Beyond Realism and Antirealism

Neopragmatism ' s Realism / Antirealism Debate Introduction As the twenty - first century begins , the debates between realists and antirealists show few signs of abating . At the heart of these epistemological and metaphysical debates ...

Author: David L. Hildebrand

Publisher: Vanderbilt University Press

ISBN: 0826514278

Category: Philosophy

Page: 241

View: 256

DOWNLOAD →

Perhaps the most significant development in American philosophy in the late 20th century has been the extraordinary renaissance of pragmatism, marked most notably by the reformulations of the so-called "neopragmatists" Richard Rorty and Hilary Putnam. With pragmatism offering the allure of potentially resolving the impasse between epistemological realists and antirealists, analytic and continental philosophers, as well as thinkers across the disciplines, have been energized and engaged by this movement. In this volume Hildebrand asks two questions: first, how faithful are the neopragmatists' reformulations of classical pragmatism (particularly Deweyan pragmatism); and, second, and more significantly, can their neopragmatism work?

Realism and Antirealism

Realism, Antirealism, and Common Sense CALEB MILLER DEFINITIONS In this chapter I will argue that common sense makes it more rational for most of us to accept realism than to accept antirealism. Although there is a considerable ...

Author: William P. Alston

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9781501720567

Category: Philosophy

Page: 320

View: 254

DOWNLOAD →

Throughout the past century, a debate has raged over the thesis of realism and its alternatives. Realism—the seemingly commonsensical view that all or most of what we encounter in the world exists and is what it is independently of human thought—has been vigorously denied by such prominent intellectuals as Jacques Derrida, Michel Foucault, Richard Rorty, Thomas Kuhn, Hilary Putnam, and Nelson Goodman. The opponents of realism, among them historians and social scientists who support social constructionism, hold that all or most of reality depends on human conceptual schemes and beliefs. In this volume of original essays, a group of philosophers explores the ongoing controversy. The book opens with an introduction by William P. Alston, whose writing on the subject has been widely influential. Selected essays then compare and contrast aspects of the arguments put forward by the realists with those of the antirealists. Other chapters discuss the importance of the debate for philosophical topics such as epistemology and for domains ranging from religion, literature, and science to morality.

Realism and Anti Realism in the Philosophy of Science

REALISM AND ANTIREALISM IN EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY (1) INTRODUCTION (a) The Realism-Antirealism Debate Do scientific theories provide us with genuine insight into the causal structure of the world, or do they merely provide useful models ...

Author: Robert S. Cohen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401586382

Category: Science

Page: 495

View: 381

DOWNLOAD →

Beijing International Conference, 1992

Reality Lost and Found

The book covers a wide range of themes, from the historical origins of antirealism and the views of Berkeley, Kant, Husserl and the logical positivists, to the most recent developments in epistemology and relevant empirical research in ...

Author: Søren Harnow Klausen

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105118535645

Category: Religion

Page: 573

View: 824

DOWNLOAD →

Is there a world out there, independent of the way we experience it, think of it or talk about it? If so, can we know how it is? These questions have been a central concern of philosophy throughout most of its history, and they continue to be the subject of an intense debate between realists and antirealists. In this clearly written and comprehensive book, Søren Harnow Klausen presents an argument for realism about the external world, but also attempts to take the antirealist challenge seriously: a sensible realist must acknowledge the force of the skeptical objections and avoid overstating her own case. The book covers a wide range of themes, from the historical origins of antirealism and the views of Berkeley, Kant, Husserl and the logical positivists, to the most recent developments in epistemology and relevant empirical research in psychology, anthropology and linguistics. Topics also include the definition of realism and its relationship to semantics and theories of truth, the prospect of providing a transcendental argument for realism, inference to the best explanation, externalist theories of justification, the basis of our understanding of mind-independent reality, the relevance of evolutionary biology to the realism issue, and theories of intentionality and perception.

Global Anti realism

This text seeks to provide an answer to the perennial question what is truth?

Author: James O. Young

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015034384282

Category: Philosophy

Page: 163

View: 188

DOWNLOAD →

This text seeks to provide an answer to the perennial question what is truth? According to the global anti-realist the trust conditions of all classes of sentences are detectable by speakers. The author argues that the only way to be a global anti-realist is to maintain that the truth conditions of all sentences are the conditions under which they cohere with a system of beliefs. Global anti-realism is a form of coherence theory of truth. Realists are committed to some form of correspondence theory. Both camps are opposed to deflationary accounts of truth according to which truth is not a property of sentences.

Realism and Anti Realism

Error theory, fictionalism, non-cognitivism, relativism and response-dependence are taken as the most important positions in opposition to the realist and these are explored in depth.

Author: Stuart Brock

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317494270

Category: Philosophy

Page: 224

View: 286

DOWNLOAD →

There are a bewildering variety of ways the terms "realism" and "anti-realism" have been used in philosophy and furthermore the different uses of these terms are only loosely connected with one another. Rather than give a piecemeal map of this very diverse landscape, the authors focus on what they see as the core concept: realism about a particular domain is the view that there are facts or entities distinctive of that domain, and their existence and nature is in some important sense objective and mind-independent. The authors carefully set out and explain the different realist and anti-realist positions and arguments that occur in five key domains: science, ethics, mathematics, modality and fictional objects. For each area the authors examine the various styles of argument in support of and against realism and anti-realism, show how these different positions and arguments arise in very different domains, evaluate their success within these fields, and draw general conclusions about these assorted strategies. Error theory, fictionalism, non-cognitivism, relativism and response-dependence are taken as the most important positions in opposition to the realist and these are explored in depth. Suitable for advanced level undergraduates, the book offers readers a clear introduction to a subject central to much contemporary work in metaphysics, epistemology and philosophy of language.

Global Anti realism

This book presents an idea on what a defense of realism must involve, discussing specific positions to help readers use it as a guide to identifying anti-realism in all its various guises.

Author: Andrew Joseph Cortens

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429723940

Category: Philosophy

Page: 174

View: 634

DOWNLOAD →

This book presents an idea on what a defense of realism must involve, discussing specific positions to help readers use it as a guide to identifying anti-realism in all its various guises. It offers a way of understanding anti-realism, both in its local versions and global versions.

Realism and Explanatory Priority

The author defends a restricted form of Realism, which he calls Nomic Structuralism. The book will be suitable for professional philosophers of language, science and metaphysics, and their graduate students.

Author: J. Wright

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401728447

Category: Philosophy

Page: 334

View: 436

DOWNLOAD →

One of the central areas of concern in late twentieth-century philosophy is the debate between Realism and anti-Realism. But the precise nature of the issues that form the focus of the debate remains controversial. In Realism and Explanatory Priority a new way of viewing the debate is developed. The primary focus is not on the notions of existence, truth or reference, but rather on independence. A notion of independence is developed using concepts derived from the theory of explanation. It is argued that this approach enables us to clarify the exact nature of the empirical evidence that would be required to establish Realism in any area. The author defends a restricted form of Realism, which he calls Nomic Structuralism. The book will be suitable for professional philosophers of language, science and metaphysics, and their graduate students.

Metaepistemology

This book contains twelve chapters by leading and up-and-coming philosophers on metaepistemology, that is, on the nature, existence and authority of epistemic facts.

Author: Christos Kyriacou

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319933696

Category: Philosophy

Page: 314

View: 980

DOWNLOAD →

This book contains twelve chapters by leading and up-and-coming philosophers on metaepistemology, that is, on the nature, existence and authority of epistemic facts. One of the central divides in metaepistemology is between epistemic realists and epistemic anti-realists. Epistemic realists think that epistemic facts (such as the fact that you ought to believe what your evidence supports) exist independently of human judgements and practices, and that they have authority over our judgements and practices. Epistemic anti-realists think that, if epistemic facts exist at all, they are grounded in human judgements and practices, and gain any authority they have from our judgements and practices. This book considers both epistemic realist and anti-realist perspectives, as well as perspectives that 'transcend' the realism/anti-realism dichotomy. As such, it constitutes the 'state of the art' with regard to metaepistemology, and will shape the debate in years to come.

Contact with Reality

This book examines that distinctive claim, contrasting it to the wider philosophical discussions regarding realism and antirealism in the recent decades.

Author: Esther Lightcap Meek

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 9781498239837

Category: Philosophy

Page: 320

View: 160

DOWNLOAD →

Is knowledge discovered, or just invented? Can we ever get outside ourselves to know how reality is in itself, independent of us? Philosophical realism raises the question whether in our knowing we connect with an independent reality--or only connect with our own mental constructs. Far from being a silly parlor game, the question impacts our lives concretely and deeply. Modern Western culture has been infected with antirealism and the doubt, skepticism, subjectivism, relativism, and atheism that attends it--not to mention distrust and arbitrary (mis)use of reality. Premier scientist-turned-philosopher Michael Polanyi stepped aside from research to offer an innovative account of knowing that takes its cue from how discovery actually happens. Polanyi defied the antirealism of the twentieth century, sounding a ringing note of hope in his repeated claim that in discovery, we know we have made contact with reality because "we have a sense of the possibility of indeterminate future manifestations." And that sense marks contact with reality, because it is the way reality is: abundant, generous, and fraught with as-yet-unnameable possibilities. This book examines that distinctive claim, contrasting it to the wider philosophical discussions regarding realism and antirealism in the recent decades. It shows why Polanyi's outlook is superior, and why that matters, not just to scientific discoverers, but to us all.