The Craft of Scientific Writing

Deciding Where to Begin But in science the credit goes to the man who
convinces the world, not to the man to whom the idea first occurs. —Sir Francis
Darwin Many people underestimate how difficult scientific writing is. One aspect
that makes ...

Author: Michael Alley

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781475724820

Category: Education

Page: 282

View: 687


Designed to help both professional and student scientists and engineers write clearly and effectively, this text approaches the subject in a fresh way. Using scores of examples from a wide variety of authors and disciplines, the author - himself a writer and physicist -- demonstrates the difference between strong and weak scientific writing, and how to convey ideas to the intended audience. In addition, he gives advice on how to start writing, and how to revise drafts, including many suggestions about approaching a wide variety of tasks - from laboratory reports to grant proposals, from internal communications to press releases - as well as a concise guide to appropriate style and usage.

The Art of Scientific Writing

Scientific. “Report”. At every stage in your career you will almost certainly find
yourself called upon repeatedly to prepare ... We will later address various
niceties peculiar to more formal scientific writing, as well as aspects of specific
types of ...

Author: Hans F. Ebel

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527298290

Category: Science

Page: 608

View: 634


Most scientists live in a "publish or perish" environment, but few would describe themselves as brilliant (or enthusiastic) writers. Coming to the aid of all those wishing to improve the quality of their scientific writing -- established researchers and aspiring students alike -- three experienced authors/scientists from differing backgrounds and cultures have compiled this classic guide. This new edition has been completely revised to reflect dramatic changes in communication over the past 15 years. The primary emphasis is on writing techniques, accurate expression, adherence to accepted standards, and above all clarity, but the authors also venture into communication technology and organizational as well as ethical aspects of science. Numerous appendices and a particularly comprehensive index complete this highly useful book. "The authors have a passion, not only for clarity and economy of style, but also for precision and consistency." (Nature) "A wealth of information contained in a single book of manageable proportions. Students reporting on a simple laboratory experiment and their teachers preparing a paper or lecture will both find this book a constant companion." (European Science Editing) "The book under review claims, 'we know of no book as broad in its coverage, as critical in its analysis of existing trends, and as international in its scope'. This claim is immodest but accurate." (Trends in Pharmacological Sciences)

Scientific Writing

Encourages scientists to write confidently and explains the principles that make communicating research easier.

Author: D. R. Lindsay


ISBN: 9780643100466

Category: Science

Page: 122

View: 846


Telling people about research is just as important as doing it. But many researchers, who, in all other respects, are competent scientists, are afraid of writing. They are wary of the unwritten rules, the unspoken dogma and the inexplicably complex style, all of which seem to pervade conventional thinking about scientific writing. This book has been written to expose these phantoms as largely smoke and mirrors, and replace them with principles that make communicating research easier and encourage researchers to write confidently. It presents a way of thinking about writing that emulates the way good scientists think about research. It concentrates on the structure of articles, rather than simply on grammar and syntax. So, it is an ideal reference for researchers preparing articles for scientific journals, posters, conference presentations, reviews and popular articles; for students preparing theses; and for researchers whose first language is not English. Scientific Writing = Thinking in Words expounds principles that produce scientific articles in a wide range of disciplines that are focused, concise and, best of all, easy to write and read. As one senior scientist observed, "This book not only made me a better writer; it made me a better scientist".

An Outline of Scientific Writing

Acknowledgments I am deeply grateful to the late Professor Julius H . Comroe Jr .
, founding director of the Cardiovascular Research Institute at the University of
California at San Francisco , for introducing me to the study of scientific writing .

Author: Jen Tsi Yang

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9810224664

Category: Science

Page: 160

View: 755


This book is aimed at researchers who need to write clear and understandable manuscripts in English. Today, English is the official language of international conferences and most important publications in science and technology are written in English. Therefore, learning how to write in English has become part of the researcher's task. The book begins by discussing constructs of the English language such as sentence structure and word use. It then proceeds to discuss the style and convention used in scientific publications. This book is written at such a level that the reader should not have to resort to a dictionary. It includes many examples and exercises to clarify the rules and guidelines presented. Topics covered in this book include word choice - how to avoid redundancy; sentence and paragraph structure; the planning of a manuscript - format, nomenclature and style; how to present attractive figures and tables; references; how to prepare a manuscript for publication; submission to a journal and checking of proofs; and some standard abbreviations and symbols.

Successful Scientific Writing

Often, they are called “sciencewriting, as opposed to “scientificwriting.
Because science writing is intended to be entertaining enough to capture the
continued interest of potential readers, its style is much less somber than the
usual scientific ...

Author: Janice R. Matthews

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107691933

Category: Reference

Page: 304

View: 617


The new edition of this best-selling guide has been thoroughly updated for today's digital world, covering all aspects of the writing process and now including extensive coverage of ethical issues, including plagiarism. It offers a rich blend of practical advice, abundant examples from actual manuscripts, and hands-on exercises.

Scientific Writing 2 0

right upfront in the title. Imagine Agatha Christie writing a novel with a title like “
The butler killed the Duchess with a candlestick in the library”. The book would
surely make it to the top of the worst-seller list — at least, as far as suspense goes

Author: Jean-Luc Lebrun

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789814350617

Category: Technical writing

Page: 265

View: 468


The book helps scientists write papers for scientific journals. Using the key parts of typical scientific papers (Title, Abstract, Introduction, Visuals, Structure, and Conclusions), it shows through numerous examples, how to achieve the essential qualities required in scientific writing, namely being clear, concise, convincing, fluid, interesting, and organized. To enable the writer to assess whether these parts are well written from a reader''s perspective, the book also offers practical metrics in the form of six checklists, and even an original Java application to assist in the evaluation. The focus of the book is on self- and reader-assisted assessment of the scientific journal article. It is also the first time that a book on scientific writing takes a human factor view of the reading task and the reader scientist. By revealing and addressing the physiological causes that create substantial reading difficulties, namely limited reader memory, attention span, and patience, the book guarantees that writing will gain the much coveted reader-centered quality.

Scientific Writing and Communication in Agriculture and Natural Resources

Throughout the history of human development, science has been evolving and
generating new knowledge. ... Scientific writing in English is reported to have
started in the fourteenth century and scientific communication as we know it today

Author: P.K. Ramachandran Nair

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783319031019

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 142

View: 597


The purpose of this book is to help early career professionals in agriculture and natural resources write their research papers for high-quality journals and present their results properly at professional meetings. Different fields have different conventions for writing style such that the authors of the book have found it difficult to recommend to young scientists in these fields a specific book or source material out of the several that are available as the “go to” guide. Writing a scientific paper is a tedious task even to experienced writers; but it is particularly so for the early career professionals such as students, trainees, scientists and scholars in agriculture and natural resources; the challenge is even more when their first language of communication is not English. This book is targeted mainly to that group.

Lexical Bundles in Native and Non native Scientific Writing

Corpus of published scientific writing The corpus on which this study is principally
based is a two million-word sample from the Health Science Corpus (HSC). The
HSC consists of close to four million words of published research writing in ...

Author: Danica Salazar

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

ISBN: 9789027269522

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 212

View: 669


This book presents an investigation of lexical bundles in native and non-nativescientific writing in English, whose aim is to produce a frequency-derived, statistically- and qualitatively-refined list of the most pedagogically useful lexical bundles in scientific prose: one that can be sorted and filtered by frequency, key word, structure and function, and includes contextual information such as variations, authentic examples and usage notes. The first part of the volumediscusses the creation of this list based on a multimillion-word corpus of biomedical research writing and reveals the structure and functions of lexical bundles and their role in effective scientific communication. A comparative analysis of a non-native corpus highlights non-native scientists’ difficulties’ inemploying lexical bundles. The second part of the volume explores pedagogical applications and provides a series of teaching activities that illustrate how EAP teachers or materials designers can use the list of lexical bundles in their practice.

Publish and Flourish A Practical Guide for Effective Scientific Writing

In addition, individuals who have contributed intellectually to scientific paper can
be listed with the description of ... part by providing educational opportunities to
young scientists rather than funding the best work Writing the Acknowledgments

Author: Amar A. Sholapurkar


ISBN: 9789350900710

Category: Electronic books

Page: 236

View: 596


Doody Rating : 3 stars :This guide accessible to the students (both undergraduates and postgraduates) and faculty members of almost all the disciplines of health sciences. The book is designed specifically keeping in mind with all the core skills you need to make your mark as a high performing and an effective scientific writer. The book provides essential pointers for the beginners who are not well versed in writing a scientific paper. This compact, easy-to-use guide is a concise, yet comprehensive reference available for today's writers that guides through the step-by-step method of preparat.

TASK 5 Scientific Writing 2015

A modular academic skills course developed in collaboration with the University of Reading.

Author: Prue Griffiths


ISBN: 1782601805


Page: 32

View: 207


The Transferable Academic Skills Kit (TASK) is a flexible learning resource that has been carefully designed to develop the key transferable skills that promote students' success in university and college study. A series of supported exercises relates theory to practice and provides students with the tools to develop a framework of skills that can then be used in a wide range of contexts, both inside and outside the academic world. Each module also has web work and extension activities that offer additional information and practice relating to the skills covered in that module.

Effective Scientific Writing

While many books and guides deal with academic writing in general, few focus specifically on writing a scientific article, and most are not written with non-native speakers of English in mind. This guide now offers help.

Author: Aleth Bolt

Publisher: Vu University Press Amsterdam

ISBN: 9086596177

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 184

View: 930


Writing a scientific article in English is often a major challenge for non-native speakers of the language. They not only need to produce a well-structured and coherent text, but they are also expected to use correct and idiomatic English throughout. While many books and guides deal with academic writing in general, few focus specifically on writing a scientific article, and most are not written with non-native speakers of English in mind. This guide now offers help. It provides comprehensive and practical advice for non-English graduate students (Masters and PhD) and researchers from various disciplines who wish to communicate their work effectively. It presents all the essential elements for writing a successful scientific paper: (1) getting started and structuring your thoughts; (2) structuring your paper; (3) citing sources; (4) writing well-structured and coherent paragraphs; (5) constructing effective sentences; (6) considering information placement and word order; (7) adopting the right style and using appropriate vocabulary; (8) avoiding the pitfalls of English grammar; (9) using correct spelling and punctuation. This guide is the culmination of Taalcentrum-VU's years of experience in providing clear language and communication consulting in combination with practical tools to aid the aspiring writer of scientific English.

Dialogue Science and Academic Writing

This statement reminds us that the scientist, the researcher, the academic, even
those working under conditions of ... However, a more in-depth scrutiny of the
nature of scientific writing will show that it is only partially monologic in character.

Author: Zohar Livnat

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027275028

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 216

View: 157


This book investigates the dialogic nature of research articles from the perspective of discourse analysis, based on theories of dialogicity. It proposes a theoretical and applied framework for the understanding and exploration of scientific dialogicity. Focusing on some dialogic components, among them citations, concession, inclusive we and interrogatives, a combined model of scientific dialogicity is proposed, that reflects the place and role of various linguistic structures against the background of various theoretical approaches to dialogicity. Taking this combined model as a basis, the analysis demonstrates how scientific dialogicity is realized in an actual scientific dispute and how a scientific project is constructed step by step by means of a dialogue with its readers and discourse community. A number of different patterns of scientific dialogicity are offered, characterized by the different levels of the polemic held with the research world and other specific researchers – from the “classic”, moderate and polite dialogicity to a direct and personal confrontation between scientists.

Scientific Writing Skills

Scientific Writing Skills gives answers to these questions. It is the result of many courses in scientific writing skills to postgraduate students based on real writing problems and text examples from diverse disciplines.

Author: Amanda Lourens


ISBN: 9781920109226

Category: Reference

Page: 131

View: 133


Where do I begin to write my thesis or dissertation? Which sections should such a text have? How do I get my thoughts onto paper? How do I combine all my results in one coherent whole? What is an academic writing style? How do I reference? Scientific Writing Skills gives answers to these questions. It is the result of many courses in scientific writing skills to postgraduate students based on real writing problems and text examples from diverse disciplines. It is a practical yet scientifically sound guide that helps the student tackle scientific writing. It is also available in Afrikaans as Wetenskaplike skryfvaardighede.

Mastering Scientific and Medical Writing

She is an active member of the American Medical Writers Association (AMWA)
and the European Medical Writers Association (EMWA). She lectures on scientific
writing at the University of Basel and has provided extensive training in various ...

Author: Silvia M. Rogers

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540345084

Category: Medical

Page: 146

View: 148


“If any man wish to write in a clear style, let him frst be clear in his thoughts. ” Johann Wolfgang von Goethe You may ask why anyone would want to write yet another book about scientifc writing. Tere are many books on the subject, some more useful than others, and the abundance of literature on this topic may confuse rather than guide. I felt that this book was necessary for several reasons. During the past years, I have learnt much about the needs of scientifc communicators, both through my personal experience as a pharmacologist and, later, through teaching scientifc writing at universities, pharmaceutical companies, and other institutions. In today’s busy world, guidance on scientifc writing must be focused and to the point. Our constraints no longer permit the ti- consuming search for the “correct” word or formulation. Moreover, the speed by which we produce a manuscript has become increasingly important, be it in academia or the pharmaceutical industry. Scientists ofen fnd it difcult to accept that their professional success essentially depends on their skill and efciency to communicate their research results. Without any doubt, the rapid exchange of pertinent information is critical to scientifc advancement and should therefore be regarded with due respect. A second, perhaps even more important reason for writing this book is my personal concern for everyone challenged to write high-quality texts in a language that is not his or her native tongue.

From Research to Manuscript

Demonstrating how to compose a scientific paper, this book describes not just what to do but why and how, explaining why each section of a science paper requires its particular form of information, and showing how to fit data and arguments ...

Author: Michael Jay Katz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402040458

Category: Science

Page: 152

View: 402


Demonstrating how to compose a scientific paper, this book describes not just what to do but why and how, explaining why each section of a science paper requires its particular form of information, and showing how to fit data and arguments into that form. It recognizes that experiments in different disciplines need different presentations.

Collocations in Science Writing

Aims The aim of this book is to explore the language of science writing. The
method is to describe scientific research articles on the basis of a computerheld
text archive (a corpus). While many features of language have been identified in

Author: Christopher J. Gledhill

Publisher: Gunter Narr Verlag

ISBN: 3823349457

Category: Collocation (Linguistics)

Page: 268

View: 188


Writing Science Through Critical Thinking

2 The Language of Science Science writing can refer to two kinds of writing :
writing about science ( i.e. , scientific subject matter ) or writing in the context of
science . It is possible to write about science in a non - scientific way : Different
written ...

Author: Marilyn F. Moriarty

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning

ISBN: 0867205105

Category: Science

Page: 263

View: 832


Written and extensively class tested with NSF/NIH support, this timely and useful text addresses a crucial need which is acknowledged in most universities and colleges. It is the need for students to learn to write in the context of their field of study; in this case science. Although numerous "how to" writing books have been published, few, if any, address the central pedagogical issues underlying the process of learning to think and write scientifically. The direct connection between this writing skill and that of critical thinking is developed with engaging style by the author, an English professor. Moriarty's book is an invaluable guide for both undergraduate and graduate science students. In the process of learning the specific requirements of organization demanded by scientific writing, students will develop strategies for thinking through their scientific research, well before they sit down to write. This instructive text will be useful to students who need to satisfy a science writing proficiency requirement in the context of a science course, a course in technical writing, advanced composition, or writing for the profession.

Developing Science Writing Skills Grades 5 8

Effective oral and written reports in science must accurately present the scientific
data in a concise manner. In oral and written science reports, students must have
key basic writing skills. Used properly, these key writing skills make science ...

Author: Myrl Shireman

Publisher: Mark Twain Media

ISBN: 9781580378321

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 80

View: 849


Connect students in grades 5 and up with science using Developing Science Writing Skills. This 80-page book helps students speak and write effectively when they present scientific information. Students focus on writing clear and concise hypotheses, design experiments, and write explanations, descriptions, and summaries. In the final chapter, students write a science report, which pulls together all of the writing elements from previous chapters. The book supports National Science Education Standards.

Writing Scientific Research Articles

We have included the aspects of English usage that are of general interest for
scientist authors in the previous chapters on writing each section of an article.
This chapter, on the other hand, focuses on those aspects of English grammar
and ...

Author: Margaret Cargill

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118570685

Category: Science

Page: 240

View: 160


This book shows scientists how to apply their analysis and synthesis skills to overcoming the challenge of how to write, as well as what to write, to maximise their chances of publishing in international scientific journals. The book uses analysis of the scientific article genre to provide clear processes for writing each section of a manuscript, starting with clear ‘story’ construction and packaging of results. Each learning step uses practical exercises to develop writing and data presentation skills based on reader analysis of well-written example papers. Strategies are presented for responding to referee comments, and for developing discipline-specific English language skills for manuscript writing and polishing. The book is designed for scientists who use English as a first or an additional language, and for individual scientists or mentors or a class setting. In response to reader requests, the new edition includes review articles and the full range of research article formats, as well as applying the book’s principles to writing funding applications. Web support for this book is available at