Parties and Party Systems

In this broad-ranging volume Sartori outlines a comprehensive and authoritative approach to the classification of party systems.

Author: Giovanni Sartori

Publisher: ECPR Press

ISBN: 9780954796617

Category: Political Science

Page: 368

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In this broad-ranging volume Sartori outlines a comprehensive and authoritative approach to the classification of party systems. He also offers an extensive review of the concept and rationale of the political party, and develops a sharp critique of various spatial models of party competition.

Dynamics of the Party System

In this edition, as in the first, current political trends and events are placed in a historical and theoretical context.

Author: James L. Sundquist

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 0815723180

Category: Political Science

Page: 466

View: 282

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Since the original edition of Dynamics of the Party System was published in 1973, American politics have continued on a tumultuous course. In the vacuum left by the decline of the Democratic and Republican parties, single-interest groups have risen and flourished. Protest movements on the left and the New Right at the opposite pole have challenged and divided the major parties, and the Reagan Revolution--in reversing a fifty-year trend toward governmental expansion--may turn out to have revolutionized the party system too. In this edition, as in the first, current political trends and events are placed in a historical and theoretical context. Focusing upon three major realignments of the past--those of the 1850s, the 1890s, and the 1930s--Sundquist traces the processes by which basic transformations of the country's two-party system occur. From the historical case studies, he fashions a theory as to the why and how of party realignment, then applies it to current and recent developments, through the first two years of the Reagan presidency and the midterm election of 1982. The theoretical sections of the first edition are refined in this one, the historical sections are revised to take account of recent scholarship, and the chapters dealing with the postwar period are almost wholly rewritten. The conclusion of the original work is, in general, confirmed: the existing party system is likely to be strengthened as public attention is again riveted on domestic economic issues, and the headlong trend of recent decades toward political independence and party disintegration reversed, at least for a time.

Political Parties Party Systems and Democratisation in East Asia

Some fledging democracies in the world have encountered setbacks due to political parties trying to grapple with the expectations of sophisticated electorates and introducing gradual political reforms over the years.This book describes how ...

Author: Liang Fook Lye

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789814327947

Category: Political Science

Page: 331

View: 493

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Some fledging democracies in the world have encountered setbacks due to political parties trying to grapple with the expectations of sophisticated electorates and introducing gradual political reforms over the years.This book describes how democracy is evolving in East Asia and how it assumes different forms in different countries, with political parties adapting and evolving alongside. It has a two-fold intent. First, it contends that the existing variety of party systems in East Asia will endure and may even flourish, rather than converge as liberal democracies. Second, it highlights the seeming political durability of one party systems ? unlike two-part or multi-party systems in the US and Europe ? and their enduring predominance in countries such as Cambodia, China, Singapore and Vietnam.

Political Parties and Party Systems

This work is an introduction to the study of political parties and party systems.

Author: Alan Ware

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 019878077X

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 435

View: 316

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This work is an introduction to the study of political parties and party systems. It focuses primarily, but not exclusively, on liberal democracies through a comparative approach. The aim of Political Parties and Party Systems is to explain to students of politics how and why parties and party systems differ from one country to another. However, it also seeks to provide a more detailed understanding of party politics in five particular countries. Most of the chapters are divided into two sections. First, general themes and arguments about a topic are introduced, and examples from a large number of countries are discussed in relation to that topic. Then, particular attention is paid to five of the largest liberal democracies--Britain, France, Germany, Japan, and the United States.

Building Democratic Institutions

Finally, and most important, the authors characterize the nature of the party system in each country - how institutionalized it is and how it can be classified."--BOOK JACKET.

Author:

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 0804765375

Category:

Page: 578

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"Third, the authors investigate the relationship between major parties and the state, revealing the extent to which parties are dependent on state resources to maintain power and win votes. Fourth, the contributions assess the importance of different electoral regimes for shaping broader patterns of party competition. Finally, and most important, the authors characterize the nature of the party system in each country - how institutionalized it is and how it can be classified."--BOOK JACKET.

Political Parties and Party Systems

Overall, this volume provides an incisive and comprehensive analysis of the far-reaching changes in both party systems and electoral behaviour that have occurred since the end of the twentieth century.

Author: Ajay K Mehra

Publisher: SAGE Publications Pvt. Limited

ISBN: UOM:39015058254148

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 420

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The evolution of political parties and party systems in the world's largest, most complex and volatile democracy reached a crucial stage at the turn of the century. The three general elections held in quick succession at the end of the nineties threw up three major trends; the apparent demise of the Congress Party as the dominant pan-national party; the emergence of a 'federalised' party structure and coalition politics; and the decline of the Third Front as a force in national politics. This topical collection of original essays by eminent scholars drawn from diverse disciplines examines these wide-ranging changes in political parties - their leadership, ideological profile, support base and programmatic content - as well as in the texture of the party system in the country. In understanding these complex processes this volume provides a comparative framework by bringing in the experiences of Germany and the European Union which are undergoing similar political transformation. The 'federalisation' of national politics and the significant transformation in India's political sociology are examined at four levels. 1. the statues and strategies, interaction patterns and processes of India's innumerable political parties as well as key questions governing the party system in the country; 2. the texture and pattern of political alliances from the national perspective - particularly, how alliances with regional parties are viewed and made by national parties; 3. conversely, the perspective of the regional parties in making these alliances; and 4. the impact of the 73rd Constitutional amendment on parties and politics at the local level and in small states. Overall, this volume provides an incisive and comprehensive analysis of the far-reaching changes in both party systems and electoral behaviour that have occurred since the end of the twentieth century. Constituting an important contribution to the on-going debate on these issues, this volume will attract the attention of students of Indian politics, political science, democracy, party systems and comparative politics.

Post Communist Party Systems

The work illustrates developments regarding different voter appeal of parties, patterns of voter representation, and dispositions to join other parties in alliances. Wider groups of countries are also compared.

Author: Herbert Kitschelt

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 052165890X

Category: Political Science

Page: 457

View: 841

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Examines democratic party competition in four post-communist polities in the 1990s. The work illustrates developments regarding different voter appeal of parties, patterns of voter representation, and dispositions to join other parties in alliances. Wider groups of countries are also compared.

Post Communist EU Member States

Providing comprehensive insights into the parties and party systems of post-communist EU member states within the framework of each country's specific conditions and developments, this volume examines in particular the cases of Estonia, ...

Author: Susanne Jungerstam-Mulders

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351909709

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

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Providing comprehensive insights into the parties and party systems of post-communist EU member states within the framework of each country's specific conditions and developments, this volume examines in particular the cases of Estonia, Lithuania, Latvia, Poland, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary and Slovenia. The book concentrates on three main themes: ideological cleavages between parties, party system competition, and party organization. Analytically competent and highly informative, it is suitable for courses on party systems and EU politics.

Party System Change

Mair examines how we interpret the evidence of change and stability in modern parties and party systems. Focusing on processes of political adaptation and control, he also looks at how parties generate or freeze their own momentum.

Author: Peter Mair

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198292357

Category: Political Science

Page: 244

View: 862

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Mair examines how we interpret the evidence of change and stability in modern parties and party systems. Focusing on processes of political adaptation and control, he also looks at how parties generate or freeze their own momentum.

Parties and Politics in America

A distinguished historian and political scientist provides a forthright and objective account of American party politics in this concise and invaluable guide.

Author: Clinton Rossiter

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801490219

Category: Political Science

Page: 206

View: 969

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A distinguished historian and political scientist provides a forthright and objective account of American party politics in this concise and invaluable guide. In vigorous and lively language he examines the two major parties--"the peacemakers of the American community"--describing their historic functions and the way they have helped to achieve national unity. He discusses their make-up, their achievements and failures, the images each has established of itself and of the opposition party. The demographic forces influencing the American voter and the complex question of how the parties actually differ receive thought-provoking treatment. This invigorating analysis of the hard facts of American political life will live far beyond the election year of 1960.

Party System in India

The volume attempts to capture the emerging trajectories of the party system in India in the second decade of the twenty first century with seventeen essays written specially for this volume by scholars who met several times to discuss and ...

Author: Ajay K Mehra

Publisher: Lancer Publishers LLC

ISBN: 9781935501671

Category:

Page:

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India’s party system has been under flux, transformation and reconfiguration since the end of the 1980s. By the time the sun set on the twentieth century, the party system in India had developed a plurality of national and regional levels and following several experiences in fits and starts, coalition making among the parties too stabilized at the national level. The dawn of twenty first century thus witnessed a federalized party system in place, where coalition making and cohabitation amongst the parties stabilized at both national and regional levels. As a result, since 1999 India has had two completing governments completing their full term at the national level; the third, UPA II, has completed four years, and despite hiccups is likely to complete its full term till mid-2013. However, the party system in the country has turned competitive and several trajectories of alternation are being attempted by parties and leaders, making the emerging political situation fluid. The volume attempts to capture the emerging trajectories of the party system in India in the second decade of the twenty first century with seventeen essays written specially for this volume by scholars who met several times to discuss and formulate questions and critique each other’s drafts. Overall, the volume provides an incisive and comprehensive analysis of the far-reaching changes that India’s political parties and party system are undergoing. It looks into the institutional dimensions, processes and agenda, federal manifestations, transitions (including generational change) and extraneous influences brought in by globalization, Indian Diaspora and the impact of new media technology. Constituting an important contribution to the on-going debate on the Indian party system, this volume will attract the attention of students of Indian politics, political science, democracy, party systems and comparative politics.

Party System Institutionalization in Asia

This book provides a comprehensive empirical and theoretical analysis of the development of parties and party systems in Asia.

Author: Allen Hicken

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107041578

Category: Political Science

Page: 374

View: 212

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This book provides a comprehensive empirical and theoretical analysis of the development of parties and party systems in Asia. The studies included advance a unique perspective in the literature by focusing on the concept of institutionalization and by analyzing parties in democratic settings as well as in authoritarian settings. The countries covered in the book range from East Asia to Southeast Asia to South Asia.

New Parties in Old Party Systems

This ground-breaking volume studies 140 new parties in seventeen advanced democracies over a forty year period, to provide the answers.

Author: Nicole Bolleyer

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199646067

Category: Political Science

Page: 250

View: 223

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New Parties in Old Party Systems addresses a pertinent yet neglected issue in comparative party research: why are some new parties that enter national parliament able to defend a niche on the national level, while other fail to do so? This book examines the conditions for the survival and success of the 140, organizationally new parties that entered their national parliaments in 17 democracies from 1968 to 2011. It covers a wide variety of programmaticprofiles and performance trajectories. The book theorizes the interplay between the way parties are formed and the choices made by their founders and leaders, whose interplay shapes their evolution before andafter entering national parliament. This approach is substantiated empirically by advanced statistical methods assessing the role of party origin for new party performance combined with a wide range of detailed, in-depth case studies capturing how intra-organizational dynamics shape party success and failure.

British Political Parties Today

This important new book, one of the first to reflect the 1997 election result and its effects, reassesses the major political parties in Britain--their ideals, organizations, finances, electoral prospects and the effect they have upon ...

Author: Robert Garner

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 0719051053

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 707

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This important new book, one of the first to reflect the 1997 election result and its effects, reassesses the major political parties in Britain--their ideals, organizations, finances, electoral prospects and the effect they have upon British society. The authors begin by clarifying the functions of political parties, before examining their policies and the extent to which there is a consensus in modern British politics. The shifting nature of Britain's party system is then dissected, before a much closer look is taken at the structure, leadership and membership of Britain's three major parties. A separate chapter also inspects the parties of Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, offering a fresh perspective on their priorities and internal organization. Although the book has a strong historical content, it also takes a sharp look at British politics under the new Labor government, while considering the state of the Tory party under William Hague. The likely effect of a more intrusive European Union is also embraced.

Latin American Party Systems

Marshalling extensive evidence, the book's analysis shows the limits of alternative explanations and substantiates a sanguine view of programmatic competition, nevertheless recognizing that this form of party system organization is far from ...

Author: Herbert Kitschelt

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139483841

Category: Political Science

Page:

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Political parties provide a crucial link between voters and politicians. This link takes a variety of forms in democratic regimes, from the organization of political machines built around clientelistic networks to the establishment of sophisticated programmatic parties. Latin American Party Systems provides a novel theoretical argument to account for differences in the degree to which political party systems in the region were programmatically structured at the end of the twentieth century. Based on a diverse array of indicators and surveys of party legislators and public opinion, the book argues that learning and adaptation through fundamental policy innovations are the main mechanisms by which politicians build programmatic parties. Marshalling extensive evidence, the book's analysis shows the limits of alternative explanations and substantiates a sanguine view of programmatic competition, nevertheless recognizing that this form of party system organization is far from ubiquitous and enduring in Latin America.

Political Parties in South Asia

Analyzes the political parties in South Asia and the variance of the party landscape in the region in terms of geographic diversity, party building, social base, and ideological inclinations.

Author: Subrata Kumar Mitra

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 0275968324

Category: Political Science

Page: 366

View: 165

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Analyzes the political parties in South Asia and the variance of the party landscape in the region in terms of geographic diversity, party building, social base, and ideological inclinations.

Political Parties in Post Soviet Space

Due in large part to the authors' unique connections to the region, this collection of essays provides a valuable look inside the party politics of the post-Soviet states.

Author: Anatoly Kulik

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 0275973441

Category: Political Science

Page: 271

View: 646

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Due in large part to the authors' unique connections to the region, this collection of essays provides a valuable look inside the party politics of the post-Soviet states.