The Community of the Beloved Disciple

40a B. The Role of the Beloved Disciple A particular nexus between the followers of JBap and the later community may have been centered in the Beloved Disciple , 41 that mysterious figure who appears only in the Fourth Gospel and who is ...

Author: Raymond Edward Brown

Publisher: Paulist Press

ISBN: 0809121743

Category: Religion

Page: 204

View: 880


"This study in Johannine ecclesiology reconstructs the history of one Christian community in the first century -- a community whose life from its inception to its last hour is reflected in the Gospel and Epistles of John. It was a community that struggled with the world, with the Jews, and with other Christians. Eventually the struggle spread even to its own ranks. It was, in short, a community not unlike the Church of today. This book offers a different view of the traditional Johannine eagle. In the Gospel the eagle soars above the earth, but with talons bared for the fray. In the Epistles we discover the eaglets tearing at each other for possession of the nest" -- Back cover.

Befriending The Beloved Disciple

This figure is the Beloved Disciple , " the disciple who is testifying to these things and has written them , and we know that his testimony is true " ( 21 : 24-25 ; emphasis added ) . From the Gospel's own point of view , the Beloved ...

Author: Adele Reinhartz

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA

ISBN: 9781441125224

Category: Religion

Page: 206

View: 594


Adele Reinhartz has been studying and teaching the Gospel of John for many years. Earlier, she chose to ignore the love/hate relationship that the book provokes in her, a Jew, and took refuge in an "objective" historical-critical approach. At this stage her relationship to the Gospel was not so much a friendship as a business relationship. No longer willing to ignore the negative portrayal of Jews and Judaism in the text, nor the insight that her own Jewish identity inevitably does play a role in her work as an exegete, Reinhartz here explores the Fourth Gospel through the approach known as "ethical criticism," which is based on the metaphorical notion of the book as "friend"--not "an easy, unquestioning companionship," but the kind of honest relationship in which ethical considerations are addressed, not avoided. In a book as multilayered as the Gospel itself, Reinhartz engages in 4 different "readings" of the Fourth Gospel: compliant, resistant, sympathetic, and engaged. Each approach views the Beloved Disciple differently: as mentor, opponent, colleague, and as "other." In the course of each of these readings, she elucidates the three narrative levels that interpenetrate the Gospel: the historical, the cosmological, and the ecclesiological. In the latter, Reinhartz deals at length with the so-called expulsion theory, the dominant scholarly notion that the Johannine community, which included believers of Jewish, Gentile, and Samaritan origins, engaged in a prolonged and violent controversy with the local Jewish community, culminating in a "traumatic expulsion from the synagogue."

Peter and the Beloved Disciple

But because he is in a peripheral role as an anonymous “observer', the Beloved Disciple becomes a symbolic and representative figure with which the readers are drawn to identify themselves, like the 'silent partner' in Gnostic writings.

Author: Kevin Quast

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9780567485380

Category: Religion

Page: 240

View: 175


The common supposition that the Fourth Gospel presents a rivalry between Peter and the Beloved Disciple, in which Peter is subordinated to the hero of the Johannine Community, is here subjected to fresh scrutiny. After establishing working hypotheses regarding the Johannine Community and the function of representative figures in the Fourth Gospel, the author first examines the function of Peter independently of the Beloved Disciple. Here, he is the exemplary leader of 'the Twelve'. In those passages where the two characters are juxtaposed, it is evident that the Beloved Disciple is not inordinately exalted above Peter, who in fact enjoys a comparable status. Peter and the Beloved Disciple have complementary roles to play in relation to Jesus and his unfolding 'hour'. John 20 shows the Beloved Disciple as the example of a true believing disciple of Jesus, while concerned to give appropriate respect and support to the 'Apostolic' stream of traditions associated with Peter. The Gospel appendix, ch. 21, is concerned to hold together both sorts of traditions and allegiances. Finally, the author shows how the Gospel as a whole works coherently to encourage a wider view of Christian 'intercommunity' unity after the death of the Beloved Disciple.

The Beloved Disciple in Conflict

other disciples do (cf. John 20:8 and 21:7), and acts as his conWdant.61 There is, however, little textual evidence for these characterizations of the Beloved Disciple. Whereas Jesus is presented as the Father's interpreter in John 1:18 ...

Author: Ismo Dunderberg

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199284962

Category: Religion

Page: 264

View: 308


Could it be that the Gospel of John was written in response to the Gospel of Thomas, an early collection of Jesus's sayings? Or was the enigmatic Beloved Disciple in John's Gospel in fact Thomas? Ismo Dunderberg provides a critical examination of these theories.

The Testimony of the Beloved Disciple

In 13:23–26, the beloved disciple has the place of special intimacy next to Jesus at the supper, which it is not possible for more than one disciple to occupy, and he is therefore uniquely placed to enquire and be enlightened as to ...

Author: Richard Bauckham

Publisher: Baker Academic

ISBN: 9780801034855

Category: Religion

Page: 320

View: 420


A leading New Testament scholar explores key issues in the Gospel of John.

The Gospel of the Beloved Disciple

any priority at all, it is being replaced by the stature of the Beloved Disciple. Should this be construed as an anti-Petrine bias? It would seem that he is deliberately being assigned a secondary role among the disciples of Jesus.61 ...

Author: Herman C. Waetjen

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA

ISBN: 9780567655363

Category: Religion

Page: 480

View: 896


There is a general consensus that the Fourth Gospel underwent two editions. But in contrast to all previous efforts to reconstruct these two editions on the basis of source and redaction criticism, Waetjen maintains that these two editions essentially overlap without far-reaching changes. Chapter 1-20 originated within the Jewish community of Alexandria and were addressed to Jews in order to persuade them to "believe into" Jesus as the Messiah, the Son of God. The second edition originated when chapter 21 as added and certain revisions were made in chapters 1-20 by an editor in the Christian community of Ephesus in order to present the Gospel to Gentile Christians and perhaps attendantly to legitimate it for canonization. Waetjen examines John's gospel by engaging in a close reading of various units of the Gospel from the perspective of a two-level drama that presents two narrative worlds within the literary structure of the Gospel. Out of his readings of the texts, one of the major and provocative conclusions Waetjen draws is that Lazarus is the Beloved Disciple of Jesus in chapters 1-20. John, the son of Zebedee, is intimated to play the role of the Beloved Disciple not only in chapter 21, but throughout the Gospel. In other words, the editor of chapter 21 has concluded that John (based on the title that the gospel already bears), is the Beloved Disciple and project that backwards from chapter 21 throughout the previous 20 chapters. Waetjen's thorough scholarship and his attention to detail in his original readings challenge traditional readings of John's Gospel, providing fresh insights into the Gospel.

The Beloved Disciple

Why is he described standing by himself , alone with no other disciples narratively in view ? The sixth criterion is commendation . Why does the author of chapter 21 feel compelled to endorse the credibility of the Beloved Disciple ?

Author: James H. Charlesworth

Publisher: Trinity PressIntl

ISBN: UOM:39015038411016

Category: Religion

Page: 481

View: 565


"The Gospel of John refers five times to "the disciple whom Jesus loved." From the second through the present century, scholars have sought to identify this "disciple," traditionally concluding that he is the author of the Gospel and is indeed none other than John the son of Zebedee." "In recent phases of research, however, the identification of the Beloved Disciple with John the son of Zebedee has been exposed as weak and unpersuasive. Yet, according to James Charlesworth, even this new research is problematic in that it tends to ascribe priority in discerning the meaning of the Gospel of John to documents other than the Gospel itself. Moreover, this research tends to impute historical accuracy to documents that were not primarily intended to present histories." "Based on extensive research, then, Professor Charlesworth has concluded that the primary texts in the Gospel of John and the reflections of modern scholars indicate that any identification of the Beloved Disciple - whether with one of the disciples specified in the Gospel, with one who is anonymous in this Gospel, or with some symbolic theme - must provide credible answers to eight questions."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Symbolism in the Fourth Gospel

The Beloved Disciple was the only male disciple present during the crucifixion , where he was entrusted with the care of Jesus ' mother . The situation after the resurrection is more complex . Peter and the Beloved Disciple ran to the ...

Author: Craig R. Koester

Publisher: Fortress Press

ISBN: 1451405421

Category: Religion

Page: 372

View: 561


Craig Koester's respected study uses the symbolic language of the Gospel of John as a focus to explore "the Gospel's literary dimensions, social and historical context, and theological import." This edition is fully revised and updated and includes a number of new sections on such topics as Judas and the knowledge of God. Fresh treatments are given on a number of issues, including the Gospel's Christology. This new edition offers both new insights and proven worth for students and scholars alike.

The Beloved Disciple his Name His Story His Thought

Thus , the only conceivable reason for his not giving us Beloved Disciple scenes out of the Galilean phase of Jesus ' ministry is that the Beloved Disciple was not there . John - Z obviously was there ; ergo , John - Z is not the ...

Author: Vernard Eller

Publisher: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company

ISBN: IND:39000004231663

Category: Bible

Page: 124

View: 701


The Missions of Jesus and the Disciples According to the Fourth Gospel

Indeed , a discussion of the relationship between Peter and the Beloved Disciple merely in terms of " rivalry " or " contrast " may be too simplistic . On the one hand , it appears likely that the fourth evangelist conceived of the ...

Author: Andreas J. Köstenberger

Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing

ISBN: 0802842550

Category: Religion

Page: 298

View: 154


In this exegetical study of the Gospel of John, Andreas Kostenberger strives to discover and articulate a throroughtly biblical theology of mission which would have contemporary implications for how the church responds to Christ's mandate.