The Behaviour Based Approach to Bear Husbandry

This book is a behaviour-based approach to captive bear management.

Author: Heather Bacon

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 1118942140

Category: Science

Page: 380

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This book is a behaviour-based approach to captive bear management. It provides a comprehensive guide to the evolutionary, physical and psychological needs of the eight bear species, combining data from wildlife ecologists, captive institutions and research facilities to promote the best-practice management of bears in captivity. The initial chapters offer a rationale for a behaviour-based approach, examining the habitat, behaviour and ecology of bear species in the wild, and their traditional management in captive environments. The authors discuss the benefits and drawbacks of various captive management systems, dispel common myths, troubleshoot specific problems, and promote an evidence-based, best-practice approach to successfully managing these challenging species in captive environments.

B rle s Story

To introduce these four animals successfully into one peaceful, copacetic group, we used behavior-based husbandry techniques that take the bears' genetic and personal expectations into consideration. Finn's genetic urges were relatively ...

Author: Else Poulsen

Publisher: Greystone Books

ISBN: 9781926812885

Category: Nature

Page: 256

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The award-winning zookeeper and author of Smiling Bears shares her account of rescuing and rehabilitating a bear held in a Caribbean circus. When a nineteen-year-old female polar bear named Barle is rescued from the inhumane conditions of a circus in the Caribbean and flown to safety in Detroit, zookeeper Else Poulsen—renowned throughout the world for her work rehabilitating abused bears—is on hand to meet her and help her on the road to recovery and self-discovery. Thus begins Barle’s gradual introduction into the world of polar bears. Slowly she forges relationships with the other bears in the zoo and eventually mates with a young male and successfully raises a cub. By living in a caring, enriched environment focused on her welfare, Barle is able to recover from the trauma she had suffered at the circus and develop skills that are important to thriving as a polar bear. As Poulsen documents, however, not all captive bears are so fortunate. Augmented with black-and-white photographs, Barle’s Story provides a rich and moving portrayal of a remarkable bear and of the author’s inspiring work to help her discover her true polar bear ways. Praise for Barle’s Story “This intelligent, stark, and gently humorous book makes one think that if all animals were listened to in the way that…Poulsen listens to bears, our children would inherit an infinitely kinder and safer world that the one they enjoy now.” —Dr. Jill Robinson MBE, founder and CEO, Animals Asia Foundation “At once deeply heart-wrenching, heart-warming, and heartful. Read this wonderful book and share it widely.” —Dr. Marc Bekoff, author of Why Dogs Hump and Bees Get Depressed

Stereotypic Animal Behaviour

Do locomotory stereotypies derive from motivations to approach conspecifics? ... Another related behaviour that may underlie stereotypies is the search for mates during the natural breeding season, which can involve locomotion over ...

Author: Georgia Mason

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 9781845934651

Category: Medical

Page: 367

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Abnormal behaviour patterns, from the jumping and somersaulting of caged laboratory mice to the pacing of enclosed 'big cats', are displayed by many millions of farm, zoo, research and companion animals. Including new chapters and over 30 contributors, this book focuses on the causation and treatment of these environment-induced stereotypic behaviours, and their implications for animal welfare and normalcy of brain functioning. The book begins by taking an ethological perspective, focusing on the constraints captivity places on animals' normal behavioural repertoires, and the effects these have on specific motivational systems. It then addresses the role of dysfunction, particularly the impact of chronic stress and impoverished environments on brain functioning. The book then moves on to explore how stereotypic behaviours can be tackled, once they have emerged, using diverse techniques from environmental enrichment to pharmaceutical intervention. It concludes by giving a new definition for 'stereotypic behaviour', and a discussion of future research directions.

Zoo Animals

and husbandry records for individual animals within a collection (for example, incidence of ill health or reproductive ... Another approach to minimizing the risks to welfare is to implement an evidence-based approach to zoo animal ...

Author: Geoff Hosey

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199693528

Category: Science

Page: 643

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Zoo Animals: Behaviour, Management, and Welfare is the ideal resource for anyone needing a thorough grounding in this subject, whether as a student or as a zoo professional.

Bear Biology Association

However , they did not approach the productivity reported for bears in the eastern United States ( Spencer 1955 ... The relative effects of nutrition versus social behavior and spacing on population processes such as minimum breeding ...

Author: United States. National Park Service

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105123788528

Category:

Page:

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Bears their Biology and Management

Because effects of nutrition , social behavior , and spacing are complex , it is difficult to assess their relative effects on reproductive success and minimum breeding age in wild , free - ranging populations .

Author: Clifford J. Martinka

Publisher:

ISBN: IND:30000035469026

Category: Bears

Page: 375

View: 881

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Poultry Genetics Breeding and Biotechnology

Here and throughout this chapter a broad-brush approach is taken in considering the effects of selection for behavioural traits. For example, close attention will be paid to physiological measures of stress susceptibility, ...

Author: W.M. Muir

Publisher: Lulu.com

ISBN: 9780359593668

Category:

Page:

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Bears of the World

Thus, as a general recommendation, breeding bears for release is not recommended. However, in recent decades, facilities have been established with the goal to care for, rehabilitate, and return orphaned bear cubs to nature.

Author: Vincenzo Penteriani

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108578752

Category: Nature

Page:

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Bears have fascinated people since ancient times. The relationship between bears and humans dates back thousands of years, during which time we have also competed with bears for shelter and food. In modern times, bears have come under pressure through encroachment on their habitats, climate change, and illegal trade in their body parts, including the Asian bear bile market. The IUCN lists six bears as vulnerable or endangered, and even the least concern species, such as the brown bear, are at risk of extirpation in certain countries. The poaching and international trade of these most threatened populations are prohibited, but still ongoing. Covering all bears species worldwide, this beautifully illustrated volume brings together the contributions of 200 international bear experts on the ecology, conservation status, and management of the Ursidae family. It reveals the fascinating long history of interactions between humans and bears and the threats affecting these charismatic species.

Ethology and Behavioral Ecology of Sea Otters and Polar Bears

Thus, males may switch from being territorial during the breeding season to having undefended home ranges throughout ... appear to associate small vessels with hunting risk and close approach is typically not possible (Raymond et al.

Author: Randall W. Davis

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030667962

Category: Biodiversity

Page: 363

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Sea otters and polar bears are carnivorous marine mammals that still resemble their terrestrial ancestors. Compared with Cetacea (whales and dolphins), Sirenia (dugongs and manatees), and Pinnipedia (seals, sea lions, and walrus), they are less adapted for an aquatic life and the most recently evolved among marine mammals. Sea otters are amphibious but seldom come ashore, and polar bears primarily occur on sea ice or along the shore. When at sea, both species spend most of their time swimming at the surface or making short, shallow dives when foraging or pursuing prey. Indeed, polar bears rarely pursue seals in water. Nevertheless, polar bears are powerful swimmers and will stalk seals from the water. As with many other large carnivores, they are solitary hunters. Although sea otters are gregarious and form aggregations at sea called rafts, they are primarily asocial. Except during mating, the principal interaction among sea otters occurs between a female and offspring during the six-month dependency period. In large carnivores (e.g., wolves and lions) that feed on ungulates, sociality and cooperation are favored because of the need to capture large prey and defend carcasses. Polar bears, which are the largest terrestrial carnivore, are solitary hunters of seals and are neither gregarious nor social. Males and females briefly associate during courtship and mating. During this time, males aggressively compete for females. At other times, males generally avoid each other except for aggregations of males that form while summering on land, and females with cubs avoid males, which are known for infanticide. As with sea otters, the interaction of polar bears outside of mating occurs between a female and her offspring during the 2-3 year dependency period. This interaction is critically important when altricial cubs are born in the winter den. This book provides new insight into the ethology and behavioral ecology of sea otters and polar bears. Each chapter reviews the discoveries of previous studies and integrates recent research using new techniques and technology. The authors also address historic and current anthropogenic challenges for their survival as climate change alters entire marine ecosystems.

Bears of the North

Midsummer observations on the behavior of wild polar bears Ursus maritimus. Can. J. Zool. ... Behavior and activity budgets of wild breeding polar bears (Ursus maritimus). ... The mating system of polar bears: A genetic approach. Can.

Author: Wayne Lynch

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9781421439419

Category: Nature

Page: 352

View: 799

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"The author's narrative and photographs follow the polar bear, the brown bear, the Asiatic black bear, and the American black bear through the four seasons of the year. The book is richly illustrated and informative about the biology, ethology, and ecology of bears"--