The Adonis Complex

In teenagers, the Adonis Complex can interfere with healthy emotional and physical development. Until now, frank discussion of this problem has been virtually taboo.

Author: Harrison G. Pope

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 9780684869100

Category: Body image in men

Page: 314

View: 454


Growing numbers of young men are taking the quest for perfect muscles, skin and hair too far, crossing the line from normal interest to pathological obsession. For the first time, three of the world's leading authorities on men help us to understand and combat the frightening set of compulsive behaviours that make up the Adonis Complex. Combining colourful case studies with scientific research, they reveal a threat that is as serious as the beauty myth for women or anorexia nervosa for girls. The symptoms of this dangerous body obsession, excessive workouts, steroid abuse, eating disorders and body and muscle dysmorphic disorder (distorted body perception), lead to problems with sex and intimacy, relationships and work. In teenagers, the Adonis Complex can interfere with healthy emotional and physical development. Until now, frank discussion of this problem has been virtually taboo. At last we can hear what men really think and feel about their bodies, so that those who suffer in silence will no longer need to suffer alone.

Men and Masculinities A J

Pope, Phillips, and Olivardia (2000) have dubbed this body obsession “the Adonis complex,” a condition whose personal dimensions clearly reflect Western culture's growing insistence on un- realistically developed male bodies.

Author: Michael S. Kimmel

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9781576077740

Category: Man-woman relationships

Page: 921

View: 673


The first encyclopedia to analyze, summarize, and explain the complexities of men's lives and the idea of modern manhood. The process of "making masculinity visible" has been going on for over two decades and has produced a prodigious and interesting body of work. But until now the subject has had no authoritative reference source. Men & Masculinities, a pioneering two-volume work, corrects the oversight by summarizing the latest historical, biological, cross-cultural, psychological, and sociological research on the subject. It also looks at literature, art, and music from a gender perspective. The contributors are experts in their specialties and their work is directed, organized, and coedited by one of the premier scholars in the field, Michael Kimmel. The coverage brings together for the first time considerable knowledge of men and manhood, focusing on such areas as sexual violence, intimacy, pornography, homophobia, sports, profeminist men, rituals, sexism, and many other important subjects. Clearly, this unique reference is a valuable guide to students, teachers, writers, policymakers, journalists, and others who seek a fuller understanding of gender in the United States. Nearly 400 A-Z entries from aging and intimacy to puberty and Westerns Cross-references in each entry to other relevant entries An impressive list of contributors including many of the world's premier scholars Illustrations of key historical events, people, and ideas that enhance understanding of the material

Size Matters

225 “ Adonis complex ” : For a book - length treatment of the Adonis complex , see Harrison G. Pope Jr. , Katharine A. Phillips , and Roberto Olivardia , The Adonis Complex : The Secret Crisis of Male Body Obsession ( New York : Free ...

Author: Stephen S. Hall

Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

ISBN: 0618470409

Category: Adaptability (Psychology)

Page: 414

View: 549


With a bracing mix of fresh research, incisive reportage, and personal candor, Hall uncovers the causes and effects of society's bias against shortness and reveals how short people can and do thrive in spite of this insidious bigotry.

Developmental Dynamics in Humans and Other Primates

Belgian scientist Jos Verhulst presents the most thorough research to date elaborating an evolutionary theory first set forth by Dutch anatomist Louis Bolk in the early twentieth century.

Author: Jos Verhulst


ISBN: IND:30000121269561

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 440

View: 635


Belgian scientist Jos Verhulst presents the most thorough research to date elaborating an evolutionary theory first set forth by Dutch anatomist Louis Bolk in the early twentieth century. This theory is based on the proposition that dynamic principles inherent in the development of individual organisms are also at work in animal evolution as a whole. A chimpanzee fetus, for example, is strikingly similar to its human counterpart: its cranium is rounded, its face flat, and its hair is restricted to its head. As it develops, however, the chimp diverges from its original, humanlike form, assuming specialized apelike features. In this detailed comparative study of numerous organs, Verhulst shows that, unlike the other primates, humans retain their original juvenile form. Standing Darwin on his head, he concludes that humans did not descend from apes; rather, apes evolved by diverging from a humanlike prototype. He also shows that our human tendency to retain our fetal form (fetalization, or retardation) is complemented by further development (hypermorphosis) of such organs as the legs, heels, forebrain, and larynx through which we attain our eminently human capacities of upright posture, thinking, and speech. In the last chapter, Verhulst sketches a broad view of how retardation and hypermorphosis have worked together in animal evolution. He speculates, for example, that vertebrates evolved from invertebrates when ancient sea squirts (a form of tunicate, a marine invertebrate) retained their larval characteristics and developed them further as they evolved into fish. Sea squirt larvae are free-swimming and resemble tadpoles. Their brain includes a light-sensitive eyespot, and they have a rudimentary spinal cord. In their adult stage, however, they are sessile filter-feeders with neither nerve cord nor eyes. Verhulst postulates that primitive tunicates such as the sea squirt retained their larval characteristics (through retardation) and evolved (through hypermorphosis) into fish, the first vertebrates. Following in a tradition as old as Darwinism, he proposes that, from the very beginning of animal evolution, these dynamics have led progressively toward the emergence of the human form. In this view, the gradually emerging human prototype is seen as the driving force and central trunk of the evolutionary tree, as the wellspring from which the animal world has sprung.

The Temple of Perfection

27 Pope et al., The Adonis Complex, p. 52. 28 See, 'Golden Age Legends, Part 1: Golden Age Greats', accessed 6 October 2013. 29 See, 'Fitness – Evolution of Health Clubs'.

Author: Eric Chaline

Publisher: Reaktion Books

ISBN: 9781780234793

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 224

View: 885


These days there is only one right answer when someone asks you what you are doing after work. Hitting the gym! With an explosion of apps, clothing, devices, and countless DVDs, fitness has never felt more modern, and the gym is its holy laboratory, alive with machinery, sweat, and dance music. But we are far from the first to pursue bodily perfection—the gymnasium dates back 2,800 years, to the very beginnings of Western civilization. In The Temple of Perfection, Eric Chaline offers the first proper consideration of the gym’s complex, layered history and the influence it has had on the development of Western individualism, society, education, and politics. As Chaline shows, how we take care of our bodies has long been based on a complex mix of spiritual beliefs, moral discipline, and aesthetic ideals that are all entangled with political, social, and sexual power. Today, training in a gym is seen primarily as part of the pursuit of individual fulfillment. As he shows, however, the gym has always had a secondary role in creating men and women who are “fit for purpose”—a notion that has meant a lot of different things throughout history. Chaline surveys the gym’s many incarnations and the ways the individual, the nation-state, the media, and the corporate world have intersected in its steamy confines, sometimes with unintended consequences. He shows that the gym is far more than a factory for superficiality and self-obsession—it is one of the principle battlefields of humanity’s social, sexual, and cultural wars. Exploring the gym’s history from a multitude of perspectives, Chaline concludes by looking toward its future as it struggles to redefine itself in a world in thrall to quick fixes—such as plastic surgery and pharmaceuticals—meant to attain the gym’s ultimate promises: physical fitness and beauty.

Transgressive Bodies

The adonis Complex was a term made famous by the trans-academic text of the same name which argued that more and more men are now feeling victim of the beauty myth of contemporary culture (Pope et al. 2002). Besieged by perfected bodies ...

Author: Niall Richardson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317007395

Category: Social Science

Page: 246

View: 107


In recent years the body has become one of the most popular areas of study in the arts, social sciences and humanities. Transgressive Bodies offers an examination of a variety of non-normative bodies and how they are represented in film, media and popular culture. Examining the non-normative body in a cultural studies context, this book reconsiders the concept of the transgressive body , establishing its status as a culturally mutable term, arguing that popular cultural representations create the transgressive or freak body and then proceed to either contain its threat or (s)exploit it. Through studies of extreme bodybuilding, obesity, disability and transsexed bodies, it examines the implications of such transgressive bodies for gender politics and sexuality. Transgressive Bodies engages with contemporary cultural debates, always relating these to concrete studies of media and cultural representations. This book will therefore appeal to scholars across a range of disciplines, including media and film studies, cultural studies, gender studies, sociology, sports studies and cultural theory.

Eating Disorders in America A Reference Handbook

The Adonis Complex: The Secret Crisis of Male Body Obsession. New York; London: Simon & Schuster. The authors discuss various aspects of muscle dysphoria with chapters on “The Rise of the Adonis Complex,” “Do You Have Adonis Complex?,” ...

Author: David E. Newton

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9781440858604

Category: Psychology

Page: 348

View: 698


An indispensable resource for readers interested in eating disorders, this book summarizes their history in human civilization, assesses the current status of eating disorders in American society, and describes efforts for establishing effective prevention and treatment programs. • Provides an introduction to the history of eating disorders in society, a topic less well known and discussed than others in the social sciences • Offers comprehensive discussion of the whole range of eating disorders, rather than the two most commonly covered (bulimia and anorexia), along with a review of the risk factors, causes, prevention, and treatment of each • Outlines the ongoing debate concerning the possible causes of eating disorders and how they guide prevention and treatment • Includes a chapter on individual perspectives about specific cases of, experiences with, and attitudes toward eating disorders in today's world

Rowing News

Adonis is the Greek god who exemplifies ideal masculine beauty and the desire of all women. ... If you are a male struggling with body dysmorphia, read The Adonis Complex and other books that are available via the Web site ...





Page: 76

View: 708


Mr America

Pope, Phillips, and Olivardia, Adonis Complex, 31. 11. H. Mansfield, Manliness, 23; Pope, Phillips, and Olivardia, Adonis Complex, 25. Threatened male hegemony is also the theme of Gillett and White, “Male Bodybuilding and Hegemonic ...

Author: John D. Fair

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 9780292767508

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 412

View: 907


“Map[s] the shifting definitions of gender and masculinity . . . provides the rare insight into the world of bodybuilding that only an insider could offer.” —Sport in American History For most of the twentieth century, the “Mr. America” image epitomized muscular manhood. From humble beginnings in 1939 at a small gym in Schenectady, New York, the Mr. America Contest became the world’s premier bodybuilding event over the next thirty years. Rooted in ancient Greek virtues of health, fitness, beauty, and athleticism, it showcased some of the finest specimens of American masculinity. Interviewing nearly one hundred major figures in the physical culture movement (including twenty-five Mr. Americas) and incorporating copious printed and manuscript sources, John D. Fair has created the definitive study of this iconic phenomenon. Revealing the ways in which the contest provided a model of functional and fit manhood, Mr. America captures the event’s path to idealism and its slow descent into obscurity. As the 1960s marked a turbulent transition in American society—from the civil rights movement to the rise of feminism and increasing acceptance of homosexuality—Mr. America changed as well. Exploring the influence of other bodily displays, such as the Mr. Universe and Mr. Olympia contests and the Miss America Pageant, Fair focuses on commercialism, size obsession, and drugs that corrupted the competition’s original intent. Accessible and engaging, Mr. America is a compelling portrayal of the glory days of American muscle. “An entertaining narrative of the bodybuilding subculture in America.” —Kirkus Reviews “Deftly written and superbly researched.” —Journal of Sport History