Now consider an example involving demonstrative reference. Suppose you see a group of ducks sitting quietly by a pond and one duckstarts quacking furiously. You say, “That duck is excited.” I naturally take you to be referring to the ...

Author: Jeanette K. Gundel

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190450250

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 288

View: 474


The ability to produce and understand referring expressions is basic to human language use and human cognition. Reference comprises the ability to think of and represent objects (both real and imagined/fictional), to indicate to others which of these objects we are talking about, and to determine what others are talking about when they use a nominal expression. The articles in this volume are concerned with some of the central themes and challenges in research on reference within the cognitive sciences - philosophy (including philosophy of language and mind, logic, and formal semantics), theoretical and computational linguistics, and cognitive psychology. The papers address four basic questions: What is reference? What is the appropriate analysis of different referring forms, such as definite descriptions? How is reference resolved? and How do speaker/writers select appropriate referring forms, such as pronouns vs. full noun phrases, demonstrative vs. personal pronouns, and overt vs. null/zero pronominal forms? Some of the papers assume and build on existing theories, such as Centering Theory and the Givenness Hierarchy framework; others propose their own models of reference understanding or production. The essays examine reference from a number of disciplinary and interdisciplinary perspectives, informed by different research traditions and employing different methodologies. While the contributors to the volume were primarily trained in one of the four represented disciplines-computer science, linguistics, philosophy and psychology, and use methodologies typical of that discipline, each of them bridges more than one discipline in their methodology and/or their approach.

SOLIDWORKS 2020 Reference Guide

Mate references specify one or more entities of a component to use for automatic mating. When you click and drag a component with a mate reference into an assembly, the software tries to locate other combinations of the same mate ...

Author: David Planchard

Publisher: SDC Publications

ISBN: 9781630573140

Category: Computers

Page: 1024

View: 306


• A comprehensive reference book for SOLIDWORKS 2020 • Contains 260 plus standalone tutorials • Starts with a basic overview of SOLIDWORKS 2020 and its new features • Tutorials are written for each topic with new and intermediate users in mind • Includes access to each tutorial’s initial and final state • Contains a chapter introducing you to 3D printing The SOLIDWORKS 2020 Reference Guide is a comprehensive reference book written to assist the beginner to intermediate user of SOLIDWORKS 2020. SOLIDWORKS is an immense software package, and no one book can cover all topics for all users. This book provides a centralized reference location to address many of the tools, features and techniques of SOLIDWORKS 2020. This book covers the following: • System and Document properties • FeatureManagers • PropertyManagers • ConfigurationManagers • RenderManagers • 2D and 3D Sketch tools • Sketch entities • 3D Feature tools • Motion Study • Sheet Metal • Motion Study • SOLIDWORKS Simulation • PhotoView 360 • Pack and Go • 3D PDFs • Intelligent Modeling techniques • 3D printing terminology and more Chapter 1 provides a basic overview of the concepts and terminology used throughout this book using SOLIDWORKS 2020 software. If you are completely new to SOLIDWORKS, you should read Chapter 1 in detail and complete Lesson 1, Lesson 2 and Lesson 3 in the SOLIDWORKS Tutorials. If you are familiar with an earlier release of SOLIDWORKS, you still might want to skim Chapter 1 to become acquainted with some of the commands, menus and features that you have not used; or you can simply jump to any section in any chapter. Each chapter provides detailed PropertyManager information on key topics with individual stand-alone short tutorials to reinforce and demonstrate the functionality and ease of the SOLIDWORKS tool or feature. The book provides access to over 260 models, their solutions and additional support materials. Learn by doing, not just by reading. Formulate the skills to create, modify and edit sketches and solid features. Learn the techniques to reuse features, parts and assemblies through symmetry, patterns, copied components, design tables, configurations and more. The book is designed to complement the Online Tutorials and Online Help contained in SOLIDWORKS 2020. The goal is to illustrate how multiple design situations and systematic steps combine to produce successful designs. The author developed the tutorials by combining his own industry experience with the knowledge of engineers, department managers, professors, vendors and manufacturers. He is directly involved with SOLIDWORKS every day and his responsibilities go far beyond the creation of just a 3D model.

Internet Reference Support for Distance Learners

At this pointit would be premature totry to interpret howvirtual reference has impacted the A&M System and its students. Perhaps aftera fullyear of providing Virtual Reference Service, an in-depthstudy could be undertaken to see just ...

Author: Rita Pellen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317824923

Category: Computers

Page: 228

View: 629


Make separate library services for distance learners a thing of the past Internet Reference Support for Distance Learners takes a comprehensive look at efforts by librarians and information specialists to provide distance learners with effective services that match those already available on campus. With the development of the World Wide Web and the evolution of Web-based services, reference librarians are adding a human element to the virtual library, blurring the difference between distance learners and traditional users. This unique book examines how they deal with a wide range of related topics, including standards and guidelines, copyright issues, streaming media, and chat and digital references, and presents a historical overview of how reference and instructional services have been delivered to distance users—before and after the creation of the Internet. Internet Reference Support for Distance Learners reveals that librarians do not make a sharp distinction between reference and instruction within the context of distance learning, and that there is no clear boundary between “true” distance learners and more traditional students who might use services designed for nontraditional users. Online capabilities have allowed reference librarians to approximate services advocated by published guidelines and standards, including the ACRL Distance Learning Section’s Guidelines for Distance Learning Library Services, to provide a framework for librarians to plan services for off-campus students. Internet Reference Support for Distance Learners provides practical information on: how librarians can “keep IT simple” when designing methods to access reference support why library Web sites are vital sources of communication between the distance learning student and the reference-based instructional component how to set up a university chat service, including software selection, staff training and assessment how to provide students services beyond traditional provision of resources, including advising, enrollment, and payment of fees how to create an online assistance site that incorporates online versions of traditional print handouts, FAQs, subject guides, course-specific guides, learning modules, and instructional videos in one central location how to work with faculty to create online support for students in Blackboard courses the pros and cons of using open-source software how to create an online library assistance site how to create online information literacy course to teach independent research skills to remote students how to avoid copyright infringement and how to educate library personnel about copyright law how to use Camtasia Studio, a screen capture program to create audio and video for online presentations Internet Reference Support for Distance Learners is an invaluable resource for librarians working in academic, school, special, and public settings, and for library science faculty and students.

Detectors Reference Frames and Time

The intended application of the results in this chapter, as well as one of the primary motivations for this investigation, is to study the act of changing quantum reference frames.4 Palmer et al. [10] have constructed an operational ...

Author: Alexander R. H. Smith

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783030110000

Category: Science

Page: 167

View: 731


This thesis uses the tools of quantum information science to uncover fascinating new insights about the intersection of quantum theory and relativity. It is divided into three self-contained parts, the first of which employs detector models to investigate how the information content of quantum fields depends on spacetime curvature and global spacetime topology. The behavior of Unruh-DeWitt detectors on curved spacetimes are investigated, following which these detectors are used to probe the vacuum state of a scalar field in various topologies. This leads to a generalization of the entanglement harvesting protocol involving detectors in arbitrary curved spacetimes admitting a Wightman function. The second part extends the theory of quantum reference frames to those associated with noncompact groups. Motivated by the pursuit of a relational relativistic quantum theory where the group of reference frames is the Poincaré group, the author then generalizes a communication protocol between two parties lacking a common reference frame to the scenario where the group of transformations of their reference frame is a one-dimensional noncompact Lie group. Finally, the third part, inspired by theories of quantum gravity, generalizes the conditional probability interpretation of time, a proposed mechanism for time to emerge from a fundamentally timeless Universe. While the conditional probability interpretation of time is based upon conditioning a solution to the Wheeler-DeWitt equation on a subsystem of the universe that acts a clock, the author extends this approach to include an interaction between the system being used as a clock and a system whose evolution the clock is tracking.

Reimagining Reference in the 21st Century

However, this is not the first time thought leaders have mused over reference services in recent years. Digital Reference Service in the New Millennium: Planning, Management, and Evaluation (2000) and Reference Reborn: Breathing New ...

Author: David A. Tyckoson

Publisher: Purdue University Press

ISBN: 9781557536983


Page: 401

View: 212


Libraries today provide a wider variety of services, collections, and tools than at any time in the past. This book explores how reference librarianship is changing to continue to help users find information they need in this shifting environment.

PHP Quick Scripting Reference

References. A reference is an alias which allows two different variables to write to the same value. There are three operations that can be performed with references: assign by reference, pass by reference and return by reference.

Author: Mikael Olsson

Publisher: Apress

ISBN: 9781430262848

Category: Computers

Page: 140

View: 863


The PHP Quick Scripting Reference is a condensed scripting code and syntax reference to the PHP scripting language, the most popular Web scripting language in use today. It presents the essential PHP script in a well-organized format that can be used as a handy reference. You won’t find any technical jargon, bloated samples, drawn out history lessons or witty stories in this book. What you will find is a Web scripting language reference that is concise, to the point and highly accessible. The book is packed with useful information and is a must-have for any PHP programmer or Web developer In the PHP Quick Scripting Reference, you will find: A concise reference to the PHP scripting language syntax. Short, simple and focused code examples. A well laid out table of contents and a comprehensive index allowing easy review.

Reference Materials in Measurement and Technology

ISO Guide 35:2017 Reference materials—Guidance for characterization and assessment of homogeneity and stability. ISO, Geneve 2. Panfilov VA (2009) Theoretical foundations of food technologies. In 2 books of book 2.

Author: Sergey V. Medvedevskikh

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783031062858



View: 698


Catalog of NBS Standard Reference Materials

Introduction e Bureau of National des Normes émet plus de 1000 matériels différents au moyen de son Programme de Matériels de Référence Standard . Ces matériels sont essentiellement des Matériels de Référence Standard ( SRM ) porteurs ...

Author: National Measurement Laboratory (U.S.). Office of Standard Reference Materials


ISBN: STANFORD:36105001849707

Category: Materials

Page: 184

View: 149


Operation of the Federal Communications Commission public reference rooms

We are currently making on - site visits to each of our main reference rooms to determine : ( 1 ) what further ... be achieved given the current locations and layouts of our references rooms ; and ( 2 ) which of the reference rooms are ...

Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Government Operations. Government Information, Justice, and Agriculture Subcommittee


ISBN: UCR:31210015732728

Category: Records

Page: 164

View: 696