Steven Spielberg s America

At the same time, American post war liberalism was breaking down. This fascinating new book explains the complex relationship between film and politics through the prism of an iconic filmmaker.

Author: Frederick Wasser

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780745658278

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 248

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Steven Spielberg is known as the most powerful man in New Hollywood and a pioneer of the contemporary blockbuster, America’s most successful export. His career began a new chapter in mass culture. At the same time, American post war liberalism was breaking down. This fascinating new book explains the complex relationship between film and politics through the prism of an iconic filmmaker. Spielberg’s early films were a triumphant emergence of the Sunbelt aesthetic that valued visceral kicks and basic emotions over the ambiguities of history. Such blockbusters have inspired much debate about their negative effect on politics and have been charged as being an expression of the corporatization of life. Here Frederick Wasser argues that the older Spielberg has not fully gone this way, suggesting that the filmmaker recycles the populist vision of older Hollywood because he sincerely believes in both big time moviemaking and liberal democracy. Nonetheless, his stories are burdened by his generation’s hostility to public life, and the book shows how he uses filmmaking tricks to keep his audience with him and to smooth over the ideological contradictions. His audiences have become more global, as his films engage history. This fresh and provocative take on Spielberg in the context of globalization, rampant market capitalism and the hardening socio-political landscape of the United States will be fascinating reading for students of film and for anyone interested in contemporary America and its culture.

The Spielberg Files

The Spielberg Files.This is the story of the escape of Steven Spielberg's ancestors from Russia to America; along with two million Jewish emigrants.On April 10, 2003, over 100,000 files went up in flames in a monastery in the town of ...

Author: Gabriel Murray

Publisher:

ISBN: 9798652299842

Category:

Page: 402

View: 539

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The Spielberg Files.This is the story of the escape of Steven Spielberg's ancestors from Russia to America; along with two million Jewish emigrants.On April 10, 2003, over 100,000 files went up in flames in a monastery in the town of Kamenets Podolsk in western Ukraine. These were the entire records of the Jewish community living there since the 15th century. Among these Jewish files were the records of the ancestors of Hollywood director, Steven Spielberg. This book traces the extraordinary untold story of the escape of his grandfather, Shimuel, during the Russian pogroms of 1905, which were instigated by 'The Black Hundred, ' a anti -Semitic secret society loyal to Tsar Nicholas II.A rescue operation was organised on an enormous scale by Jewish bankers in London, along with many other Jewish organisations. Their leader was Baron de Hirsch, who donated over £300,000,000 to this operation. It was one of the largest humanitarian rescues in human history.A biblical exodus of hundreds of ships, every year from ports, in Germany to America, was the main escape route; that was organised by Jewish man Albert Ballin. With vast funds at their disposal, organisations such as; Alliance Israélite Universelle, the Jewish Temporary Shelter and the Jewish Colonization Association, rescued, transported and resettled over two million Jewish emigrants to America; that were part of the Hasidic, Ashkenazi and Sephardic community.Those who did not escape became victims of Nazi death squads in the Ukraine in 1941, or fled eastwards to China, America and Israel. Some of these Jewish refugees were the Spielberg family. However, the Spielbergs that remained in Podolsk, were murdered, on the orders of the S.S. leader, Friedrick Jeckeln.The full breadth, context and scale of this story is now told for the first time. This book is the result of many years of research in archives in England, Germany, Austria, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Russia and the Ukraine. The author travelled to these countries to rediscover the Jewish communities, and the lost archipelagos of villages and shtetls; in order to locate the synagogues, mass graves and archives that are the remnants of this lost Jewish homeland, known as the Pale of Settlement. It was a journey into the past to reconstruct what remains of this lost history, before it vanishes into the midst of time. This book uncovers the extraordinary story of the heroism, faith, love and hope, of a people on the edge of extinction, and the will to survive against all odds; and of those who assisted them in their quest, to find a new homeland.

Steven Spielberg

Steven Spielberg is responsible for some of the most successful films of all time: Jaws, Close Encounters of the Third Kind, E.T. and the 'Indiana Jones' series.

Author: Joseph McBride

Publisher: Faber & Faber

ISBN: 9780571280551

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 654

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Steven Spielberg is responsible for some of the most successful films of all time: Jaws, Close Encounters of the Third Kind, E.T. and the 'Indiana Jones' series. Yet for many years most critics condescendingly regarded Spielberg as a child-man incapable of dealing maturely with the complexities of life. The deeper levels of meaning in his films were largely ignored. This changed with Schindler's List, his masterpiece about a gentile businessman who saves eleven hundred Jews from the Holocaust. For Spielberg, the film was the culmination of a long struggle with his Jewish identity - an identity of which he had long been ashamed, but now triumphantly embraced. Until the first edition of Steven Spielberg: A Biography was published in 1997, much about Spielberg's personality and the forces that shaped it had remained enigmatic, in large part because of his tendency to obscure and mythologize his own past. In his astute and perceptive biography, Joseph McBride reconciled Spielberg's seeming contradictions and produced a coherent portrait of the man who found a way to transmute the anxieties of his own childhood into some of the most emotionally powerful and viscerally exciting films ever made. In the second edition, McBride added four chapters to Spielberg's life story, chronicling his extraordinarily active and creative period from 1997 to 2010, a period in which he balanced his executive duties as one of the partners in the film studio DreamWorks SKG with a remarkable string of films as a director: Amistad, Saving Private Ryan, A. I. Artificial Intelligence, Minority Report, The Terminal and Munich--films which expanded his range both stylistically and in terms of adventurous, often controversial, subject matter. This third edition brings Spielberg's career up-to-date with material on The Adventures of Tintin and War Horse. The original edition was praised by the New York Times Book Review as 'an exemplary portrait' written with 'impressive detail and sensitivity'; Time called it 'easily the finest and fairest of the unauthorized biographies of the director.' Of the second edition, Nigel Morris - author of The Cinema of Steven Spielberg: Empire of Light - said: 'With this tour de force, McBride remains the godfather of Spielberg studies.'

The Representation of African Americans in Steven Spielberg s Amistad

Seminar paper from the year 2004 in the subject American Studies - Culture and Applied Geography, grade: 1,3, Ruhr-University of Bochum (Englisches Seminar), course: Playing in the Dark, language: English, abstract: In this research paper I ...

Author: Anna Zafiris

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 9783640525119

Category:

Page: 56

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Seminar paper from the year 2004 in the subject American Studies - Culture and Applied Geography, grade: 1,3, Ruhr-University of Bochum (Englisches Seminar), course: Playing in the Dark, language: English, abstract: In this research paper I deal with the representation of the African Americans in Spielberg's film Amistad, that has bee issued in 1997. I chose this film because it deals with a very important case in American and African American history. The verdict of the Supreme Court had a great impact on the abolitionist movement and therefore on American history. Although the trial was not on the issue of slavery but of cargo, in the head of the people it soon became the issue of slavery, slaves and abolition of slavery. The Amistad case did not only become known in the near vicinity of the New Haven jail where the Africans were being held in prison. The news of the captured Amistad Africans spread like fire and U.S. newspapers same as international newspapers featured them on the title pages. In the following chapters I will go deeper into the general representation of the Africans in the film, the preparations to the film Amistad, and the differences between the film and actual history. Doing that, I will also compare the representation of the slaves, respectively the Africans, in Amistad to the representation of the slaves in Birth of a Nation. I will add this issue in different chapters when I think it is appropriate, and in one chapter I will specifically deal with the main differences. Natalie Davis calls Amistad a 'feature film' because those kind of films are often described as inventory and with no connection to the experiences that have been real and to the historical past (5). In how far this really applies to Amistad and how the Africans/African Americans are represented in the film I will explore in this research paper. In order to answer these questions I studied the film and secondary material on the film and the general issue of Slaves on Screen,

Children in the Films of Steven Spielberg

This collection, representing the work of scholars from a range of theoretical frameworks and disciplines, examines aspects of the preoccupation with children and childhood in Steven Spielberg’s films.

Author: Adrian Schober

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9781498518857

Category: Social Science

Page: 326

View: 674

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This collection, representing the work of scholars from a range of theoretical frameworks and disciplines, examines aspects of the preoccupation with children and childhood in Steven Spielberg’s films. It includes essays on such films as Close Encounters of the Third Kind, E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial, Empire of the Sun, Hook, Jurassic Park, and more.

Twentieth Century Fox

This is the first scholarly history of Fox from its origins in 1904 to the present.

Author: Frederick Wasser

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317415275

Category: Social Science

Page: 284

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This is the first scholarly history of Fox from its origins in 1904 to the present. It builds upon research and histories of individual periods to describe how one company responded to a century-long evolution of the audience, nationally and globally. In the beginning, William Fox grabbed a once-in-a-millennium opportunity to build a business based on a genuinely new art form. This study explores the enduring legacy of F.W. Murnau, Will Rogers, Shirley Temple, John Ford, Spyros Skouras, George Lucas, James Cameron, and many others, offering discussion of those behind and in front of the camera, delving deeply into the history and evolution of the studio. Key films covered include The Iron Horse, The Grapes of Wrath, How Green Was My Valley, Forever Amber, All About Eve, Cleopatra, The Sound of Music, Planet of the Apes, Star Wars, Titanic, and Fight Club, providing an extensive look at the successes and flops that shaped not only Twentieth Century Fox, but the entire Hollywood landscape. Through a chronological study, the book charts the studio’s impact right up to the present day, providing a framework to allow us to look to the future of moviemaking and film consumption. Lively and fresh in its approach, this book is a comprehensive study of the studio for scholars, students, and enthusiasts of Hollywood cinema, film history, and media industries.

Steven Spielberg

An introduction to the life of the American movie director, best known for his work in "E.T.," "Jurassic Park," and "Raiders of the Lost Ark."

Author: Tom Powers

Publisher: Lerner Publications

ISBN: 0822524732

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 112

View: 547

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An introduction to the life of the American movie director, best known for his work in "E.T.," "Jurassic Park," and "Raiders of the Lost Ark."

Lincoln

And the genius of Lincoln, finally, lies in its vision of politics as a noble, sometimes clumsy dialectic of the exalted and the mundane…And Mr. Kushner, whose love of passionate, exhaustive disputation is unmatched in the modern theater, ...

Author: Tony Kushner

Publisher: Theatre Communications Group

ISBN: 9781559367677

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 160

View: 805

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"Splendid. . . . This is among the finest films ever made about American politics."—The New York Times "A brilliant, brawling epic. . . . Screenwriter Tony Kushner blows the dust off history by investing it with flesh, blood, and churning purpose. . . . A great American movie."?Rolling Stone A decade-long collaboration between three-time Academy Award winner Steven Spielberg and Pulitzer Prize winner Tony Kushner, the Academy Award-nominated screenplay of Lincoln is a revealing drama that focuses on the sixteenth president's tumultuous final months in office. Having just won re-election in a country divided, Abraham Lincoln pursues a course of action designed to end the war, unite the country, and abolish slavery. With the moral courage and fierce determination to succeed, his choices during this critical moment will change the fate of America and generations to come. Containing eight pages of color photos from the film and based in part on Doris Kearns Goodwin's critically acclaimed Team of Rivals: The Political Genius of Abraham Lincoln, Lincoln is now a major motion picture by DreamWorks starring three-time Academy Award winner Daniel Day-Lewis. Tony Kushner's plays include Angels in America, Parts One and Two; A Bright Room Called Day; Slavs!; Homebody/Kabul; Caroline, or Change, a musical with composer Jeanine Tesori; and The Intelligent Homosexual's Guide to Capitalism and Socialism with a Key to the Scriptures. He wrote the screenplays for Mike Nichols's film of Angels in America and for Steven Spielberg's Munich. Kushner is the recipient of a Pultizer Prize, two Tony Awards, three Obie Awards, two Evening Standard Awards, an Olivier Award, an Emmy Award, and two Oscar nominations, among other honors. In 2008 he was the first recipient of the Steinberg Distinguished Playwright Award.

America s Good War Modern World War II Remembrance Through Hollywood s lens

Seminar paper from the year 2012 in the subject American Studies - Culture and Applied Geography, grade: 1,3, Free University of Berlin (John-F.-Kennedy-Institut für Nordamerikastudien (JFKI)), language: English, abstract: In the paper I ...

Author: Alexander Unger

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 9783346395351

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 25

View: 154

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Seminar paper from the year 2012 in the subject American Studies - Culture and Applied Geography, grade: 1,3, Free University of Berlin (John-F.-Kennedy-Institut für Nordamerikastudien (JFKI)), language: English, abstract: In the paper I will deconstruct the myth of the “Good War” with regard to its formation and the accuracy of its crucial points. Focus will be laid on both the predominant narrative of the war per se and the Americans who fought in it respectively remained at home. Subsequently, I will turn to the images of the Second World War, Hollywood – via constant repetition – has ingrained into the American cultural mind. At this, the genre of the “combat film” deserves special attention. Not only did the combat film convey powerful ideas about war and those who fight in it, but it also served as foundation for later filmmakers interested in the topic. In a final step, I will juxtapose two recent cinematic projects relating to the Second World War by two of Hollywood's greatest current filmmakers – Steven Spielberg's “Saving Private Ryan” (1998) and Clint Eastwood's companion films “Flags of Our Fathers” and “Letters from Iwo Jima” (2006) – and, in search for elements of the “Good War” narrative, discuss their respective treatment of the subject. To most Americans, World War II is the “Good War”. Unlike the nations of Europe and Asia, the United States suffered no invasions of its homeland, no area bombings of its cities, and no mass killing of its civilians. It was a war of high technology, fought by an extraordinary generation of heroic and courageous men who, when the task arose, stepped up to defend their country and to bring human rights, freedom, and democracy to those in need. The enemy was well-defined and the cause a worthy one. World War II lifted the nation out of the Great Depression and created a new world order that left the United States at the pinnacle of its power. An American society in transition gave rise to the middle class while opening up unprecedented opportunities for minorities and women. To this day, people feel that the prosperity and freedom they enjoy is the result of the sacrifices of the Americans that won the war.

The Solaris Effect

Both enthusiastically cinephilic and fiercely critical, this book puts a decade of U.S. film in its global place, as part of an ongoing conversation on nature and art.

Author: Steven Dillon

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 0292713444

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 280

View: 370

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What do contemporary American movies and directors have to say about the relationship between nature and art? How do science fiction films like Steven Spielberg's A.I. and Darren Aronofsky's π represent the apparent oppositions between nature and culture, wild and tame? Steven Dillon's intriguing new volume surveys American cinema from 1990 to 2002 with substantial descriptions of sixty films, emphasizing small-budget independent American film. Directors studied include Steven Soderbergh, Darren Aronofsky, Todd Haynes, Harmony Korine, and Gus Van Sant, as well as more canonical figures like Martin Scorcese, Robert Altman, David Lynch, and Steven Spielberg. The book takes its title and inspiration from Andrei Tarkovsky's 1972 film Solaris, a science fiction ghost story that relentlessly explores the relationship between the powers of nature and art. The author argues that American film has the best chance of aesthetic success when it acknowledges that a film is actually a film. The best American movies tell an endless ghost story, as they perform the agonizing nearness and distance of the cinematic image. This groundbreaking commentary examines the rarely seen bridge between select American film directors and their typically more adventurous European counterparts. Filmmakers such as Lynch and Soderbergh are cross-cut together with Tarkovsky and the great French director, Jean-Luc Godard, in order to test the limits and possibilities of American film. Both enthusiastically cinephilic and fiercely critical, this book puts a decade of U.S. film in its global place, as part of an ongoing conversation on nature and art.

Mother Nurture

Mother Nurture is an inspiring collection of fifty-two stories filled with commonsense advice and memorable personal tales from caring mothers whose children have reached the apex of their fields, from sports, politics, and music to ...

Author: Stephanie Hirsch

Publisher: Harper Collins

ISBN: 9780061737138

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 336

View: 885

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Where did Beyoncé get her groove? Where did Lance Armstrong get his drive? Where did Steven Spielberg get his creative vision? Every success story begins with . . . Mom When Stephanie Hirsch gave birth to her son, she began to think about the kind of person she'd like him to be: generous, family oriented, loving, courageous, and professionally accomplished—maybe he'd turn out like Steven Spielberg! But what, she wondered, had Spielberg's mother done so well? What started out as one conversation with Steven Spielberg's mom became a quest to interview the mothers of some of the most talented artists, brilliant journalists, and dedicated athletes of our time. Mother Nurture is an inspiring collection of fifty-two stories filled with commonsense advice and memorable personal tales from caring mothers whose children have reached the apex of their fields, from sports, politics, and music to literature, entertainment, and business. If you're expecting, or a parent, or you just want to thank the woman who raised you, Mother Nurture is both the perfect antidote to piles of contradictory parenting advice and a celebration of the gift of motherhood.

Spielberg s Holocaust

"This anthology of essays on Steven Spielberg's 1993 film is a solid achievement.

Author: Yosefa Loshitzky

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 0253210984

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 250

View: 271

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"This anthology of essays on Steven Spielberg's 1993 film is a solid achievement. It is a repository of considerable critical insight and frequently passionate argument." —Holocaust and Genocide Studies "An excellent collection; highly recommended for general readers and students at all levels." —Choice "This collection of essays opens further the debate on how to represent the Holocaust as Holocaust representation and memory move into ever-greater areas of daily American and Jewish American culture." —Tikkun ÂSchindler's List not only afforded director Steven Spielberg a cinematic vehicle loaded with Hollywood-hardware to create his master narrative about the Holocaust, the film also invited a renewed scholarly and intellectual discussion about racism, "historical voyeurism" and the "limits of representation." This thought-provoking critical anthology tackles these issues and many others.

Lincoln How Abraham Lincoln Ended Slavery in America

An official companion to Steven Spielberg's Oscar® award-winning film Lincoln, the book also includes thirty historical photographs, a chronology, a cast of characters, texts of selected Lincoln writings and speeches, a bibliography, and a ...

Author: Harold Holzer

Publisher: Newmarket for It Books

ISBN: 0062265113

Category: History

Page: 240

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How did President Abraham Lincoln come to believe that slavery was "morally wrong," and that Congress needed to pass a law to abolish it once and for all? What did he do in January 1865—three months before he was assassinated—to ensure passage of the Thirteenth Amendment? This fast-paced, riveting book answers these questions and more as it tells the story of Lincoln's life and times from his upbringing in Kentucky and Illinois, through his work as a lawyer and congressman, to his candidacies and victory in two Presidential elections. It also describes Lincoln's duties in the Civil War as Commander-in-Chief, his actions as President, and his relationships with his family, his political allies and rivals, and the public who voted for and against him. Harold Holzer makes an important era in American history come alive for readers of all ages. An official companion to Steven Spielberg's Oscar® award-winning film Lincoln, the book also includes thirty historical photographs, a chronology, a cast of characters, texts of selected Lincoln writings and speeches, a bibliography, and a foreword by the author about his experience working as a consultant on the movie.

The Cinema of Steven Spielberg

Detailed textual analysis of films from Spielberg's entire career reveal that alongside conventional commercial appeal, his movies function as a self-reflexive, they invite divergent readings and self-conscious spectatorship which ...

Author: Nigel Morris

Publisher: Wallflower Press

ISBN: 1904764886

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 434

View: 909

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Detailed textual analysis of films from Spielberg's entire career reveal that alongside conventional commercial appeal, his movies function as a self-reflexive, they invite divergent readings and self-conscious spectatorship which contradict assumptions about their ideological tendencies.

The Ghost Rifle

This is the story of . . . THE GHOST RIFLE

Author: Max McCoy

Publisher: Pinnacle Books

ISBN: 9780786046942

Category: Fiction

Page: 320

View: 301

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“An instant Old West classic! Max McCoy writes about mountain men and the fur trade with passion.” —Stuart Rosebrook, editor True West magazine Three-time Spur Award winner Max McCoy combines fast-paced action, frontier history, and powerful family drama in this epic saga of life, love, and death in the American west. SEARCHING FOR A GHOST, A LEGEND, AND A DREAM . . . Descended from a long line of ramblers and rogues, Jack Picaro came to America to seek his fortune. But after killing his best friend in a drunken duel, the apprentice gunsmith flees westward, leaving behind children he does not know, Gus and April. As Jack ventures up the Missouri River, he finds an unspoiled land where a man can live free—and also be attacked by an Arikara war party. His rifle stolen in the bloody skirmish, Jack sets out alone to reclaim it. His wild escapade ends in a fight to the death with a legendary Crow warrior named Standing Wolf. So begins a fateful epic search across the last frontiers of the untamed West. From the muddy banks of the Mississippi to the shining peaks of the Rockies, Jack Picaro will leave a trail of clues for an abandoned son, Gus, to find him: a famous gunsmith who will make history with a weapon of his own design—and forged a legend that would be passed down for generations. This is the story of . . . THE GHOST RIFLE

Hello America

A terrifying vision of the future from one of our most renowned writers - J G Ballard, author of 'Empire of the Sun' and 'Crash'.

Author: J. G. Ballard

Publisher: HarperCollins UK

ISBN: 9780007287031

Category: America

Page: 249

View: 826

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A terrifying vision of the future from one of the twentieth century's most renowned writers - J. G. Ballard, author of Empire of the Sun and Crash. Following the energy crisis of the late twentieth-century America has been abandoned. Now, a century later, an expedition from Europe returns to the deserted continent. But America is unrecognisable - the Bering Strait has been dammed and the whole continent has become a desert, populated by isolated natives and the bizarre remnants of a disintegrated culture. The expedition sets off from Manhattan on a cross-continent journey, through Holiday Inns and abandoned theme parks. They will uncover a shocking new power in the heart of Las Vegas in this unique vision of our world transformed. This edition is part of a new commemorative series of Ballard's works, featuring introductions from a number of his admirers (including Ned Beauman, Ali Smith, Neil Gaiman and Martin Amis) and brand-new cover designs.

A Companion to Steven Spielberg

Nigel Morris. London: Routledge/American Film Institute. Wasser, Frederick. 2010. Steven Spielberg's America. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Author: Nigel Morris

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118726808

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 536

View: 143

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A Companion to Steven Spielberg provides an authoritative collection of essays exploring the achievements and legacy of one of the most influential film directors of the modern era. Offers comprehensive coverage of Spielberg’s directorial output, from early works including Duel, The Sugarland Express, and Jaws, to recent films Explores Spielberg’s contribution to the development of visual effects and computer games, as well as the critical and popular reception of his films Topics include in-depth analyses of Spielberg’s themes, style, and filming techniques; commercial and cultural significance of the Spielberg ‘brand’ and his parallel career as a producer; and collaborative projects with artists and composers Brings together an international team of renowned scholars and emergent voices, balancing multiple perspectives and critical approaches Creates a timely and illuminating resource which acknowledges the ambiguity and complexity of Spielberg’s work, and reflects its increasing importance to film scholarship

The Key Concept of the Frontier Transformed From Walden to Jurassic Park

After establishing the historical concept of the frontier, I will therefore go ahead and dig for traces of how this is woven into both works, which in conclusion will hopefully show the assumed American cultural connection between the later ...

Author: Andreas Schwarz

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 9783656109068

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 12

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Seminar paper from the year 2011 in the subject American Studies - Culture and Applied Geography, grade: 2,0, Free University of Berlin (John-F.-Kennedy-Institut), language: English, abstract: This paper will try to work and point out parallels and differences between a classical piece of American literature, Henry David Thoreau’s Walden, and contemporary Hollywood blockbuster cinema, represented by Steven Spielberg’s Jurassic Park. Point of departure and main focus of this paper will be the concept and aspects of the frontier and it’s reoccurrence as a mythological tool throughout American cultural history. After establishing the historical concept of the frontier, I will therefore go ahead and dig for traces of how this is woven into both works, which in conclusion will hopefully show the assumed American cultural connection between the later acclaimed book written some 150 years ago looking deep into the romantic soul of its protagonist and a consumerist movie from the early nineties that was able to use the benefits of a huge marketing machine to attract its viewership and became a worldwide box office hit. The usefulness of such an undertaking may be questionable for followers of classical cultural American studies but I would like to go with Paul Lauter here and filter out the trivial in mass culture to get to the subject’s core of meaning. Essays from his book From Walden Pond to Jurassic Park inspired to look for similarities in those two pieces and maybe find a development of what the concept of the frontier has been transformed into through societal and cultural changes within the last century.