Scientific Communication Across the Iron Curtain

This volume will be of interest to historians of Cold War science, particularly those who study communications and language issues.

Author: Christopher D. Hollings

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319253441

Category: Science

Page: 109

View: 438

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This monograph provides a concise introduction to the tangled issues of communication between Russian and Western scientists during the Cold War. It details the extent to which mid-twentieth-century researchers and practitioners were able to communicate with their counterparts on the opposite side of the Iron Curtain. Drawing upon evidence from a range of disciplines, a decade-by-decade account is first given of the varying levels of contact that existed via private correspondence and conference attendance. Next, the book examines the exchange of publications and the availability of one side's work in the libraries of the other. It then goes on to compare general language abilities on opposite sides of the Iron Curtain, with comments on efforts in the West to learn Russian and the systematic translation of Russian work. In the end, author Christopher Hollings argues that physical accessibility was generally good in both directions, but that Western scientists were afflicted by greater linguistic difficulties than their Soviet counterparts whose major problems were bureaucratic in nature. This volume will be of interest to historians of Cold War science, particularly those who study communications and language issues. In addition, it will be an ideal starting pointing for anyone looking to know more about this fascinating area.

The Craft of Scientific Communication

Tbt Craft of Scientific Communication will teach science students and scientists alike how to improve the clarity, cogency, and communicative power of their words and images. In this remarkable guide, Joseph E. Harmon and Alan G. Gross ...

Author: Joseph E. Harmon

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226316637

Category: Science

Page: 192

View: 142

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The ability to communicate in print and person is essential to the life of a successful scientist. But since writing is often secondary in scientific education and teaching, there remains a significant need for guides that teach scientists how best to convey their research to general and professional audiences. The Craft of Scientific Communication will teach science students and scientists alike how to improve the clarity, cogency, and communicative power of their words and images. In this remarkable guide, Joseph E. Harmon and Alan G. Gross have combined their many years of experience in the art of science writing to analyze published examples of how the best scientists communicate. Organized topically with information on the structural elements and the style of scientific communications, each chapter draws on models of past successes and failures to show students and practitioners how best to negotiate the world of print, online publication, and oral presentation.

Effective Scientific Communication

The story was about a group of rebellious scientists who made a groundbreaking, life-saving discovery, but decided to hold on to it, unless they were paid a ludicrous reward.

Author: Cristina Hanganu-Bresch

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780190646813

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 432

View: 730

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""Selfish scientists won't share new findings," ran one headline in The Onion. The story was about a group of rebellious scientists who made a groundbreaking, life-saving discovery, but decided to hold on to it, unless they were paid a ludicrous reward. Imagine that for a second: science happening, but without anyone finding out about it"--

Scientific Communication

Cases for teaching “The project draws on ten important instances of public science communication across five ... examining the ethical principles at work in University $254,157 communication of science communicating scientific knowledge ...

Author: Han Yu

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351661768

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 332

View: 145

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This book addresses the roles and challenges of people who communicate science, who work with scientists, and who teach STEM majors how to write. In terms of practice and theory, chapters address themes encountered by scientists and communicators, including ethical challenges, visual displays, and communication with publics, as well as changed and changing contexts and genres. The pedagogy section covers topics important to instructors’ everyday teaching as well as longer-term curricular development. Chapters address delivery of rhetorically informed instruction, communication from experts to the publics, writing assessment, online teaching, and communication-intensive pedagogies and curricula.

Scientific Communication in African Universities

recent breakthroughs, especially ICT, within the context of the culture of scientific communication in African scientific communities. Scientific communication is the intellectual lifeline of scientists. It is a highway upon which ...

Author: Damtew Teferra

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135943486

Category: Education

Page: 176

View: 843

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First Published in 2003. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Scientific Communication

Especially the telecommunications inventions influenced the way scientific knowledge could be circulated between scientists in different countries.344 But the present development in informatics and communications has in particular ...

Author: Rainer Fladung

Publisher: ibidem-Verlag / ibidem Press

ISBN: 9783838257341

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 306

View: 871

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Today, the media and communication markets are undergoing a fundamental transformation. This thesis focuses on the market for electronic media products in the higher education market and especially on the market for scientific journals. In contrast to other media sectors this partial market shows a significantly different structure and different characteristics. For around 10 years scientific publishers have offered electronic versions of their products, which is of vital importance for the scientific communication of research activities all over the world. Content providers as well as libraries face new duties and responsibilities. Librarians especially have to cope with the new assignments as advanced information intermediaries. In view of decreasing library budgets and increasing costs for scientific information sources, the economic responsibilities have become an important issue in librarians’ daily work. Thus, one major goal of this research is to obtain a better understanding of the way in which scientific content is traded over markets.

HW0228 Scientific Communication II

This is the coursebook for Scientific Communication II, a one-semester, 2-credit, advanced research writing course for science students in the School of Biological Sciences and School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences at Nanyang ...

Author: Kingsley Bolton

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351056281

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 158

View: 620

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This is the coursebook for Scientific Communication II, a one-semester, 2-credit, advanced research writing course for science students in the School of Biological Sciences and School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences at Nanyang Technological University (NTU). This course builds on the foundation course, Scientific Communication I. The broad aim of this course is to familiarise you with the linguistic features and organizational structure of scientific texts. We hope that you will both enjoy and benefit from the course. Science students not only need expert knowledge relating to their disciplines, but they also need to be able to communicate that knowledge to their peers, professors and the wider community. This course is designed to help you improve your skills in all these areas of communication. Please note: As HW0128 Scientific Communication I is a pre-requisite for this course, please ensure that you have completed the course, signed up for it this semester or obtained exemption from this requirement.

HW0128 Scientific Communication I

This is the coursebook for Scientific Communication I, a one-semester, 2-credit course for students in the School of Biological Sciences and School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences. The broad aim of this course is to increase ...

Author: Kingsley Bolton

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351255653

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 132

View: 719

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This is the coursebook for Scientific Communication I, a one-semester, 2-credit course for students in the School of Biological Sciences and School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences. The broad aim of this course is to increase students’ abilities in academic communication related to their studies in science as well as in professional communication. Professional scientists not only need expert knowledge relating to science, but they also need to be able to communicate that knowledge, both to their scientific colleagues and also to the wider community. This coursebook is designed to help improve students’ skills in both areas of communication. Accessibly written and rigorously researched it provides up-to-date science-specific vocabulary and exercises to assist students to master Scientific Communication I. Please note: As HW0001 English Proficiency is a co-requisite/pre-requisite for this course, please ensure that you have completed the course, signed up for it this semester or obtained exemption from this requirement.

Scientific Communication and National Security

National Academy of Engineering, National Academy of Sciences, Policy and Global Affairs, Institute of Medicine, Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy, Panel on Scientific Communication and National Security.

Author: National Academy of Engineering

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309033329

Category: Political Science

Page: 204

View: 744

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The military, political, and economic preeminence of the United States during the post-World War II era is based to a substantial degree on its superior rate of achievement in science and technology, as well as on its capacity to translate these achievements into products and processes that contribute to economic prosperity and the national defense. The success of the U.S. scientific enterprise has been facilitated by many factors, important among them the opportunity for American scientists and engineers to pursue their research-and to communicate with each other-in a free and open environment. During the last two administrations, however, concern has arisen that the characteristically open U.S. scientific community has served as one of the channels through which critical information and know-how are flowing to the Soviet Union and to other potential adversary countries; openness in science is thus perceived to present short-term national security risks in addition to its longer-term national security benefits in improved U.S. military technology. The Panel on Scientific Communication and National Security was asked to examine the various aspects of the application of controls to scientific communication and to suggest how to balance competing national objectives so as to best serve the general welfare. The Panel held three two-day meetings in Washington at which it was briefed by representatives of the departments of Defense, State, and Commerce, and by representatives of the intelligence community, including the Central Intelligence Agency, the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Defense Intelligence Agency, and the National Security Agency. The Panel also heard presentations by members of the research community and by university representatives. In addition to these briefings, the Rand Corporation prepared an independent analysis of the transfer of sensitive technology from the United States to the Soviet Union. To determine the views of scientists and administrators at major research universities, the Panel asked a group of faculty members and administrative officials at Cornell University to prepare a paper incorporating their own views and those of counterparts at other universities. The main thrust of the Panel's findings is completely reflected in this document. However, the Panel has also produced a classified version of the subpanel report based on the secret intelligence information it was given; this statement is available at the Academy to those with the appropriate security clearance.

Improving Scientific Communication for Lifelong Learners

INTRODUCTION The purpose of the chapter is to present some contributions of Information Design to Popular Scientific Communication. Information Design is an area of Graphic Design that aims to balance, with its target audience, ...

Author: Kurubacak-Meric, Gulsun

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781799845355

Category: Education

Page: 288

View: 371

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Scientific communication (Sci-Com) is a part of information science and the sociology of science that studies researchers' use of formal and informal information channels as well as their communicative roles. It also covers the utilization of the formal publication system and similar issues. Within the scientific community, much attention has focused on improving communications between scientists, policymakers, and the public. Sci-Com is an important area of research in meeting these needs. The use of communication methods to portray information clearly, concisely, and effectively, whether that be through presentations, writing, or other approaches, is an essential area of interest within the community. Improving Scientific Communication for Lifelong Learners seeks to improve scientific writing and speaking skills for lifelong learning researchers by developing an adaptive and responsive open and distance application according to universal design principles. The book will focus on the efforts that are centered on improving the content, substantiality, accessibility, and delivery of scientific communications, and to convey clear information to an audience, so its members can understand, use, and build on the information portrayed. The chapters highlight specific areas such as design thinking, distance learning, educational technologies, student success and motivation, and the design of educational environments and learning communities. This book is a valuable reference tool for teachers, academics, communication specialists, students, researchers, developers, and R&D professionals from various fields such as distance learning, online learning, accreditation, qualitative and quantitative research, transhumanism and learning, computer engineering, sociology, and more.

Scientific Communication Across the Iron Curtain

Keywords Scientific communication · Cold War science · Academic exchange In order to set this study in motion, I first pick up on the comments made in the Preface concerning previous studies of Cold War (scientific) communication.

Author: Christopher D. Hollings

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319253466

Category: Science

Page: 109

View: 412

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This monograph provides a concise introduction to the tangled issues of communication between Russian and Western scientists during the Cold War. It details the extent to which mid-twentieth-century researchers and practitioners were able to communicate with their counterparts on the opposite side of the Iron Curtain. Drawing upon evidence from a range of disciplines, a decade-by-decade account is first given of the varying levels of contact that existed via private correspondence and conference attendance. Next, the book examines the exchange of publications and the availability of one side's work in the libraries of the other. It then goes on to compare general language abilities on opposite sides of the Iron Curtain, with comments on efforts in the West to learn Russian and the systematic translation of Russian work. In the end, author Christopher Hollings argues that physical accessibility was generally good in both directions, but that Western scientists were afflicted by greater linguistic difficulties than their Soviet counterparts whose major problems were bureaucratic in nature. This volume will be of interest to historians of Cold War science, particularly those who study communications and language issues. In addition, it will be an ideal starting pointing for anyone looking to know more about this fascinating area.

Nanotechnology and Scientific Communication

Illustrating this way of speaking further is the next excerpt, in which the respondent describes “being able to communicate” as “a critical aspect of being a scientist”: Excerpt 10 1 (0069) I mean, it [interdisciplinary work] can be an ...

Author: Deborah R. Bassett

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781349952014

Category: Social Science

Page: 155

View: 287

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This study examines findings from a 4-year-long ethnography of communication among a research university’s community of scientists and engineers working in nanoscience and nanotechnology. It includes analysis of 20 in-depth interviews with scientists and engineers from 18 different disciplines self-identified as working in nanoscale science and engineering. Using multiple methods of inquiry, including fieldwork, interviews, and textual analysis, elements of a shared speech code are presented, each of which indicate culturally distinctive understandings of psychology, sociology and rhetoric. In particular, the interview data addresses questions such as “What kind of person is a scientist?” “What is the role of science in society?” and “What is the role of communication in science?” This book will appeal to readers interested in science and society, scientific communication, and ethnography of communication.

The Practice of Technical and Scientific Communication

evaluate the voices of community members in creating their communications . Finally , at the end of this chapter , we discuss how these three principles have affected the role of today's technical and scientific communicators .

Author: Jean A. Lutz

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 1567503616

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 309

View: 269

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The Practice of Technical and Scientific Communication is a detailed description of the work done by technical and scientific communicators in a variety of professional settings. It is designed mainly as an educational and career planning tool for students preparing for careers in technical communication. However, it may also be used by educators who teach and advise students, by researchers who need a comprehensive picture of technical communication practice, and by employers who need a more thorough understanding of how technical communicators can contribute to their businesses.

How to face the scientific communication today International challenge and digital technology impact on research outputs dissemination

The will to communicate and being understood lies inside each one of us: the desire to express to others is a natural need, an inner demand, especially in the world of scientific research. The approach of scientific field to the network ...

Author: Marco Medici

Publisher: Firenze University Press

ISBN: 9788864534978

Category: Architecture

Page: 251

View: 377

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The current research scenario aims for new opportunities and perspectives in divulgation of scientific results. Nowadays research asks to be widely diffused and disseminated in a larger community in the effort to demonstrate its innovation and originality, so to enlarge network and obtain fund to keep working. In this context, PhD students, as part of scientific community and young researchers in training, have to understand the rule of publications to define the best strategy for the dissemination of their research. The present book, through the experiences of national and international PhD candidates, PhDs and Professors, is a contribute in the current opened debate on the most effective strategies and related tools to design specific dissemination strategies, to highlight and improve the peculiar qualities and disciplines of each research.

Devant Le Deluge and Other Essays on Early Modern Scientific Communication

Economics intrudes in more direct ways in publishers ' incentives , because printed communications can also be ... On the other hand , he repeats the common complaint about the absolute bulk of scientific communication : " It is of ...

Author: David Abraham Kronick

Publisher: Scarecrow Press

ISBN: 0810850036

Category: Science

Page: 335

View: 497

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Fifteen readable essays examine topics such as editorial policy in the early journals, the economic side of scientific publishing in the 17th and 18th centuries, aspects of journal indexing, early modern scientific networks, and the issues of authorship and authority. The whole constitutes a body of work that reveals both the richness and scope for further inquiry that has motivated Kronick for decades.

Manual on Scientific Communication for Postgraduate Students and Young Researchers in Technical Natural and Life Sciences

http://dx.doi.org/10.5772/intechopen.69870 Forms of scientific misconduct include fabrication. ... General Progress of scientific knowledge also depends on how efficiently scientists can communicate their results to colleagues.

Author: Luciano Saso

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 9789535134411

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 82

View: 664

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The "Manual on Scientific Communication for Postgraduate Students and Young Researchers in Technical, Natural, and Life Sciences" is meant to be a practical guide for the preparation of theses, papers, posters, and other scientific documents. Upon going through the different chapters, the readers should be able to critically search for relevant literature; to correctly define and execute a research topic or project; to correctly write a scientific document; to know the characteristics of the different parts of a MSc degree or PhD degree thesis and a scientific paper; to correctly interpret publishing ethically sensitive material; to understand problems about falsification, fabrication of data, plagiarism, and ranking of authors; and to prepare and present a good poster.

New Essays in Technical and Scientific Communication

Nevertheless, as a group they show how greatly research in technical and scientific communication can be enriched by other disciplines. In the first essay of this section, “The Role of Models in Technical and Scientific Writing,” ...

Author: Paul V Anderson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351842761

Category: Psychology

Page: 254

View: 741

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New Essays in Technical and Scientific Communication represents the most important collection of writings about technical communications ever compiled. Focusing on a wide range of theoretical and practical issues, these essays reflect the rigor, vitality, and interdisciplinary nature of modern technical communications. This represents a collection of the very best scholarly work being done.

Linguistic and Translation Studies in Scientific Communication

Taking this into account , the volume Linguistic and Translation Studies in Scientific Communication aims to further contribute to the development of the EST field by offering insightful perspectives from linguistics and translation .

Author: M. Lluïsa Gea Valor

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 3034300697

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 317

View: 292

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This volume offers a collection of papers which seek to provide further insights into the way scientific and technical knowledge is communicated (i.e., written, transmitted, and translated) nowadays, not only in the academic sphere but also in society as a whole. Language in science has traditionally been valued for prioritising objective, propositional content; however, interpersonal and pragmatic dimensions as well as translation perspectives are worth exploring in order to better understand the mechanisms of specialised communication. Accordingly, the contributions in this volume cover topics of special interest to scholars and researchers in the fields of linguistics and translation, such as the popularisation and transmission of scientific knowledge via ICTs; terminology and corpus-based studies in scientific discourse; genres and discourse in scientific and technical communication; the history and evolution of scientific language; and translation of scientific texts.

Defense and the Environment Effective Scientific Communication

The NATO Advanced Research Workshop, “Effective Scientific Communication Related to Recent Challenges and Activities in the Military Sector,” was the result of close collaboration between defense and environmental officials in the ...

Author: Katarina Mahutova

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402020841

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 244

View: 128

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The success of Environmental Management Systems (EMS) at military facilities requires support and leadership from the highest levels of management, adequate resources for development and implementation, and an acknowledgement by the military commanders that EMS is an integral part of facilities and operations management. The theme of this book is the effective communication of environmental concerns in a changing military environment.

Communicating Science

This book describes the development of the scientific article from its modest beginnings to the global phenomenon that it has become today.

Author: Alan G. Gross

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0195350693

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 280

View: 379

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This book describes the development of the scientific article from its modest beginnings to the global phenomenon that it has become today. Their analysis of a large sample of texts in French, English, and German focuses on the changes in the style, organization, and argumentative structure of scientific communication over time. They also speculate on the future currency of the scientific article, as it enters the era of the World Wide Web. This book is an outstanding resource text in the rhetoric of science, and will stand as the definitive study on the topic.