The Bacterial Flagellum

This volume examines the structure and dynamics of the bacterial flagellum using bacterial genetics, molecular biology, biochemistry, structural biology, biophysics, cell biology, and molecular dynamics simulation.

Author: Tohru Minamino

Publisher: Humana

ISBN: 1493983415

Category: Science

Page: 326

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This volume examines the structure and dynamics of the bacterial flagellum using bacterial genetics, molecular biology, biochemistry, structural biology, biophysics, cell biology, and molecular dynamics simulation. The chapters are divided into 4 parts: Part I describes flagellar type III protein exports, assembly, and gene regulation in S. enterica; Part II explains how to isolate the flagella from the bacterial cell bodies, and further explains how to conduct high-resolution structural and functional analyses of the flagellar motor; Part III talks about how to measure flagellar motor rotation over a wide range of external load, how to measure ion motive force across the cytoplasmic membrane, and how to measure dynamic properties of the flagellar motor proteins by fluorescence microscopy with single molecule precision; and Part IV explores the structure and function of Spirochetal, Vibrio, Shewanella, and Magnetococcus flagellar motors. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Cutting-edge and comprehensive, The Bacterial Flagellum: Methods and Protocols aims to provide valuable and vital research to aid in the investigation of the bacterial flagellum resulting from various bacterial species.

The Flagellar World

The Flagellar World is a unique publication. The product of years of research and data collection by the author, this book is a pictorial guide to flagella in a variety of organisms.

Author: Shin-Ichi Aizawa

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780124172838

Category: Science

Page: 160

View: 336

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The Flagellar World is a unique publication. The product of years of research and data collection by the author, this book is a pictorial guide to flagella in a variety of organisms. Each EM image is accompanied by a short description of the system in each organism. These never-before-seen pictures represent a wide variety of flagella, including Legionella pneumophila, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and many others. Researchers in microbiology, immunology, and parasitology will find this a fascinating and useful resource. A unique publication with many never before seen EM images of flagella A historical document of years of research on flagella Fills a specific niche that shows flagella in several varied organisms

Perspectives on Bacterial Flagellar Motor

This Special Issue of Biomolecules covers recent advances in our understanding of and perspectives on the flagellar motor derived from different bacterial species.

Author: Tohru Minamino

Publisher:

ISBN: 3036513388

Category:

Page: 356

View: 143

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The bacterial flagellum is a supramolecular motility machinery consisting of the basal body acting as a rotary motor, the hook as a universal joint and the filament as a helical propeller. The bacterial flagellar motor composed of a rotor ring and a dozen stators is powered by an electrochemical-potential difference of specific ions across the cytoplasmic membrane and rotates in either the counterclockwise (CCW) or clockwise (CW) direction. A sensory signal transduction pathway regulates the switching between the CCW and CW states of the motor in response to environmental stimuli, allowing bacterial cells to migrate more desirable environments for their survival. The core structure of the bacterial flagellum is conserved among bacterial species. However, recent structural analyses of intact flagellar structures derived from various bacterial species by electron cryotomography and subtomogram averaging have shown that novel and divergent structures surround the core structure, suggesting that the flagellar motors have adapted to function in various environments of the habitat of bacteria. This Special Issue of Biomolecules covers recent advances in our understanding of and perspectives on the flagellar motor derived from different bacterial species.

Salmonella Flagellum

Each stator unit conducts protons and pushes the rotor. In this book chapter, we will summarize our current understanding of the structure and function of the Salmonella flagellum.

Author: Tohru Minamino

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1154199663

Category: Science

Page:

View: 562

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Flagella-driven motility contributes to effective bacterial invasion. The bacterial flagellum of Salmonella enterica is a rotary motor powered by an electrochemical potential difference of protons across the cytoplasmic membrane. The flagellum is composed of several basal body rings and an axial structure consisting of the rod as a drive shaft, the hook as a universal joint and the filament as a helical propeller. The assembly of the axial structure begins with the rod, followed by the hook and finally the filament. A type III protein export apparatus is located at the flagellar base and transports flagellar axial proteins from the cytoplasm to the distal end of the growing flagellar structure where their assembly occurs. The protein export apparatus coordinates flagellar gene expression with assembly, allowing the hierarchy of flagellar gene expression to exactly parallel the flagellar assembly process. The basal body can accommodate a dozen stator complexes around a rotor ring complex in a load-dependent manner. Each stator unit conducts protons and pushes the rotor. In this book chapter, we will summarize our current understanding of the structure and function of the Salmonella flagellum.