Protagoras

The presocratic philosopher Protagoras of Abdera (490–420 BC), founder of the sophistic movement, was famously agnostic towards the existence and nature of the gods, and was the proponent of the doctrine that 'man is the measure of all ...

Author: Daniel Silvermintz

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781472511119

Category: History

Page: 128

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The presocratic philosopher Protagoras of Abdera (490–420 BC), founder of the sophistic movement, was famously agnostic towards the existence and nature of the gods, and was the proponent of the doctrine that 'man is the measure of all things'. Still relevant to contemporary society, Protagoras is in many ways a precursor of the postmodern movement. In the brief fragments that survive, he lays the foundation for relativism, agnosticism, the significance of rhetoric, a pedagogy for critical thinking and a conception of the human being as a social construction. This accessible introductory survey by Daniel Silvermintz covers Protagoras' life, ideas and lasting legacy. Each chapter interprets one of the surviving fragments and draws connections with related ideas forwarded by other sophists, showing its relevance to an area of knowledge: epistemology, ethics, education and sociology.

Time and Space in Ancient Myth Religion and Culture

But while chronos remains throughout this myth nothing more than a receptacle of action, Protagoras will elevate the element of timing in the actions of the divine agents. It is this aspect of time, not its slow, creative, ...

Author: Anton Bierl

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110534221

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 386

View: 929

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From Homer to Sophocles and Greek Middle Comedy, and from Plato and Protagoras to Ovid, this volume features a panoramic and cross-generic overview of the diverse handling and ad hoc elaboration of the overarching literary notions of "time" and "space". The twenty-one contributions of this volume written by an international group of esteemed scholars provide an equal number of hermeneutic approaches to individual, distinct aspects of Greek and Latin literature. The volume is purposely designed not as a linear display of knowledge, but rather as an anthology of select paradigms that aim to demonstrate the multidimensional function and multifaceted role of the twin notions of "time" and "space" throughout ancient Greek and Latin literary texts. The volume opens with analyses of conspicuous cases from epic poetry, proceeds with examples from drama (tragedy and comedy), and concludes with diverse instances of chronotopes (empirical, imaginary, and even shifting ones), in various literary genres. The volume is of greatest relevance since it meets the cultural and theoretical trends of today’s Classics. It therefore will attract not only the interest of specialised Classicists but it is also intended for a wider general readership.

Ancient Ethics

Having explained the art of measurement as the source of the knowledge about good and pleasant actions, Socrates comes back to the dispute he had with Protagoras on how courage (or any other particular virtue) relates to the whole of ...

Author: Jörg Hardy

Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

ISBN: 9783862346295

Category: Philosophy

Page: 498

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This volume presents essays on Ancient ethics from Homer to Plotinus with a focus on the significance of Ancient ethical thinking for contemporary ethics. Adapting Kant's words, we might describe philosophers today as holding that meta-ethics without normative ethics is empty; normative ethics without meta-ethics is blind. One fascinating feature of Ancient ethics is its close connection between content and method, between normative ethics and meta-ethics. In connecting ethical, epistemological, and cosmological issues, Ancient ethical theories strive for an integrated understanding of normativity. The project of this volume is to capture some of the colours of the bright spectrum of ancient ethics. The goal of bundling them together is, ultimately, to shed better light on the issues of contemporary ethics. Topics: Classical Chinese Ethics, Indian Ethics, Homeric Ethics, Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Hellenistic philosophy, Plotinus, Ancient and Modern Moral Psychology, Hybrid Theories of Normativity, The Unity of the Virtues, The Art of Life and Morality (Lebenskunst und Moral). Contributors: J. Annas, M. Anagnostopoulos, R. Aprressyan, Th. C. Brickhouse / N. D. Smith, J. Bussanich, C. Collobert, S. Delcomminette, W. Detel, D. Frede, L. Gerson, Ch. Halbig, J. Hardy, O. Höffe, B. Inwood, M.-Th. Liske, L. Pfister, M. McPherran, J. Piering, G. Rudebusch, D. Russell, G. Santas, Ch. Shields, M. Sim, C. C. Taylor.

The Blackwell Guide to Ancient Philosophy

... the agent's belief that a certain action will best promote his or her conception of happiness is sufficient to produce that action (see, e.g., Protagoras 358d; Euthydemus 278e). Socrates believes, in other words, that every action ...

Author: Christopher Shields

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470756560

Category: Philosophy

Page: 352

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The Blackwell Guide to Ancient Philosophy provides a comprehensive treatment of the principal figures and movements of philosophy from its origins before Socrates, through the towering achievements of Plato and Aristotle, and into its final developments in late antiquity. Provides a comprehensive guide to ancient philosophy from the pre-Socratics to late antiquity. Written by a cast of distinguished philosophers. Covers the pre-Socratics, the sophistic movement, Epicureanism, academic skepticism, stoicism, and the neo-Platonists. Features an index and a comprehensive bibliography of both primary and secondary works.

Self Knowledge in Ancient Philosophy

Insofar as knowledge commands action, nothing else will succeed in controlling it instead. ... While Socrates poses endorsement of Rule of Knowledge as a question to Protagoras, he responds unusually strongly to Protagoras' acceptance ...

Author: Fiona Leigh

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198786061

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

View: 416

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Self-knowledge - a person's knowledge of their own thoughts, character, and psychological states - has long been a central focus of philosophical enquiry. The concerns which occupy ancient thinkers with regard to self-knowledge, however, diverge in critical ways from contemporary investigations on the topic. In this volume, based upon the eighth Keeling Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy, leading scholars explore the treatment of self-knowledge in ancient Greek thought, particularly in Plato, Aristotle, Hellenistic thinkers, and Plotinus. A number of chapters identify specific modes of self-knowledge in ancient thought, such as knowledge of one's individual moral or political character in Plato, or one's own discursive thought as compared to that arising from the self-presence of intellect in Plotinus. Others identify interesting points of convergence with contemporary thinking to make interventions in existing debates as well as to articulate new research questions, such as whether Plato regarded self-knowledge as synoptic and diachronic in the Republic, or whether self-knowledge is a condition on virtue for Aristotle. By exploring the distinctions between the fundamental assumptions and conceptual frameworks in which ancient and modern philosophers examine self-knowledge, this volume makes a novel contribution to current scholarship in the field.

Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy

If they are not claiming to have made two judgements about the pleasantness of the action, what are they claiming? ... in the Protagoras', Ancient Philosophy, 26 (2006), 243–58, D. Devereux, 'Socrates' Kantian Conception of Virtue', ...

Author: Brad Inwood

Publisher: Oxford Studies in Ancient Phil

ISBN: 9780198722717

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 528

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Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy is a volume of original articles on all aspects of ancient philosophy. The articles may be of substantial length, and include critical notices of major books. OSAP is now published twice yearly, in both hardback and paperback. 'The serial Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy (OSAP) is fairly regarded as the leading venue for publication in ancient philosophy. It is where one looks to find the state-of-the-art. That the serial, which presents itself more as an anthology than as a journal, has traditionally allowed space for lengthier studies, has tended only to add to its prestige; it is as if OSAP thus declares that, since it allows as much space as the merits of the subject require, it can be more entirely devoted to the best and most serious scholarship.' Michael Pakaluk, Bryn Mawr Classical Review

Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy XXXI

But at the same time, it is deeply ironic and funny that the political craft (πολιτικ τχνη) Protagoras claims to teach, and which among other things is supposed to enable Hippocrates to be most politically powerful in speech and action, ...

Author: David Sedley

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780199204212

Category: Philosophy

Page: 414

View: 912

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Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy is a volume of original articles on all aspects of ancient philosophy. The articles may be of substantial length, and include critical notices of major books. OSAP is now published twice yearly, in both hardback and paperback. 'unique value as a collection of outstanding contributions in the area of ancient philosophy.' Sara Rubinelli, Bryn Mawr Classical Review

Ancient Rhetorics and Digital Networks

I return in the conclusion to the civic significance of orthoepeia, specifically in relation to Protagoras's teaching of euboulia, or sound judgment and action. To foreshadow, Protagoras's instruction was grounded in the assumption that ...

Author: Michele Kennerly

Publisher: University of Alabama Press

ISBN: 9780817359041

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 328

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An examination of two seemingly incongruous areas of study: classical models of argumentation and modern modes of digital communication What can ancient rhetorical theory possibly tell us about the role of new digital media technologies in contemporary public culture? Some central issues we currently deal with—making sense of information abundance, persuading others in our social network, navigating new media ecologies, and shaping broader cultural currents—also pressed upon the ancients. Ancient Rhetorics and Digital Networks makes this connection explicit, reexamining key figures, texts, concepts, and sensibilities from ancient rhetoric in light of the glow of digital networks, or, ordered conversely, surveying the angles and tangles of digital networks from viewpoints afforded by ancient rhetoric. By providing an orientation grounded in ancient rhetorics, this collection simultaneously historicizes contemporary developments and reenergizes ancient rhetorical vocabularies. Contributors engage with a variety of digital phenomena including remix, big data, identity and anonymity, memes and virals, visual images, decorum, and networking. Taken together, the essays in Ancient Rhetorics and Digital Networks help us to understand and navigate some of the fundamental communicative issues we deal with today.

Metaphysics Soul and Ethics in Ancient Thought

... depicted in Plato's Protagoras 352b– 357e and by Aristotle in his critical presentation of the issue in Nicomachean Ethics [NE] 7.4, 1147b24–8): an agent X is incontinent when he or she intentionally and knowingly performs an action ...

Author: Ricardo Salles

Publisher: Clarendon Press

ISBN: 9780191555619

Category: Philosophy

Page: 604

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Leading figures in ancient philosophy present eighteen original papers on three key themes in the work of Richard Sorabji. The papers dealing with Metaphysics range from Democritus to Numenius on basic questions about the structure and nature of reality: necessitation, properties, and time. The section on Soul includes one paper on the individuation of souls in Plato and five papers on Aristotle's and Aristotelian theories of cognition, with a special emphasis on perception. The section devoted to Ethics concentrates upon Stoicism and the complex views the Stoics held on such topics as motivation, akrasia, oikeiôsis, and the emotions. The volume also contains a fascinating 'intellectual autobiography' by Sorabji himself, and a full Bibliography of his works.

Free Speech and Democracy in Ancient Athens

Against Plato, according to Farrar, stands Protagoras who “sought to demonstrate. . .that political action is both collective self-expression and collective self-restraint” (77). As she interprets the Protagoras, Plato has distorted the ...

Author: Arlene W. Saxonhouse

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139447423

Category: Political Science

Page:

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This book illuminates the distinctive character of our modern understanding of the basis and value of free speech by contrasting it with the very different form of free speech that was practised by the ancient Athenians in their democratic regime. Free speech in the ancient democracy was not a protected right but an expression of the freedom from hierarchy, awe, reverence and shame. It was thus an essential ingredient of the egalitarianism of that regime. That freedom was challenged by the consequences of the rejection of shame (aidos) which had served as a cohesive force within the polity. Through readings of Socrates's trial, Greek tragedy and comedy, Thucydides's History, and Plato's Protagoras this volume explores the paradoxical connections between free speech, democracy, shame, and Socratic philosophy and Thucydidean history as practices of uncovering.