Risk Analysis for Process Plant Pipelines and Transport

Risk Analysis for Process Plants, Pipelines and Transport gives a detailed description of practical risk and safety analysis methods, tried and tested in over 100 process industry projects.

Author: J.R. Taylor

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135824266

Category: Architecture

Page: 456

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Risk Analysis for Process Plants, Pipelines and Transport gives a detailed description of practical risk and safety analysis methods, tried and tested in over 100 process industry projects. The aim is to provide the methods and data needed by practising safety engineers, as well as practical advice on how to use them.

Risk Analysis for Process Plant Pipelines and Transport

Application of Risk analysis Within the area of process plant, risk analysis may be carried out for various reasons. The most common ones are: - to improve safety engineering and to provide plants which are as safe as possible, ...

Author: J.R. Taylor

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135824273

Category: Architecture

Page: 456

View: 357

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Risk Analysis for Process Plants, Pipelines and Transport gives a detailed description of practical risk and safety analysis methods, tried and tested in over 100 process industry projects. The aim is to provide the methods and data needed by practising safety engineers, as well as practical advice on how to use them.

Guidelines for Evaluating Process Plant Buildings for External Explosions Fires and Toxic Releases

Taylor, J.R., Risk Analysis for Process Plant, Pipelines and Transport. E&FN Spon, London. ISBN 0419190902, 1994. Thomas, H.M., Pipe and Vessel Failure Probability, Reliability Engineering, Vol.2 (1981), 83124.

Author: CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118312988

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 232

View: 949

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Siting of permanent and temporary buildings in process areas requires careful consideration of potential effects of explosions and fires arising from accidental release of flammable materials. This book, which updates the 1996 edition, provides a single-source reference that explains the American Petroleum Institute (API) permanent (752) and temporary (753) building recommended practices and details how to implement them. New coverage on toxicity and updated standards are also highlighted. Practical and easy-to-use, this reliable guide is a must-have for implementing safe building practices.

Human Error in Process Plant Design and Operations

W. Johnson, The Management Oversight and Risk Tree, U.S. Atomic Energy Commission, 1973. 3. S. Dekker, Safety Differently, ... J. R. Taylor, RiskAnalysis for Process Plant, Pipelines and Transport, London: E & FN Spon, 1994.

Author: J. Robert Taylor

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781498738866

Category: Science

Page: 300

View: 988

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In contrast to nuclear plants and aerospace systems, human error is largely ignored in quantitative risk assessment for petroleum and chemical plants. Because of this, current risk analysis methods are able to calculate and predict only about one-third of the accidents happening in practice. Human Error in Process Plant Design and Operations: A Practitioner’s Guide shows you how to develop a comprehensive risk assessment that includes human error. Based on the well-known SRK model of human error, this book represents a practical collection of examples and statistics from more than 30 years of study, with many examples of the practical application of methods. The book provides a complete overview of the various types of human error, including operator error, hindrances and inability to function, errors in observation, errors in performing standard procedures, errors in supervisory control, errors in decision making and planning, infractions and violations, design errors, and errors in procedures. It then goes on to identify human error potential and probabilities, and discusses techniques and methodologies that can be implemented to minimize human errors and prevent accidents. The result of the author's observations of human error over a lifetime of work as an operator, as a commissioning coordinator, and as an operations manager, the book demonstrates how to analyse, manage, and mitigate many types of error. By taking advantage of the author's experience and expert knowledge, and by applying the techniques and methodologies illustrated in this book, you will be able to make changes which will make work easier, error free, clearly understood, and more congenial.

Maintaining Financial Stability in Times of Risk and Uncertainty

American Petroleum Institute Handbook Specification for Line Pipe. ... Fracture Response of Pipelines Subject to Large Plastic Deformation Under Bending. ... Risk Analysis for Process Plant and Pipelines and Transport.

Author: Behl, Abhishek

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781522572091

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 377

View: 176

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Risks and uncertainties?market, financial, operational, social, humanitarian, environmental, and institutional?are the inherent realities of the modern world. Stock market crashes, demonetization of currency, and climate change constitute just a few examples that can adversely impact financial institutions across the globe. To mitigate these risks and avoid a financial crisis, a better understanding of how the economy responds to uncertainties is needed. Maintaining Financial Stability in Times of Risk and Uncertainty is an essential reference source that discusses how risks and uncertainties affect the financial stability and security of individuals and institutions, as well as probable solutions to mitigate risk and achieve financial resilience under uncertainty. Featuring research on topics such as financial fraud, insurance ombudsman, and Knightian uncertainty, this book is developed for researchers, academicians, policymakers, students, and scholars.

Integrating Safety and Security Management to Protect Chemical Industrial Areas from Domino Effects

Taylor JR (2003) Risk analysis for process plant, pipelines and transport. Routledge 23. Cozzani V, Gubinelli G, Antonioni G, Spadoni G, Zanelli S (2005) The assessment of risk caused by domino effect in quantitative area risk analysis.

Author: Chao Chen

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030889111

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 184

View: 686

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This book provides insight into domino effects in industrial chemical sites and process industries. It is about the integration of safety and security resources to prevent and mitigate domino effects in the process industries. It explains how chemical industrial areas, comprised of various hazardous installations, are susceptible to a chain of undesired events, or domino effects, triggered by accidental events or intentional attacks and then presents solutions to prevent them. Firstly, the book provides a dynamic graph approach to model the domino effects induced by accidental fire or intentional fire, considering the spatial-temporal evolution of fires. Then, a dynamic risk assessment method based on a discrete dynamic event tree is proposed to assess the likelihood of VCEs and the vulnerability of installations, addressing the time dependencies in vapor cloud dispersion and the uncertainty of delayed ignitions. A dynamic methodology based on dynamic graphs and Monte Carlo is provided to assess the vulnerability of individuals and installations exposed to multi-hazards, such as fire, explosion and toxic release during escalation events. Based on these domino effect models, an economic approach is developed to integrate safe and security resources, obtaining the most cost–benefit protection strategy for preventing domino effects. Finally, a resilience-based approach is provided to find out the most cost-resilient way to protect chemical industrial areas, addressing possible domino effects. This integrated approach will be of interest to researchers, industrial engineers, chemical engineers and safety managers and will help professionals to new solutions in the area of safety and security.

Barriers and Accident Prevention

Risk analysis for process plant, pipelines and transport. London, UK: Taylor & Francis. Tenner, E. (1997). Why things biteback. New York: Vintage Books. Trost, W. A. & Nertney, R. J. (1985). Barrier analysis (DOE 76–45/29).

Author: Erik Hollnagel

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351955935

Category: Transportation

Page: 242

View: 633

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Accidents are preventable, but only if they are correctly described and understood. Since the mid-1980s accidents have come to be seen as the consequence of complex interactions rather than simple threads of causes and effects. Yet progress in accident models has not been matched by advances in methods. The author's work in several fields (aviation, power production, traffic safety, healthcare) made it clear that there is a practical need for constructive methods and this book presents the experiences and the state-of-the-art. The focus of the book is on accident prevention rather than accident analysis and unlike other books, has a proactive rather than reactive approach. The emphasis on design rather than analysis is a trend also found in other fields. Features of the book include: -A classification of barrier functions and barrier systems that will enable the reader to appreciate the diversity of barriers and to make informed decisions for system changes. -A perspective on how the understanding of accidents (the accident model) largely determines how the analysis is done and what can be achieved. The book critically assesses three types of accident models (sequential, epidemiological, systemic) and compares their strengths and weaknesses. -A specific accident model that captures the full complexity of systemic accidents. One consequence is that accidents can be prevented through a combination of performance monitoring and barrier functions, rather than through the elimination or encapsulation of causes. -A clearly described methodology for barrier analysis and accident prevention. Written in an accessible style, Barriers and Accident Prevention is designed to provide a stimulating and practical guide for industry professionals familiar with the general ideas of accidents and human error. The book is directed at those involved with accident analysis and system safety, such as managers of safety departments, risk and safety consultants, human factors professionals, and accident investigators. It is applicable to all major application areas such as aviation, ground transportation, maritime, process industries, healthcare and hospitals, communication systems, and service providers.

Recent Advances in Reliability and Quality in Design

Taylor JR (1994) Risk analysis for process plant, pipelines and transport. E&F N Spon, London, pp. 3–5 3. Kolowrocki K (2003) Asymptotic approach to reliability evaluation of large multi-state systems with application to piping ...

Author: Hoang Pham

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781848001138

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 524

View: 439

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This book presents the latest theories and methods of reliability and quality, with emphasis on reliability and quality in design and modelling. Each chapter is written by active researchers and professionals with international reputations, providing material which bridges the gap between theory and practice to trigger new practices and research challenges. The book therefore provides a state-of-the-art survey of reliability and quality in design and practices.

Lees Loss Prevention in the Process Industries

Risk Analysis for Process Plant, Pipelines and Transport (London\ Spon) TAYLOR, J.R. and HOLLO, E. (1977a). Algorithms and Programs for Consequence Diagram and Fault Tree Construction. Rep. Riso-M-1907. Atom. Energy Comm., Res.

Author: Frank Lees

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080489339

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 3680

View: 390

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Over the last three decades the process industries have grown very rapidly, with corresponding increases in the quantities of hazardous materials in process, storage or transport. Plants have become larger and are often situated in or close to densely populated areas. Increased hazard of loss of life or property is continually highlighted with incidents such as Flixborough, Bhopal, Chernobyl, Three Mile Island, the Phillips 66 incident, and Piper Alpha to name but a few. The field of Loss Prevention is, and continues to, be of supreme importance to countless companies, municipalities and governments around the world, because of the trend for processing plants to become larger and often be situated in or close to densely populated areas, thus increasing the hazard of loss of life or property. This book is a detailed guidebook to defending against these, and many other, hazards. It could without exaggeration be referred to as the "bible" for the process industries. This is THE standard reference work for chemical and process engineering safety professionals. For years, it has been the most complete collection of information on the theory, practice, design elements, equipment, regulations and laws covering the field of process safety. An entire library of alternative books (and cross-referencing systems) would be needed to replace or improve upon it, but everything of importance to safety professionals, engineers and managers can be found in this all-encompassing reference instead. Frank Lees' world renowned work has been fully revised and expanded by a team of leading chemical and process engineers working under the guidance of one of the world’s chief experts in this field. Sam Mannan is professor of chemical engineering at Texas A&M University, and heads the Mary Kay O’Connor Process Safety Center at Texas A&M. He received his MS and Ph.D. in chemical engineering from the University of Oklahoma, and joined the chemical engineering department at Texas A&M University as a professor in 1997. He has over 20 years of experience as an engineer, working both in industry and academia. New detail is added to chapters on fire safety, engineering, explosion hazards, analysis and suppression, and new appendices feature more recent disasters. The many thousands of references have been updated along with standards and codes of practice issued by authorities in the US, UK/Europe and internationally. In addition to all this, more regulatory relevance and case studies have been included in this edition. Written in a clear and concise style, Loss Prevention in the Process Industries covers traditional areas of personal safety as well as the more technological aspects and thus provides balanced and in-depth coverage of the whole field of safety and loss prevention. * A must-have standard reference for chemical and process engineering safety professionals * The most complete collection of information on the theory, practice, design elements, equipment and laws that pertain to process safety * Only single work to provide everything; principles, practice, codes, standards, data and references needed by those practicing in the field

Smart Process Plants Software and Hardware Solutions for Accurate Data and Profitable Operations

Taylor, J. R., Risk Analysis for Process Plant, Pipelines and Transport, E & FN Spon, London (1994). Upp, E. L. and P. J. LaNasa, Fluid Flow Measurement, 2d ed., Gulf Professional Publishing, Boston (2002). Webster, J. G. (ed.) ...

Author: Miguel Bagajewicz

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 9780071604727

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 300

View: 474

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A Detailed Guide to the New Generation of Smart Process Plants Maximize plant profitability by minimizing operating costs. Smart Process Plants addresses measurements and the data they generate, error-free process variable estimation, control, fault detection, instrumentation upgrade, and maintenance optimization, and then connects these activities to plant economics. Methods for calculating the value of the information produced are included. The book discusses optimal instrumentation type, quality, precision, and location along with preventive maintenance techniques. Practical examples throughout the book demonstrate how to perform essential calculations. Smart Process Plants covers: Measurement instrument performance and measurement errors Variable classification and canonical representation Linear, nonlinear, and dynamic data reconciliation Gross error detection, equivalency, size elimination, and estimation Accuracy of estimators Value of accuracy, control strategies, parametric fault identification, and instrumentation upgrade Maintenance optimization