Scientific Writing in a Second Language

Scientific Writing in a Second Language investigates and aims to alleviate the barriers to the publication of scientific research articles experienced by scientists who use English as a second language.

Author: David Ian Hanauer

Publisher: Parlor Press LLC

ISBN: 9781602353817

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 207

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Scientific Writing in a Second Language investigates and aims to alleviate the barriers to the publication of scientific research articles experienced by scientists who use English as a second language. David Ian Hanauer and Karen Englander provide a comprehensive meta-synthesis of what is currently known about the phenomenon of second language scientific publication and the ways in which this issue has been addressed.

Academic Writing in a Second Language

Exploring research and pedagogy on second language writing, this volume focuses on issues concerning policy decisions affecting foreign students.

Author: Diane Dewhurst Belcher

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 156750115X

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 410

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Exploring research and pedagogy on second language writing, this volume focuses on issues concerning policy decisions affecting foreign students.

Academic Writing in a Second or Foreign Language

Hirvela, A., & Belcher, D. (2001). Coming back to voice: The multiple voices and
identities of mature multilingual writers. Journal of Second Language Writing, 10(
1/2), 83–106. Hunston, S. (1993). Evaluation and ideology in scientific writing.

Author: Ramona Tang

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781441153340

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 272

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It can be a challenge writing in a language that is not your native tongue. Constructing academic essays, dissertations and research articles in this second or foreign language is even more challenging, yet across the globe thousands of academics and students do so, some out of choice, some out of necessity. This book looks at a major issue within the field of English for Academic Purposes (EAP). It focuses on the issues confronting non-native-English-speaking academics, scholars and students, who face increasing pressure to write and publish in English, now widely acknowledged as the academic lingua franca. Questions of identity, access, pedagogy and empowerment naturally arise. This book looks at both student and professional academic writers, using qualitative text analysis, quantitative questionnaire data, corpus investigations and ethnographic approaches to searchingly examine issues central to the EAP field.

Exploring Second Language Creative Writing

His research focuses on the connections among authentic literacies and social
functions in first and second languages across disciplines. Dr. Hanauer is the
author of six books including Scientific Writing in a Second Language and Poetry
as ...

Author: Dan Disney

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

ISBN: 9789027270351

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 157

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Exploring Second Language Creative Writing continues the work of stabilizing the emerging Creative Writing (SL) discipline. In unique ways, each essay in this book seeks to redefine a tripartite relationship between language acquisition, literatures, and identity. All essays extend B.B. Kachru’s notion of “bilingual creativity” as an enculturated, shaped discourse (a mutation of the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis). Creative Writing (SL), a new subfield to emerge from Stylistics, extends David Hanauer’s Poetry as Research (2010); situating a suite of methodologies and interdisciplinary pedagogies, researchers in this book mobilize theories from Creativity Studies, TESOL, TETL, Translation Studies, Linguistics, Cultural Studies, and Literary Studies. Changing the relationship between L2 writers and canonized literary artefacts (from auratic to dialogic), each essay in this text is essentially Freirean; each chapter explores dynamic processes through which creative writing in a non-native language engages material and phenomenological modes toward linguistic pluricentricity and, indeed, emancipation.

Handbook of Second and Foreign Language Writing

Writing instruction and assessment for English Language learners K-8. New York
: Guilford Press. Lillis, Theresa M. and Mary Jane Curry. 2010. Academic writing
in a global context: The politics and practices of publishing in English. New York:
 ...

Author: Rosa M. Manchón

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9781614511335

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 669

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The Handbook of Second and Foreign Language Writing is an authoritative reference compendium of the theory and research on second and foreign language writing that can be of value to researchers, professionals, and graduate students. It is intended both as a retrospective critical reflection that can situate research on L2 writing in its historical context and provide a state of the art view of past achievements, and as a prospective critical analysis of what lies ahead in terms of theory, research, and applications. Accordingly, the Handbook aims to provide (i) foundational information on the emergence and subsequent evolution of the field, (ii) state-of-the-art surveys of available theoretical and research (basic and applied) insights, (iii) overviews of research methods in L2 writing research, (iv) critical reflections on future developments, and (iv) explorations of existing and emerging disciplinary interfaces with other fields of inquiry.

Second Language Writing in Elementary Classrooms

Thus, this aspect of scientific writing is a next step for Sara to work on in learning
science writing for developing metalanguage for science language. This process
of Sara's writing development will be a useful guide for the teacher to design ...

Author: Luciana de Oliveira

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137530981

Category: Education

Page: 192

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Second Language Writing in Elementary Classrooms focuses on L2 writing in elementary classrooms. It features chapters that highlight research in elementary classrooms focused on the writing development of multilingual children, and research in teacher education to prepare elementary teachers to teach L2 writing and address L2 writers' needs.

Handbook of Research in Second Language Teaching and Learning

ESP and Advanced Academic Literacies There has also been, in recent years, an
increased attention given in ESP research to ... This has included research into
writing for publication and thesis and dissertation writing in a second language.

Author: Eli Hinkel

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781317508366

Category: Education

Page: 514

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Volume III of the Handbook of Research in Second Language Teaching and Learning, like Volumes I and II, is a comprehensive, state-of-the-art overview of current research into social contexts of second language (L2)/foreign language (FL) teaching and learning; language policy; curriculum; types of instruction; incremental language skills such as listening, speaking, reading, writing, vocabulary, and grammar; international communication; pragmatics; assessment and testing. It differs from earlier volumes in its main purpose—to provide a more in-depth discussion and detailed focus on the development of the essential language skills required for any type of communication: speaking, listening, reading, vocabulary, grammar, and writing. Volume III preserves continuity with previous volumes in its coverage of all the classical areas of research in L2/FL teaching and learning and applied linguistics, but rather than offering a historical review of disciplinary traditions, it explores innovations and new directions of research, acknowledges the enormous complexity of teaching and learning the essential language abilities, and offers a diversity of perspectives. Chapter authors are all leading authorities in their disciplinary areas. What’s new in Volume III? Updates the prominent areas of research, including the sub-disciplines addressed in Volumes I and II, and represents the disciplinary mainstays Considers and discusses perspectives held by different schools of thought on the what, the how, and the why of teaching foundational language skills, including theories, pedagogical principles, and their implementation in practice Captures new and ongoing developments and trends in the key areas of L2/FL teaching and learning, and innovative research topics that have gained substantial recognition in current publications, including the role of corpora, technology, and digital literacy in L2/FL teaching and learning Examines new trends in language pedagogy and research, such as an increased societal emphasis on teaching academic language for schooling, somewhat contradictory definitions of literacy, and the growing needs for instruction in intercultural communication.

Lexical Bundles in Native and Non native Scientific Writing

The predominance of the language in higher education and research is obvious
in the sheer number of academic journals being published in English, of second-
language speakers studying academic subjects in English, and of non-native ...

Author: Danica Salazar

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

ISBN: 9789027269522

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 212

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This book presents an investigation of lexical bundles in native and non-nativescientific writing in English, whose aim is to produce a frequency-derived, statistically- and qualitatively-refined list of the most pedagogically useful lexical bundles in scientific prose: one that can be sorted and filtered by frequency, key word, structure and function, and includes contextual information such as variations, authentic examples and usage notes. The first part of the volumediscusses the creation of this list based on a multimillion-word corpus of biomedical research writing and reveals the structure and functions of lexical bundles and their role in effective scientific communication. A comparative analysis of a non-native corpus highlights non-native scientists’ difficulties’ inemploying lexical bundles. The second part of the volume explores pedagogical applications and provides a series of teaching activities that illustrate how EAP teachers or materials designers can use the list of lexical bundles in their practice.

Writing Scientific Papers in English Successfully

This strategy can help both non-natives attempting to overcome the language barrier and native speakers of English ... This book is divided into two parts: the first part provides the theoretical foundations of scientific writing.

Author: Ethel Schuster Editor

Publisher: Hyprtek.Com, Incorporated

ISBN: 8588533979

Category: Communication in science

Page: 194

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"Having to communicate in English is necessary in today's world. English is the lingua franca of science, and of the speedy communications we depend on, namely the Internet, the World Wide Web, social media, crowdsourcing, and other information-sharing resources. The challenge to produce well-written papers is especially hard for non-native speakers of English, the majority of scientists around the world. Effective scientific writing requires both mastery of the English language and proficiency in the specific academic genre ... We have developed a strategy to tackle the problems faced by writers who are new to the scientific writing genre and style. This strategy can help both non-natives attempting to overcome the language barrier and native speakers of English ... This book is divided into two parts: the first part provides the theoretical foundations of scientific writing. The second part details the strategies, techniques, and tools that are at the heart of our approach"--Preface

An Outline of Scientific Writing

This book is aimed at researchers who need to write clear and understandable manuscripts in English.

Author: Jen Tsi Yang

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9810224664

Category: Science

Page: 160

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This book is aimed at researchers who need to write clear and understandable manuscripts in English. Today, English is the official language of international conferences and most important publications in science and technology are written in English. Therefore, learning how to write in English has become part of the researcher's task. The book begins by discussing constructs of the English language such as sentence structure and word use. It then proceeds to discuss the style and convention used in scientific publications. This book is written at such a level that the reader should not have to resort to a dictionary. It includes many examples and exercises to clarify the rules and guidelines presented. Topics covered in this book include word choice - how to avoid redundancy; sentence and paragraph structure; the planning of a manuscript - format, nomenclature and style; how to present attractive figures and tables; references; how to prepare a manuscript for publication; submission to a journal and checking of proofs; and some standard abbreviations and symbols.

Sociocultural Theory in Second Language Education

You will see a young man take his everyday concepts and the scientific concepts
introduced in Penny's writing class, make sense of these concepts and apply
them to tell his best friend's story. The two-part discussion that follows the story ...

Author: Merrill Swain

Publisher: Multilingual Matters

ISBN: 9781847693297

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 174

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In this accessible introduction to Vygotskyian sociocultural theory, narratives illuminate key concepts of the theory. These key concepts, addressed across seven chapters, include mediation; Zone of Proximal Development; collaborative dialogue; private speech; everyday and scientific concepts; the interrelatedness of cognition and emotion, activity theory and assessment. An eighth chapter provides readers with an opportunity to consider two additional narratives and apply the SCT concepts that they have become familiar with. These narratives come from individuals in a variety of languages, contexts, ages and proficiencies. We hear from learners, teachers and researchers. Intended for graduate and undergraduate audiences, this textbook includes controversies in the field, questions for collaborative discussion and provides references to important work in the literature of second language teaching, learning and research. This book presents a unique introduction to Sociocultural Theory. Through the telling of fascinating stories the authors familiarize the reader with the concepts that are central to the theory and in particular to how the theory relates to the teaching and learning of languages beyond the first. It is an exceptional piece of scholarship that I think Vygotsky would have wholeheartedly endorsed." James P. Lantolf, the Pennsylvania State University, USA "This book is a most welcome addition to the growing literature on sociocultural theory. It is refreshing to come across such a reader-friendly book dealing with complex constructs. The book provides an overview of key concepts in sociocultural theory, and then, using a set of narratives, illustrates how these concepts can be used to explain phenomena in second language learning and teaching, As such, the authors have succeeded in producing an accessible and highly engaging introduction to sociocultural theory." Neomy Storch, The University of Melbourne, Australia "Sociocultural Theory in Second Language Education is a highly recommended and worthwhile book for all those who seek to understand how sociocultural theory is entailed in teaching practice. Using narratives of teaching recounted in the voices of language learners and teachers, Swain and her co-authors bring the major concepts of Vygotsky to life in clear and accessible ways. Contributing to the conceptual analysis of each story is information on allied concepts, key studies, controversies and discussion topics. This book is certain to be a mainstay in language teacher education programs and in courses on sociocultural theory and second language acquisition." Richard Donato, University of Pittsburg, USA The authors, each from a different background, share a passion for sociocultural theory. Each author brings stories, data and experiences from her area of expertise: second language pedagogy and teacher development (Linda); elementary classroom teaching with second language and bilingual students (Penny) and teaching and research in bilingual education and second language learning (Merrill). Penny lectures at the University of Toronto. Linda is an associate professor at York University in Toronto. Merill is a professor emeritus at OISE University of Toronto.

Teaching Writing as a Second Language

MANY WRITERS HAVE SPECIFIED THAT ANY MODEL OR THEORY that has to
do with language must be both simple and elegant, just like other scientific
theories and models. Noam Chomsky is one of the writers who has dealt with
models ...

Author: Alice Horning

Publisher: SIU Press

ISBN: 9780809313273

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 88

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Addressing basic writing not only as a practical problem and humane responsibility, but also as a challenging area for research and theorizing, this book reviews, interprets, and applies the growing body of work in second language acquisition. Chapter 1 presents 6 hypotheses constituting an attempt to develop a cohesive theory of writing acquisition that incorporates the redundancy of language and facilitates the process of language acquisition. The following chapters explore this theory in detail to serve as a basis for experimental confirmation. Chapters 2 and 3, on spoken and written language and redundancy, provide the theoretical basis for the argument that academic discourse is a separate linguistic system characterized by particular psycholinguistic features. Chapters 4 and 5 present a detailed analysis of the behavior of basic writers with respect to written form, reviewing both pertinent second language theory about learners' errors and a case study of one writer. Chapters 6 and 7 discuss the relevant affective factors analyzed in second language acquisition theory and detail Stephen Krashen's recent proposals for a comprehensive theory of second language acquisition. The final chapter reviews the entire theory, summarizes the evidence, and outlines the agenda for further research. (JD)

Reflections on Language Learning

... in a second language ( a branch of second - language acquisition research ) ,
and ( 2 ) the way in which functions are expressed by skilled writers of Scientific
and Technical English ( a branch of research on English for Specific Purposes ) .

Author: Leila Barbara

Publisher: Multilingual Matters

ISBN: 1853592579

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 247

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First published in 1994. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Hedging in Scientific Research Articles

Hedging and second language learners The considerable significance of hedges
to scientists and to science discussed ... also be extended to second language
students acquiring the rhetorical skills they need for successful academic writing.

Author: Ken Hyland

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027250674

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 307

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This book provides a comprehensive study of hedging in academic research papers, relating a systematic analysis of forms to a pragmatic explanation for their use. Based on a detailed examination of journal articles and interviews with research scientists, the study shows that the extensive use of possibility and tentativeness in research writing is intimately connected to the social and institutional practices of academic communities and is at the heart of how knowledge comes to be socially accredited through texts. The study identifies the major forms, functions and distribution of hedges and explores the research article genre in detail to present an explanatory framework based on a complex social and ideological interpretive environment. The results show that hedging is central to Scientific argument, individual scientists and, ultimately, to science itself. The importance of hedging to student writers is also recognised and a chapter devoted to teaching implications.

Reinventing Identities in Second Language Writing

Negotiating knowledge contribution to multiple discourse communities : A
doctoral student of computer science writing for publication . Journal of Second
Language Writing , 15 , 159–178 . Miller , C. R. ( 1994 ) . Genre as social action .

Author: Michelle Cox

Publisher: National Council of Teachers

ISBN: UOM:39076002867815

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 342

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The shifting nature of identity: social identity, l2 writers, and high school / Christina Ortmeier-Hooper -- Subtexting mainstream generation 1.5 identities: acculturation theories at work / Gwen Gray Schwartz -- Lost in the puzzles / Jun Yang -- Will our stories help teachers understand: multilingual students talk about identity, voice, and expectations across academic communities / Terry Myers Zawacki and Anna Sophia Habib -- Identity, second language writers, and the learning of workplace writing / Michelle Cox -- Collision and negotiation of my identities in the TESOL graduate program / Eunsook Ha Rhee -- Negotiating with identities as a novice EFL researcher / Yichun Liu -- Language identity, agency, and context: the shifting meanings of?multilingual? -- Gail shuck -- Indigenous interests: reconciling literate identities across extracurricular and curricular contexts / Kevin Roozen and Angelica Herrera -- Complexities of academic writing in English: difficulties, struggles, and clashes of identity / Yutaka Fujieda -- Burning each end of the candle: negotiating dual identities in second language writing / Soo Hyon Kim -- Second language writers inventing identities through creative work and performance / Carol Severino, Matt Gilchrist, and Emma Rainey -- Using my lived experience to teach writing: a reflective practice / Olubukola Salako -- Colonial language writing identities in postcolonial Africa / Immacule Harushimana -- Blinding audacity: the narrative of a French-speaking African teaching English in the United States / Immacule Harushimana -- Nenglish and Nepalese student identity / Mary Ellen Daniloff-Merrill -- Social class privilege among ESOL writing students / Stephanie Vandrick -- Social networking in a second language: engaging multiple literate practices through identity composition / Kevin Eric DePew and Susan Miller-Cochran -- Negotiation of identities in a multilingual setting: Korean generation 1.5 in email writing / Hana Kang -- Identity matters: theories that help explore adolescent multilingual writers and their identities / Youngjoo Yi.

Thesis and Dissertation Writing in a Second Language

Academic writing is typically viewed as largely depersonalized. Textbooks tell
students that for scientific writing to be objective, it should beimpersonal anduse
the passive voice– thus removing or reducing the presence of the researcher in
the ...

Author: Brian Paltridge

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134195336

Category: Education

Page: 192

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The relationship of supervisor to student has traditionally been seen as one of apprenticeship, in which much learning is tacit, with the expectation that the student will become much like the tutor. The changing demographics of higher education in conjunction with imperatives of greater accountability and support for research students have rendered this scenario both less likely and less desirable and unfortunately many supervisors are challenged by the task of guiding non-native speaker students to completion. This handbook is the ideal guide for all supervisors working with undergraduate and postgraduate non-native speaker students writing a thesis or dissertation in English as it explicitly unpacks thesis writing, using language that is accessible to research supervisors from any discipline.

Second Language Instruction acquisition Abstracts

Wales bilingual child language acquisition ; questionnaires ; recorded
interactions ; Welsh / English bilinguals aged 1 : 3 - 3 : 1 ... academic English
writing , linguistic transfer ; essay ; Chinese students ; 97 / 1052 Arabic as a
foreign language ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: IND:30000070061241

Category: Language and languages

Page:

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Teaching English as a Second Language

In one particular summer class, which fully occupied many of her waking hours,
she was required to write at least one fairly major paper every week. ... Scientific
writing employs more passive constructions than any other form ofwriting.

Author: Richard McGarry

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: 9780786491469

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 188

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This guide examines the concepts that most often confound ESL students, whose confusion can generally be reduced to one very basic question: Why does English work that way? Focusing on the grammar of conversational speech, the book goes beyond simple description of the parts of speech, tenses and modes, and other topics of instruction to consider the cultural differences in language use (for native speakers of Japanese, for instance, the painting may be on the wall—but the wall is also on the painting) and even the neuroscience of our speech patterns. With 36 illustrations, an annotated bibliography and list of online resources, a glossary, and end-of-chapter exercises, this book equips instructors and advanced students to explain everyday language choices that stymie non-native speakers. Instructors considering this book for use in a course may request an examination copy here.

Socio Cultural Perspectives on Science Education

Learners usually “monitor' their new language, a process that is more effective if
time is available. So writing becomes an easier task than speaking because time
is available for the monitor to operate. Speech remains more hesitant until the ...

Author: W.W. Cobern

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401152242

Category: Science

Page: 221

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Global science education is a reality at the end of the 20th century - albeit an uneven reality - because of tremendous technological and economic pressures. Unfortunately, this reality is rarely examined in the light of what interests the everyday lives of ordinary people rather than the lives of political and economic elites. The purpose of this book is to offer insightful and thought-provoking commentary on both realities. The tacit question throughout the book is `Whose interests are being served by current science education practices and policies?' The various chapters offer critical analysis from the perspectives of culture, economics, epistemology, equity, gender, language, and religion in an effort to promote a reflective science education that takes place within, rather than taking over, the important cultural lives of people. The target audience for the book includes graduate students in education, science education and education policy professors, policy and government officials involved with education.