Enabling Risk Assessment in Medicine

Conceptual and methodological aspects of technology assessment and value assessment play an ever increasing role in public and ... The ethical and cultural assessment , acceptance , and risk of biomedical developments and of medical and ...

Author: Samuel Shapiro

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 3825872505

Category: Religion

Page: 150

View: 650


Risk Assessment of Radon in Drinking Water

National Research Council, Commission on Life Sciences, Board on Radiation Effects Research, Committee on Risk Assessment of Exposure to Radon in Drinking Water. ering the larger reductions in risk that might be obtained by reducing ...

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309173671

Category: Nature

Page: 296

View: 981


The Safe Drinking Water Act directs the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to regulate the quality of drinking water, including its concentration of radon, an acknowledged carcinogen. This book presents a valuable synthesis of information about the total inhalation and ingestion risks posed by radon in public drinking water, including comprehensive reviews of data on the transfer of radon from water to indoor air and on outdoor levels of radon in the United States. It also presents a new analysis of a biokinetic model developed to determine the risks posed by ingestion of radon and reviews inhalation risks and the carcinogenesis process. The volume includes scenarios for quantifying the reduction in health risk that might be achieved by a program to reduce public exposure to radon. Risk Assessment of Radon in Drinking Water, reflecting research and analysis mandated by 1996 amendments to the Safe Drinking Water Act, provides comment on a variety of methods to reduce radon entry into homes and to reduce the concentrations of radon in indoor air and in water. The models, analysis, and reviews of literature contained in this book are intended to provide information that EPA will need to set a new maximum contaminant level, as it is required to do in 2000.

Environmental Toxicology and Risk Assessment

Abstract: In the past decade, the field of environmental risk assessment has seen vast improvements in the technologies and tools available to aid with quantification of human health and ecological risks.

Author: Bruce M. Greenberg

Publisher: ASTM International

ISBN: 9780803128866

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 358

View: 437


The Security Risk Assessment Handbook

A Complete Guide for Performing Security Risk Assessments Douglas Landoll. This interview will give the managers a ... The security risk assessment team should take the necessary steps to ensure that security risk findings are accurate.

Author: Douglas Landoll

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781000413205

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 512

View: 619


Conducted properly, information security risk assessments provide managers with the feedback needed to manage risk through the understanding of threats to corporate assets, determination of current control vulnerabilities, and appropriate safeguards selection. Performed incorrectly, they can provide the false sense of security that allows potential threats to develop into disastrous losses of proprietary information, capital, and corporate value. Picking up where its bestselling predecessors left off, The Security Risk Assessment Handbook: A Complete Guide for Performing Security Risk Assessments, Third Edition gives you detailed instruction on how to conduct a security risk assessment effectively and efficiently, supplying wide-ranging coverage that includes security risk analysis, mitigation, and risk assessment reporting. The third edition has expanded coverage of essential topics, such as threat analysis, data gathering, risk analysis, and risk assessment methods, and added coverage of new topics essential for current assessment projects (e.g., cloud security, supply chain management, and security risk assessment methods). This handbook walks you through the process of conducting an effective security assessment, and it provides the tools, methods, and up-to-date understanding you need to select the security measures best suited to your organization. Trusted to assess security for small companies, leading organizations, and government agencies, including the CIA, NSA, and NATO, Douglas J. Landoll unveils the little-known tips, tricks, and techniques used by savvy security professionals in the field. It includes features on how to Better negotiate the scope and rigor of security assessments Effectively interface with security assessment teams Gain an improved understanding of final report recommendations Deliver insightful comments on draft reports This edition includes detailed guidance on gathering data and analyzes over 200 administrative, technical, and physical controls using the RIIOT data gathering method; introduces the RIIOT FRAME (risk assessment method), including hundreds of tables, over 70 new diagrams and figures, and over 80 exercises; and provides a detailed analysis of many of the popular security risk assessment methods in use today. The companion website (infosecurityrisk.com) provides downloads for checklists, spreadsheets, figures, and tools.

Risk Assessment and Indoor Air Quality

Indoor air quality decisions that can benefit from the use of risk assessment include the following: • setting priorities for study or mitigation of risks resulting from indoor air quality, • determining proper avenues of evaluation or ...

Author: Elizabeth L. Anderson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780429525247

Category: Nature

Page: 352

View: 238


With the recent tightening of air quality standards as mandated by the U.S. EPA, has come great pressure on regulatory bodies at all levels of government, along with the industries and groups affected by these standards, to better assess the hazards and risks that result from air pollutants. Risk Assessment and Indoor Air Quality carefully ties tog

Comparative Risk Assessment

Firstly, the dimensions considered in a scientific assessment of risk (damage and probability) are not the only aspects that can be considered as meaningful to the evaluation of risks by various societal actors. As a matter of fact, ...

Author: Holger Schütz

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9783527608553

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 229

View: 127


Providing a catalogue of suggested solutions for different categories of issues, this book offers a balanced overview and methodological examples for the practical implementation of the CRA. It considers CRA in the USA, Europe and Germany, using case studies to analyze and exemplify the decision-making processes and challenges involved. The authors then go on to look at the practical lessons learned from these case studies, together with an in-depth discussion of the underlying scientific hypotheses. Sound scientific knowledge for everyone who makes decisions, whether government ministers, regulators, or company directors.

Knowledge in Risk Assessment and Management

Terje Aven and Roger Flage University of Stavanger, Norway This chapter presents a risk assessment of a master's degree programme in risk management. The assessment is to support decision‐making on how to best develop the programme in ...

Author: Terje Aven

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119317937

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 360

View: 198


Exciting new developments in risk assessment and management Risk assessment and management is fundamentally founded on the knowledge available on the system or process under consideration. While this may be self-evident to the laymen, thought leaders within the risk community have come to recognize and emphasize the need to explicitly incorporate knowledge (K) in a systematic, rigorous, and transparent framework for describing and modeling risk. Featuring contributions by an international team of researchers and respected practitioners in the field, this book explores the latest developments in the ongoing effort to use risk assessment as a means for characterizing knowledge and/or lack of knowledge about a system or process of interest. By offering a fresh perspective on risk assessment and management, the book represents a significant contribution to the development of a sturdier foundation for the practice of risk assessment and for risk-informed decision making. How should K be described and evaluated in risk assessment? How can it be reflected and taken into account in formulating risk management strategies? With the help of numerous case studies and real-world examples, this book answers these and other critical questions at the heart of modern risk assessment, while identifying many practical challenges associated with this explicit framework. This book, written by international scholars and leaders in the field, and edited to make coverage both conceptually advanced and highly accessible: Offers a systematic, rigorous and transparent perspective and framework on risk assessment and management, explicitly strengthening the links between knowledge and risk Clearly and concisely introduces the key risk concepts at the foundation of risk assessment and management Features numerous cases and real-world examples, many of which focused on various engineering applications across an array of industries Knowledge of Risk Assessment and Management is a must-read for risk assessment and management professionals, as well as graduate students, researchers and educators in the field. It is also of interest to policy makers and business people who are eager to gain a better understanding of the foundations and boundaries of risk assessment, and how its outcomes should be used for decision-making.

Statistical Applications for Environmental Analysis and Risk Assessment

Point riskestimation remains the primary method for public health and ecologicalrisk assessment because itprovides theenvironmental regulatory agencies and the understandably concerned public with anactionable result or“answer” from the ...

Author: Joseph Ofungwu

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118634516

Category: Social Science

Page: 648

View: 507


Statistical Applications for Environmental Analysis and RiskAssessment guides readers through real-world situations and thebest statistical methods used to determine the nature and extent ofthe problem, evaluate the potential human health and ecologicalrisks, and design and implement remedial systems as necessary.Featuring numerous worked examples using actual data and“ready-made” software scripts, StatisticalApplications for Environmental Analysis and Risk Assessmentalso includes: • Descriptions of basic statistical concepts andprinciples in an informal style that does not presume priorfamiliarity with the subject • Detailed illustrations of statistical applications inthe environmental and related water resources fields usingreal-world data in the contexts that would typically be encounteredby practitioners • Software scripts using the high-powered statisticalsoftware system, R, and supplemented by USEPA’s ProUCL andUSDOE’s VSP software packages, which are all freelyavailable • Coverage of frequent data sample issues such asnon-detects, outliers, skewness, sustained and cyclical trend thathabitually plague environmental data samples • Clear demonstrations of the crucial, but oftenoverlooked, role of statistics in environmental sampling design andsubsequent exposure risk assessment.

Principles of Fire Risk Assessment in Buildings

For example, Scenario A has scenario probability of 'beyond unlikely' and a residual risk of 'moderate'. In qualitative risk assessment, it is not possible to combine all the scenarios to come up with a single residual risk because the ...

Author: David Yung

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470714058

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 248

View: 362


This book arrives at just the right time to facilitate understanding of performance-based fire risk assessment in buildings – an integral part of the global shift in policy away from traditional prescriptive codes. Yung, an internationally recognised expert on the subject of fire risk assessment, introduces the basic principles and techniques that help the reader to understand the various methodologies that are currently in place or being proposed by different organisations. Through his illustration of basic principles and techniques he enables the reader to conduct their own fire risk assessments. He demonstrates how the probabilities of fire scenarios are assessed based on the probabilities of success and failure of fire protection measures that are in place. He also shows how the consequences of fire scenarios are assessed based on the intensity and speed of fire and smoke spread, the probability and speed of occupant response and evacuation, and the effectiveness and speed of fire department response and rescue efforts. Yung’s clear and practical approach to this highly topical subject enables the reader to integrate the various tools available into a quantitative framework that can be used for decision making. He brings an invaluable resource to all those involved in fire engineering and risk assessment, including students, academics, building designers, fire protection engineers, structural engineers, regulators and risk analysts.