Rhetor Response

This book presents both opportunities and challenges to writing studies, a field whose burgeoning disciplinary independence ironically relies on a sizable underclass of specialists in literature rather than writing.

Author: Peter H. Khost

Publisher: University Press of Colorado

ISBN: 9781607327769

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 264

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Bridging the disciplinary divide between writing and literature, Rhetor Response introduces the concept and pedagogical applications of “literary affordances”—the ways in which readers “use” and integrate literature into their own writing or lives. Unconcerned with authorial intent, interpretive meaning, or critical reception, “affordance” signifies a shift in focus from what literary texts mean and do to what one can do with them. This book presents both opportunities and challenges to writing studies, a field whose burgeoning disciplinary independence ironically relies on a sizable underclass of specialists in literature rather than writing. Incorporating elements of rhetorical theory, literary criticism, pedagogical methodology, political critique, and psychological and philosophical memoir, Peter H. Khost complicates and revives the relevance of literature—from belles lettres to fanfiction—by turning from interpretation to affordance in order to identify readers’ applications of literary textual features to unrelated lived situations. Rhetor Response theorizes and exemplifies literary affordance as a constructive step toward professional reconciliation, as well as an entry into greater textual power and pleasure for students and readers. It is a one-of-a-kind resource for college writing program administrators, faculty and scholars in English and writing studies, and graduate and advanced undergraduate students across both disciplines.

Studies of Communication in the 2020 Presidential Campaign

Second, the rhetor's response must be context-driven. Responding to the situation drew attention away from the rhetor, Biden, and toward the event that necessitated the response, Trump's impeachment. We return to our theoretical ...

Author: Robert E. Denton (Jr.)

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9781793654410

Category: Communication in politics

Page: 238

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Studies of Communication in the 2020 Presidential Campaign explores a wide range of communication elements, themes, and topics of the 2020 presidential election. Each chapter serves as a stand-alone study focusing on the role and function of communication within the context of the chapter topics and the 2020 election.

Paul s Covert Use of Scripture

Thus, the rhetor finds or discovers the situation and reacts to it evaluatively. The rhetor's rhetorical acts are his response to a set of given facts and are thus grounded in the rhetorical situation.15 similarly, Consigny notes that ...

Author: David McAuley

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 9781498221139

Category: Religion

Page: 306

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This book explores why and how Paul uses Scripture (Old Testament) in Phil 2:10-16. It tests the suggestion that a cluster of tacit references to specific books of Scripture is integral or foundational to Paul's epistolary argument. If the problem in Philippi is the disinclination to accept suffering and death as intrinsic to gospel citizenship, then the muted allusions lead to a single, central theme: "God's approval of suffering and death for the sake of Christ." McAuley argues this theme is the crucial intertext that unifies and gives significance to the whole letter. Previous scholarly efforts to discover congruence between the contexts of Philippians and the Old Testament have rested on a heuristic approach focused on surface-level themes and "facticities" recorded in Paul's text, leading to mixed results. In this investigation McAuley sets forth a new theoretical and exegetical framework that draws on insights from theories of intertextuality, allusion, and rhetorical situation to offer a fresh interpretation of Philippians.

Outward Visible Propriety

of style that depends upon an awareness of appropriate responses to specific rhetorical contexts . ... Both notions are concerned with the rhetor's response ; but while the former is interested in the when , the latter is concerned with ...

Author: Lois Peters Agnew

Publisher: Univ of South Carolina Press

ISBN: 1570037671

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 211

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Thus, Agnew argues, their familiarity with ancient thought enabled British rhetoricians to craft from Stoic ideas distinctly eighteenth-century perspectives on how rhetoric could not only accomplish specific practical goals but also prepare individuals to fulfill their ethical potential to the community."--BOOK JACKET.

Feminist Connections

Their stories provide further evidence for Campbell's claim that some audiences cannot be convinced no matter the ingenuity of the rhetor's response. Indeed, feminist rhetoric is sometimes destined for failure because certain audiences ...

Author: Katherine Fredlund

Publisher: Albma Rhetoric Cult & Soc Crit

ISBN: 9780817320645

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 336

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Highlights feminist rhetorical practices that disrupt and surpass boundaries of time and space In 1917, Alice Paul and other suffragists famously picketed in front of the White House while holding banners with short, pithy sayings such as "Mr. President: How long must women wait for Liberty?" Their juxtaposition of this short phrase with the image of the White House (a symbol of liberty and justice) relies on the same rhetorical tactics as memes, a genre contemporary feminists use frequently to make arguments about reproductive rights, Black Lives Matter, sex-positivity, and more. Many such connections between feminists of different spaces, places, and eras have yet to be considered, let alone understood. Feminist Connections: Rhetoric and Activism across Time, Space, and Place reconsiders feminist rhetorical strategies as linked, intergenerational, and surprisingly consistent despite the emergence of new forms of media and intersectional considerations. Contributors to this volume highlight continuities in feminist rhetorical practices that are often invisible to scholars, obscured by time, new media, and wildly different cultural, political, and social contexts. Thus, this collection takes a nonchronological approach to the study of feminist rhetoric, grouping chapters by rhetorical practice rather than time, content, or choice of media. By connecting historical, contemporary, and future trajectories, this collection develops three feminist rhetorical frameworks: revisionary rhetorics, circulatory rhetorics, and response rhetorics. A theorization of these frameworks explains how feminist rhetorical practices (past and present) rely on similar but diverse methods to create change and fight oppression. Identifying these strategies not only helps us rethink feminist rhetoric from an academic perspective but also allows us to enact feminist activist rhetorics beyond the academy during a time in which feminist scholarship cannot afford to remain behind its hallowed yet insular walls.

Exploring Space

When he says that rhetoric is situational, he means “the power of situation to constrain a fitting response” (11). He claims that “every situation prescribes its fitting response; [however] the rhetor may or may not read the ...

Author: Andrzej Ciuk

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 9781443822367

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 375

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Exploring space: Spatial notions in cultural, literary and language studies falls into two volumes and is the result of the 18th PASE (Polish Association for the Study of English) Conference organized by the English Department of Opole University and held at Kamień Śląski in April 2009. The first volume embraces cultural and literary studies and offers papers on narrative fiction, poetry, theatre and drama, and post-colonial studies. The texts and contexts explored are either British, American or Commonwealth. The second volume refers to English language studies and covers papers on lexicography, general linguistics and rhetoric, discourse studies and translation, second language acquisition/foreign language learning, and the methodology of foreign language teaching. The book aims to offer a comprehensive insight into how the category of space can inform original philological research; thus, it may be of interest to those in search of novel applications of space-related concepts, and to those who wish to acquire an update on current developments in English Studies across Poland (from the Preface).

Contemporary Rhetorical Theory

Both notions are concerned with the rhetor's response ; but while the former is interested in the when , the latter is concerned with the what of speaking . To prepon requires that speech must take into account and be guided by the ...

Author: John Louis Lucaites

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 1572304014

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 627

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This indispensable text brings together important essays on the themes, issues, and controversies that have shaped the development of rhetorical theory since the late 1960s. An extensive introduction and epilogue by the editors thoughtfully examine the current state of the field and its future directions, focusing in particular on how theorists are negotiating the tensions between modernist and postmodernist considerations. Each of the volume's eight main sections comprises a brief explanatory introduction, four to six essays selected for their enduring significance, and suggestions for further reading. Topics addressed include problems of defining rhetoric, the relationship between rhetoric and epistemology, the rhetorical situation, reason and public morality, the nature of the audience, the role of discourse in social change, rhetoric in the mass media, and challenges to rhetorical theory from the margins. An extensive subject index facilitates comparison of key concepts and principles across all of the essays featured.

The Persuasive Portrayal of David and Solomon in Chronicles

prescribe the fitting response, making meaning inherent in the situation. In Vatz's view, situations cannot be separated from rhetors, who respond to the exigencies and constraints in their own ways. They initiate both text and ...

Author: Suk-Il Ahn

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 9781532604935

Category: Religion

Page: 334

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This study examines the speeches and prayers in the David-Solomon narrative in Chronicles and seeks to demonstrate that the Chronicler's portrayal of David and Solomon attempts to establish the Yehudite community's identity. Is the covenantal relationship still valid in the Persian period? The author asserts that as a commitment to YHWH involving the worship of YHWH through the Jerusalem temple, the covenantal relationship between YHWH and Israel continues even into the Persian period. This study employs Kennedy's rhetorical method with the new categories of the narrative situation and the Chronicler's situation being used to further delineate his concept of the narrative situation. The Chronicler's portrayal of David and Solomon through speeches and prayers serves to persuade his audience of the significance of the Jerusalem temple, reformulating the Yehudite community identity as a cultic community in the Persian period.

Mapping Christian Rhetorics

of rhetoric traditionally view kairos as a principle inherent in a rhetor's response to temporal constraints imposed by occasions, contexts, rules of decorum, and so on. It is, simply put, “rhetoric's time” (Hawhee 66).

Author: Michael-John DePalma

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317670841

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 306

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The continued importance of Christian rhetorics in political, social, pedagogical, and civic affairs suggests that such rhetorics not only belong on the map of rhetorical studies, but are indeed essential to the geography of rhetorical studies in the twenty-first century. This collection argues that concerning ourselves with religious rhetorics in general and Christian rhetorics in particular tells us something about rhetoric itself—its boundaries, its characteristics, its functionings. In assembling original research on the intersections of rhetoric and Christianity from prominent and emerging scholars, Mapping Christian Rhetorics seeks to locate religion more centrally within the geography of rhetorical studies in the twenty-first century. It does so by acknowledging work on Christian rhetorics that has been overlooked or ignored; connecting domains of knowledge and research areas pertaining to Christian rhetorics that may remain disconnected or under connected; and charting new avenues of inquiry about Christian rhetorics that might invigorate theory-building, teaching, research, and civic engagement. In dividing the terrain of Christian rhetorics into four categories—theory, education, methodology, and civic engagement—Mapping Christian Rhetorics aims to foster connections among these areas of inquiry and spur future future collaboration between scholars of religious rhetoric in a range of research areas.

Rhetorical Criticism

Rather than being forced by the situation to respond in a fitting manner, the rhetor is seen as having the freedom to define the situation in a particular way and then to select a response to that definition. A rhetor's perception of ...

Author: Sonja K. Foss

Publisher:

ISBN: IND:30000081695474

Category: Rhetorical criticism

Page: 420

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Offers students an excellent example of the diversity & breadth of rhetorical criticism.

Reconstructing the Historical Background of Paul s Rhetoric in the Letter to the Colossians

Though the rhetor is creatively involved in developing the rhetorical situation, he must retain a connection to the ... The discourse, then, is the rhetor's response to this rhetorical situation rather than the full historical ...

Author: Adam Copenhaver

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9780567678829

Category: Religion

Page: 288

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In approaching the debate surrounding the opponents in Colossians from a methodological standpoint, Copenhaver contends that Paul was not actually confronting active opponents when he wrote the letter. Rather, Copenhaver takes the view that Paul's letter was written to the churches in the Lycus Valley, in a desire to develop their identity as a new people in Christ and to appeal to them to live a new kind of life. His warnings in Colossians 2 function as oppositional rhetoric, contrasting the religious practices of the Lycus Valley with this new belief. Paul's warnings are therefore broadly representative of the ancient world, while at the same time focused especially on two threads of historical referents, Judaism and pagan religions. Development of the above argument demonstrates that the challenge of reconstructing a singular opponent arises not only from the limitations of textual and historical evidence, but also from the assumptions and methodologies inherent in historical approaches to the text. By modifying these assumptions and adjusting the methodology, Copenhaver can show how Paul's letter takes on a new relationship to its historical context.

Intentions

In Aristotle , the form of a rhetor's response is dependent on the rhetor's purpose and subject . 14 Together these themes , based in the agency of the rhetor , allow Garver to make some strong assertions about the nature of Aristotle's ...

Author: Arabella Lyon

Publisher: Penn State Press

ISBN: 0271025042

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 224

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The relationship between an author's and an audience's intentions is complex but need not preclude mutual engagement. This philosophical investigation challenges existing literary and rhetorical perspectives on intention and offers a new framework for understanding the negotiation of meaning. It describes how an audience's intentions affect their interpretations, shows how audiences negotiate meaning when faced with a writer's undecipherable intentions, and defines the scope of understanding within rhetorical situations. Introducing a concept of intention into literary analysis that supersedes existing rhetorical theory, Arabella Lyon shows how the rhetorics of I. A. Richards, Wayne Booth, and Stanley Fish, as well as the hermeneutics of Hans-Georg Gadamer, fail to account for the complex interactions of author and audience. Using Kenneth Burke's concepts of form, motive, and purpose, she builds a more complex notion of intention than those usually found in literary studies, then employs her theory to describe how philosophers read Wittgenstein's narratives, metaphors, and reversals in argument. Lyon argues that our differences in intention prevent consistency in interpretations but do not stop our discussions, deliberations, and actions. She seeks to acknowledge difference and the communicative problems it creates while demonstrating that difference is normal and does not end our engagement with each other. Intentions combines recent work in philosophy, literary criticism, hermeneutics, and rhetoric in a highly imaginative way to construct a theory of intention for a postmodern rhetoric. It recovers and renovates central concepts in rhetorical theory&—not only intention but also deliberation, politics, and judgment.

Inviting Understanding

Re-sourcement is a response made by a rhetor according to a framework, assumptions, or principles other than those suggested ... that is different from that of the individual who produced the message to which the rhetor is responding.

Author: Sonja K. Foss

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 9781538131046

Category: Feminism

Page: 410

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Inviting Understanding provides a comprehensive, coherent portrait of invitational rhetoric in a way that allows readers to understand the theory, to explore possible extensions, to see the practices of invitational rhetoric at work, and to access a comprehensive bibliography of works on the subject. --Stacey Sowards, University of Texas at Austin

Walking and Talking Feminist Rhetorics

... a perspective that is different from that of the individual who produced the message to which the rhetor is responding. ... is split between rhetor and audience, with one reflected in the original message, the other in the response.

Author: Lindal Buchanan

Publisher: Parlor Press LLC

ISBN: 9781602351370

Category: Social Science

Page: 504

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Walking and Talking Feminist Rhetorics: Landmark Essays and Controversies gathers significant, oft-cited scholarship about feminism and rhetoric into one convenient volume. Essays examine the formation of the vibrant and growing field of feminist rhetoric; feminist historiographic research methods and methodologies; and women’s distinct sites, genres, and styles of rhetoric. The book’s most innovative and pedagogically useful feature is its presentation of controversies in the form of case studies, each consisting of exchanges between or among scholars about significant questions.

Judgment Rhetoric and the Problem of Incommensurability

The rhetor discovered and shaped a true response to the situation by viewing his proposal in terms by which the others would judge it . In a moment calling for rhetoric , " truth , " " significance , " and " probability " would be ...

Author: Nola J. Heidlebaugh

Publisher: Univ of South Carolina Press

ISBN: 1570034001

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 171

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She offers a redefinition of rhetoric that moves beyond stalemates and produces more inventive arguments."--BOOK JACKET.

Rhetorical Criticism

Additionally, the idea of the exigence is viewed by some theorists as robbing the rhetor of invention,13 because, in Bitzer's view, the exigence calls forth rhetoric to craft a fitting response, and if the response is not deemed fitting ...

Author: Jim A. Kuypers

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9781442252738

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 344

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Now in its second edition, Rhetorical Criticism: Perspectives in Action presents a thorough, accessible, and well-grounded introduction to contemporary rhetorical criticism. Systematic chapters contributed by noted experts introduce the fundamental aspects of a perspective, provide students with an example to model when writing their own criticism, and address the potentials and pitfalls of the approach. In addition to covering traditional modes of rhetorical criticism, the volume presents less commonly discussed rhetorical perspectives, exposing students to a wide cross-section of techniques.

Arguing the Apocalypse

A rhetor makes a particular claim (concerning recurring issues or themes) that evokes an audience response. ... rise to questions that are then answered by the rhetor; the audience in turn responds to these responses according to its ...

Author: Stephen D. O'Leary

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0195352963

Category: Religion

Page: 314

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Apocalyptic expectations of Armageddon and a New Age have been a fixture of the American cultural landscape for centuries. With the approach of the year 2000, such millennial visions seem once again to be increasing in popularity. Stephen O'Leary sheds new light on the age-old phenomenon of the End of the Age by proposing a rhetorical explanation for the appeal of millennialism. Using examples of apocalyptic argument from ancient to modern times, O'Leary identifies the recurring patterns in apocalyptic texts and movements and shows how and why the Christian Apocalypse has been used to support a variety of political stances and programs. The book concludes with a critical review of the recent appearances of doomsday scenarios in our politics and culture, and a meditation on the significance of the Apocalypse in the nuclear age. Arguing the Apocalypse is the most thorough examination of its subject to date: a study of a neglected chapter of our religious and cultural history, a guide to the politics of Armageddon, and a map of millennial consciousness.

Forecasting Opportunity

The external models require the rhetor to produce discourse in response to a kairotic moment created by various external actants . Although textual production is an end result in such a conception , such production is not a factor in ...

Author: Hunter W. Stephenson

Publisher: University Press of America

ISBN: 0761831614

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 110

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This project focuses on the classical Greek rhetorical construct kairos, generally translated as right timing and due measure. Classical Greek scholars positioned kairos as a symbolic tool used by rhetoricians during the production of oral discourse. Modern rhetorical scholars have appropriated kairos, employing it as a tool for the post hoc evaluation of printlinguistic text. However, these contemporary scholars have failed to support either theoretically or empirically their appropriation of the construct. Etymological studies of the word suggest that kairos was associated initially with archery and weaving and denoted a physical space. As used by early rhetoricians, kairos lost its spatial denotation and became associated exclusively with the production of oral discourse. Kairos also figures prominently in other disciplines, such as historical studies, psychotherapy, and theology, where it remains associated with non-rhetorical domains of human performance. Two theoretical arguments were developed from cultural-historical psychology and cognitive psychology, which suggest that a kairos of general human performance develops before a kairos of rhetorical performance. These arguments also suggest that an understanding of kairos is used during the production of written text. Three case studies of journalists revealed kairos was utilized during the production of text. The journalists operated with three distinct models of kairos-a standard external model, a durable external model, and an internal model-during their production (but not evaluation) of printlinguistic text.

Encyclopedia of Rhetoric and Composition

... anticipating later collaborative and dia-logic visions of the rhetor-audience relationship. Reader-Response Criticism and the Complexity of Audience Role As a literary critical movement, reader-response criticism acknowledges the ...

Author: Theresa Enos

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135816063

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 832

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First Published in 1996. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Twentieth century Roots of Rhetorical Studies

If they are concerned with the quality of the rhetorical means employed in the discourse , and they may well be , they have no auditors other than the rhetor's immediate audience , whose response might be considered pertinent to their ...

Author: Jim A. Kuypers

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 0275964205

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 308

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Kuypers, King, and their contributors explore the conception of rhetoric of eleven key American rhetoricians through analyses of their life's work. Each chapter uncovers the innate mode of perception that guided the rhetorical understanding of a particular critic. In so doing, this work dispels the myth that the discipline of Speech Communication was spawned from a monolithic and rigid center that came to be called neo-Aristotelianism.