Point of View and Grammar

Furthermore , this ubiquitous expression of speaker point of view and the concomitant personalization of utterances has resulted in conventionalized structural patterns that may be seen in the distribution of grammatical and lexical ...

Author: Joanne Scheibman

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027226210

Category: Conversation

Page: 187

View: 424


This book proposes that subjective expression shapes grammatical and lexical patterning in American English conversation. Analyses of structural and functional properties of English conversational utterances indicate that the most frequent combinations of subject, tense, and verb type are those that are used by speakers to personalize their contributions, not to present unmediated descriptions of the world. These findings are informed by current research and practices in linguistics which argue that the emergence, or conventionalization, of linguistic structure is related to the frequency with which speakers use expressions in discourse. The use of conversational data in grammatical analysis illustrates the local and contingent nature of grammar in use and also raises theoretical questions concerning the coherence of linguistic categories, the viability of maintaining a distinction between semantic and pragmatic meaning in analytical practice, and the structural and social interplay of speaker point of view and participant interaction in discourse.

Point of View Perspective and Focalization

Consequently, a use of terms such as “point of view” or “perspective”, which affirms its visual bias and consequently limits itself to analyses of visual perception within a certain cultural framework, is surely appropriate; also, ...

Author: Peter Hühn

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110218909

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 305

View: 578


Stories do not actually exist in the (fictional or factual) world but are constituted, structured and endowed with meaning through the process of mediation, i.e. they are represented and transmitted through systems of verbal, visual or audio-visual signs. The terms usually proposed to describe aspects of mediation, especially perspective, point of view, and focalization, have yet to bring clarity to this field, which is of central importance, not only for narratology but also for literary and media studies. One crucial problem about mediation concerns the dimensions of its modeling effect, particularly the precise status and constellation of the mediating agents, i.e. author, narrator or presenter and characters. The question is how are the structure and the meaning of the story conditioned by these different positions in relation to the mediated happenings perceived from outside and/or inside the storyworld? In this volume, fourteen articles by international scholars from seven different countries address these problems anew from various angles, reviewing the sub-categorization of mediation and re-specifying its dimensions both in literary texts and other media such as drama and theater, film, and computer games

The Point of View

The fact that Kierkegaard's religious interpretation of the authorship in The Point of View makes sense indicates that it is a genuinely possible reading of the authorship. It is not the imposition of an alien framework upon the ...

Author: Robert L. Perkins

Publisher: Mercer University Press

ISBN: 9780881462135

Category: Philosophy

Page: 466

View: 369


Kierkegaard wrote four reflections on his literary production: On My Work as an Author, The Point of View for My Work as an Author, "The Single Individual," and Armed Neutrality, but he published only the first. The essays in this volume of International Kierkegaard Commentary examine these writings not just as a public "report to history" but also as a revelation of Kierkegaard's deepest understanding of himself as an author. This volume of the International Kierkegaard Commentary is offered to our readers, whom we invite to learn what they can here and then to become our teachers by better research and clearer thinking. Robert L. Perkins (Ph.D., Indiana University), Professor Emeritus and Senior Research Professor at Stetson University, is an international authority on the Danish philosopher S°ren Kierkegaard and series editor of the 24-volume International Kierkegaard Commentary. Prior to his long career at Stetson, Bob was founder and department head (for 16 years) of the Philosophy Department at Mobile College. His research interests are ethics, contemporary continental philosophy, and ancient philosophy.

Point of View in Plays

this term to the cumbersome 'point of view on the ideological plane' [...]: the notions are equivalent. (Fowler 1996:21) However, Semino (2002:96) has pointed out that having three different terms to refer to the same phenomenon seems ...

Author: Dan McIntyre

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027233356

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 203

View: 723


This is the first book-length study of how point of view is manifested linguistically in dramatic texts. It examines such issues as how readers process the shifts in viewpoint that can occur within such texts. Using insights from cognitive linguistics, the book aims to explain how the analysis of point of view in drama can be undertaken, and how this is fruitful for understanding textual and discoursal effects in this genre. Following on from a consideration of existing frameworks for the analysis of point of view, a cognitive approach to deixis is suggested as being particularly profitable for explaining the viewpoint effects that can arise in dramatic texts. To expand on the large number of examples discussed throughout the book, the penultimate chapter consists of an extended analysis of a single play. This book is relevant to scholars in a range of areas, including linguistics, literary studies and cognitive science.

Language Ideology and Point of View

Psychological point of view extends from authorial omniscience to a single character's perhaps restricted version of 'reality'. Uspensky sums up: In those cases where the authorial point of view relies on an individual consciousness (or ...

Author: Paul Simpson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134911097

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 216

View: 698


This systematic introduction to the concept of point of view in language explores the ways in which point of view intersects with and is shaped by ideology. It specifically focuses on the way in which speakers and writers linguistically encode their beliefs, interests and biases in a wide range of media. The book draws on an extensive array of linguistic theories and frameworks and each chapter includes a self-contained introduction to a particular topic in linguistics, allowing easy reference. The author uses examples from a variety of literary and non-literary text types such as, narrative fiction, advertisements and newspaper reports.

The Point of View of the Universe

Sidgwick derived the principle of rational benevolence from two selfevident principles, the first that from the point of view of the universe, the good of one individual is of no more importance than the good of any other (unless there ...

Author: Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191022432

Category: Philosophy

Page: 320

View: 497


What does the idea of taking 'the point of view of the universe' tell us about ethics? The great nineteenth-century utilitarian Henry Sidgwick used this metaphor to present what he took to be a self-evident moral truth: the good of one individual is of no more importance than the good of any other. Ethical judgments, he held, are objective truths that we can know by reason. The ethical axioms he took to be self-evident provide a foundation for utilitarianism. He supplements this foundation with an argument that nothing except states of consciousness have ultimate value, which led him to hold that pleasure is the only thing that is intrinsically good. Are these claims defensible? Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek and Peter Singer test them against a variety of views held by contemporary writers in ethics, and conclude that they are. This book is therefore a defence of objectivism in ethics, and of hedonistic utilitarianism. The authors also explore, and in most cases support, Sidgwick's views on many other key questions in ethics: how to justify an ethical theory, the significance of an evolutionary explanation of our moral judgments, the choice between preference-utilitarianism and hedonistic utilitarianism, the conflict between self-interest and universal benevolence, whether something that it would be wrong to do openly can be right if kept secret, how demanding utilitarianism is, whether we should discount the future, or favor those who are worse off, the moral status of animals, and what is an optimum population.

Point of View Routledge Revivals

use in identifying point of view, my goal is not to provide new. areadings«. of the texts under investigation. Because point of view interpretations do not differ radically from reader to reader, the analysis of point of view in ...

Author: Susan L. Ehrlich

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317674832

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 132

View: 978


The purpose of Point of View, first published in 1990, is twofold: from the perspective of linguistics, to analyse the discourse structure of texts; from the perspective of literary studies, to explain certain non-linguistic aspects of the texts in terms of linguistic form. This study therefore aims to provide a balanced and sufficiently comprehensive account of the relationship between linguistic form and point of view. It will be of particular value to literature students with an interest in linguistics, and literary style.

Another Point of View

Since my first published collection of A Point of View talks on BBC Radio 4 appeared in 2008, the Sunday morning slot these broadcasts occupy, and which was previously the home of Alistair Cooke's Letter from America, has established ...

Author: Lisa Jardine

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 9781409052029

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 192

View: 579


'I want to use the moment as a springboard for some big ideas. I want to use the past and present to stimulate and challenge the listener and seduce them into thinking differently.' Lisa Jardine Provocative and inspirational, Lisa Jardine is one of our pre-eminent thinkers. A leading academic, she is a polymath who embraces both the arts and the sciences with equal passion and has that rare gift of being able to make her subject and her thinking accessible to a mainstream audience. Lisa presents 'A Point of View' on Radio 4 on Sunday mornings, replacing Alistair Cooke's 'Letter From America'. Another Point of View is a collection of twenty-two of the hugely popular and critically-acclaimed talks from the programme, on subjects as wide-ranging and topical as commuting, national identity, Christmas, Latin, knife crime, the mortgage crisis and the credit crunch. The book contains drawings by Nick Wadley.

My Point of View

I share their point of view. I understand them. I am the same as them. Connected. I am one of them. Mark Hogan I was in trouble all of the time as a kid, and I couldn't understand why. It made me angry and argumentative.

Author: Mark Hogan

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 9781514441855

Category: Education

Page: 68

View: 986


There is nothing mild about mild autism. I hear people say, “He’s got high functioning autism. It’s only mild. He will be grand.” What people on the outside don’t see are the challenges people with autism face every day. And the one problem most people with autism spectrum disorder have is this invisible and often very significant disability of lacking theory of mind. This is the innate foundation of all communication in every man, woman, and child on this Earth, and they don’t have it. I want you to walk in my shoes. I want to share my way of thinking with you, my point of view. I have constructed a group of my real stories to let you into my thoughts. I believe that after reading my memoirs, you will have gained a comprehensive knowledge of what it really means to have autism spectrum disorder.

A Different Point of View

While these passages certainly point out the narrow Elgin concentration on “ the immediate , the vital , the municipal ” ( 60 ) , they also ironically denigrate the ethnocentric British view that the citizens of the colonies must be ...

Author: Misao Dean

Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP

ISBN: 0773507922

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 191

View: 295


Misao Dean argues convincingly that Duncan's "point of view" was largely informed by nineteenth-century Canadian idealism. Making excellent use of the latest insights of feminist criticism and post-colonial literary theory, Dean explores the "double marginalisation" of Duncan as both a colonial and a woman. She establishes gender as an important element in the form and content of Duncan's novels and feminism as a significant influence on Duncan's point of view.

The Point of View

One flashes the beam of this light on the subject whose point of view is desired; the visible light is reflected back with a certain accompaniment of psychons, which are here intensified to a degree which will permit them to be, ...

Author: Stanley G. Weinbaum

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 9781682999356

Category: Fiction

Page: 15

View: 583


Dixon Wells discovers that seeing the world from another's perspective doesn't produce the results he may have expected.

The Subject s Point of View

To be a subject is to possess a point of view. For a minded being, ... This perspective includes not only the world around us, but also ourselves. ... Only a creature capable of having a point of view can be engaged in such a fact.

Author: Katalin Farkas

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191615511

Category: Philosophy

Page: 226

View: 316


Descartes's philosophy has had a considerable influence on the modern conception of the mind, but many think that this influence has been largely negative. The main project of The Subject's Point of View is to argue that discarding certain elements of the Cartesian conception would be much more difficult than critics seem to allow, since it is tied to our understanding of basic notions, including the criteria for what makes someone a person, or one of us. The crucial feature of the Cartesian view defended here is not dualism - which is not adopted - but internalism. Internalism is opposed to the widely accepted externalist thesis, which states that some mental features constitutively depend on certain features of our physical and social environment. In contrast, this book defends the minority internalist view, which holds that the mind is autonomous, and though it is obviously affected by the environment, this influence is merely contingent and does not delimit what is thinkable in principle. Defenders of the externalist view often present their theory as the most thoroughgoing criticism of the Cartesian conception of the mind; Katalin Farkas offers a defence of an uncompromising internalist Cartesian conception.

Geometry von Staudt s Point of View

Dade's paper [17] on lifting characters refined Feit's further ideas on coherence in the "odd order" paper (Feit and Thompson [20]) and appears rather conveniently (and appropriately from the point of view of the discussion of this ...

Author: P. Plaumann

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400984899

Category: Mathematics

Page: 430

View: 777


Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute, Bad Windesheim, West Germany, July 21-August 1, 1980

Point of View 2 Book Bundle

Manning admitted thatReform's populism had the unintended effectof attracting peoplewith intolerant views. ... Increased message control (e.g.,talking points) andparty discipline (e.g., the lack of reluctance to throw candidates whogo ...

Author: Brent Rathgeber

Publisher: Dundurn

ISBN: 9781459730854

Category: Political Science

Page: 408

View: 758


This special 2-book bundle contains two cutting edge pieces of political analysis. Irresponsible Government examines the current state of Canadian democracy in contrast to the founding principles of responsible government established by the Fathers of Confederation. The book examines the failure of modern elected representatives to perform their constitutionally mandated duty to hold the prime minister and his cabinet to account. It further examines the modern lack of separation between the executive and legislative branches of government and the disregard with which the executive views Parliament. The book seeks to shine light on the current power imbalances that have developed in Canadian government. There are few greater tragedies than a war waged by a society against itself. As Time Bomb shows, a catastrophic confrontation between Canada’s so-called "settler" and First Nations communities is not only feasible, it is, in theory, inevitable. Grievances, prejudice, and other factors all combine to make the likelihood of a First Nations uprising very real. This book describes how a nationwide insurgency could unfold, how the "usual" police and military reactions to First Nations protests would only worsen such a situation, and how, on the other hand, innovative policies might defuse the smouldering time bomb in our midst. The question all Canadians and First Nations must answer is this: Must we all suffer the disaster of a great national insurgency or will we act together to extinguish the growing danger in our midst? Includes Irresponsible Government Time Bomb

Education from a Whiteheadian Point of View

In conclusion, as regards to the close connection between education and metaphysics, I would like to remind the reader of the following statement articulated by Whitehead: one of the points which I am urging ... is, that the basis of ...


Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 9781527532250

Category: Education

Page: 472

View: 324


The basic aims of contemporary thinking in education are to cultivate a proper comprehension of the meaning and purpose of education and the role of the teacher, and to develop adequate theoretical and methodological frameworks that combine some of the positive sides of the leading theories, while avoiding their disadvantages. Toward these ends, one excellent candidate for consideration is Alfred North Whitehead’s (1861-1947) process-relational philosophy of education, as set forth in The Aims of Education (1929) and elsewhere. The contributors to this volume analyze Whitehead’s philosophy of education in a detailed and critical fashion, including inquiring into the development of cycle-based approaches to education, like Whitehead’s, in intellectual history as well as its potential objective bases. They also demonstrate how this relates to, and can be integrated with, other leading theories of education and contemporary pedagogical thinking, and identify avenues for its positive, practical application in schooling across the globe as well as in scientific research. The book further critically evaluates current educational practices and the organization of educational institutions in this light and the effectiveness of teaching strategies that are founded upon some of its principles, while also exploring the ramifications of its selection and application in education for society in general, as well as for our common civilizational aspirations, including humanity’s addressing of global problems, such as the ecological crisis. In addition, the volume also serves to lay some of the groundwork for its potential further development.

Logic from a Rhetorical Point of View

Apart from philosophical motivations, such differences may depend on views concerning the nature of historical development. Those who see the development of ideas as a dramatic process, involving sudden turns and revolutions, ...

Author: Witold Marciszewski

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110886627

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 327

View: 981


The English moralities from the point of view of allegory

The only point of view from which it is possible to make a clear and complete division is, I am convinced, that of allegorical method ; and with the exception of a partial classification, applied to a few of the Moralities, ...

Author: William Roy Mackenzie

Publisher: Ardent Media




View: 850


From a Metaphorical Point of View

... which Davidson points , but that also points to an account of the irreducibility cognitive content of metaphor . Throughout , I will attempt to throw the reflections of metaphor back onto the views of language Davidson has elsewhere ...

Author: Zdravko Radman

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110145545

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 460

View: 842


Anthropology from a Pragmatic Point of View

Where shall I find fixed points of nature which man can never shift and which can give him indications as to the shore ... and it is certain that these views profoundly impressed Kant.3 In his home as a youth , and in his early school ...

Author: Immanuel Kant

Publisher: SIU Press

ISBN: 0809320606

Category: Philosophy

Page: 298

View: 505


In the fall semester of 1772/73 at the Albertus University of Kö nigsberg, Immanuel Kant, metaphysician and professor of logic and metaphysics, began lectures on anthropology, which he continued until 1776, shortly before his retirement from public life. His lecture notes and papers were first published in 1798, eight years after the publication of the Critique of Judgment, the third of his famous Critiques. The present edition of the Anthropology is a translation of the text found in volume 7 of Kants gesammelte Schriften, edited by Oswald Kü lpe. Kant describes the Anthropology as a systematic doctrine of the knowledge of humankind. (He does not yet distinguish between the academic discipline of anthropology as we understand it today and the philosophical.) Kant’ s lectures stressed the "pragmatic" approach to the subject because he intended to establish pragmatic anthropology as a regular academic discipline. He differentiates the physiological knowledge of the human race— the investigation of "what Nature makes of man"— from the pragmatic— "what man as a free being makes of himself, what he can make of himself, and what he ought to make of himself." Kant believed that anthropology teaches the knowledge of humankind and makes us familiar with what is pragmatic, not speculative, in relation to humanity. He shows us as world citizens within the context of the cosmos. Summarizing the cloth edition of the Anthropology, Library Journal concludes: "Kant’ s allusions to such issues as sensation, imagination, judgment, (aesthetic) taste, emotion, passion, moral character, and the character of the human species in regard to the ideal of a cosmopolitan society make this work an important resource for English readers who seek to grasp the connections among Kant’ s metaphysics of nature, metaphysics of morals, and political theory. The notes of the editor and translator, which incorporate material from Ernst Cassirer’ s edition and from Kant’ s marginalia in the original manuscript, shed considerable light on the text."

The Official Point of View

... paolo calcagni ®LUCIO LUZO Lazzara RICCARDO RINETTI PRINTED IN ITALY BY GRAFICHE Leardini S . MARTINO B . A . ( VR ) ©2002 Enorme FILM ARTS SNC Milano , ITALY THE OFFICIAL POINT OF VIEW via Nerino , 8 ITA - 20123 Milano , Italy Tel ...



ISBN: PSU:000050760657

Category: Furniture


View: 784