The Sceptical Chymist

... or upon that of any other of its qualities, it appears, that water is not alwaies so inefficacious and contemptible a Body, as our Chymists would have it passe for. ... Reproduction of the original : The Sceptical Chymist by Robert 176.

Author: Robert Boyle

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 9783752370812

Category: Fiction

Page: 180

View: 180


Reproduction of the original: The Sceptical Chymist by Robert Boyle

Theory Choice in the History of Chemical Practices

Clericuzio A (1994) Carneades and the chemists: a study of the sceptical chymist and its 60. 61. 62. 63. Clericuzio A (1994) Carneades and the ... Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp 85–86 Boyle R (1661) The sceptical chymist.

Author: Emma Tobin

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319298931

Category: Science

Page: 80

View: 297


This collection of essays examines the question of theory from the perspective of the history of chemistry. Through the lens of a number of different periods, the authors provide a historical analysis of the question of theory in the history of chemical practice. The consensus picture that emerges is that the history of science tells us a much more complex story about theory choice. A glimpse at scientific practice at the time shows that different, competing as well as non-competing, theories were used in the context of the scientific practice at the various times and sometimes played a pivotal pedagogical role in training the next generation of chemists. This brief brings together a history of chemical practice, and in so doing reveals that theory choice is conceptually more problematic than was originally conceived. This volume was produced as part of the Ad HOC chemistry research group hosted by University College London and University of Cambridge.

The Aspiring Adept

Skeptical. of. the. Sceptical. Chymist. HAVING REVIEWED the evolving image of Robert Boyle presented in secondary ... Some studies make Boyle himself the Sceptical Chymist, inverting the relationship between creator and created.

Author: Lawrence Principe

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691186283

Category: Science


View: 863


The Aspiring Adept presents a provocative new view of Robert Boyle (1627-1691), one of the leading figures of the Scientific Revolution, by revealing for the first time his avid and lifelong pursuit of alchemy. Boyle has traditionally been considered, along with Newton, a founder of modern science because of his mechanical philosophy and his experimentation with the air-pump and other early scientific apparatus. However, Lawrence Principe shows that his alchemical quest--hidden first by Boyle's own codes and secrecy, and later suppressed or ignored--positions him more accurately in the intellectual and cultural crossroads of the seventeenth century. Principe radically reinterprets Boyle's most famous work, The Sceptical Chymist, to show that it criticizes not alchemists, as has been thought, but "unphilosophical" pharmacists and textbook writers. He then shows Boyle's unambiguous enthusiasm for alchemy in his "lost" Dialogue on the Transmutation and Melioration of Metals, now reconstructed from scattered fragments and presented here in full for the first time. Intriguingly, Boyle believed that the goal of his quest, the Philosopher's Stone, could not only transmute base metals into gold, but could also attract angels. Alchemy could thus act both as a source of knowledge and as a defense against the growing tide of atheism that tormented him. In seeking to integrate the seemingly contradictory facets of Boyle's work, Principe also illuminates how alchemy and other "unscientific" pursuits had a far greater impact on early modern science than has previously been thought.

The Sceptical Chymist

This 1661 classic defines the term "element" and asserts that all natural phenomena can be explained by the motion and organization of primary particles. 1911 edition.

Author: Robert Boyle

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486166575

Category: Science

Page: 254

View: 178


This 1661 classic defines the term "element" and asserts that all natural phenomena can be explained by the motion and organization of primary particles. 1911 edition.

Exquisite Mixture

Eleutherius enlists Sennert in his defense of spagyric chemistry in Boyle, The Sceptical Chymist; or, Chymico-Physical Doubts and Paradoxes Touching the Spagyrist's Principles (London, 1661), K5r. Subsequent references to The Sceptical ...

Author: Wolfram Schmidgen

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 9780812207187

Category: History

Page: 280

View: 330


The culture of late seventeenth- and early eighteenth-century Britain is rarely credited with tolerance of diversity; this period saw a rising pride in national identity, the expansion of colonialism, and glorification of the Anglo-Saxon roots of the country. Yet at the same time, Wolfram Schmidgen observes, the concept of mixture became a critical element of Britons' belief in their own superiority. While the scientific, political, and religious establishment of the early 1600s could not imagine that anything truly formed, virtuous, or durable could be produced by mixing unlike kinds or merging absolute forms, intellectuals at the end of the century asserted that mixture could produce superior languages, new species, flawless ideas, and resilient civil societies. Exquisite Mixture examines the writing of Robert Boyle, John Locke, Daniel Defoe, and others who challenged the primacy of the one over the many, the whole over the parts, and form over matter. Schmidgen traces the emergence of the valuation of mixture to the political and scientific revolutions of the seventeenth century. The recurrent threat of absolutism in this period helped foster alliances within a broad range of writers and fields of inquiry, from geo­graphy, embryology, and chemistry to political science and philosophy. By retrieving early modern arguments for the civilizing effects of mixture, Schmidgen invites us to rethink the stories we tell about the development of modern society. Not merely the fruit of postmodernism, the theorization and valuation of hybridity have their roots in centuries past.

Fictional Matter

Boyle, Sceptical Chymist, 324. 32. Ibid., 307. 33. Lawrence M. Principe shows that Sceptical Chymist must be read with Boyle's distinction of chymists from “vulgar” chymists in mind, thereby distinguishing his critique of charlatans ...

Author: Helen Thompson

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 9780812248722

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 368

View: 372


Fictional Matter argues that chemical definitions of particulate matter shaped eighteenth-century British science and literature. In this lucid, revisionary analysis of corpuscular science, Helen Thompson advances a new account of how the experimental production of empirical knowledge defined the emergent realist novel.

Elements Principles and Corpuscles

The discussion of the chemical principles is the main subject of The Sceptical Chymist and of the appendix ... In The Sceptical Chymist Boyle set out “to question the very way of probation employed by Peripatetics and Chymists, ...

Author: Antonio Clericuzio

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401594646

Category: Science

Page: 232

View: 230


In Elements, Principles and Particles, Antonio Clericuzio explores the relationships between chemistry and corpuscular philosophy in the age of the Scientific Revolution. Science historians have regarded chemistry and corpuscular philosophy as two distinct traditions. Clericuzio's view is that since the beginning of the 17th century atomism and chemistry were strictly connected. This is attested by Daniel Sennert and by many hitherto little-known French and English natural philosophers. They often combined a corpuscular theory of matter with Paracelsian chemical (and medical) doctrines. Boyle plays a central part in the present book: Clericuzio redefines Boyle's chemical views, by showing that Boyle did not subordinate chemistry to the principles of mechanical philosophy. When Boyle explained chemical phenomena, he had recourse to corpuscles endowed with chemical, not mechanical, properties. The combination of chemistry and corpuscular philosophy was adopted by a number of chemists active in the last decades of the 17th century, both in England and on the Continent. Using a large number of primary sources, the author challenges the standard view of the corpuscular theory of matter as identical with the mechanical philosophy. He points out that different versions of the corpuscular philosophy flourished in the 17th century. Most of them were not based on the mechanical theory, i.e. on the view that matter is inert and has only mechanical properties. Throughout the 17th century, active principles, as well as chemical properties, are attributed to corpuscles. Given its broad coverage, the book is a significant contribution to both history of science and history of philosophy.

The Last Sorcerers

THE SCEPTICAL CHYMIST The Sceptical Chymist, which was published in 1661, is the most famous of Boyle's works and a science classic. It is probably also one of the least read. Unlike Boyle's descriptions of his chemical experiments, ...

Author: Richard Morris

Publisher: Joseph Henry Press

ISBN: 9780309095075

Category: Science

Page: 294

View: 330


They started with four: earth, air, fire, and water. From these basics, they sought to understand the essential ingredients of the world. Those who could see further, those who understood that the four were just the beginning, were the last sorcerers â€" and the world’s first chemists. What we now call chemistry began in the fiery cauldrons of mystics and sorcerers seeking not to make a better world through science, but rather to make themselves richer through magic formulas and con games. But among these early magicians, frauds, and con artists were a few far-seeing “alchemists†who, through rigorous experimentation, transformed mysticism into science. By the 18th century the building blocks of nature, the elements of which all matter is composed, were on the verge of being discovery. Initially, it was not easy to determine whether a substance really was an element. Was water just water, plain and simple? Or could it be the sum of other (unknown and maybe unknowable) parts? And if water was made up of other substances, how could it be broken down into discreet, fundamental, and measurable components? Scientific historians generally credit the great 18th century French chemist Antoine Lavoisier with addressing these fundamental questions and ultimately modernizing the field of chemistry. Through his meticulous and precise work this chaotic new field of scientific inquiry was given order. Exacting by nature, Lavoisier painstakingly set about performing experiments that would provide lasting and verifiable proofs of various chemical theories. Unfortunately, the outspoken Lavoisier eventually lost his head in the Terror, but others would follow his lead, carefully examining, measuring, and recording their findings. As the field slowly progressed, another pioneer was to emerged almost 100 years later. Dimitri Mendeleev, an eccentric genius who cut his flowing hair and beard but once a year, sought to answer the most pressing questions that remained to chemists: Why did some elements have properties that resembled those of others? Were there certain natural groups of elements? And, if so, how many, and what elements fit into them? It was Mendeleev who finally addressed all these issues when he constructed the first Periodic Table in the late 1800s. But between and after Lavoisier and Mendeleev were a host of other colorful, brilliant scientists who made their mark on the field of chemistry. Depicting the lively careers of these scientists and their contributions while carefully deconstructing the history and the science, author Richard Morris skillfully brings it all to life. Hailed by Kirkus Reviews as a “clear and lively writer with a penchant for down-to-earth examples†Morris’s gift for explanation â€" and pure entertainment â€" is abundantly obvious. Taking a cue from the great chemists themselves, Morris has brewed up a potent combination of the alluringly obscure and the historically momentous, spiked with just the right dose of quirky and ribald detail to deliver a magical brew of history, science, and personalities.

Robert Boyle Reconsidered

Taking the Oxford physiologists first , their reception of The Sceptical Chymist was somewhat lukewarm . In the third edition of De Fermentatione ( 1662 ) , Thomas Willis inserted a discussion of the status of the five principles ...

Author: Michael Hunter

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521892678

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 252

View: 736


This book presents a new view of Robert Boyle (1627-91), the leading British scientist in the generation before Newton. It comprises a series of essays by scholars from Europe and North America that scrutinize Boyle's writing on science, philosophy and theology, bringing out the subtlety and complexity of his ideas. Particular attention is given to Boyle's interest in alchemy and to other facets of his ideas that might initially seem surprising in a leading advocate of the mechanical philosophy. Many of the essays use material from among Boyle's extensive manuscripts, which have recently been catalogued for the first time. The introduction surveys the state of Boyle studies and deploys the findings of the essays to offer a reevaluation of Boyle. The book also includes a complete bibliography of writings on Boyle since 1940.