Hydrodynamics of Semi Enclosed Seas

One point that the working group did not raise , though, - because, in 1973, the question was much less evident - is that semi-enclosed seas are, in many aspects, reduced-scale models of the world oceans.

Author: J.C.J. Nihoul

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080870724

Category: Science

Page: 554

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Hydrodynamics of Semi-Enclosed Seas

The Extension of Coastal State Jurisdiction in Enclosed or Semi Enclosed Seas

strategic interests and/or by their geographic position in a particular enclosed or semi-enclosed sea. The most notable example is the Aegean Sea, where Turkey was strongly in favour of a specific regime which would take intoaccount the ...

Author: Mitja Grbec

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135115074

Category: Law

Page: 320

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The current jurisdictional status of the Mediterranean Sea is remarkable. Nearly 50 per cent of the Mediterranean waters are high seas and therefore beyond the jurisdiction of coastal States. This situation means that there are no points in the Mediterranean Sea where the coasts of two States would be more than 400 nautical miles apart. Such a legal situation generally prevents coastal States from adopting and enforcing their laws on the Mediterranean high seas, in respect of many important fields such as the protection and preservation of the marine environment, as well as the conservation of marine living resources. The jurisdictional landscape of the Adriatic Sea as a sub-sea and sub-region of the Mediterranean, is even more interesting. Croatia has proclaimed an Ecological and Fisheries Protection Zone, Slovenia has proclaimed a Zone of Ecological Protection, while Italy has adopted a framework law for the proclamation of its Zone of Ecological Protection without proclaiming its regime in the Adriatic. It is noteworthy that if all Mediterranean and Adriatic States would proclaim an Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ), there would not be a single stretch of high seas left in the entire Mediterranean Sea. Both the Adriatic and Mediterranean fall in the category of enclosed or semi-enclosed seas regulated by Part IX of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS). This book assesses the legal nature of Part IX of UNCLOS and discusses potential benefits of the extension of coastal State jurisdiction (proclamation of EEZs and/or similar sui generis zones), particularly in light of the recent calls towards an integrated and holistic approach to the management of different activities in the Mediterranean Sea. It examines the actual or potential extension of coastal State jurisdiction in the Adriatic Sea, against the background of similar extensions elsewhere in the Mediterranean and against the background of relevant EU policies. It additionally explores whether Part IX of UNCLOS imposes any duties of cooperation in relation to the extension of coastal State jurisdiction in enclosed or semi-enclosed seas, and puts forward practical suggestions as to how the issue of extension of coastal State jurisdiction could be approached in a way which would enhance States existing cooperation and improve the overall governance in the Mediterranean and Adriatic seas. This book will be of interest to policymakers and academics and students of international law, and the law of the sea.

Maritime Cooperation in Semi Enclosed Seas

development and shared natural resources generally extends beyond 200nm, especially within semi-enclosed seas. The following analysis will consider the basic international legal questions on this issue before moving on to more ...

Author: Keyuan Zou

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004396630

Category: Law

Page: 272

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This edited volume brings together distinguished scholars in an interdisciplinary discussion of the implementation of Article 123 of the LOSC in East Asia and Europe and offers insights for promoting maritime cooperation in semi-enclosed seas.

United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea 1982

ENCLOSED OR SEMI - ENCLOSED SEAS INTRODUCTION IX.1 . Part IX contains of two articles addressing the subject of " enclosed or semi - enclosed seas . " Article 122 explains the meaning of that term . Article 123 emphasizes the need for ...

Author: Myron H. Nordquist

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9041100350

Category: Law

Page: 742

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Volume III is the fourth substantive volume to be published in this series, covering articles 86 to 132 of the 1982 Convention. These articles address the issue of States' rights and jurisdiction in maritime areas beyond the limits of national jurisdiction (with the exception of the international seabed area), as well as the regime to be applied to islands, in enclosed and semi-enclosed seas, and with the access of landlocked States to and from the sea. Volume III is a direct continuation of Volume II, which deals with maritime areas under the sovereignty of jurisdiction of a State, and completes the commentary on the provisions of the Convention negotiated under the auspices of the Second Committee at UNCLOS III. The work of the Second Committee was an integrated whole, and the unity of the theme has been spread over two volumes solely as a matter of convenience. A number of documentary annexes have been included in this volume.

Semi Enclosed Seas

Proceedings of the International Meeting on UNEP's Regional Programmes in Mediterranean and Caribbean Seas, Genoa, Italy, 12-14 February 1992 which concentrated on three issues of particular interest: water quality, coastal zone management, ...

Author: P. Fabbri

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203213572

Category: Science

Page: 170

View: 615

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Proceedings of the International Meeting on UNEP's Regional Programmes in Mediterranean and Caribbean Seas, Genoa, Italy, 12-14 February 1992 which concentrated on three issues of particular interest: water quality, coastal zone management, sea-level rise and the risks and consequences of erosion and flooding.

The Law Of The Sea

These rules are adopted not only in the interest of States bordering enclosed or semi-enclosed seas but also for the ... The first problem UNCLOS III was faced with in respect of the enclosed or semienclosed seas was the definition of ...

Author: Budislav Vukas

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9789004138636

Category: Law

Page: 369

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Collection of 20 essays by the author, republished as initially written in English or French. They reflect the development of the author's views as well as the evolution of the law of the sea itself since the beginning of the Third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea.

International Law

Enclosed or Semi - Enclosed Seas . Art . 122 of Part IX of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea of 1982 ( LOS Convention ) ( 264 ) defines " enclosed or semi - enclosed sea " as " a gulf ...

Author: Boleslaw Adam Boczek

Publisher: Scarecrow Press

ISBN: 0810850788

Category: Law

Page: 538

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International Law: A Dictionary is a pathbreaking study of the development of international law from the earliest times to the present for students, scholars, legal professionals, and other interested readers. Combining the features of a brief encyclopedic dictionary and a textbook, readers are acquainted with the basic tenets of public international law. Preceding the main text are a list of acronyms and abbreviations, a glossary of Latin phrases, a chronology of major developments, a table of cases with references to entries and a list of the 373 entries. Numerous cross-references lead the reader to relevant entries, and the abundant references to primary sources, mostly treaties and court cases, enable the reader to locate research materials. The selected bibliography includes books, research aids, textbooks, and casebooks as well as recent books on special international law topics.

The Middle Eastern States and the Law of the Sea

to the open seas by a narrow outlet ' ; whereas the expression ' semi - enclosed sea ' is used to mean ' a basin located along the margins of the main ocean basins and enclosed by the land ter- ritories of two or more States ' .

Author: Ali A. Hakim

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 0719007119

Category: Agaba, Strait of

Page: 326

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The Law of the Sea

Chapter IX (Article 133-135) of Part II of the “Informal Single Negotiating Text” (in further text: ISNT) is devoted to enclosed and semi-enclosed seas.15 The provisions of this Chapter relate to the definition of such seas, ...

Author: William T. Vukowich

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789047405375

Category: Law

Page: 367

View: 383

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These collected essays reflect the development of the author’s views as well as the evolution of the law of the sea itself since the beginning of the Third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea.