanism that sustains life. Sensation is the nervous system's communications facility; it monitors all incoming events that impact the body and directs them to the brain where they can be analyzed and acted upon. To be precisely understood, the brain communicates in just one language-the language of "sensation". Universally used throughout the human nervous system, we see examples of sensation language in its messages to us, such as touch, taste, smell, sound and sight-our five senses. But these are only examples of its extensive use. Sensation began with life, itself, and evolved from meager beginnings into its enormous variations in modern humans. Within all organisms, the occurrence of each sensation corresponds to a unit of consciousness.

The Brain That Changes Itself

“Be persistent.” At the last minute, he switches our meeting to his villa in Santa Rosa. Merzenich is worth the search. The Irish neuroscientist Ian Robertson has described him as “the world's leading researcher on brain plasticity.

Author: Norman Doidge

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 9781101147115

Category: Psychology

Page: 448

View: 299


“Fascinating. Doidge’s book is a remarkable and hopeful portrait of the endless adaptability of the human brain.”—Oliver Sacks, MD, author of The Man Who Mistook His Wife for a Hat What is neuroplasticity? Is it possible to change your brain? Norman Doidge’s inspiring guide to the new brain science explains all of this and more An astonishing new science called neuroplasticity is overthrowing the centuries-old notion that the human brain is immutable, and proving that it is, in fact, possible to change your brain. Psychoanalyst, Norman Doidge, M.D., traveled the country to meet both the brilliant scientists championing neuroplasticity, its healing powers, and the people whose lives they’ve transformed—people whose mental limitations, brain damage or brain trauma were seen as unalterable. We see a woman born with half a brain that rewired itself to work as a whole, blind people who learn to see, learning disorders cured, IQs raised, aging brains rejuvenated, stroke patients learning to speak, children with cerebral palsy learning to move with more grace, depression and anxiety disorders successfully treated, and lifelong character traits changed. Using these marvelous stories to probe mysteries of the body, emotion, love, sex, culture, and education, Dr. Doidge has written an immensely moving, inspiring book that will permanently alter the way we look at our brains, human nature, and human potential.

Astonishing Hypothesis

Readers will come to appreciate the strength and dignity of Berneta Ringer, a true Western heroine as Doig celebrates his mother's life after finding a cache of her letters, photographs, and childhood writings.

Author: Francis Crick

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 9780684801582

Category: Medical

Page: 340

View: 746


Readers will come to appreciate the strength and dignity of Berneta Ringer, a true Western heroine as Doig celebrates his mother's life after finding a cache of her letters, photographs, and childhood writings. It begins with her first winter living in a tent in Montana's Crazy Mountains to the ravages of the Depression on a ranch on Falkner Creek.

In Search of Madness

The brain is no longer able to direct movement because the “command and control” center for movement has been damaged. ... At the microscopic level the cortex differentiates itself into layers of nerve cells or neurons.

Author: R. Walter Heinrichs

Publisher: Oxford : Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195122190

Category: Psychology

Page: 358

View: 370


This book evaluates the progress of schizophrenia science by summarizing what is known about how patients with the illness differ from healthy people. The tools of meta-analysis are first explained and then employed to make the strength and consistency of these differences explicit. Beginning with the study of symptoms, then moving through the search for objective disease markers, findings on the cognitive functions, structure, physiology, chemistry, and development of the brain, this book is a journey into the enigma of madness and its science. What emerges is an illness that reveals itself most strongly in thought processes, not biology. Schizophrenia is an anomaly at the frontier of mind and brain, but In Search of Madness points the way to its solution.

MHD Mental Health Digest

Many problems sequence of electro - physico - chemical are raised in regard to the seeming events in the brain could be inunity of ... In any search for meaning , brain process itself and an essential constituent of the action .



ISBN: MINN:30000010686172



View: 515



Just as Luther did a lot of work to turn himself into the kind of person that is determined to do the right thing when ... actions is as misguided as Libet's search for the precise time and place of conscious decision in the brain.

Author: Tadeusz Zawidzki

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 9781780744889

Category: Philosophy

Page: 224

View: 752


A systematic and thorough interpretation of the philosophy of Daniel Dennett, this book is a tantalizing entrée into the philosophy of mind. Manifestly, we human beings are conscious, thinking, free and responsible agents. However, science has revealed that we are also natural products of evolution, composed of simple biochemical components which are arranged in complex self-maintaining configurations. How do these two aspects of humanity coincide? Tadeusz Zawidzki outlines Dennett’s reconciliation of three major components - thought, consciousness, and freedom of the will – with what science tells us about human nature. In the course of this exposition, the book highlights the important role that Darwinian thinking plays in Dennett’s proposed reconciliation, as well as his innovative proposals regarding the ‘reality’ of our consciousness and its attributes. An insightful introduction to Dennett’s thought, this work will prove invaluable to interested readers, students, and scholars alike.