Rhetor Response

This book presents both opportunities and challenges to writing studies, a field whose burgeoning disciplinary independence ironically relies on a sizable underclass of specialists in literature rather than writing.

Author: Peter H. Khost

Publisher: University Press of Colorado

ISBN: 9781607327769

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 264

View: 729


Bridging the disciplinary divide between writing and literature, Rhetor Response introduces the concept and pedagogical applications of “literary affordances”—the ways in which readers “use” and integrate literature into their own writing or lives. Unconcerned with authorial intent, interpretive meaning, or critical reception, “affordance” signifies a shift in focus from what literary texts mean and do to what one can do with them. This book presents both opportunities and challenges to writing studies, a field whose burgeoning disciplinary independence ironically relies on a sizable underclass of specialists in literature rather than writing. Incorporating elements of rhetorical theory, literary criticism, pedagogical methodology, political critique, and psychological and philosophical memoir, Peter H. Khost complicates and revives the relevance of literature—from belles lettres to fanfiction—by turning from interpretation to affordance in order to identify readers’ applications of literary textual features to unrelated lived situations. Rhetor Response theorizes and exemplifies literary affordance as a constructive step toward professional reconciliation, as well as an entry into greater textual power and pleasure for students and readers. It is a one-of-a-kind resource for college writing program administrators, faculty and scholars in English and writing studies, and graduate and advanced undergraduate students across both disciplines.

Rhetorical Criticism

The situation presents a problem , and rhetoric comes into existence as a
response to that problem or as an effort to resolve ... Rather than being forced by
the situation to respond in a fitting manner , the rhetor is seen as having the
freedom to ...

Author: Sonja K. Foss


ISBN: IND:30000081695474

Category: Rhetorical criticism

Page: 420

View: 735


Offers students an excellent example of the diversity & breadth of rhetorical criticism.

The History and Theory of Rhetoric

Rhetoric Is Responsive Fourth , rhetorical discourse typically is a response either
to a situation or to a previous rhetorical ... token , any rhetorical statement , once
advanced , is automatically an invitation for other would - be rhetors to respond .

Author: James A. Herrick

Publisher: Allyn & Bacon

ISBN: UCSC:32106011375323

Category: Rhetoric

Page: 303

View: 935


The History and Theory of Rhetoric offers an accessible discussion of the history of rhetorical studies in the Western tradition, from ancient Greece to contemporary American and European theorists. By tracing the historical progression of rhetoric from the Greek Sophists of the fifth century B.C. to contemporary studies - such as the rhetoric of science and feminist rhetoric - this book teaches what rhetoric is and what unites differing rhetorical theories throughout history. The History and Theory of Rhetoric uses concise contemporary examples throughout and emphasizes the relevance of rhetoric to today's readers. For anyone interested in Rhetorical Theory.

Rhetoric and Biblical Interpretation

In response to human actions, God adjusts his view of the place of human beings in the world in 3.175. This re-envisioning is the 'point' of the Paradise ...

Author: Dale Patrick

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9781850752226

Category: Bible

Page: 171

View: 908


Understanding African American Rhetoric

CALL AND RESPONSE Finally, one of the defining characteristics of rhetorical situations for Africans or the oral tradition is the involvement of the ...

Author: Ronald L. Jackson II

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136727290

Category: Social Science

Page: 346

View: 310


First Published in 2003. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Judgment Rhetoric and the Problem of Incommensurability

A " just " response contributed to the sound examination of the proposition at hand . Rhetoric In rhetoric , however , kairos was quite different , as was ...

Author: Nola J. Heidlebaugh

Publisher: Univ of South Carolina Press

ISBN: 1570034001

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 171

View: 128


She offers a redefinition of rhetoric that moves beyond stalemates and produces more inventive arguments."--BOOK JACKET.

Responding to the Sacred

RHETORIC'S RESPONSES TO THE SACRED CALL OF KAIROS Rhetorical scholars have tended to respond to the sacredness of kairos in one of two ways: through rituals ...

Author: Michael Bernard-Donals

Publisher: Penn State Press

ISBN: 9780271089713

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 286

View: 775


With language we name and define all things, and by studying our use of language, rhetoricians can provide an account of these things and thus of our lived experience. The concept of the sacred, however, raises the prospect of the existence of phenomena that transcend the human and physical and cannot be expressed fully by language. The sacred thus reveals limitations to rhetoric. Featuring essays by some of the foremost scholars of rhetoric working today, this wide-ranging collection of theoretical and methodological studies takes seriously the possibility of the sacred and the challenge it poses to rhetorical inquiry. The contributors engage with religious rhetorics—Jewish, Jesuit, Buddhist, pagan—as well as rationalist, scientific, and postmodern rhetorics, studying, for example, divination in the Platonic tradition, Thomas Hobbes’s and Walter Benjamin’s accounts of sacred texts, the uncanny algorithms of Big Data, and Hélène Cixous’s sacred passages and passwords. From these studies, new definitions of the sacred emerge—along with new rhetorical practices for engaging with the sacred. This book provides insight into the relation of rhetoric and the sacred, showing the capacity of rhetoric to study the ineffable but also shedding light on the boundaries between them.

Digital Rhetoric

Bitzer begins by theorizing rhetoric as a response to a specific need or exigence, which is a problem that requires a response: “an imperfection marked by ...

Author: Douglas Eyman

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 9780472052684

Category: Computers

Page: 163

View: 980


A survey of a range of disciplines whose practitioners are venturing into the new field of digital rhetoric, examining the history of the ways digital and networked technologies inhabit and shape traditional rhetorical practices as well as considering new rhetorics made possible by current technologies

Rhetoric in Transition

So much for animals , which cannot , after all , be threatened at all . The type of
event that occurs when a stick is raised over an animal capable of responding is
a reaction , not a transaction . Humans , too , can react to raised sticks — and
even ...

Author: Eugene Edmond White

Publisher: Penn State University Press

ISBN: UOM:39015003668590

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 181

View: 745


By examining ways of conceptualizing and exploring rhetorical experience, this book contributes to a better understanding of the nature and uses of rhetorical communication. Since World War II traditional concepts of rhetoric have been undermined, producing a crisis of identity. Instead of the comfortable assumptions formerly shared by Aristotle, John Quincy Adams, Woodrow Wilson, and most academicians, many of today's humanists and some social scientists have become confused concerning the meaning, substance, and scope of rhetoric even concerning the distinction between the rhetorical and nonrhetorical. Partly under the impact of logical positivism, some critics have dismissed persuasive discourse as mere rhetoric"--an anomaly in the age of such rhetoricians as Churchill, Roosevelt, de Gaulle, and Martin Luther King. Others have deprecated spoken discourse in favor of written composition, despite the enthusiasm for speechmaking of Yeats and other literary giants--an anomaly in the age of broadcasting. Five of the ten chapters in this contributed book address the nature of the phenomenon we call rhetoric, and five concern the useful or valuable application of theory to the practical employment of rhetoric (in politics and public affairs, in social and natural science, in religious and ethical teachings, in ceremony, and in literature). The contributors, among the most distinguished of the nation's rhetoricians, are James R. Andrews, Carroll C. Arnold, Lloyd F. Bitzer, Edwin Black, Douglas Ehninger, Henry W. Johnstone, Jr., Lawrence W. Rosenfield, Robert L. Scott, Herbert W. Simons, and Eugene E. White. One way to sum up the book's message would be: even if rhetoric never regains the exalted place it held in the medieval trivium, it deserves far more serious attention than many moderns give it. The position in today's curriculum eventually assumed by rhetoric will be determined basically by the identity it chooses, the credibility of the theoretical concepts claimed as rhetorical, and the useful application of such theory to the practical concerns of society.

Reconstructing the Historical Background of Paul s Rhetoric in the Letter to the Colossians

The discourse, then, is the rhetor's response to this rhetorical situation rather than the full historical situation.36 This careful distinction suggests ...

Author: Adam Copenhaver

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9780567678829

Category: Religion

Page: 288

View: 165


In approaching the debate surrounding the opponents in Colossians from a methodological standpoint, Copenhaver contends that Paul was not actually confronting active opponents when he wrote the letter. Rather, Copenhaver takes the view that Paul's letter was written to the churches in the Lycus Valley, in a desire to develop their identity as a new people in Christ and to appeal to them to live a new kind of life. His warnings in Colossians 2 function as oppositional rhetoric, contrasting the religious practices of the Lycus Valley with this new belief. Paul's warnings are therefore broadly representative of the ancient world, while at the same time focused especially on two threads of historical referents, Judaism and pagan religions. Development of the above argument demonstrates that the challenge of reconstructing a singular opponent arises not only from the limitations of textual and historical evidence, but also from the assumptions and methodologies inherent in historical approaches to the text. By modifying these assumptions and adjusting the methodology, Copenhaver can show how Paul's letter takes on a new relationship to its historical context.

Feminist Connections

Rhetoric and Activism Across Time, Space, and Place Katherine Fredlund, ... section provide models of useful strategies for response rhetorics (anonymity, ...

Author: Katherine Fredlund

Publisher: Albma Rhetoric Cult & Soc Crit

ISBN: 9780817320645

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 336

View: 393


Highlights feminist rhetorical practices that disrupt and surpass boundaries of time and space In 1917, Alice Paul and other suffragists famously picketed in front of the White House while holding banners with short, pithy sayings such as "Mr. President: How long must women wait for Liberty?" Their juxtaposition of this short phrase with the image of the White House (a symbol of liberty and justice) relies on the same rhetorical tactics as memes, a genre contemporary feminists use frequently to make arguments about reproductive rights, Black Lives Matter, sex-positivity, and more. Many such connections between feminists of different spaces, places, and eras have yet to be considered, let alone understood. Feminist Connections: Rhetoric and Activism across Time, Space, and Place reconsiders feminist rhetorical strategies as linked, intergenerational, and surprisingly consistent despite the emergence of new forms of media and intersectional considerations. Contributors to this volume highlight continuities in feminist rhetorical practices that are often invisible to scholars, obscured by time, new media, and wildly different cultural, political, and social contexts. Thus, this collection takes a nonchronological approach to the study of feminist rhetoric, grouping chapters by rhetorical practice rather than time, content, or choice of media. By connecting historical, contemporary, and future trajectories, this collection develops three feminist rhetorical frameworks: revisionary rhetorics, circulatory rhetorics, and response rhetorics. A theorization of these frameworks explains how feminist rhetorical practices (past and present) rely on similar but diverse methods to create change and fight oppression. Identifying these strategies not only helps us rethink feminist rhetoric from an academic perspective but also allows us to enact feminist activist rhetorics beyond the academy during a time in which feminist scholarship cannot afford to remain behind its hallowed yet insular walls.

Rhetoric and the Arts of Design

The Tactics module helps a rhetor respond to a live opponent's actions, or (with print) to anticipate the responses of a simulated live opponent reading ...

Author: David S. Kaufer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136686436

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 344

View: 688


The design arts -- from the design of buildings and machines to software and interfaces -- are associated with types of knowledge and performance thought to be structured, modular, and systematic. Such arts have become increasingly prestigious in our technocratic society. Since Aristotle, the art of rhetoric was conceived as a loosely structured "practical" art thought to be limited in the extent to which it could mimic more precise subject matters. The art of rhetoric has been controversial since classical times, but its status has sunk even lower since the industrial revolution -- a point when civic cultures began to cede authority and control to the cultures of specialized experts. Many sympathizers of rhetoric have resisted its decline by calling for a civic art of public discourse to stand in opposition to a technocratic specialized discourse that has come, increasingly, to disenfranchise the ordinary citizen. This is the first book to question the rhetoric/technical knowledge split from a more fundamental perspective. To get some perspective on what is at stake in rhetoric's traditional classification as a "practical" art, the authors: * explore the distinction between practical and design arts; * enumerate the various criteria cited in the literature for qualifying a cluster of knowledge and performative skills to count as an art of design; * show how the knowledge and performative skills associated with the art of rhetoric meet the major requirements of design knowledge; * propose a general architecture of rhetorical design, one descriptive both of civic address and specialized academic argument; * turn to the Lincoln/Douglas debates to embody and provide some empirical support and illustration for their architecture; * demonstrate how Lincoln and Douglas can be thought of as expert designers whose rhetoric is highly structured and modular; and * explain how the rhetoric of both rhetorical agents can be represented in the layers and modules that one needs to display plans for buildings, software, or other design artifacts. These layers and modules are not just post hoc annotations of the debates; they also illuminate new and systematic ways for viewing the debates -- and by implication, other specimens of rhetoric -- in terms of strategies of artistic production. Kaufer and Butler conclude their presentation by citing some of the research and educational implications that follow from housing rhetoric within the family of design arts.

A Pragmatic Theory of Rhetoric

... Wallace distinguishes between the " speech act " —any meaningful utterance — and " rhetorical action " —a " rhetor's response to a rhetorical context .

Author: Walter H. Beale

Publisher: SIU Press

ISBN: 0809313006

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 186

View: 445


Walter H. Beale offers the most coherent treatment of the aims and modes of discourse to be presented in more than a decade. His development of a semiotic “grammar of motives” that re­lates the problems of meaning in discourse both to linguistic structure and ways of construct­ing reality stands as a pro­vocative new theory of rhetoric sharply focused on writing. He includes a comprehensive treatment of rhetoric, its classes and varieties, modes, and stra­tegies. In addition, he demon­strates the importance of the purpose, substance, and social context of discourse, at a time when scholarly attention has be­come preoccupied with process. He fortifies and extends the Aristotelian approach to rhetoric and discourse at a time when much theory and pedagogy have yielded to modernist assump­tions and methods. And finally, he develops a theoretical framework that illuminates the relationship between rhetoric, the language arts, and the hu­man sciences in general.

The Rhetoric of Romans

These are the opposite views of the rhetor's response to the rhetorical situation (of Lloyd Bitzer and Richard Vatz, respectively) rejected by Scott ...

Author: Neil Elliott

Publisher: Fortress Press

ISBN: 1451415125

Category: Religion

Page: 332

View: 152


In The Rhetoric of Romans, Neil Elliott presents a rhetorical- critical reading of the letter that indicates that Paul wrote, not to counter Jewish opponents or aspects of the Jewish religion, nor to legitimize the law-free gentile church, but to warn against elements of the Hellenistic church's Christology and an incipient Christian supersessionism that threatened the collection in Jerusalem and the heart of his apostolic work.

Paul s Covert Use of Scripture

Thus, the rhetor finds or discovers the situation and reacts to it evaluatively. The rhetor's rhetorical acts are his response to a set of given facts and ...

Author: David McAuley

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 9781498221139

Category: Religion

Page: 306

View: 222


This book explores why and how Paul uses Scripture (Old Testament) in Phil 2:10-16. It tests the suggestion that a cluster of tacit references to specific books of Scripture is integral or foundational to Paul's epistolary argument. If the problem in Philippi is the disinclination to accept suffering and death as intrinsic to gospel citizenship, then the muted allusions lead to a single, central theme: "God's approval of suffering and death for the sake of Christ." McAuley argues this theme is the crucial intertext that unifies and gives significance to the whole letter. Previous scholarly efforts to discover congruence between the contexts of Philippians and the Old Testament have rested on a heuristic approach focused on surface-level themes and "facticities" recorded in Paul's text, leading to mixed results. In this investigation McAuley sets forth a new theoretical and exegetical framework that draws on insights from theories of intertextuality, allusion, and rhetorical situation to offer a fresh interpretation of Philippians.

The Rhetoric of Race

It is the dance of language that I alluded to earlier, back and forth when both rhetor and audience hear and answer one another in the complex dance of ...

Author: Maria del Guadalupe Davidson

Publisher: Universitat de València

ISBN: 9788437084008

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 188

View: 924


The Rhetoric of Race: Toward a Revolutionary Construction of Black Identity analitza el llegat dels principals estudiosos de la identitat afroamericana: W. E. B. Du Bois, Alain Locke i Amiri Baraka. El propòsit d'aquest volum és investigar i criticar les seues idees per tal de mostrar fins a quin punt els seus esforços a l'hora de crear una definició de la identitat negra no foren tan fructífers com es podria pensar. El llibre tracta d'elaborar una definició revolucionària de la identitat emmarcada dins les següents posicions teòriques: l'exigència del reconeixement d'un passat de sofriment, la rèplica d'allò negatiu respecte a l'afroamericà i la crida-resposta com a forma de comunicació negra. Tot fent servir la retòrica com a punt de partida, s'intenta justificar aquesta construcció des de les posicions filosòfiques defensades per Michel Foucault i Gilles Deleuze. Les idees de Foucault són la base per analitzar les possibilitats que inclou aquesta identitat negra de resistència davant el poder, mentre que les de Deleuze són útils a l'hora d'investigar el replegament cap a si mateix que aquesta identitat realitza per a crear un espai intern. Tot i que forma part d'allò extern, aquest espai intern esdevé punt de trobada de tots els aspectes històrics d'aquesta identitat, ja que parla del que ha estat, és i serà. d'una altra banda, s'argumenta ací que aquesta trobada interna amb les seues múltiples parts porta aquesta identitat a projectar un jo positiu quan ha d'afrontar allò extern. l'anàlisi de les idees d'investigadores afroamericanes com ara Barbara Smith i bell hooks fa de conclusió. El capítol 5 exposa les conclusions a les quals arriba aquest estudi. s'hi analitza la importancia de la música hip-hop dins el món contemporani per a la comunitat afroamericana. Per la seua força cultural i lingüística, el hip-hop posseix el potencial necessari per a construir una idea positiva del que és ser negre als Estats Units per a la joventut afroamericana actual.

Remapping the Rhetorical Situation in Networked Culture

It elucidates that the rhetor's personal character, logical proofs, and style, cause diverse rhetorical discourses in response to the same exigence, ...

Author: Ramesh Pokharel

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 9781527570481

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 191

View: 401


With the advent of new media and technology, the notion of the rhetorical situation has changed, and there is now the exigence of a new theory of the rhetorical situation that better incorporates such new notions. By bringing together critical theory of technology and theory of critical geography, along with rhetoric and language theory, this book proposes a new theory on the rhetorical situation that has more explanatory power, and accounts for, frames, critiques, and analyses the fundamental assumptions and beliefs on the rhetorical situation. This theory conceives the constituents of the rhetorical situations as indiscrete and non-linear entities. The book offers an innovative way to study the rhetorical situation in a new light that will broaden the research scope of rhetoric.


Rhetoric is not just about conflict, but about the dialectical means of finding ... In Aristotle, the form of a rhetor's response is dependent on the ...

Author: Arabella Lyon

Publisher: Penn State Press

ISBN: 0271025042

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 224

View: 648


The relationship between an author's and an audience's intentions is complex but need not preclude mutual engagement. This philosophical investigation challenges existing literary and rhetorical perspectives on intention and offers a new framework for understanding the negotiation of meaning. It describes how an audience's intentions affect their interpretations, shows how audiences negotiate meaning when faced with a writer's undecipherable intentions, and defines the scope of understanding within rhetorical situations. Introducing a concept of intention into literary analysis that supersedes existing rhetorical theory, Arabella Lyon shows how the rhetorics of I. A. Richards, Wayne Booth, and Stanley Fish, as well as the hermeneutics of Hans-Georg Gadamer, fail to account for the complex interactions of author and audience. Using Kenneth Burke's concepts of form, motive, and purpose, she builds a more complex notion of intention than those usually found in literary studies, then employs her theory to describe how philosophers read Wittgenstein's narratives, metaphors, and reversals in argument. Lyon argues that our differences in intention prevent consistency in interpretations but do not stop our discussions, deliberations, and actions. She seeks to acknowledge difference and the communicative problems it creates while demonstrating that difference is normal and does not end our engagement with each other. Intentions combines recent work in philosophy, literary criticism, hermeneutics, and rhetoric in a highly imaginative way to construct a theory of intention for a postmodern rhetoric. It recovers and renovates central concepts in rhetorical theory&—not only intention but also deliberation, politics, and judgment.

The Rhetoric of Western Thought

95 The second element of the language pair is the answer . In describing the first
of two types of answers that are available to a rhetor , Meyer again uses the most
crucial term in his theory of discourse — problematological . Such an answer ...

Author: James L. Golden


ISBN: IND:30000087122523

Category: Rhetoric

Page: 412

View: 371


Building upon a rich legacy, the new edition of The Rhetoric of Western Thought provides readers with a comprehensive understanding of rhetoric from its inception in the ancient world, to its present day expression in contemporary practice and scholarship. As with previous editions, The Rhetoric of Western Thought, has been revised to enhance its traditional strengths by expanding coverage, by refining pedagogy, by updating treatment, and by improving organization, clarity and readability.