Ritual and Capital

The poems, essays, and artworks included in this anthology explore the habits and practices formed to subvert, subsist, and survive under capital. Is there refuge in ritual?

Author: Bard Graduate Center Bard Graduate Center

Publisher:

ISBN: 1941792197

Category: American Literature

Page: 380

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"Ritual and Capital is an expansive volume gathering a range of voices, accounts, and contributions across genres. The poems, essays, and artworks included in this anthology explore the habits and practices formed to subvert, subsist, and survive under capital. Is there refuge in ritual? How might ritual practices endow objects and artifacts with qualities that resist their assimilation within the market? What function can movement rituals have for embodying practices of healing and care? How does ritual strengthen and solidify communities? In what ways have ritual practices turned the landscape of the everyday into a playground for consumption, where ritual enables the reproduction of structures of capital? What is the function of ritual as it challenges or facilitates the activities of capital in everyday life on global and local scales? Ritual and Capital was developed to culminate a series of public readings organized by Wendy's Subway as part of the non-profit organization's Spring 2016 Reading Room residency at the Bard Graduate Center. Co-published by the Bard Graduate Center and Wendy's Subway, Ritual and Capital is the first title in the BGCX series, a publication series designed to extend the learning period around time-based programming so that it may continue after the events themselves have ended. Taking the spontaneous alchemy of conversation, performance, and hands-on engagement as their starting points, these experimental publishing projects provide space for continued reflection and research in a form that is particularly inclusive of artists and makers. Contributors include Jeff Alessandrelli and Amy Lawless, Mitch Anzuoni, Justin Blinder, Catherine Chen, Jackie Clark, DJ Ashtrae, Ted Dodson, Shou Jie Eng, Future Host, Jeremy Hoevenaar, Mia Kang, Josef Kaplan, Rebecca Keith, Matthew Kosinski, Krystal Languell, Matt Longabucco, Cameron Quan Louie, Miranda Mellis, Feliz Lucia Molina, Devin N. Morris, Laura Mullen, Sarah Passino, Daniel Poppick, Judah Rubin, Danniel Schoonebeek, Cam Scott, Shelby Shaw, Josh Silver, Maya Sisneros (with David Bowles, Rodney Gomez, Emmy Pérez, José Antonio Rodríguez, and Veronica Sandoval aka Lady Mariposa), Eirik Steinhoff, Celina Su, Takáts Márk, Deirtra Thompson, David Whelan, Matthew Whitley, Rachael Guynn Wilson"--

Constantinople

Her study of Constantinople demonstrates how reading ancient history can bear good fruits for the present.

Author: Rebecca Stephens Falcasantos

Publisher:

ISBN: 9780520304550

Category: Christianity and culture

Page: 237

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As Christian spaces and agents assumed prominent positions in civic life, the end of the long span of the fourth century was marked by large-scale religious change. Churches had overtaken once-thriving pagan temples, old civic priesthoods were replaced by prominent bishops, and the rituals of the city were directed toward the Christian God. Such changes were particularly pronounced in the newly established city of Constantinople, where elites from various groups contended to control civic and imperial religion. Rebecca Stephens Falcasantos argues that imperial Christianity was in fact a manifestation of traditional Roman religious structures. In particular, she explores how deeply established habits of ritual engagement in shared social spaces--ones that resonated with imperial ideology and appealed to the memories of previous generations--constructed meaning to create a new imperial religious identity. By examining three dynamics--ritual performance, rhetoric around violence, and the preservation and curation of civic memory--she distinguishes the role of Christian practice in transforming the civic and cultic landscapes of the late antique polis.

China s Contested Capital

Chinas Contested Capital investigates the development of the model capital from multiple perspectives.

Author: Charles D. Musgrove

Publisher: Hong Kong Up

ISBN: 9888139959

Category: Architecture

Page: 316

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Chinas Contested Capital investigates the development of the model capital from multiple perspectives. It explores the ideological underpinnings of the project by looking at the divisive debates surrounding the new capitals establishment as well as the

Guanxi Social Capital and School Choice in China

This book focuses on the use of guanxi (Chinese personal connections) in everyday urban life: in particular, how and why people develop different types of social capital in their guanxi networks and the role of guanxi in school choice.

Author: Ji Ruan

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319407548

Category: Education

Page: 194

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This book focuses on the use of guanxi (Chinese personal connections) in everyday urban life: in particular, how and why people develop different types of social capital in their guanxi networks and the role of guanxi in school choice. Guanxi takes on a special significance in Chinese societies, and is widely-discussed and intensely-studied phenomenon today. In recent years in China, the phenomenon of parents using guanxi to acquire school places for their children has been frequently reported by the media, against the background of the Chinese Communist Party’s crackdown on corruption. From a sociological perspective, this book reveals how and why parents manage to do so. Ritual capital refers to an individual's ability to use ritual to benefit and gain resources from guanxi.

Economy and Ritual

According to accepted wisdom, rational practices and ritual action are opposed. Rituals drain wealth from capital investment and draw on a mode of thought different from practical ideas. The studies in this volume contest this view.

Author: Stephen Gudeman

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 9781782385707

Category: Social Science

Page: 214

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According to accepted wisdom, rational practices and ritual action are opposed. Rituals drain wealth from capital investment and draw on a mode of thought different from practical ideas. The studies in this volume contest this view. Comparative, historical, and contemporary, the six ethnographies extend from Macedonia to Kyrgyzstan. Each one illuminates the economic and ritual changes in an area as it emerged from socialism and (re-)entered market society. Cutting against the idea that economy only means markets and that market action exhausts the meaning of economy, the studies show that much of what is critical for a people’s economic life takes place outside markets and hinges on ritual, understood as the negation of the everyday world of economising.

Rituals of Retribution

Richards Evans casts new light on the history of German attitudes to law, deviance, cruelty, suffering and death, illuminating many aspects of Germany's modern political development.

Author: Richard J. Evans

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: STANFORD:36105018440821

Category: History

Page: 1014

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The state has no greater power over its own citizens than that of killing them. This remarkable and disturbing history of capital punishment in Germany deals with the politics of the death penalty and the experience and cultural significance of executions. Richards Evans casts new light on the history of German attitudes to law, deviance, cruelty, suffering and death, illuminating many aspects of Germany's modern political development. He has made a formidablecontribution not only to scholarship on German history but also to the social theory of punishment, and to the current debate on the death penalty.

Ritual Practice in Modern Japan

This is a book that will interest scholars and students of cultural anthropology, ritual studies, and Japanese studies.

Author: Satsuki Kawano

Publisher: University of Hawaii Press

ISBN: 9780824874513

Category: Social Science

Page: 160

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National surveys indicate that most Japanese, while professing no religious commitment, frequently perform rituals: They regularly tend their family home altars, look after family graves, participate in neighborhood festivals, and visit Shinto shrines and Buddhist temples. Are these rituals mere formalities? Based on fourteen months of fieldwork in Kamakura city near Tokyo, Satsuki Kawano examines the power of ritual and its relevance for modern urbanites. She reveals the indebtedness of ritual to forms that create an elevated context and infuse the mundane with a sense of moral order. By employing acts and environments common to everyday life, Kawano argues, ritual evokes morally positive values such as purity, gratitude, respect, and indebtedness. Rather than objectify morality in a sacred text or religious doctrine, ritual embodies and emplaces a sense of what it means to be a good person and creates moments of personal significance and engagement. In Kamakura, belief is therefore a consequence and not a prerequisite of ritual engagement. Ritual Practice in Modern Japan effectively challenges the widespread assumption that ritual in non-Western societies has little moral significance and that, with modernization, "traditional" practices inevitably disappear. This is a book that will interest scholars and students of cultural anthropology, ritual studies, and Japanese studies.

The babilili Ritual from Hattusa CTH 718

The text edited here (CTH 718) presents an extreme example of this cultural impact, featuring incantations in the Akkadian language (Hittite babilili) embedded within a ceremony set forth in the Hittite tongue.

Author: Gary Beckman

Publisher: Penn State Press

ISBN: 9781575068930

Category: History

Page: 112

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Hittite culture of the second millennium B.C.E. was strongly influenced by Mesopotamian culture, in part through the mediation of the peripheral cuneiform civilizations of northern Syria, in part through direct contact with Babylonia and Assyria. The text edited here (CTH 718) presents an extreme example of this cultural impact, featuring incantations in the Akkadian language (Hittite babilili) embedded within a ceremony set forth in the Hittite tongue. This ritual program has therefore become known to scholars as the “babilili-ritual.” With almost 400 preserved lines, this ceremony is one of the longest religious compositions recovered from the Hittite capital, and there are indications that a significant additional portion has been lost. The divine figure to whom the rite is addressed is Pirinkir, a variety of the well-known Ishtar of Mesopotamia. Its purpose seems to be the elimination of the sins of a member of the royal family. Many of the ritual activities and offering materials employed here are characteristic of the cult practice of the Classical Cilician region known as Kizzuwatna, which was introduced into the central Hittite realm during the final two centuries of the state’s existence. Nonetheless, the Akkadian of the incantations is neither the Akkadian employed in the Hurrian-influenced area of Syria and eastern Anatolia nor that otherwise known from the Hittite royal archives; rather, it is closer to the language of the later Old Babylonian period, even if no precise Mesopotamian forerunners can yet be identified.

A Moral Technology

In A Moral Technology, the grids and wires of an urban public utility are revealed to be not only material goods but also objects of intense moral concern.

Author: Leo Coleman

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9781501707919

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

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In India over the past century, electrification has meant many things: it has been a colonial gift of modern technology, a tool of national integration and political communication, and a means of gauging the country's participation in globalization. Electric lights have marked out places of power, and massive infrastructures have been installed in hopes of realizing political promises. In A Moral Technology, the grids and wires of an urban public utility are revealed to be not only material goods but also objects of intense moral concern. Leo Coleman offers a distinctive anthropological approach to electrification in New Delhi as more than just an economic or industrial process, or a "gridding" of social and political relations. It may be understood instead as a ritual action that has formed modern urban communities and people’s sense of citizenship, and structured debates over state power and political legitimacy.Coleman explores three historical and ethnographic case studies from the founding of New Delhi as an imperial capital city, to its reshaping as a national capital for post-independence India, up to its recent emergence as a contemporary global city. These case studies closely describe technological politics, rituals, and legal reforms at key moments of political change in India, and together they support Coleman’s argument that ritual performances, moral judgments, and technological installations combine to shape modern state power, civic life, and political community.

Wagering the Land

Development of truck gardening in the cool highlands of northern Luzon, an area perfectly suited to the cultivation of temperate vegetables, gained momentum after World War II. Martin Lewis describes engagingly the economic and social life ...

Author: Martin W. Lewis

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520072723

Category: Science

Page: 280

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Development of truck gardening in the cool highlands of northern Luzon, an area perfectly suited to the cultivation of temperate vegetables, gained momentum after World War II. Martin Lewis describes engagingly the economic and social life of Buguias and the centrality of religion during the first four decades of this century, the complete destruction of prewar agriculture and animal husbandry in 1944, and the explosion of commercial farming thereafter. Unaccustomed prosperity reinforced the religious practice of lavish communal feasting, which not only honors the dead and bolsters the status of the living but also brings "good luck" to the host farmer's enterprise if the ritual succeeds in placating the ancestors. Heavenly favor thus overshadows sound environmental practices, and the region's inhabitants are quite literally wagering their lands in the hope of gaining prosperity and prestige

Social Capital in the City

communication the ritual view, because it suggests that participation in political rituals like voting produces a change in voters' ... The potential magic of the modern political ritual lies in its ability to produce social capital.10 ...

Author: Richardson Dilworth

Publisher: Temple University Press

ISBN: 9781592133468

Category: Political Science

Page: 248

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The first interdisciplinary work to examine "social capital" in a single city.

Violence and Punishment

The ritual of capital punishment was exported to the colonies on the Atlantic coast from England and a few other countries at a time when religiously tinged executions were the rule everywhere. Stuart Banner (2002) discusses the ...

Author: Pieter Spierenburg

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780745663982

Category: Social Science

Page: 248

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This innovative book tells the fascinating tale of the long histories of violence, punishment, and the human body, and how they are all connected. Taking the decline of violence and the transformation of punishment as its guiding themes, the book highlights key dynamics of historical and social change, and charts how a refinement and civilizing of manners, and new forms of celebration and festival, accompanied the decline of violence. Pieter Spierenburg, a leading figure in historical criminology, skillfully extends his view over three continents, back to the middle ages and even beyond to the Stone Age. Ranging along the way from murder to etiquette, from social control to popular culture, from religion to death, and from honor to prisons, every chapter creatively uses the theories of Norbert Elias, while also engaging with the work of Foucault and Durkheim. The scope and rigor of the analysis will strongly interest scholars of criminology, history, and sociology, while the accessible style and the intriguing stories on which the book builds will appeal to anyone interested in the history of violence and punishment in civilization.

China s Contested Capital

symbols and rituals of nationhood that were developed as part of the GMD's nation-building efforts.11 While this study ... Superabundance: The Importance of Architecture and Ritual in Chinese Capitals A capital city is where vital ...

Author: Charles D. Musgrove

Publisher: University of Hawaii Press

ISBN: 9780824837952

Category: History

Page: 250

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When the Chinese Nationalist Party nominally reunified the country in 1928, Chiang Kai-shek and other party leaders insisted that Nanjing was better suited than Beijing to serve as its capital. For the next decade, until the Japanese invasion in 1937, Nanjing was the “model capital” of Nationalist China, the center of not just a new regime, but also a new modern outlook in a China destined to reclaim its place at the forefront of nations. Interesting parallels between China’s recent rise under the Post-Mao Chinese Communist Party and the Nationalist era have brought increasing scholarly attention to the Nanjing Decade (1927–1937); however, study of Nanjing itself has been neglected. Charles Musgrove brings the city back into the discussion of China’s modern development, focusing on how it was transformed from a factional capital with only regional influence into a symbol of nationhood—a city where newly forming ideals of citizenship were celebrated and contested on its streets and at its monuments. China’s Contested Capital investigates the development of the model capital from multiple perspectives. It explores the ideological underpinnings of the project by looking at the divisive debates surrounding the new capital’s establishment as well as the ideological discourse of Sun Yat-Sen used to legitimize it. In terms of the actual building of the city, it provides an analysis of both the scientific methodology adopted to plan it and the aesthetic experiments employed to construct it. Finally, it examines the political and social life of the city, looking at not only the reinvented traditions that gave official spaces a sacred air but also the ways that people actually used streets and monuments, including the Sun Yat-Sen Mausoleum, to pursue their own interests, often in defiance of Nationalist repression. Contrary to the conventional story of incompetence and failure, Musgrove shows that there was more to Nationalist Party nation-building than simply “paper plans” that never came to fruition. He argues rather that the model capital essentially legitimized a new form of state power embodied in new symbolic systems that the Communist Party was able to tap into after defeating the Nationalists in 1949. At the same time, the book makes the case that, although it was unintended by party planners who promoted single-party rule, Nanjing’s legitimacy was also a product of protests and contestation, which the party-state only partially succeeded in channeling for its own ends. China’s Contested Capital is an important contribution to the literature on twentieth-century Chinese urban history and the social and political history of one of China’s key cities during the Republican period.

Vein s Ritual

Earthquakes, increased Feral activity, glowing vines, and the encroaching Blight are just a few problems Emily Valner-Wright has to deal with.

Author: D. M. Wiltshire

Publisher: Chronicles of Chesix

ISBN: 0995036780

Category: Fiction

Page: 246

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Earthquakes, increased Feral activity, glowing vines, and the encroaching Blight are just a few problems Emily Valner-Wright has to deal with. With the unexpected death of her father leaving her with no choice but to take his place protecting the small village of Bessel, Emily not only has to keep the evil at their border at bay but keep secrets from the Capital who wish to exploit her father's obsession. Using wards desired by the Capital, it becomes a challenge to continue her work when a Seeker arrives with the purpose of finding magic, relics, and Charmed to help the Capital in its fight against the Blight. After Emily gets a chance to learn more about the Seeker, she discovers there's other reasons behind his actions.Forced to work together, Emily and the Seeker must discover the causes of the strange events going on. In doing so they uncover the secrets Emily is trying so hard to forget - one that will open a door to the past and bring light to a solution that could cure Chesix of the Blight once and for all.

Interaction Ritual Chains

This book will appeal not only to psychologists, sociologists, and anthropologists, but to those in fields as diverse as human sexuality, religious studies, and literary theory.

Author: Randall Collins

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400851744

Category: Social Science

Page: 464

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Sex, smoking, and social stratification are three very different social phenomena. And yet, argues sociologist Randall Collins, they and much else in our social lives are driven by a common force: interaction rituals. Interaction Ritual Chains is a major work of sociological theory that attempts to develop a "radical microsociology." It proposes that successful rituals create symbols of group membership and pump up individuals with emotional energy, while failed rituals drain emotional energy. Each person flows from situation to situation, drawn to those interactions where their cultural capital gives them the best emotional energy payoff. Thinking, too, can be explained by the internalization of conversations within the flow of situations; individual selves are thoroughly and continually social, constructed from the outside in. The first half of Interaction Ritual Chains is based on the classic analyses of Durkheim, Mead, and Goffman and draws on micro-sociological research on conversation, bodily rhythms, emotions, and intellectual creativity. The second half discusses how such activities as sex, smoking, and social stratification are shaped by interaction ritual chains. For example, the book addresses the emotional and symbolic nature of sexual exchanges of all sorts--from hand-holding to masturbation to sexual relationships with prostitutes--while describing the interaction rituals they involve. This book will appeal not only to psychologists, sociologists, and anthropologists, but to those in fields as diverse as human sexuality, religious studies, and literary theory.

Bonding in Worship

This book is the final, comprehensive and synthesising product in which the international and interdisciplinary team of scholars from theology, religion and development present their findings.

Author: Ignatius Swart

Publisher: Liturgia Condenda

ISBN: 9042938331

Category: Religion

Page: 339

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In Sub-Saharan Africa Christianity is experiencing unprecedented growth and many people worship on a regular basis. Simultaneously, many parts of Sub-Saharan Africa experience challenges such as poverty and inequality. Given this reality and these challenges, a group of international scholars investigated the ritual practices of one of the fastest growing traditions, namely African Independent Churches, over a period of more than four years. The research team set out to explore the role of religious rituals in social capital formation and social development at community level in an African Independent Church in South Africa. This book is the final, comprehensive and synthesising product in which the international and interdisciplinary team of scholars from theology, religion and development present their findings. The book is structured into three parts that reflects its theoretical, empirical and evaluative dimensions. In part I, theoretical perspectives are offered on the main conceptual apparatus of the book and the authors' own understanding of the nexus between the different concepts. In part II, the theoretical arguments of the book are further worked out by means of eight explorations comprising of qualitative field work research in the religious milieus of African Independent worshippers in KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Cape, South Africa. In part III, a final set of chapters, by reflecting on the case studies in part II, offer wider appreciations and applications of the role religious ritual in social capital formation. This includes reflections on the African notion of ubuntu and the challenges that the ritual lens offer to policy makers in South African society, but also African society and the global South more generally speaking when seeking answers to the problem of development.

Capital Cities Varieties and Patterns of Development and Relocation

monocentric US-modeled concept of European capital to be built on the artificial Europe Lake, on the border of France ... a ritual character.46 In the fifteenth through seventeenth centuries, wandering capitals also existed in Ethiopia, ...

Author: Vadim Rossman

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781317562856

Category: Architecture

Page: 318

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The issue of capital city relocation is a topic of debate for more than forty countries across the world. In this first book to discuss the issue, Vadim Rossman offers an in-depth analysis of the subject, highlighting the global trends and the key factors that motivate different countries to consider such projects, analyzing the outcomes and drawing lessons from recent capital city transfers worldwide for governments and policy-makers. Capital Cities studies the approaches and the methodologies that inform such decisions and debates. Special attention is given to the study of the universal patterns of relocation and patterns specific to particular continents and mega-regions and particular political regimes. The study emphasizes the role of capital city transfers in the context of nation- and state-building and offers a new framework for thinking about capital cities, identifying six strategies that drive these decisions, representing the economic, political, geographic, cultural and security considerations. Confronting the popular hyper-critical attitudes towards new designed capital cities, Vadim Rossman shows the complex motives that underlie the proposals and the important role that new capitals might play in conflict resolution in the context of ethnic, religious and regional rivalries and federalist transformations of the state, and is seeking to identify the success and failure factors and more efficient implementation strategies. Drawing upon the insights from spatial economics, comparative federalist studies, urban planning and architectural criticism, the book also traces the evolution of the concept of the capital city, showing that the design, iconography and the location of the capital city play a critical role in the success and the viability of the state.