The Bark Canoes and Skin Boats of Northern Eurasia

This is particularly true in northern Eurasia, where lakes and rivers can connect when overland summer travel is restricted by thick forests or bogs.

Author: Harri Luukkanen

Publisher: Smithsonian Institution

ISBN: 9781588344762

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 384

DOWNLOAD →

The Bark Canoes and Skin Boats of Northern Eurasia is a history and description of bark and skin boat traditions of the native peoples of Scandinavia and northern Russia. The history of northern peoples and cultures is inextricably linked to the technology of water transport. This is particularly true in northern Eurasia, where lakes and rivers can connect when overland summer travel is restricted by thick forests or bogs. For thousands of years, native peoples used a variety of bark and skin boats for fishing, hunting, trading, making war, and migrating. The Eurasian peoples, responding to their geography, climate, and environment, learned to construct--and perfect--small watercraft made from dug-out logs or the bark of birch, aspen, larch, and other trees, each variety crafted for its special use and environment. The text describes the design, construction, and uses of skin and bark boats for thirty-five traditional cultures ranging from northern Scandinavia to the Russian Far East, from the Bering Strait to northern China, and from South Siberia to the Arctic Ocean. Regional chapters use evidence from archaeology, historical illustrations and maps, and extensive documentation from ethnography and historical literature to reveal how differences in cultural traditions, historical relationships, climate, and geography have influenced the development and spread of watercraft before the introduction of modern planked boats. This definitive volume is richly illustrated with historical photographs and drawings, first-person explorer accounts from the 16th-19th centuries, and information on traditional bark and skin preparation, wood-bending, and other construction techniques. The Bark Canoes and Skin Boats of Northern Eurasia presents a first-ever overview of northern Eurasian boating traditions and serves as the companion to Charles Adney's and Howard Chapelle's classic, The Bark Canoes and Skin Boats of North America (1964).

The Bark Canoes and Skin Boats of Northern Eurasia

This is particularly true in northern Eurasia, where lakes and rivers can connect when overland summer travel is restricted by thick forests or bogs.

Author: Harri Luukkanen

Publisher: Soho Press

ISBN: 9781588344755

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 828

DOWNLOAD →

The Bark Canoes and Skin Boats of Northern Eurasia is a history and description of bark and skin boat traditions of the native peoples of Scandinavia and northern Russia. The history of northern peoples and cultures is inextricably linked to the technology of water transport. This is particularly true in northern Eurasia, where lakes and rivers can connect when overland summer travel is restricted by thick forests or bogs. For thousands of years, native peoples used a variety of bark and skin boats for fishing, hunting, trading, making war, and migrating. The Eurasian peoples, responding to their geography, climate, and environment, learned to construct--and perfect--small watercraft made from dug-out logs or the bark of birch, aspen, larch, and other trees, each variety crafted for its special use and environment. The text describes the design, construction, and uses of skin and bark boats for thirty-five traditional cultures ranging from northern Scandinavia to the Russian Far East, from the Bering Strait to northern China, and from South Siberia to the Arctic Ocean. Regional chapters use evidence from archaeology, historical illustrations and maps, and extensive documentation from ethnography and historical literature to reveal how differences in cultural traditions, historical relationships, climate, and geography have influenced the development and spread of watercraft before the introduction of modern planked boats. This definitive volume is richly illustrated with historical photographs and drawings, first-person explorer accounts from the 16th-19th centuries, and information on traditional bark and skin preparation, wood-bending, and other construction techniques. The Bark Canoes and Skin Boats of Northern Eurasia presents a first-ever overview of northern Eurasian boating traditions and serves as the companion to Charles Adney's and Howard Chapelle's classic, The Bark Canoes and Skin Boats of North America (1964).

A History of Humanity

Since Kartvelian languages have not shown any convincing relationships to North Caucasian or to Eurasiatic, ... 26–43; Harri Luukkanen and William F. Fitzhugh, The Bark Canoes and Skin Boats of Northern Eurasia (Washington, ...

Author: Patrick Manning

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108804189

Category: History

Page:

View: 951

DOWNLOAD →

Humanity today functions as a gigantic, world-encompassing system. Renowned world historian, Patrick Manning traces how this human system evolved from Homo Sapiens' beginnings over 200,000 years ago right up to the present day. He focuses on three great shifts in the scale of social organization - the rise of syntactical language, of agricultural society, and today's newly global social discourse - and links processes of social evolution to the dynamics of biological and cultural evolution. Throughout each of these shifts, migration and social diversity have been central, and social institutions have existed in a delicate balance, serving not just their own members but undergoing regulation from society. Integrating approaches from world history, environmental studies, biological and cultural evolution, social anthropology, sociology, and evolutionary linguistics, Patrick Manning offers an unprecedented account of the evolution of humans and our complex social system and explores the crises facing that human system today.

Maritime Prehistory of Northeast Asia

Constructing cultures then and now: Celebrating Franz Boas and the Jesup North Pacific expedition. Contributions to Circumpolar Anthropology 4. ... Bark canoes and skin boats of Northern Eurasia. Washington DC: Smithsonian Books.

Author: Jim Cassidy

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9789811911187

Category: Social Science

Page: 428

View: 557

DOWNLOAD →

The Sea craft of Prehistory

147; Marija Gimbutas, 'Middle Ural Sites and the Chronology of Northern Eurasia', PPS, vol. 24, 1958 (Bor III, p. ... 44 E. T. Adney and H. I. Chapelle, The Bark Canoes and Skin Boats of North America, Washington, 1964, pp. 219, 220.

Author: Paul Johnstone

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415026352

Category: Social Science

Page: 260

View: 172

DOWNLOAD →

The nautical dimension of prehistory has not so far received the attention it deserves. It is also too often assumed that early man was land bound, yet this is demonstrably not the case. Recent research has shown that man travelled and tracked over greater distances and at a much earlier date than has previously been thought possible. Some of these facts can be explained only by man's mastery of water transport from earliest times. This book, by an acknowledged expert on prehistoric sea-craft, examines these problems looking at the new archaeological information in the light of the author's nautical knowledge. The result is a detailed account of man's use of inland and ocean-going craft from earliest times until the dawn of recorded history. All forms of evidence are critically assessed, from the vessels of Ancient Egypt to the Chinese junk, to present of comprehensive picture of the vessels men have built through the ages, and of the variety of ways in which they have been used.

Ancient Ocean Crossings

Skin-boat construction involves a framework of bent and lashed poles, laths, and/or wickerwork,4 which is then covered ... influenced by barkcanoe forms and which developed in the north of Eurasia, later spreading to arctic America.

Author: Stephen C. Jett

Publisher: University of Alabama Press

ISBN: 9780817319397

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 565

DOWNLOAD →

Ancient Ocean Crossings paints a compelling picture of impressive pre-Columbian cultures and Old World civilizations that, contrary to many prevailing notions, were not isolated from one another, evolving independently, each in its own hemisphere. Instead, they constituted a “global ecumene,” involving a complex pattern of intermittent but numerous and profoundly consequential contacts. In Ancient Ocean Crossings: Reconsidering the Case for Contacts with the Pre-Columbian Americas, Stephen Jett encourages readers to reevaluate the common belief that there was no significant interchange between the chiefdoms and civilizations of Eurasia and Africa and peoples who occupied the alleged terra incognita beyond the great oceans. More than a hundred centuries separate the time that Ice Age hunters are conventionally thought to have crossed a land bridge from Asia into North America and the arrival of Columbus in the Bahamas in 1492. Traditional belief has long held that earth’s two hemispheres were essentially cut off from one another as a result of the post-Pleistocene meltwater-fed rising oceans that covered that bridge. The oceans, along with arctic climates and daunting terrestrial distances, formed impermeable barriers to interhemispheric communication. This viewpoint implies that the cultures of the Old World and those of the Americas developed independently. Drawing on abundant and concrete evidence to support his theory for significant pre-Columbian contacts, Jett suggests that many ancient peoples had both the seafaring capabilities and the motives to cross the oceans and, in fact, did so repeatedly and with great impact. His deep and broad work synthesizes information and ideas from archaeology, geography, linguistics, climatology, oceanography, ethnobotany, genetics, medicine, and the history of navigation and seafaring, making an innovative and persuasive multidisciplinary case for a new understanding of human societies and their diffuse but interconnected development.

Anthropological Journal of Canada

Australia was cut off from southeastern Eurasia for a considerable period of time , and recent archaeological evidence ... Received 13 November '68 REFERENCES Adney , D. T. 1964 — The Bark Canoes and Skin Boats of North America .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: NWU:35556005192471

Category: Anthropology

Page:

View: 385

DOWNLOAD →

Archaeology of Eastern North America

References Cited Adney , E. T. , and H. I. Chapelle 1964 The Bark Canoes and Skin Boats of North America . Smithsonian Institution . Aikens , C. M. , K. Ames , and D. Sanger 1986 Affluent Foragers at the Edges of Eurasia and North ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: IND:30000117877328

Category: America

Page:

View: 438

DOWNLOAD →

The Canoe in Canadian Cultures

Within the above overall framework, this essay will be mainly on northern skin-covered watercraft concentrating on design development, what little seems evident. Bark canoe design is covered well enough by many paddlers, ...

Author: Bruce W. Hodgins

Publisher: Dundurn

ISBN: 9781770707030

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 312

View: 400

DOWNLOAD →

The canoe is a symbol unique to Canada. One of the greatest gifts of First Peoples to all those who came after, the canoe is Canada’s most powerful icon. Within this Canexus II publication are a collection of essays by paddling enthusiasts and experts. Contributing authors include: Eugene Arima, Shanna Balazs, David Finch, Ralph Frese, Toni Harting, Bob Henderson, Bruce W. Hodgins, Bert Horwood, Gwyneth Hoyle, John Jennings, Timothy Kent, Peter Labor, Adrian Lee, Kenneth R. Lister, Becky Mason, James Raffan, Alister Thomas and Kirk Wipper.

The Sea and Civilization

Whereas the frame of a kayak was assembled first and the skin wrapped around it, the bark canoe was a “skin first” construction. ... The bark canoe was a vehicle of primary importance after the arrival of Europeans in North America, ...

Author: Lincoln Paine

Publisher: Atlantic Books Ltd

ISBN: 9781782393573

Category: History

Page: 300

View: 447

DOWNLOAD →

A monumental, wholly accessible work of scholarship that retells human history through the story of mankind's relationship with the sea. An accomplishment of both great sweep and illuminating detail, The Sea and Civilization is a stunning work of history that reveals in breathtaking depth how people first came into contact with one another by ocean and river, and how goods, languages, religions, and entire cultures spread across and along the world's waterways. Lincoln Paine takes us back to the origins of long-distance migration by sea with our ancestors' first forays from Africa and Eurasia to Australia and the Americas. He demonstrates the critical role of maritime trade to the civilizations of ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia, and the Indus Valley. He reacquaints us with the great seafaring cultures of antiquity like those of the Phoenicians and Greeks, as well as those of India, Southeast and East Asia who parlayed their navigational skills, shipbuilding techniques, and commercial acumen to establish vibrant overseas colonies and trade routes in the centuries leading up to the age of European overseas expansion. His narrative traces subsequent developments in commercial and naval shipping through the post-Cold War era. Above all, Paine makes clear how the rise and fall of civilizations can be traced to the sea.