Prenatal Testing and Disability Rights

view that " fetal indications " justify abortion ( or embryo discard ) stems from the ignorant and prejudiced belief ... Moreover , since prenatal screening cannot prevent all disability , such as disabilities caused during or after ...

Author: Erik Parens

Publisher: Georgetown University Press

ISBN: 1589013948

Category: Medical

Page: 392

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As prenatal tests proliferate, the medical and broader communities perceive that such testing is a logical extension of good prenatal care—it helps parents have healthy babies. But prenatal tests have been criticized by the disability rights community, which contends that advances in science should be directed at improving their lives, not preventing them. Used primarily to decide to abort a fetus that would have been born with mental or physical impairments, prenatal tests arguably reinforce discrimination against and misconceptions about people with disabilities. In these essays, people on both sides of the issue engage in an honest and occasionally painful debate about prenatal testing and selective abortion. The contributors include both people who live with and people who theorize about disabilities, scholars from the social sciences and humanities, medical geneticists, genetic counselors, physicians, and lawyers. Although the essayists don't arrive at a consensus over the disability community's objections to prenatal testing and its consequences, they do offer recommendations for ameliorating some of the problems associated with the practice.

Prenatal Testing for Late onset Neurogenetic Diseases

Prenatal testing with all its possibilities and consequences takes time to absorb, think about and discuss. ... Friends, the family doctor or specialists may bring pressure to bear upon a couple considering a pregnancy, dependent on ...

Author: G Evers-Kiebooms

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203450291

Category: Medical

Page: 220

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This book addresses the biological, moral and legal issues which arising prenatal testing of late onset neurogenetic disease. The contributors focus specifically on Huntington's Disease, which is used as a model for other late onset neurogenetic diseases. The ethical and legal aspects of prenatal testing and preimplantation genetic diagnosis are discussed with reference to case histories. This volume will provide valuable insights for all those involved in dealing with these challenging issues.

Noninvasive Prenatal Testing NIPT

Accuracy of non-invasive prenatal testing using cell-free DNA for detection of down, Edwards and Patau syndromes: a systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ Open 2016;6:e010002. [2] Mackie FL, Hemming K, Allen S, Morris RK, Kilby MD.

Author: Lieve Page-Christiaens

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780128141908

Category: Medical

Page: 405

View: 404

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Since its introduction in 2012, cell-free (cf) DNA based Non-Invasive Prenatal Testing (NIPT) has been employed to test for fetal chromosome abnormalities, and gene mutations that lead to a variety of genetic conditions, by millions of pregnant women, in more than 90 countries worldwide. With Noninvasive Prenatal Testing (NIPT): Applied Genomics in Prenatal Screening and Diagnosis, Dr Lieve Page-Christiaens and Dr Hanns-Georg Klein have compiled the first authoritative volume on cfDNA NIPT methods and their clinical implementation. Provides a thorough, practical examination of the history of NIPT, NIPT laboratory techniques and bioinformatics, NIPT screening and diagnostics for a wide range of disorders and birth defects Presents leading, international experts who discuss the application of NIPT in early screening for common aneuploidies, fetal chromosome anomalies, autosomal trisomies, fetal blood group typing, and maternal constitutional and acquired copy number variants Includes full color imagery that enhances concept illustration, along with detailed descriptions of the benefits (and limitations) of NIPT Offers clinicians, researchers, genetic counselors and reproductive specialists of all kinds the required background information, methodologies and essential patient counseling techniques

Women and Prenatal Testing

The practice of prenatal diagnosis can be expected to impact women in a number of ways, and it is not absolutely apparent that all of these impacts are positive. In fact, what is construed as a benefit for one woman may on the contrary ...

Author: Karen H. Rothenberg

Publisher: Ohio State University Press

ISBN: 9780814206409

Category: Prenatal diagnosis

Page: 304

View: 770

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"For pregnant women in the 1990s, technological developments have ushered in new and expanding reproductive genetic testing options. Some herald these procedures as advances providing women with previously unavailable information about their pregnancies. Others contend that with this surge of information come increasing and perhaps unwarranted obligations: while some women have greater knowledge about their pregnancies, they also face far more complex decisions and a greater pressure to do as much as is technologically possible to ensure the birth of a healthy child." "This book focuses on the major women's issues surrounding the development and application of reproductive genetic testing. Although much has been written about the biological safety and efficacy of these technologies, few publications have addressed their psychological, sociocultural, ethical, legal, and political impact on women and their experience of pregnancy." "The first of three sections provides the contextual framework in which the debate should be analyzed. The second section sets forth the philosophical foundations and complex ethical and legal questions that need to be addressed, and the final section delineates a variety of perspectives on the psychological and sociocultural issues raised by reproductive genetic testing. These fourteen essays on the cutting edge of the debate are essential reading for anyone interested in women's studies, human genetics, health law; and bioethics and prenatal care providers."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Prenatal Diagnosis of Haemophilia

The male sex of the fetus was determined by means of amniocentesis in the 15— 16th week of gestation. In the 1 8— 20th gestational week fetal ... Type and frequency of problematic experiences associated with prenatal diagnosis (PND).

Author: Ulf Tedgård

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015058241624

Category: Genetic counseling

Page: 80

View: 428

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Prenatal Tests and Ultrasound

With this book, expectant parents will find a clear timeline and explanation of all the tests they can expect to receive at each stage of pregnancy, as well as how and why they are performed, and the risks involved.

Author: Elizabeth Crabtree Burton

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191628573

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 136

View: 786

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You've discovered that you or someone you care about is pregnant. After that initial rush of excitement, you start to have a lot of questions. Is the baby healthy? Is he or she growing well? From the moment a woman suspects that she is pregnant, the testing begins, and so do the questions. Can she trust the home pregnancy test kits? When is it time to go to the doctor or midwife? After coming to terms with the fact that pregnancy has occurred, the next step is often to worry about whether everything is progressing normally. With this book, expectant parents will find a clear timeline and explanation of all the tests they can expect to receive at each stage of pregnancy, as well as how and why they are performed, and the risks involved. This book clarifies the pros and cons of each type of test, enabling parents to choose the testing options with which they are most comfortable. It does this in a positive, factual way so as not to exacerbate fears or implant worries in parents' minds of all the worst-case scenarios. Prenatal Tests and Ultrasound: The Facts is an invaluable source of information for expectant parents and their friends and families, and will also be of interest to professionals in general practice, obstetrics and gynaecology, and midwifery.

Noninvasive Prenatal Testing NIPT

This book: .

Author: Lieve Page-Christiaens

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128141891

Category: Medical

Page: 400

View: 895

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Since its introduction in 2012, cell-free (cf) DNA based Non-Invasive Prenatal Testing (NIPT) has been employed to test for fetal chromosome abnormalities, and gene mutations that lead to a variety of genetic conditions, by millions of pregnant women, in more than 90 countries worldwide. With Noninvasive Prenatal Testing (NIPT): Applied Genomics in Prenatal Screening and Diagnosis, Dr Lieve Page-Christiaens and Dr Hanns-Georg Klein have compiled the first authoritative volume on cfDNA NIPT methods and their clinical implementation. Provides a thorough, practical examination of the history of NIPT, NIPT laboratory techniques and bioinformatics, NIPT screening and diagnostics for a wide range of disorders and birth defects Presents leading, international experts who discuss the application of NIPT in early screening for common aneuploidies, fetal chromosome anomalies, autosomal trisomies, fetal blood group typing, and maternal constitutional and acquired copy number variants Includes full color imagery that enhances concept illustration, along with detailed descriptions of the benefits (and limitations) of NIPT Offers clinicians, researchers, genetic counselors and reproductive specialists of all kinds the required background information, methodologies and essential patient counseling techniques

Prenatal Tests and Ultrasound

fetal heart monitoring Doppler ultrasound 97–8 early first trimester ultrasound 59, 60–2 at home 41–2 during labour 90 non-stress test 44, 89 routine interval evaluations 41 timeline 60 viability of pregnancy 59 fetal heart rate 60–2, ...

Author: Elizabeth Crabtree Burton

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199599301

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 119

View: 324

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Provides an explanation of all the tests available to expectant parents and clarifies the pros and cons of each type of test.

Ethical Dilemmas in Prenatal Diagnosis

Elisabeth Hildt Abstract This chapter will focus on ethical aspects and decision-making conflicts in prenatal testing that arise in the case of conspicuous test results. In order to gain some insight into the women's experiences when ...

Author: Tamara Fischmann

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400713963

Category: Medical

Page: 207

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Technological developments in the life sciences confront us with new facets of a Faustian seduction. Are we „playing God“ more and more, as claimed by critical authors of modernity? Achievements in genetic research produce ethical dilemmas which need to be the subject of reflection and debate in modern societies. Denial of ambivalences that ethical dilemmas arouse constitutes a threat to societies as well as to individuals. The book presents a compilation of some of the results of the interdisciplinary European study “Ethical Dilemmas Due to Prenatal and Genetic Diagnostics” (EDIG), which investigated some of these dilemmas in detail in a field which is particularly challenging: prenatal diagnosis. When results from prenatal diagnosis show fetal abnormalities, women and their partners are confronted with ethical dilemmas regarding: the right to know and the right not to know; decision-making about the remainder of the pregnancy and the desire for a healthy child; responsibility for the unborn child, for its well-being and possible suffering; life and death. This book provides answers from an ethical, psychoanalytical and medical viewpoint.

Prenatal Screening and Diagnosis An Issue of the Clinics in Laboratory Medicine E Book

First trimester maternal serum biochemistry and fetal nuchal translucency screening (BUN) study group. N Engl J Med 2003;349:1405–13. 9. ... Utilization of noninvasive prenatal testing: impact on referrals for diagnostic testing.

Author: Anthony O. Odibo

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 9780323446211

Category: Medical

Page: 265

View: 644

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This issue of Clinics in Laboratory Medicine, edited by Drs. Anthony Odibo and David A. Krantz, covers issues surrounding Prenatal Screening and Diagnosis. Topics examined in this issue include, but are not limited to: Strategies for Implementing cfDNA Testing; Genetic Counselling for Patients Considering Screening and Diagnosis of Chromosomal Abnormalities; Microdeletions/Duplications; Sex Chromosome Abnormalities; First-, Second- and Third-Trimester Screening for Preeclampsia and Intrauterine Growth Restriction; Biophysicial/Biochemical Screening for the Risk of Preterm Labor; Preimplantation Genetic Testing; Toxoplasmosis, Parvovirus and Cytomegalovirus in Pregnancy; and Sleep Apnea and Adverse pregnancy Outcomes.