Assessment of Carbon Footprint in Different Industrial Sectors Volume 1

CF of these three crop productions seemed much higher than the reported CF of 0.7–0.9 t CO2-eq ha-1 and 0.27–0.42 kg ... surveyed Farm size (ha) Mean yield (t ha-1) CF in cropland (kg CO2-eq ha-1) CF in production (kg CO2-eq t-1) Rice ...

Author: Subramanian Senthilkannan Muthu

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789814560412

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 292

View: 599


Carbon footprint is one of the important environmental impacts, which has received greater attention from the public, government and media. It is one of the important topics of even any government’s agenda as well and every nation is trying its best to reduce its carbon footprint to the maximum possible extent. Every company would like to reduce the carbon footprint of its products and consumers are looking for the products which emit lower carbon emissions in their entire life cycle. Assessment of Carbon footprint for different products, processes and services and also carbon labelling of products have become familiar topics in the recent past in various industrial sectors. Every industry has its unique assessment and modelling techniques, allocation procedures, mitigation methods and labelling strategies for its carbon emissions. With this background, this book has been framed with dedicated chapters on carbon footprint assessment on various industrial sectors. In each chapter, details pertaining to the assessment methodologies of carbon footprint followed in a particular industry, challenges in calculating the carbon footprint, case studies of various products in that particular industry, mitigation measures to be followed to trim down the carbon footprint, recommendations for further research are discussed in detail. This first volume includes the carbon footprint assessment methodology of agricultural sector, telecommunication sector, food sector, ceramic industry, packaging industry, building and construction sector and solid waste sector.

Redefining Diversity and Dynamics of Natural Resources Management in Asia Volume 1

Overall, Thai farmers are asked to produce a rice that is safe to consume and produced in a way that is less harmful ... Second, adopters are not rewarded by higher prices or higher sales volumes when they achieve these societal goals.

Author: Ganesh Shivakoti

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780128104705

Category: Science

Page: 416

View: 222


Redefining Diversity and Dynamics of Natural Resources Management in Asia, Volumes 1-4 brings together scientific research and policy issues across various topographical area in Asia to provide a comprehensive overview of the issues facing the region. Sustainable Natural Resources Management in Dynamic Southeast Asia, Volume 1, pulls together regional experts in the field to look specifically at sustainability issues across the region, to see what has been implemented, what the impacts have been, and what other options are available. In the race to be a developed region, many Southeast Asian countries have foregone natural resources through haphazard use. As a result, the people are faced with numerous environmental challenges, particularly deforestation and forest degradation, biodiversity loss and ecosystem degradation, reduction in soil quality, and decreases in the quantity of available water. Community-based forest management is the involvement of local communities in the protection, conservation and management of public forests to prevent degradation through sustainable practices while still responding to the basic social and economic needs of local populations. When the people who depend on forest resources for their livelihoods are jointly responsible for managing and protecting them, they tend to do so in a more sustainable manner by focusing on the long-term benefits rather than the immediate short-term gains. However, when tenure rights are weak, unclear, or insecure, or offer limited benefits, people are incited in extracting more immediate benefits, resulting in suboptimal forest management and the reduction of carbon stocks. Features case studies that cover issues such as rising levels of deforestation, forest degradation, regional food security, ecosystem degradation, biodiversity loss, conflicts over natural resource use, water management issues, and impacts on local communities Includes contributions from local researchers who are dealing with these issues first hand, and on a daily basis Includes a comparative review on REDD+ implementation in different communities Focuses on sustainability issues across the region

Biotechnologies of Crop Improvement Volume 1

Rice anther culture has been used to produce DHs with multiple stress tolerances. ... (2010) developed DH line AC-1 for the saline areas of Bangladesh through anther culture of crosses involving salt-tolerant rice lines from the ...

Author: Satbir Singh Gosal

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319782836

Category: Science

Page: 497

View: 290


During the past 15 years, cellular and molecular approaches have emerged as valuable adjuncts to supplement and complement conventional breeding methods for a wide variety of crop plants. Biotechnology increasingly plays a role in the creation, conservation, characterization and utilization of genetic variability for germplasm enhancement. For instance, anther/microspore culture, somaclonal variation, embryo culture and somatic hybridization are being exploited for obtaining incremental improvement in the existing cultivars. In addition, genes that confer insect- and disease-resistance, abiotic stress tolerance, herbicide tolerance and quality traits have been isolated and re-introduced into otherwise sensitive or susceptible species by a variety of transgenic techniques. Together these transformative methodologies grant access to a greater repertoire of genetic diversity as the gene(s) may come from viruses, bacteria, fungi, insects, animals, human beings, unrelated plants or even be artificially derived. Remarkable achievements have been made in the production, characterization, field evaluation and commercialization of transgenic crop varieties worldwide. Likewise, significant advances have been made towards increasing crop yields, improving nutritional quality, enabling crops to be raised under adverse conditions and developing resistance to pests and diseases for sustaining global food and nutritional security. The overarching purpose of this 3-volume work is to summarize the history of crop improvement from a technological perspective but to do so with a forward outlook on further advancement and adaptability to a changing world. Our carefully chosen “case studies of important plant crops” intend to serve a diverse spectrum of audience looking for the right tools to tackle complicated local and global issues.

British Economic Development in South East Asia 1880 1939

The 173,000 tons of rice produced in the country in 1931 were grown on 670,000 acres of land primarily located in the Kota Star region of Kedah ... restrictions on land 4 British Economic Development in South East Asia, 1880–1939: Volume 1.

Author: David Sunderland

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351573139

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 414

View: 458


This collection focuses on the economic development of the areas of SE Asia with which Britain had a trading relationship. Covering 1880-1939, the economic growth of the region is revealed through a selection of rare primary resources organized thematically with sections dedicated to agriculture, mining, trade, labour, finance and infrastructure.

Burkina Faso Business Law Handbook Volume 1 Strategic Information and Basic Laws

In 2008, the Government took measures to boost domestic production and contain the increasing costs of food imports (in 2006 the cost of rice imports amounted to CFAF 40 billion, or €61 million). To attain the objective of ...

Author: IBP USA


ISBN: 9781438769493

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 284

View: 582


Burkina Faso Business Law Handbook - Strategic Information and Basic Laws

Cote D Ivoire Business Law Handbook Volume 1 Strategic Information and Basic Laws

Gross production of cereals (paddy rice, maize, sorghum, and millet) amounted to about 1 million tons per year; however, cereals, which occupied a larger cultivated area than did the féculents, had a higher of value total protein.

Author: IBP USA


ISBN: 9781438769660

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 276

View: 196


Cote d'Ivoire Business Law Handbook - Strategic Information and Basic Laws

Cote D Ivoire Mineral Mining Sector Investment and Business Guide Volume 1 Strategic Information and Regulations

Gross production of cereals (paddy rice, maize, sorghum, and millet) amounted to about 1 million tons per year; however, ... A number of varieties of yams grew in Côte d'Ivoire, differing by size of tubers, moisture requirements, ...

Author: IBP USA


ISBN: 9781433008702

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 271

View: 963


Cote d'Ivoire Mineral & Mining Sector Investment and Business Guide - Strategic and Practical Information

Accelerated Plant Breeding Volume 1

In contrast, the land area for rice cultivation is decreasing due to urbanization and industrialization, but the stability of crop production is affected due to water shortage and the adverse effects of climate change (Ray et al. 2013).

Author: Satbir Singh Gosal

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030418663

Category: Science

Page: 450

View: 229


Plant improvement has shifted its focus from yield, quality and disease resistance to factors that will enhance commerical export, such as early maturity, shelf life and better processing quality. Conventional plant breeding methods aiming at the improvement of a self-pollinating crop, such as wheat, usually take 10-12 years to develop and release of the new variety. During the past 10 years, significant advances have been made and accelerated methods have been developed for precision breeding and early release of crop varieties. This work summarizes concepts dealing with germplasm enhancement and development of improved varieties based on innovative methodologies that include doubled haploidy, marker assisted selection, marker assisted background selection, genetic mapping, genomic selection, high-throughput genotyping, high-throughput phenotyping, mutation breeding, reverse breeding, transgenic breeding, shuttle breeding, speed breeding, low cost high-throughput field phenotyping, etc. It is an important reference with special focus on accelerated development of improved crop varieties.

Bhutan Recent Economic and Political Developments Yearbook Volume 1 Strategic Information and Developments

Corn and rice were by far the most prevalent crops, producing 81,000 tons and 80,000 tons, respectively, in 1997. ... animal health care, increased individual land ownership, and a better balance between herd size and feed availability.

Author: IBP, Inc.


ISBN: 9781433060311

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 280

View: 394


2011 Updated Reprint. Updated Annually. Bhutan Recent Economic and Political Developments Yearbook