The Art of Insight in Science and Engineering

Tools to make hard problems easier to solve. In this book, Sanjoy Mahajan shows us that the way to master complexity is through insight rather than precision.

Author: Sanjoy Mahajan

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262526548

Category: Science

Page: 408

View: 724

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Tools to make hard problems easier to solve. In this book, Sanjoy Mahajan shows us that the way to master complexity is through insight rather than precision. Precision can overwhelm us with information, whereas insight connects seemingly disparate pieces of information into a simple picture. Unlike computers, humans depend on insight. Based on the author's fifteen years of teaching at MIT, Cambridge University, and Olin College, The Art of Insight in Science and Engineering shows us how to build insight and find understanding, giving readers tools to help them solve any problem in science and engineering. To master complexity, we can organize it or discard it. The Art of Insight in Science and Engineering first teaches the tools for organizing complexity, then distinguishes the two paths for discarding complexity: with and without loss of information. Questions and problems throughout the text help readers master and apply these groups of tools. Armed with this three-part toolchest, and without complicated mathematics, readers can estimate the flight range of birds and planes and the strength of chemical bonds, understand the physics of pianos and xylophones, and explain why skies are blue and sunsets are red. The Art of Insight in Science and Engineering will appear in print and online under a Creative Commons Noncommercial Share Alike license.

Street Fighting Mathematics

This engaging book is an antidote to the rigor mortis brought on by too much mathematical rigor, teaching us how to guess answers without needing a proof or an exact calculation.

Author: Sanjoy Mahajan

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262514293

Category: Education

Page: 152

View: 453

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An antidote to mathematical rigor mortis, teaching how to guess answers without needing a proof or an exact calculation. In problem solving, as in street fighting, rules are for fools: do whatever works—don't just stand there! Yet we often fear an unjustified leap even though it may land us on a correct result. Traditional mathematics teaching is largely about solving exactly stated problems exactly, yet life often hands us partly defined problems needing only moderately accurate solutions. This engaging book is an antidote to the rigor mortis brought on by too much mathematical rigor, teaching us how to guess answers without needing a proof or an exact calculation. In Street-Fighting Mathematics, Sanjoy Mahajan builds, sharpens, and demonstrates tools for educated guessing and down-and-dirty, opportunistic problem solving across diverse fields of knowledge—from mathematics to management. Mahajan describes six tools: dimensional analysis, easy cases, lumping, picture proofs, successive approximation, and reasoning by analogy. Illustrating each tool with numerous examples, he carefully separates the tool—the general principle—from the particular application so that the reader can most easily grasp the tool itself to use on problems of particular interest. Street-Fighting Mathematics grew out of a short course taught by the author at MIT for students ranging from first-year undergraduates to graduate students ready for careers in physics, mathematics, management, electrical engineering, computer science, and biology. They benefited from an approach that avoided rigor and taught them how to use mathematics to solve real problems. Street-Fighting Mathematics will appear in print and online under a Creative Commons Noncommercial Share Alike license.

Mobile Technologies and Applications for the Internet of Things

Experience gained from the course included insights into the scaffolding students need to transition their expectations for inside and outside class time ... MIT Press. https://mitpress.mit.edu/books/art-insight-science-and-engineering.

Author: Michael E. Auer

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783030114343

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 406

View: 109

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This book discusses and assesses the latest trends in the interactive mobile field, and presents the outcomes of the 12th International Conference on Interactive Mobile Communication Technologies and Learning (IMCL2018), which was held in Hamilton, Canada on October 11 and 12, 2018. Today, interactive mobile technologies are at the core of many – if not all – fields of society. Not only does the younger generation of students expect a mobile working and learning environment, but also the new ideas, technologies and solutions coming out practically every day are further strengthening this trend. Since its inception in 2006, the conference has been devoted to highlighting new approaches in interactive mobile technologies with a focus on learning. The IMCL conferences have since established themselves as a valuable forum for exchanging and discussing new research results and relevant trends, as well as practical experience and best-practice examples. This book contains papers in the fields of: Interactive Collaborative Mobile Learning Environments Mobile Health Care Training Game-based Learning Design of Internet of Things (IoT) Devices and Applications Assessment and Quality in Mobile Learning. Its potential readership includes policymakers, educators and researchers in pedagogy and learning theory, schoolteachers, the learning industry, further education lecturers, etc.

High Performance Computing in Science and Engineering 10

The book includes a wealth of color illustrations and tables. This book presents the state-of-the-art in simulation on supercomputers.

Author: Wolfgang E. Nagel

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3662506157

Category:

Page: 620

View: 827

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This book presents the state-of-the-art in simulation on supercomputers. Leading researchers present results achieved on systems of the High Performance Computing Center Stuttgart (HLRS) for the year 2010. The reports cover all fields of computational science and engineering, ranging from CFD to computational physics and chemistry to computer science, with a special emphasis on industrially relevant applications. Presenting results for both vector systems and microprocessor-based systems, the book makes it possible to compare the performance levels and usability of various architectures. As HLRS operates the largest NEC SX-8 vector system in the world, this book gives an excellent insight into the potential of vector systems, covering the main methods in high performance computing. Its outstanding results in achieving the highest performance for production codes are of particular interest for both scientists and engineers. The book includes a wealth of color illustrations and tables.

High Performance Computing in Science and Engineering 12

This book presents the state-of-the-art in simulation on supercomputers. Leading researchers present results achieved on systems of the High Performance Computing Center Stuttgart (HLRS) for the year 2012.

Author: Wolfgang E. Nagel

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642333743

Category: Computers

Page: 596

View: 355

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This book presents the state-of-the-art in simulation on supercomputers. Leading researchers present results achieved on systems of the High Performance Computing Center Stuttgart (HLRS) for the year 2012. The reports cover all fields of computational science and engineering ranging from CFD via computational physics and chemistry to computer science with a special emphasis on industrially relevant applications. Presenting results for both vector-systems and micro-processor based systems the book allows to compare performance levels and usability of various architectures. As HLRS operates not only a large cluster system but also one of the largest NEC vector systems in the world this book gives an excellent insight also into the potential of vector systems. The book covers the main methods in high performance computing. Its outstanding results in achieving highest performance for production codes are of particular interest for both the scientist and the engineer. The book comes with a wealth of coloured illustrations and tables of results. ​

Establishment of a Congressional Science Advisory Staff

In establishing a more effective science and engineering advisory service , it must be recognized that the scientists ... of the art . The Legislative Reference Service has furnished scientific insights and technological analyses to the ...

Author: United States. Congress. House. House Administration

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105045376113

Category:

Page: 85

View: 606

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Establishment of a Congressional Science Advisory Staff

1 In establishing a more effective science and engineering advisory service . it must be recognized that the ... The House Science and Astronautics Committee has an effective panel of scientists that it utilizes for developing insight ...

Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on House Administration

Publisher:

ISBN: LOC:00185437553

Category: Scientists in government

Page: 85

View: 594

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Data Visualization

This book is also suitable as a secondary text for graduate level students in computer science and engineering.

Author: Frits H. Post

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461511779

Category: Computers

Page: 453

View: 369

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Data visualization is currently a very active and vital area of research, teaching and development. The term unites the established field of scientific visualization and the more recent field of information visualization. The success of data visualization is due to the soundness of the basic idea behind it: the use of computer-generated images to gain insight and knowledge from data and its inherent patterns and relationships. A second premise is the utilization of the broad bandwidth of the human sensory system in steering and interpreting complex processes, and simulations involving data sets from diverse scientific disciplines and large collections of abstract data from many sources. These concepts are extremely important and have a profound and widespread impact on the methodology of computational science and engineering, as well as on management and administration. The interplay between various application areas and their specific problem solving visualization techniques is emphasized in this book. Reflecting the heterogeneous structure of Data Visualization, emphasis was placed on these topics: -Visualization Algorithms and Techniques; -Volume Visualization; -Information Visualization; -Multiresolution Techniques; -Interactive Data Exploration. Data Visualization: The State of the Art presents the state of the art in scientific and information visualization techniques by experts in this field. It can serve as an overview for the inquiring scientist, and as a basic foundation for developers. This edited volume contains chapters dedicated to surveys of specific topics, and a great deal of original work not previously published illustrated by examples from a wealth of applications. The book will also provide basic material for teaching the state of the art techniques in data visualization. Data Visualization: The State of the Art is designed to meet the needs of practitioners and researchers in scientific and information visualization. This book is also suitable as a secondary text for graduate level students in computer science and engineering.

Advances in Science and Engineering

This book therefore offers considerable insight into the state-of-the-art of these fields. The World Association of Science Engineering includes both engineers and scientists, and addresses problems that interest both groups.

Author: Patrick S. P. Wang

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:838391832

Category:

Page: 1080

View: 908

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This special collection of peer reviewed papers focuses on frontier topics in the fields of theoretical and applied engineering and science. The 170 selected high-quality papers are grouped under seven rubrics: Automation, Advanced Intelligence and Bio-informatics, Electronic & Energy, Communication, Image Processing and Information, Mechanical Engineering, Other Applications. This book therefore offers considerable insight into the state-of-the-art of these fields. The World Association of Science Engineering includes both engineers and scientists, and addresses problems that interest both groups. The 170 peer-reviewed and selected papers cover automation, advanced intelligence and bioinformatics, electronics and energy, communication, image processing and information, mechanical engineering, and other applications. Among the topics are modeling and simulation for an infrared guidance system, mathematical modeling for the quality evaluation of Baikal skullcap root, fault diagnosis for nonlinear analog circuits based on harmonic decomposition and coherent measurement, applications of laser underwater communication on diving operations, intuitive visualization for online image retrieval, the influence of variety in oil temperature on performance in hydro-pneumatic suspension, and general expression forms on the fuzziness of a fuzzy operator. The two volumes are paged and indexed together.

Wind Wizard

With Wind Wizard, Siobhan Roberts brings us the story of Alan Davenport (1932-2009), the father of modern wind engineering, who investigated how wind navigates the obstacle course of the earth's natural and built environments--and how, when ...

Author: Siobhan Roberts

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691151533

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 288

View: 183

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With Wind Wizard, Siobhan Roberts brings us the story of Alan Davenport (1932-2009), the father of modern wind engineering, who investigated how wind navigates the obstacle course of the earth's natural and built environments--and how, when not properly heeded, wind causes buildings and bridges to teeter unduly, sway with abandon, and even collapse. In 1964, Davenport received a confidential telephone call from two engineers requesting tests on a pair of towers that promised to be the tallest in the world. His resulting wind studies on New York's World Trade Center advanced the art and science of wind engineering with one pioneering innovation after another. Establishing the first dedicated "boundary layer" wind tunnel laboratory for civil engineering structures, Davenport enabled the study of the atmospheric region from the earth's surface to three thousand feet, where the air churns with turbulent eddies, the average wind speed increasing with height. The boundary layer wind tunnel mimics these windy marbled striations in order to test models of buildings and bridges that inevitably face the wind when built. Over the years, Davenport's revolutionary lab investigated and improved the wind-worthiness of the world's greatest structures, including the Sears Tower, the John Hancock Tower, Shanghai's World Financial Center, the CN Tower, the iconic Golden Gate Bridge, the Bronx-Whitestone Bridge, the Sunshine Skyway, and the proposed crossing for the Strait of Messina, linking Sicily with mainland Italy. Chronicling Davenport's innovations by analyzing select projects, this popular-science book gives an illuminating behind-the-scenes view into the practice of wind engineering, and insight into Davenport's steadfast belief that there is neither a structure too tall nor too long, as long as it is supported by sound wind science.

Macromolecular Science and Engineering

This book is the first attempt to provide a background perspective to the research field of polymeric and organic materials and it will be of great value to both professional researchers and postgraduate students.

Author: Yoshikazu Tanabe

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3642636454

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 401

View: 656

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Covering current advances in the science and technology of polymeric and organic materials, each chapter is a self-contained review of progress, and particular emphasis has been placed on obtaining an overall understanding of the state of the art in each area. This is the first book to provide a background perspective on this field of research, and is suitable for both professional researchers and postgraduate students.

MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING

The book is primarily intended for undergraduate students of all branches of engineering (B.E./B.Tech.) and postgraduate students of Physics, Chemistry and Materials Science.

Author: V. RAGHAVAN

Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.

ISBN: 9788120350922

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 488

View: 809

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This well-established and widely adopted book, now in its Sixth Edition, provides a thorough analysis of the subject in an easy-to-read style. It analyzes, systematically and logically, the basic concepts and their applications to enable the students to comprehend the subject with ease. The book begins with a clear exposition of the background topics in chemical equilibrium, kinetics, atomic structure and chemical bonding. Then follows a detailed discussion on the structure of solids, crystal imperfections, phase diagrams, solid-state diffusion and phase transformations. This provides a deep insight into the structural control necessary for optimizing the various properties of materials. The mechanical properties covered include elastic, anelastic and viscoelastic behaviour, plastic deformation, creep and fracture phenomena. The next four chapters are devoted to a detailed description of electrical conduction, superconductivity, semiconductors, and magnetic and dielectric properties. The final chapter on ‘Nanomaterials’ is an important addition to the sixth edition. It describes the state-of-art developments in this new field. This eminently readable and student-friendly text not only provides a masterly analysis of all the relevant topics, but also makes them comprehensible to the students through the skillful use of well-drawn diagrams, illustrative tables, worked-out examples, and in many other ways. The book is primarily intended for undergraduate students of all branches of engineering (B.E./B.Tech.) and postgraduate students of Physics, Chemistry and Materials Science. KEY FEATURES • All relevant units and constants listed at the beginning of each chapter • A note on SI units and a full table of conversion factors at the beginning • A new chapter on ‘Nanomaterials’ describing the state-of-art information • Examples with solutions and problems with answers • About 350 multiple choice questions with answers

The Art and Science of Analyzing Software Data

This book shares best practices in the field generated by leading data scientists, collected from their experience training software engineering students and practitioners to master data science.

Author: Christian Bird

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780124115439

Category: Computers

Page: 672

View: 451

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The Art and Science of Analyzing Software Data provides valuable information on analysis techniques often used to derive insight from software data. This book shares best practices in the field generated by leading data scientists, collected from their experience training software engineering students and practitioners to master data science. The book covers topics such as the analysis of security data, code reviews, app stores, log files, and user telemetry, among others. It covers a wide variety of techniques such as co-change analysis, text analysis, topic analysis, and concept analysis, as well as advanced topics such as release planning and generation of source code comments. It includes stories from the trenches from expert data scientists illustrating how to apply data analysis in industry and open source, present results to stakeholders, and drive decisions. Presents best practices, hints, and tips to analyze data and apply tools in data science projects Presents research methods and case studies that have emerged over the past few years to further understanding of software data Shares stories from the trenches of successful data science initiatives in industry

Network Science

The book includes contributions from an international selection of experts, providing viewpoints from a broad range of disciplines.

Author: Ernesto Estrada

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781849963961

Category: Computers

Page: 245

View: 936

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Network Science is the emerging field concerned with the study of large, realistic networks. This interdisciplinary endeavor, focusing on the patterns of interactions that arise between individual components of natural and engineered systems, has been applied to data sets from activities as diverse as high-throughput biological experiments, online trading information, smart-meter utility supplies, and pervasive telecommunications and surveillance technologies. This unique text/reference provides a fascinating insight into the state of the art in network science, highlighting the commonality across very different areas of application and the ways in which each area can be advanced by injecting ideas and techniques from another. The book includes contributions from an international selection of experts, providing viewpoints from a broad range of disciplines. It emphasizes networks that arise in nature—such as food webs, protein interactions, gene expression, and neural connections—and in technology—such as finance, airline transport, urban development and global trade. Topics and Features: begins with a clear overview chapter to introduce this interdisciplinary field; discusses the classic network science of fixed connectivity structures, including empirical studies, mathematical models and computational algorithms; examines time-dependent processes that take place over networks, covering topics such as synchronisation, and message passing algorithms; investigates time-evolving networks, such as the World Wide Web and shifts in topological properties (connectivity, spectrum, percolation); explores applications of complex networks in the physical and engineering sciences, looking ahead to new developments in the field. Researchers and professionals from disciplines as varied as computer science, mathematics, engineering, physics, chemistry, biology, ecology, neuroscience, epidemiology, and the social sciences will all benefit from this topical and broad overview of current activities and grand challenges in the unfolding field of network science.

Computer Technology in Biomaterials Science and Engineering

Researchers in both universities and industry will find this book to be a concise reference source of computer technology in biomaterials science and engineering.

Author: Jos Vander Sloten

Publisher: Wiley-Interscience

ISBN: UOM:39015050111643

Category: Science

Page: 304

View: 627

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The Biomaterials Science and Engineering Series is designed to help stimulate further developments in biomaterials science and engineering by disseminating up-to-the-minute, quality information to academic and industrial research and development scientists employed in all areas of the medical, biomedical and bioengineering sciences whether in medical device R&D, pharmaceutical and pharmacological research or materials science, and to clinical specialists in prosthetics and surgery. Computer Technology in Biomaterials Science and Engineering Edited by Jos Vander Sloten, Division of Biomechanics and Engineering Design, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Heverlee, Belgium One of the many advances in computer technology over the past decade has been the speed and ease with which data can now be transferred and analysed. Recent developments in this particular area have been greatly beneficial to the biomaterials engineering industry. Biomaterials engineering, as defined in this book, is the scientific discipline dealing with the analysis of biological tissues and tissue-implant behaviour, in addition to the design of the foreign objects for temporary or permanent use in the body and the technology required to produce and implant them. Computer Technology in Biomaterials Science and Engineering describes how computer models and design aids have: * given insight into the fundamental mechanisms of tissue behaviour and adaptation * allowed the development of screen-based pre-surgical planning systems * facilitated the design of personalised implants at reasonable cost * aided surgical and medical robotics to assure optimal implantation in the body In addition to presenting an extensive overview of state-of-the-art computer technology and its applications in biomaterials engineering, the authors indicate future trends in this fast changing technology. Researchers in both universities and industry will find this book to be a concise reference source of computer technology in biomaterials science and engineering. Cover shows a computer-aided design image of the gradual transition from a microscopic trabecular bone structure to an engineered biomaterial scaffold. Image reproduced by the kind permission of Hans Druyts and Karel Van Brussel, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Heverlee, Belgium.

Art Design and Science Engineering and Medicine Frontier Collaborations

THE STRUCTURE AND SYSTEMS BETWEEN BIOLOGY AND ART 57 The Outcome By documenting the collaborative experience by film, photography, and text, the connections and insights that result for both the artist and scientist working together ...

Author: The National Academies Keck Futures Initiative

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309443470

Category: Political Science

Page: 120

View: 957

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Science and art were not always two separate entities. Historically, times of great scientific progress occurred during profound movements in art, the two disciplines working together to enrich and expand humanity's understanding of its place in this cosmos. Only recently has a dividing line been drawn, and this seeming dichotomy misses some of the fundamental similarities between the two endeavors. At the National Academies Keck Futures Initiative Conference on Art, Design and Science, Engineering and Medicine Frontier Collaborations: Ideation, Translation, and Realization, participants spent 3 days exploring diverse challenges at the interface of science, engineering, and medicine. They were arranged into Seed Groups that were intentionally diverse, to encourage the generation of new approaches by combining a range of different types of contributions. The teams included creative practitioners from the fields of art, design, communications, science, engineering, and medicine, as well as representatives from private and public funding agencies, universities, businesses, journals, and the science media.

Multidisciplinary Contributions to the Science of Creative Thinking

Art students continue this stage by defining the problem, design students continue by the stages of reflection and consideration of constraints whereas scienceengineering students continue by associative thinking and judgement.

Author: Giovanni Emanuele Corazza

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789812876188

Category: Education

Page: 348

View: 262

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This book offers a multidisciplinary and multi-domain approach to the most recent research results in the field of creative thinking and creativity, authored by renowned international experts. By presenting contributions from different scientific and artistic domains, the book offers a comprehensive description of the state of the art on creativity research. Specifically, the chapters are organized into four parts: 1) Theoretical Aspects of Creativity; 2) Social Aspects of Creativity; 3) Creativity in Design and Engineering; 4) Creativity in Art and Science. In this way, the book becomes a necessary platform for generative dialogue between disciplines that are typically divided by separating walls.

Hearings

In establishing a more effective science and engineering advisory service , it must be recognized that the scientists and ... for developing insight into fields and has held very effective hearings relating to science and technology .

Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on House Administration

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015050569592

Category:

Page:

View: 910

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Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

This book is a perfect guide for newcomers to support them in becoming quickly aware of the state of the art in nanoscience and nanotechnology. It will provide a deep insight into the most recent developments and innovations.

Author: Marcel Van de Voorde

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110547290

Category: Science

Page: 376

View: 714

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Innovations in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology summarizes the state of the art in nano-sized materials. The authors focus on innovation aspects and highlight potentials for future developments and applications in health care, including pharmaceutics, dentistry, and cosmetics; information and communications; energy; and chemical engineering. The chapters are written by leading researchers in nanoscience, chemistry, pharmacy, biology, chemistry, physics, engineering, medicine, and social science. The authors come from a range of backgrounds including academia, industry, and national and international laboratories around the world. This book is ideally suited for researchers and students in chemistry, physics, biology, engineering, materials science, and medicine and is a useful guide for industrialists. It aims to provide inspiration for scientists, new ideas for developers and innovators in industry, and guidelines for toxicologists. It also provides guidelines for agencies and government authorities to establish safe working conditions.

Social Engineering

The skilled, malicious social engineer is a weapon, nearly impossible to defend against. This book covers, in detail, the world's first framework for social engineering.

Author: Christopher Hadnagy

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118029718

Category: Computers

Page: 416

View: 139

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The first book to reveal and dissect the technical aspect of many social engineering maneuvers From elicitation, pretexting, influence and manipulation all aspects of social engineering are picked apart, discussed and explained by using real world examples, personal experience and the science behind them to unraveled the mystery in social engineering. Kevin Mitnick—one of the most famous social engineers in the world—popularized the term “social engineering.” He explained that it is much easier to trick someone into revealing a password for a system than to exert the effort of hacking into the system. Mitnick claims that this social engineering tactic was the single-most effective method in his arsenal. This indispensable book examines a variety of maneuvers that are aimed at deceiving unsuspecting victims, while it also addresses ways to prevent social engineering threats. Examines social engineering, the science of influencing a target to perform a desired task or divulge information Arms you with invaluable information about the many methods of trickery that hackers use in order to gather information with the intent of executing identity theft, fraud, or gaining computer system access Reveals vital steps for preventing social engineering threats Social Engineering: The Art of Human Hacking does its part to prepare you against nefarious hackers—now you can do your part by putting to good use the critical information within its pages.