Politics and Power in the Maghreb

This book examines the politics of the three states of the central Maghreb--Algeria, Tunisia and Morocco--since their achievement of independence from European colonial rule in the 1950s and 1960s.

Author: Michael J. Willis (Lecturer)

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199368204

Category: History

Page: 410

View: 488

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The overthrow of the regime of President Ben Ali in Tunisia on 14 January 2011 took the world by surprise. The popular revolt in this small Arab country and the effect it had on the wider Arab world prompted questions as to why there had been so little awareness of it up until that point. It also revealed a more general lack of knowledge about the surrounding western part of the Arab world, or the Maghreb, which had long attracted a tiny fraction of the outside interest shown in the eastern Arab world of Egypt, the Levant and the Gulf. This book examines the politics of the three states of the central Maghreb--Algeria, Tunisia and Morocco--since their achievement of independence from European colonial rule in the 1950s and 1960s. It explains the political dynamics of the region by looking at the roles played by the military, political parties and Islamist movements and addresses factors such as Berber identity and economics, as well as how the states of the region interact with each other and with the wider world. -- Provided by publisher.

Politics and Power in the Maghreb

This book examines the politics of three important players in the central Maghreb -- Algeria, Tunisia, and Morocco -- since they gained independence from European colonial rule in the 1950s and 1960s.

Author: Michael J. Willis

Publisher:

ISBN: 0231800932

Category: Algeria

Page: 410

View: 587

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Politics and Power in the Maghreb

This book examines the politics of the three states of the central Maghreb - Algeria, Tunisia and Morocco - since their achievement of independence from European colonial rule in the 1950s and 1960s.

Author: Michael J. Willis (Lecturer)

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1311045596

Category: Africa, North

Page: 410

View: 295

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The overthrow of the regime of President Ben Ali in Tunisia on 14 January 2011 took the world by surprise. The popular revolt in this small Arab country and the effect it had on the wider Arab world prompted questions as to why there had been so little awareness of it up until that point. It also revealed a more general lack of knowledge about the surrounding western part of the Arab world, or the Maghreb, which had long attracted a tiny fraction of the outside interest shown in the eastern Arab world of Egypt, the Levant and the Gulf. This book examines the politics of the three states of the central Maghreb - Algeria, Tunisia and Morocco - since their achievement of independence from European colonial rule in the 1950s and 1960s. It explains the political dynamics of the region by looking at the roles played by various actors such as the military, political parties and Islamist movements and addresses issues such as Berber identity and the role played by economics, as well as how the states of the region interact with each other and with the wider world.-- Jacket.

Algeria

Exactly twenty years passed before Bouteflika's presidency was brought to an end by the Hirak protests--this book is an authoritative account of them.

Author: Michael J. Willis

Publisher:

ISBN: 1787384748

Category:

Page: 320

View: 642

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When mass protests erupted in Algeria in 2019, on a scale unseen anywhere in the region since the Arab Spring, the outside world was taken by surprise. Algeria had been largely unaffected by the turmoil that engulfed its neighbours in 2011, and it was widely assumed that the population was too traumatised and cowed by the country's bloody civil war to take to the streets demanding change.Michael J. Willis offers an explanation of this unexpected development known as the Hirak Movement, examining the political and social changes that have occurred in Algeria since the 'dark decade' of the 1990s. He examines how the bitter civil conflict was brought to an end, and how a fresh political order was established following the 1999 election of a dynamic new leader, Abdelaziz Bouteflika. Initially underwritten by revenue from Algeria's substantial hydrocarbons resources, this new order came to be undermined by falling oil prices, an ailing president, and a population determined to have its voice heard by an increasingly corrupt, out-of-touch and opaque national leadership. Exactly twenty years passed before Bouteflika's presidency was brought to an end by the Hirak protests--this book is an authoritative account of them.

Democratisation in the Maghreb

Drawing on Steven Levitsky and Lucan Way's celebrated model for examining political transitions, this book explains these discrepancies, why Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco and Mauritania have reached different outcomes.

Author: J.N.C. Hill

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 9781474408998

Category: Social Science

Page: 232

View: 239

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The past few years have been a period of unprecedented political upheaval for the Maghreb. A protest which began in a provincial city in one of North Africa's quieter corners quickly engulfed the entire region. Presidents of decades standing were swept from office on waves of public discontent while their counterparts elsewhere nervously tried to calm the mob. In several places these protests are still being played out; in the law courts of Egypt, on the battlefields of Libya, and in the leaking tubs carrying migrants to Europe. And even where the winds of change have died down, the political and social landscape is altered from before. Herein lies a defining paradox of the Arab Spring; its ubiquity and singularity. Nearly all of the region's countries have been affected. But despite making similar demands in largely the same ways over much the same period, their respective protest movements have achieved different results. Drawing on Steven Levitsky and Lucan Way's celebrated model for examining political transitions, this book explains these discrepancies, why Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco and Mauritania have reached different outcomes. It does so by contextualising each country's experiences, by examining and comparing their political development over the past decade.

The New Silk Road Grand Strategy and the Maghreb

Examining Chinese-North African relations through the lens of President Xi Jinping's Silk Road grand strategy, this book offers a comprehensive analysis of emerging strategic and economic partnerships in the Maghreb region.

Author: MORDECHAI. CHAZIZA

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1032215348

Category:

Page: 176

View: 414

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Examining Chinese-North African relations through the lens of President Xi Jinping's Silk Road grand strategy, this book offers a comprehensive analysis of emerging strategic and economic partnerships in the Maghreb region. China's 'Belt and Road Initiative' (BRI) is one of the most ambitious infrastructure projects in modern history. This book argues that the BRI framework is vital in understanding the shifting balance of power within the Maghreb region and between the North African countries, the EU, the US, and China. It is argued that an increasing interdependence can be observed between China and the Maghreb in energy, construction, infrastructure building, political ties, trade and investments, financial integration, people-to-people bonds, and defence. The author reveals the complexities and challenges of Beijing's BRI, exploring how this synergy will shape the Maghreb in the future. Additionally, the book argues that the balance of global politics will be critically affected by these emerging partnerships. The book will be of particular interest to students and academics focused on interstate dynamics and foreign policy in the West Asia and North Africa (WANA) region, but in its global ramifications the book is also much-needed reading for those working in International Relations, Politics and Economics, and Public Policy.

Moroccan Women Activists and Gender Politics

Michael J. Willis, Politics and Power in the Maghreb (London: Hurst & Company, 2012), 304-306. 75. Willis, Politics and Power in the Maghreb, 304-306. 76. Yahia Zoubir, “Reactions in the Maghreb to the Gulf War” Arab Studies Quarterly ...

Author: Eve Sandberg

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9780739182109

Category: Political Science

Page: 186

View: 270

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This book explores, through a feminist and institutionalist approach, how Moroccan women activists altered their national gender institution to improve the lives of all Moroccan women. The authors offer a template for studying change in national gender institutions that can be adopted by practitioners and scholars in other settings.

Crowds and Politics in North Africa

This book takes predominant crowd theory to task, questioning received ideas about ‘mob psychology’ that remain prevalent today.

Author: Andrea Khalil

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317810315

Category: Political Science

Page: 134

View: 143

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This book takes predominant crowd theory to task, questioning received ideas about ‘mob psychology’ that remain prevalent today. It is a synchronic study of crowds, crowd dynamics and the relationships of crowds to political power in Tunisia, Libya and Algeria (2011-2013) that has far reaching implications embedded in its thesis. One central theme of the book is gender, providing an in-depth look at women’s participation in the recent uprisings and crowds of 2011-2013 and the subsequent gender-related aspects of political transitions. The book also focuses on the social and political dynamics of tribalism and group belonging (‘asabiyya), including analysis and discussions with Libyan regional tribal chiefs, Libyan and Tunisian tribal members and citizens regarding their notions of tribal belonging. Crowd language and literature are also central to the book’s discussion of how crowds represent themselves, how we as observers represent crowds, and how crowds confront languages of authoritarianism and subjugation. Crowds and Politics in North Africa includes interviews with crowd participants and key civil society actors from Tunisia, Libya and Algeria. Among these, there are numerous interviews with Benghazi residents, activists and tribal leaders. One of the original case studies in the book is the crowd dynamics during and after the attack on the US consular installation in Benghazi, Libya. The book presents interviews and fieldwork within a literary and cultural theoretical context showing how crowds in the region resonate in forms of cultural resistance to authoritarianism. A valuable resource, this book will be of use to students and scholars with an interest in North African culture, society and politics more broadly.

Islam Democracy and the State in North Africa

Sultans, saints, and presidents : the Islamic community and the state in North Africa / John O. Voll - Muslim politics : the prospects for democracy in North Africa and the Middle East / Dale F. Eickelman - Political Islam in the Maghreb : ...

Author: John Pierre Entelis

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015040072764

Category: Political Science

Page: 228

View: 358

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Sultans, saints, and presidents : the Islamic community and the state in North Africa / John O. Voll - Muslim politics : the prospects for democracy in North Africa and the Middle East / Dale F. Eickelman - Political Islam in the Maghreb : the nonviolent dimension / John P. Entelis - The politics of human rights in the Maghreb / Susan Waltz - The origins of popular support for Islamist movements : a political economy analysis / Mark Tessler - Prospects for liberalism in North Arica : identities and interests in preindustrial welfare states / Lisa Anderson - From social contracts to extraction contracts : the political economy of authoritarianism and democracy / John Waterbury - Crises of money and power : transitions to democracy? / Clement M. Henry - The international politics of democracy in North Africa / I. William Zartman.

Islamists of the Maghreb

This book explores the origins and development of the Islamist political parties that rose to prominence after the Arab Spring.

Author: Jeffry R. Halverson

Publisher: Routledge Studies in Political Islam

ISBN: 036789078X

Category:

Page: 132

View: 345

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In 2011, the Maghreb occupied a prominent place in world headlines when Sidi Bouzid, Tunisia, became the birthplace of the so-called Arab Spring. Events in Tunisia sparked huge and sometimes violent uprisings. Longstanding dictatorships fell in their wake. The ensuing democratic reforms resulted in elections and the victory of several Islamist political parties in the Arab world. This book explores the origins, development and rise of these Islamist parties by focusing on the people behind them. In doing so, it provides readers with a concise history of Sunni Islam in North Africa, the violent struggles against European colonial occupation, and the subsequent quest for an affirmation of Muslim identities in its wake. Exploring Islamism as an identity movement rooted in the colonial experience, this book argues that votes for Islamist parties after the Arab Spring reflected a universal human need for an authentic sense of self. This view contrasts with the popular belief that support for Islamists in North Africa reflects a dangerous "fundamentalist" view of the world that seeks to simply impose archaic religious laws on modern societies. Rather, the electoral success of Islamists in the Maghreb, like Tunisia's Ennahdha party, is rooted in a reaffirmation of the Arab-Islamic identities of the Maghreb states, long delayed by dictatorships that mimicked Western models and ideologies (e.g., Socialism). Ultimately, however, it is argued that this affirmation is a temporary phenomenon that will give way in time to the fundamental need for good governance, accountability, and a stable growing economy in these countries. Written in an accessible format, and providing fresh analytical perspectives on Islamism in the Maghreb, this book will be a valuable tool for students and scholars of Political Islam and North African Politics.