Sophocles Ajax

Ajax, perhaps the earliest surviving tragedy of Sophocles, presents the downfall and disgrace of a great hero whose suicide leads to his rehabilitation through the enlightened magnanimity of one of his enemies.

Author: Sophocles

Publisher: Liverpool University Press

ISBN: 9780856686603

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 266

View: 156


Ajax, perhaps the earliest surviving tragedy of Sophocles, presents the downfall and disgrace of a great hero whose suicide leads to his rehabilitation through the enlightened magnanimity of one of his enemies.

Sophocles Ajax

Bibliography The following editions of Ajax , whether as a single play or as part of the complete works of Sophocles , are most often cited : L. Campbell ( 1881 ; with Paralipomena Sophoclea , 1907 ) , R.C. Jebb ( 1896 ) , A.C. Pearson ...

Author: A. F. Garvie

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9781800346642

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 273

View: 659


Ajax, perhaps the earliest surviving tragedy of Sophocles, presents the downfall and disgrace of a great hero whose suicide leads to his rehabilitation through the enlightened magnanimity of one of his enemies.

Sophocles Ajax

The translation which accompanies the commentary ensures that this edition will be accessible to Hellenists of all levels of experience, as well as to readers with a general interest in the history of drama.

Author: Sophocles

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107676711

Category: History

Page: 624

View: 373


Sophocles' Ajax describes the fall of a mighty warrior denied the honour which he believed was his due. This new edition of the play presents a text and critical apparatus which take full advantage of recent advances in our understanding of Sophoclean manuscripts and scholarship. The introduction and commentary scrutinise all important aspects of the drama - from detailed analysis of style, language and metre to consideration of wider issues such as ethics, rhetoric and characterisation. Notorious dramaturgical problems, including the staging of Ajax's suicide, receive particular attention; so too do questions of literary history, such as the date of the play and Sophocles' creative interaction with previous accounts of the myth. The translation which accompanies the commentary ensures that this edition will be accessible to Hellenists of all levels of experience, as well as to readers with a general interest in the history of drama.


Sophocles' Ajax is one of the most disturbing and powerful surviving ancient tragedies. This book draws together the latest critical work on the play and introduces the reader to key frames for its interpretation.

Author: Jon Hesk

Publisher: Bristol Classical Press

ISBN: UOM:39015058267199

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 208

View: 216


Sophocles' Ajax is one of the most disturbing and powerful surviving ancient tragedies. This book draws together the latest critical work on the play and introduces the reader to key frames for its interpretation.

Sophocles and the Tragedy of Athenian Democracy

If this scenario is correct , the role of Teucer cannot be played by the same actor as had originally played Ajax , as is often surmised . NOTES 1. See A. F. Garvie , Sophocles : Ajax ( Warminster , U.K. , 1998 ) , 6 , note 20 ...

Author: Josh Beer

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 0313289468

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 190

View: 636


Illustrates how the theatre and Sophoclean tragedy, in particular, was crucial to the life and politics of the time.

Sophocles Ajax

Classical Greek drama is brought vividly to life in this series of new translations. Students are encouraged to engage with the text through detailed commentaries, including suggestions for discussion and analysis.

Author: Sophocles

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521655641

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 120

View: 195


Cambridge Translations from Greek Drama aims to eliminate the boundary between classics students and drama students. Sophocles: Ajax is aimed at college level students in North America. Features of the book include full commentary running alongside the translation, notes on pronunciation and a plot synopsis. Background information is also provided, along with suggestions to encourage discussion.


Sophocles' Tekmessa,” American Journal of Philology 117, 1996, pp. 37–64. A. J. Podlecki, “Ajax's Gods and the Gods of Sophocles,” Antiquité classique 49, 1980, pp. 45–86. J. P. Poe, Genre and Meaning in Sophocle'Ajax, in Beiträge zur ...

Author: Jacques Jouanna

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691172071

Category: History

Page: 892

View: 841


Here, for the first time in English, is celebrated French classicist Jacques Jouanna's magisterial account of the life and work of Sophocles. Exhaustive and authoritative, this acclaimed book combines biography and detailed studies of Sophocles' plays, all set in the rich context of classical Greek tragedy and the political, social, religious, and cultural world of Athens's greatest age, the fifth century. Sophocles was the commanding figure of his day. The author of Oedipus Rex and Antigone, he was not only the leading dramatist but also a distinguished politician, military commander, and religious figure. And yet the evidence about his life has, until now, been fragmentary. Reconstructing a lost literary world, Jouanna has finally assembled all the available information, culled from inscriptions, archaeological evidence, and later sources. He also offers a huge range of new interpretations, from his emphasis on the significance of Sophocles' political and military offices (previously often seen as honorary) to his analysis of Sophocles' plays in the mythic and literary context of fifth-century drama. Written for scholars, students, and general readers, this book will interest anyone who wants to know more about Greek drama in general and Sophocles in particular. With an extensive bibliography and useful summaries not only of Sophocles' extant plays but also, uniquely, of the fragments of plays that have been partially lost, it will be a standard reference in classical studies for years to come.

Sophocles An Interpretation

R. P. Winnington-Ingram, Sophocles, Evangelinus Apostolides Sophocles. song which said that Ajax was the best of the Greeks that came to Troy after Achilles ( uet ' ' Axid léa ) . 12 This is the tenour of the Iliad and of the whole post ...

Author: R. P. Winnington-Ingram

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521296846

Category: Drama

Page: 346

View: 791


A series of interconnected studies which analyze the seven surviving tragedies by Sophocles.

Sophocles and Alcibiades

Nor will there be any need to explain away any impieties on Ajax's part, for they will all have been part of Sophocles' skilful character building, and Alcibiades' impiety needs no gloss; ditto, ...

Author: Michael Vickers

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317492924

Category: History

Page: 192

View: 172


Literary historians have long held the view that the plays of the Greek dramatist, Sophocles deal purely with archetypes of the heroic past and that any resemblance to contemporary events or individuals is purely coincidental. In this book, Michael Vickers challenges this view and argues that Sophocles makes regular and extensive allusion to Athenian politics in his plays, especially to Alcibiades, one of the most controversial Athenian politicians of his day.Vickers shows that Sophocles was no closeted intellectual but a man deeply involved in politics and he reminds us that Athenian politics was intensely personal. He argues cogently that classical writers employed hidden meanings and that consciously or sub-consciously, Sophocles was projecting onto his plays hints of contemporary events or incidents, mostly of a political nature, hoping that his audience's passion for politics would enhance the popularity of his plays. Vickers strengthens his case about Sophocles by discussing other authors - Thucydides, Plato and Euripides - in whom he also demonstrates a body of allusions to Alcibiades and others.

A Companion to Sophocles

Contributions to the literature on the relation between Iliad and Ajax include Easterling (1984), Hesk (2003: esp. 52–73), Kirkwood (1965), Sorum (1986), ... Burian, P. (1972), “Supplication and Hero Cult in Sophocles' Ajax ...

Author: Kirk Ormand

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119025535

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 624

View: 884


A Companion to Sophocles presents the first comprehensive collection of essays in decades to address all aspects of the life, works, and critical reception of Sophocles. First collection of its kind to provide introductory essays to the fragments of his lost plays and to the remaining fragments of one satyr-play, the Ichneutae, in addition to each of his extant tragedies Features new essays on Sophoclean drama that go well beyond the current state of scholarship on Sophocles Presents readings that historicize Sophocles in relation to the social, cultural, and intellectual world of fifth century Athens Seeks to place later interpretations and adaptations of Sophocles in their historical context Includes essays dedicated to issues of gender and sexuality; significant moments in the history of interpreting Sophocles; and reception of Sophocles by both ancient and modern playwrights

Sophocles and the Greek Language

(1981), Tragedy and Civilization: An Interpretation of Sophocles, Cambridge, MA/London. —— (1989–1990), 'Drama, Narrative and Perspective in Sophocles' Ajax', Sacris erudiri 31, 395–404. —— (1993), Oedipus Tyrannus: Tragic Heroism and ...

Author: Albert Rijksbaron

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789047417422

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 286

View: 711


This volume offers an overview of the ways in which Sophocles’ use of the Greek language is currently being studied. The book is divided into three sections, which deal with aspects of diction, syntax, and pragmatics.

Sophocles Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide

AJAX Topics of particular concern have been the guilt of Ajax and the relation between the two halves of the play ... An analysis of how much the Ajax owes to Hector's farewell to Andromache in the Iliad, concluding that Sophocles' ...

Author: Oxford University Press

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 019980317X

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 34

View: 758


This ebook is a selective guide designed to help scholars and students of the ancient world find reliable sources of information by directing them to the best available scholarly materials in whatever form or format they appear from books, chapters, and journal articles to online archives, electronic data sets, and blogs. Written by a leading international authority on the subject, the ebook provides bibliographic information supported by direct recommendations about which sources to consult and editorial commentary to make it clear how the cited sources are interrelated. A reader will discover, for instance, the most reliable introductions and overviews to the topic, and the most important publications on various areas of scholarly interest within this topic. In classics, as in other disciplines, researchers at all levels are drowning in potentially useful scholarly information, and this guide has been created as a tool for cutting through that material to find the exact source you need. This ebook is just one of many articles from Oxford Bibliographies Online: Classics, a continuously updated and growing online resource designed to provide authoritative guidance through the scholarship and other materials relevant to the study of classics. Oxford Bibliographies Online covers most subject disciplines within the social science and humanities, for more information visit

Looking at Ajax

Sorum, C., 'Sophocles' Ajax in Context', Classical World, 79, 361–77, 1986. Stanford, W.B., Greek Tragedy and the Emotions: An Introductory Study, London, 1983. Stanford, W.B., Sophocles. Ajax, edited with Introduction, Revised Text, ...

Author: David Stuttard

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781350072329

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 248

View: 761


Ajax is perhaps the earliest of Sophocles' tragedies, yet the issues at its heart remain profoundly resonant today. Set in the Greek encampment during the siege of Troy, it traces not just the story of a respected war hero's mental breakdown but (like Sophocles' Antigone) the treatment of an enemy's remains and the management of his memory. Pitting the fate of the individual against not just his own community but the cosmic world of the divine, it explores questions of loyalty and power, compassion and control, integrity and political expediency – and ultimately what it is to be human. In Antiquity the fate of Ajax fascinated writers and artists alike. Today it has assumed a new importance with Sophocles' play being used to help treat military veterans suffering from PTSD. This collection of 12 essays by leading academics from across the UK, US and Ireland draws together many of the themes explored in Ajax, from how Sophocles exploits audiences' awareness of mythology and visual arts, to questions of politics and religion, staging and characterization, changing perceptions of the heroic, and the therapeutic use to which the play is put today. The essays are accompanied by David Stuttard's introduction and performer-friendly, accurate and easily accessible English translation.

Brill s Companion to the Reception of Sophocles

So, implicitly, I find remote traces of Sophocles' Ajax (although he is never cited), in the award-winning performance Balkan Baroque by the Serbian artist Marina Abramovic (Venice Biennale, 1997).129 It took place in a claustrophobic ...


Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004300941

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 608

View: 288


Brill's Companion to the Reception of Sophocles offers a comprehensive account of the reception of Sophocles’ plays over the centuries, across cultures and within a range of different fields, such as literature, intellectual history, visual arts, music, dance, stage and cinema.

Sophocles Tragic World

Drama and Perspective in Ajax 1. See Kamerbeek, Ajax 8. 2. The contrast between Ajax and Odysseus is, of course, crucial in this respect. See Bernard Knox, "The Ajax of Sophocles" (1961), in Word and Action: Essays on the Ancient ...

Author: Charles Segal

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674043428

Category: Drama

Page: 290

View: 776


Much has been written about the heroic figures of Sophocles' powerful dramas. Now Charles Segal focuses our attention not on individual heroes and heroines, but on the world that inspired and motivated their actions--a universe of family, city, nature, and the supernatural. He shows how these ancient masterpieces offer insight into the abiding question of tragedy: how one can make sense of a world that involves so much apparently meaningless violence and suffering. In a series of engagingly written interconnected essays, Segal studies five of Sophocles' seven extant plays: Ajax, Oedipus Tyrannus, Philoctetes, Antigone, and the often neglected Trachinian Women. He examines the language and structure of the plays from several interpretive perspectives, drawing both on traditional philological analysis and on current literary and cultural theory. He pays particular attention to the mythic and ritual backgrounds of the plays, noting Sophocles' reinterpretation of the ancient myths. His delineation of the heroes and their tragedies encompasses their relations with city and family, conflicts between men and women, defiance of social institutions, and the interaction of society, nature, and the gods. Segal's analysis sheds new light on Sophocles' plays--among the most widely read works of classical literature--and on their implications for Greek views on the gods, moral life, and sexuality. Table of Contents: Preface Introduction Drama and Perspective in Ajax Myth, Poetry, and Heroic Values in the Trachinian Women Time, Oracles, and Marriage in the Trachinian Women Philoctetes and the Imperishable Piety Lament and Closure in Antigone Time and Knowledge in the Tragedy of Oedipus Freud, Language, and the Unconscious The Gods and the Chorus: Zeus in Oedipus Tyrannus Earth in Oedipus Tyrannus Abbreviations Notes Index Reviews of this book: "Sophocles' Tragic World is...a lucidly written work of great theoretical sophistication and learning, offering many new insights into the fundamental meaning of the plays." DD--Victor Bers, Bryn Mawr Classical Review "[Segal] refutes reductionist attempts to derive from a Sophoclean tragedy a unitary moral or message. The dramas, Segal argues, present insoluble dilemmas that require the audience to engage with the situations the characters face, the choices the characters make, and the consequences of those choices...This book will be of interest to anyone who wants a fuller appreciation of Sophocles' dramatic art." DD--Andrew Szegedy-Maszak, New England Classical Journal "Segal's strengths as a critic are sensitivity to detail, breadth of cultural reference, and open-mindedness; these qualities make his writing rich...This is a book which could enhance any reader's understanding of Sophocles." DD--Greece and Rome "A fine collection of nine essays...A richly rewarding collection amply illustrated with specific detailed reference to the texts that one always tries to inculcate in one's pupils: for them, this will be invaluable." DD--Jim Neville, JACT Review "Sophocles' Tragic World is an organized collection of nine essays (plus introduction) on five plays, Ajax, Trachiniae, Philoctetes, Antigone, and--especially--OT, to which four of the chapters are devoted. The introduction and three of the essays (one on Ant., two on OT) are new; the others are revisions of published articles, dating originally from 1976 to 1993. For several decades now, [Segal] has been so articulate about Greek tragedy, and so productive in his articulations, that one has acquired an unusually sharp sense...of the changing shape and direction that his readings have taken over the years." DD--M.S. Silk, Classical Review "Charles Segal has written a superb critical study of five of the seven extant plays by Sophocles...Segal's analytical interests go beyond the usual discussion of the nature of heroic greatness of tragic stature. He is principally concerned with the 'tragic world' which Sophocles depicts...Segal writes in a lucid, jargon-free prose that is also dramaturgy of the highest order...Segal's strength as a critic issues directly from a wide-ranging sensitivity to the epic tradition and a nuanced awareness of the dramatic use of temporal shifts and poetic displacements. Segal's terrific, lucid book should also be required reading for anyone interested in the tragic stature of women in Greek tragedy. His complex thinking on the subject gives justice to the basic intractability of Sophocles's views on the nature of feminine sensibility." DD--Randy Gener, New York Theatre Wire "This work includes five previously published essays and four new essays. Once more, Segal brings his considerable scholarship to bear on the plays of Sophocles, addressing five of the seven extant tragedies." DD--Choice

The Complete Sophocles

Volume II: Electra and Other Plays Sophocles Peter Burian, Alan Shapiro. entirely invested, Ajax has had his honor stolen from him and must act to reclaim it. This he chooses to do by killing those he holds responsible for his ...

Author: Sophocles

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780195387827

Category: Drama

Page: 430

View: 445


Herbert Golder also served as General Editor. --Book Jacket.

Homeric Megathemes

On the borrowing of characters and themes from the Iliad and the Odyssey in Sophocles ' Ajax , I refer selectively to the following works and articles : A. M. A. Schmidt , " Uber das homerische in Sophokles ' Aias ( in sachlicher ...

Author: D. N. Marōnitēs

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 0739108832

Category: Drama

Page: 186

View: 980


In this book, war, intercourse, and homecoming are put forward as central themes in the two Homeric epics. All three themes have their own semiotics and operate in different ways in the Illiad and the Odyssey thereby determing their myth and plot, their narrative syntax and, more generally their poetic and humanistic character.

Four Tragedies

Ajax, Women of Trachis, Electra, Philoctetes Sophocles, Peter Meineck, Paul Woodruff. Hesk, Jon. Sophocles: Ajax. London: Duckworth, 2003. Knox, Bernard. “The Ajax of Sophocles.” In Word and Action: Essays on the Ancient Theatre.

Author: Sophocles

Publisher: Hackett Publishing

ISBN: 9781603844185

Category: Drama

Page: 312

View: 178


Meineck and Woodruff's new translations of these plays combine accuracy with concision, clarity, and powerful speech. Each translation includes foot-of-the-page notes, stage directions, and line numbers to the Greek. The Introduction discusses the playwright, Athenian theatre and performance, plots and major characters of each play, and major critical interpretations of the plays.